Orchestrating soft and
                     hard technologies
                                            Jon Dron
       ...
-40 oC=-40oF




Tuesday, 2 February 2010
Pedagogies or
                           technologies first?


                                   3
Tuesday, 2 February 2010
Technology-enhanced
                            Learning?




                            http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie...
Technology-enhanced
                            learning?




      http://archives.lse.ac.uk/dserve.exe?dsqServer=lib-4.l...
Technology-enhanced
                            learning?




                           http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki...
Technology-enhanced
                            learning?




                           http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikip...
Technology-enhanced
                            learning?




               http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_sGYULzoQCgA/SA6HEWN...
Technology-enhanced
                            learning?




Tuesday, 2 February 2010
10
Tuesday, 2 February 2010
What is a technology?
                           “Orchestration of phenomena to our use”

              “A phenomenon capt...
Tools are not
                            educational
                           technologies




                        ...
What is a pedagogy?

                           A way of doing things

                    A learning design

            ...
An old idea...


                  “a field involved in the facilitation of human
                 learning through the sys...
Assemblies




             Images from Wikipedia - see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_microprocessors

Tuesda...
Holistic vs prescriptive




            http://www.flickr.com/photos/llgc/3989887122/sizes/o/   http://www.flickr.com/photo...
Educational assemblies
                                                         Professional frameworks,
                 ...
Parts and wholes

                    • structure and behaviour
                    • is a pedagogy a sub-assembly of othe...
Pedagogies are flexible




                       electronic technologies are not (so much)



                           ...
Parts and wholes




                                  20
Tuesday, 2 February 2010
Parts and wholes




                           http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/00/Complex-adaptive-system...
Soft and hard
                                         technologies



                           http://commons.wikimedia...
The soft-hard spectrum




                                                                                               ...
Naive view
                cognitivist              quiz generators
                pedagogies      timetabling
          ...
richer view
                             Advanced
                Cognitivist                        LMSs   PCs
          ...
Assembly view
                               Advanced

         full tuition                           automated help
    ...
Consequences
                                 of
                                this
                            perspect...
The question of
                            compatibility




                              http://commons.wikimedia.org/w...
Total incompatibility




              http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Craie1.jpg
                                ...
Sub-optimal
                           incompatibility




                            http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationa...
Heath Robinson
                           incompatibility




                                  31
Tuesday, 2 February 2010
Adaptable
                           incompatibility




                            http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainko...
The dark side of
                             mashing up




                              http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.go...
Choice and control
                                             100%


                                             75%


...
The great unknown




                              http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AdventuresIntoDarkness1401.jpg
...
Maintenance




                            http://www.flickr.com/photos/osucommons/3226077133/



Tuesday, 2 February 2010
People matter


                                  • people matter most



                           http://www.flickr.com/...
Traditional view




                            http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Computer_education_boys_Gujarat.jp...
New view




                           http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Linkware.jpg




Tuesday, 2 February 2010
Reverse the trend




Tuesday, 2 February 2010
Good people do bad
                                 things




                               http://commons.wikimedia.org...
soul > technique



                               If you don’t live it, it won’t
                                 come ou...
No significant
                            difference?




Tuesday, 2 February 2010
The need for
                           communication




                              http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/g...
What’s new?




                           http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornelluniversitylibrary/3855473015/in/set-72157622...
that’s all folks
                                 jond@athabascau.ca
                             http://jondron.athabasca...
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Orchestrating Soft and Hard Technologies

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Presentation from JTEL WinterSchool in Innsbruck, 2010, taking as a starting point that soft technologies such as pedagogies, institutional rules, timetabling methods and so have to be considered as integral to assemblies of learning technologies. This perspective has many interesting consequences.

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Orchestrating Soft and Hard Technologies

