Research Methodology Lecture for Master & Phd Students


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This Research Methodology Presentation was given to all Master & PhD Students at INSANIAH University, Alor Setar , Kedah, malaysia

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Research Methodology Lecture for Master & Phd Students

  1. 1. Research Methodology<br />Design and Process<br /><br />By <br />SHAYA’A OTHMAN MBA [Distinction]<br />Academic Fellow & Executive Director of Global Center of Excellence<br /><br />Centre for Graduate Studies<br />INSANIAH University College, Kedah Malaysia<br />Tel +604 732 0163 Fax +604 732 0164 <br /><br />
  2. 2. Types of Research<br /> 2.1 Pure and Applied Research <br /> 2.2 Qualitative and Quantitative Research<br /> 2.3 Research Process<br /> 2.3 Research Proposal<br /> 2.6 Ethics in Research<br />
  3. 3. OVERVIEW OF DISCUSSION : RESEARCH METHODOLOGY<br /><ul><li>Research Process – Formulating of Research Question [s]
  4. 4. Research Process – Research Proposal
  5. 5. Research Process – RESEARCH DESIGN
  6. 6. Research Design – Design Strategy
  7. 7. Research Design - Qualitative & Quantitative Research
  8. 8. Research Design - Data Collection Design
  9. 9. Research Design – Sampling Design
  10. 10. Research Design – Pilot Testing
  11. 11. Research - Research Hypotheses
  12. 12. Research - Characteristics of Sound Research</li></li></ul><li>
  13. 13. APPLIED RESEARCH<br />Study & research that seeks to solve practical problems. Applied research is used to find solutions to everyday problems, cure illness, and develop innovative technologies.<br />PURE RESEARCH<br />Study and research on pure science that is meant to increase our scientific knowledge base. This type of research is often purely theoretical with the intent of increasing our understanding of certain phenomena or behavior but does not seek to solve or treat these problems.<br />Pure<br />Applied<br />PROCESS<br />DEFINATION<br />ETHICAL ISSUES<br />1. Participants<br /><ul><li>Truthful
  14. 14. Right to Privacy
  15. 15. Right to be informed
  16. 16. Protection</li></ul>2. Researcher<br /><ul><li>Purpose of Research is Research
  17. 17. Objectivity
  18. 18. Misrepresentation of Research
  19. 19. Confidentiality
  20. 20. Dissemination of Faulty Conclusion</li></ul>RESEARCH<br />ETHICS<br />TYPES<br />Quantitative + Qualitative<br />Quantitative<br />Qualitative<br />Mix Quantitative & Qualitative<br />Research<br />Quantitative Research<br />Qualitative<br />Research<br />
  21. 21. 1. PROCESS OF FOURMULATING RESEARCH QUESTION [S] <br />[Proses Menggubal Soalan Penyelidikan]<br />
  22. 22. 2. RESEARCH PROPOSAL PROCESS<br />Process Cadangan Penyelidikan<br />
  23. 23. 3. RESEARCH DESIGN<br />[Reka Bentuk Penyelidikan ]<br />
  24. 24. Design Strategy<br />[ Type, Purpose, Time - Dimension, Scope, Environment]<br />1. Types of Research<br />2. Purpose of Study<br />[a] Descriptive Studies : Research is concerned with finding out who, what, where, when, or how many. <br />[b]Causal Studies: Research is concerned with learning why –that is, how one variable produces changes in another – it causal.. Explaining relationships among variables<br />3 Time Dimension ;<br />[a] Cross-sectional Studies : Study carried out once and represent snap-shot of one point at a time.<br />[b] Longitudinal Studies: Study repeated over an extended period<br />4. Scope :<br />[a] Statistical Studies: Designed for breath rather than depth. Hypotheses tested quantitatively. Inferences and Generalization of population. From samples. <br />[b]Case Studies : Hypotheses tested qualitatively. May provide major challenges to theory & for new hypothesis <br />5.Research Environment ; Field Conditions or laboratory conditions or simulation<br />
  25. 25. Qualitative<br />Research<br />
  27. 27. Data Collection Design<br />[Reka Bentuk Pengumpulan Data ]<br />
  28. 28. Sampling Design<br />Quantitative Research<br />[Reka Bentuk Sampel – Penyelidikan Kuantitatif ]<br />
  29. 29. COMPARISION OF PROBABILITY SAMPLING DESIGN<br />Continued next page<br />
  30. 30. COMPARISION OF PROBABILITY SAMPLING DESIGN <br />[Continuation from previous page]<br />
  31. 31. PILOT TESTING<br />PILOT TESTING<br />It is meant to detect weakness in design and instrumentation.<br />If the survey is big than a complete pilot testing may be carried out to detect weakness at all levels – design & instrumentation, suitability of sampling design, and also the adequacy of data for statistical analysis.<br />A pilot testing may be carried out restricted to data collection activities only.<br />The cost of the Research study, as well as its time frame, may be estimated from the pilot study.<br />It helps to refine the Research Hypotheses<br />
  32. 32. HYPOTHESES TESTING<br />Formulate Preliminary<br />Hypotheses<br />Preliminary<br />Analysis Planning<br />Refine Hypotheses<br />Data Visualization<br />Hypotheses Testing<br />
  33. 33. Characteristics of Sound Research<br />[Ciri-ciri Penyelidikan Yang Baik ]<br />
  34. 34. HIS Best Selling Books:<br />SHAYA’A OTHMAN [2010]. MAPPiCXS: BerfikirSecara Genius . Alor Setar, Malaysia. Published by INSANIAH University College.<br />SHAYA’A OTHMAN [2009]. In Search of Excellence in Life . Shah Alam, Malaysia. Published by International Islamic University College Selangor & Majlis Agama Islam Selangor .<br />SHAYA’A OTHMAN, MBA [Distinction] from University of Keele, Staffordshire, England UK. Also graduated from University of Westminster London, UK with professional Qualification of Associate Institute of Statisticians UK. He is also a Council Member of Malaysian Institute of Statistics.<br />Currently he is an academician, working as Academic Fellow [Islamic Management] at INSANIAH University College, Kedah, Malaysia; and Executive Director of INSANIAH Global Center of Excellence; Lecturer [part-time] at Center of Graduate Studies, [Selangor International Islamic University College, Malaysia), in Organizational Business Management; and Adjunct Professor [Management] at Europe International Islamic University [Turkish Branch]. He is also a Group CEO of INSANIAH Holdings.<br />Past working experiences, in private and public sectors, both at national and international levels: CEO – INTERGEO Asia Pacific a Member Company of INTERGEO Environmental Technology Ltd Austria [2002-2005]; CEO-Asia Pacific Region of Jetpa Group of Turkey [2004- 1995]; Sr. General Manager [Project & Strategic Planning Division], Hong Leong Group, Malaysia [1994-1997]; Deputy Director General of Fisheries Development Authority Malaysia [1992-1994]; and Chairman of Technical Advisory Council of INFOFISH – Regional Intergovernmental Agency of United Nation, [1988-1989] .<br />