  1. 1. Orchestrating soft and hard technologies Jon Dron Technology-Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute https://tekri.athabascau.ca/ Athabasca University JTEL Winterschool, Innsbruck, 2010 1 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  2. 2. -40 oC=-40oF Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  3. 3. Pedagogies or technologies first? 3 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  4. 4. Technology-enhanced Learning? http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_95b1.htm Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  5. 5. Technology-enhanced learning? http://archives.lse.ac.uk/dserve.exe?dsqServer=lib-4.lse.ac.uk&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=Show.tcl&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqPos=0&dsqSearch=(RefNo= %27IMAGELIBRARY/473%27) Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  6. 6. Technology-enhanced learning? http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gloeden,_Wilhelm_von,_n._0027,_Socrate_alla_fonte.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  7. 7. Technology-enhanced learning? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/Torvisen_kansakoulu_1924-26.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  8. 8. Technology-enhanced learning? http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_sGYULzoQCgA/SA6HEWNCB5I/AAAAAAAABeA/FTkqbqDd9do/s1600-h/1964-worlds-fair-schoolmarm.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  9. 9. Technology-enhanced learning? Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  10. 10. 10 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  11. 11. What is a technology? “Orchestration of phenomena to our use” “A phenomenon captured and put to use” “Programming of phenomena to our purposes ” “A combination of artefacts and what you do with them” “The way things are done around here” (Ursula Franklin) 11 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  12. 12. Tools are not educational technologies 12 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  13. 13. What is a pedagogy? A way of doing things A learning design Methods and procedures A technology 13 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  14. 14. An old idea... “a field involved in the facilitation of human learning through the systematic identification, development, organization, and utilization of learning resources and through the management of these processes” (AECT, 1972) http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornelluniversitylibrary/3855473015/in/set-72157622140446726/ 14 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  15. 15. Assemblies Images from Wikipedia - see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_microprocessors Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  16. 16. Holistic vs prescriptive http://www.flickr.com/photos/llgc/3989887122/sizes/o/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/osucommons/3724232782/sizes/l/ Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  17. 17. Educational assemblies Professional frameworks, Government policies and standards and accreditation regulations University policies, processes and regulations Classrooms Subject-level technologies Pedagogies and learning designs Learning management systems Timetabling Network infrastructure Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  18. 18. Parts and wholes • structure and behaviour • is a pedagogy a sub-assembly of other technologies or vice versa (sometimes)? 18 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  19. 19. Pedagogies are flexible electronic technologies are not (so much) 19 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  20. 20. Parts and wholes 20 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  21. 21. Parts and wholes http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/00/Complex-adaptive-system.jpg 21 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  22. 22. Soft and hard technologies http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Furby.JPG http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Science_museum_025_adjusted.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  23. 23. The soft-hard spectrum Hard Soft http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Asp_rocket.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Shint%C5%8D_prayer.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  24. 24. Naive view cognitivist quiz generators pedagogies timetabling flash card machines ADDIE process institutional strategies LMSs Hard Soft behaviourist wikis adaptive pedagogies email systems constructivist blogs PCs pedagogies whiteboard pen Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  25. 25. richer view Advanced Cognitivist LMSs PCs pedagogies Adaptive systems Constructivist Timetabling wikis blogs Hard pedagogies ADDIE process Soft Institutional strategies Quiz generators email Behaviourist Flash card machines pedagogies Whiteboard Basic Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  26. 26. Assembly view Advanced full tuition automated help by email system Hard email Soft class listserv answer question email to SMS Basic Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  27. 27. Consequences of this perspective Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  28. 28. The question of compatibility http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jigsaw.svg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  29. 29. Total incompatibility http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Craie1.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cheese_market_Basel.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  30. 30. Sub-optimal incompatibility http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationaalarchief/2948560477/sizes/o/ 30 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  31. 31. Heath Robinson incompatibility 31 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  32. 32. Adaptable incompatibility http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/3203311346/ 32 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  33. 33. The dark side of mashing up http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA07660 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  34. 34. Choice and control 100% 75% Control 50% 25% Cho ices 0% 34 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  35. 35. The great unknown http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AdventuresIntoDarkness1401.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  36. 36. Maintenance http://www.flickr.com/photos/osucommons/3226077133/ Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  37. 37. People matter • people matter most http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/3326203787/sizes/o/ 37 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  38. 38. Traditional view http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Computer_education_boys_Gujarat.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  39. 39. New view http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Linkware.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  40. 40. Reverse the trend Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  41. 41. Good people do bad things http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Satan_Exulting_over_Eve.jpg 41 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  42. 42. soul > technique If you don’t live it, it won’t come out of your horn (Charlie Parker) 42 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  43. 43. No significant difference? Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  44. 44. The need for communication http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_95b2.htm Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  45. 45. What’s new? http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornelluniversitylibrary/3855473015/in/set-72157622140446726/ Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  46. 46. that’s all folks jond@athabascau.ca http://jondron.athabascau.ca Technology-Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute Tuesday, 2 February 2010
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