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Orchestrating Soft and Hard Technologies

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Presentation from JTEL WinterSchool in Innsbruck, 2010, taking as a starting point that soft technologies such as pedagogies, institutional rules, timetabling methods and so have to be considered as …

Presentation from JTEL WinterSchool in Innsbruck, 2010, taking as a starting point that soft technologies such as pedagogies, institutional rules, timetabling methods and so have to be considered as integral to assemblies of learning technologies. This perspective has many interesting consequences.

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  • 1. Orchestrating soft and hard technologies Jon Dron Technology-Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute https://tekri.athabascau.ca/ Athabasca University JTEL Winterschool, Innsbruck, 2010 1 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 2. -40 oC=-40oF Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 3. Pedagogies or technologies first? 3 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 4. Technology-enhanced Learning? http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_95b1.htm Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 5. Technology-enhanced learning? http://archives.lse.ac.uk/dserve.exe?dsqServer=lib-4.lse.ac.uk&dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=Show.tcl&dsqDb=Catalog&dsqPos=0&dsqSearch=(RefNo= %27IMAGELIBRARY/473%27) Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 6. Technology-enhanced learning? http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Gloeden,_Wilhelm_von,_n._0027,_Socrate_alla_fonte.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 7. Technology-enhanced learning? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1e/Torvisen_kansakoulu_1924-26.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 8. Technology-enhanced learning? http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_sGYULzoQCgA/SA6HEWNCB5I/AAAAAAAABeA/FTkqbqDd9do/s1600-h/1964-worlds-fair-schoolmarm.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 9. Technology-enhanced learning? Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 10. 10 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 11. What is a technology? “Orchestration of phenomena to our use” “A phenomenon captured and put to use” “Programming of phenomena to our purposes ” “A combination of artefacts and what you do with them” “The way things are done around here” (Ursula Franklin) 11 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 12. Tools are not educational technologies 12 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 13. What is a pedagogy? A way of doing things A learning design Methods and procedures A technology 13 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 14. An old idea... “a field involved in the facilitation of human learning through the systematic identification, development, organization, and utilization of learning resources and through the management of these processes” (AECT, 1972) http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornelluniversitylibrary/3855473015/in/set-72157622140446726/ 14 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 15. Assemblies Images from Wikipedia - see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Intel_microprocessors Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 16. Holistic vs prescriptive http://www.flickr.com/photos/llgc/3989887122/sizes/o/ http://www.flickr.com/photos/osucommons/3724232782/sizes/l/ Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 17. Educational assemblies Professional frameworks, Government policies and standards and accreditation regulations University policies, processes and regulations Classrooms Subject-level technologies Pedagogies and learning designs Learning management systems Timetabling Network infrastructure Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 18. Parts and wholes • structure and behaviour • is a pedagogy a sub-assembly of other technologies or vice versa (sometimes)? 18 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 19. Pedagogies are flexible electronic technologies are not (so much) 19 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 20. Parts and wholes 20 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 21. Parts and wholes http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/00/Complex-adaptive-system.jpg 21 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 22. Soft and hard technologies http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Furby.JPG http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Science_museum_025_adjusted.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 23. The soft-hard spectrum Hard Soft http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Asp_rocket.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Shint%C5%8D_prayer.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 24. Naive view cognitivist quiz generators pedagogies timetabling flash card machines ADDIE process institutional strategies LMSs Hard Soft behaviourist wikis adaptive pedagogies email systems constructivist blogs PCs pedagogies whiteboard pen Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 25. richer view Advanced Cognitivist LMSs PCs pedagogies Adaptive systems Constructivist Timetabling wikis blogs Hard pedagogies ADDIE process Soft Institutional strategies Quiz generators email Behaviourist Flash card machines pedagogies Whiteboard Basic Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 26. Assembly view Advanced full tuition automated help by email system Hard email Soft class listserv answer question email to SMS Basic Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 27. Consequences of this perspective Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 28. The question of compatibility http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jigsaw.svg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 29. Total incompatibility http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Craie1.jpg http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cheese_market_Basel.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 30. Sub-optimal incompatibility http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationaalarchief/2948560477/sizes/o/ 30 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 31. Heath Robinson incompatibility 31 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 32. Adaptable incompatibility http://www.flickr.com/photos/kaptainkobold/3203311346/ 32 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 33. The dark side of mashing up http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA07660 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 34. Choice and control 100% 75% Control 50% 25% Cho ices 0% 34 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 35. The great unknown http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:AdventuresIntoDarkness1401.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 36. Maintenance http://www.flickr.com/photos/osucommons/3226077133/ Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 37. People matter • people matter most http://www.flickr.com/photos/nationallibrarynz_commons/3326203787/sizes/o/ 37 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 38. Traditional view http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Computer_education_boys_Gujarat.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 39. New view http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Linkware.jpg Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 40. Reverse the trend Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 41. Good people do bad things http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Satan_Exulting_over_Eve.jpg 41 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 42. soul > technique If you don’t live it, it won’t come out of your horn (Charlie Parker) 42 Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 43. No significant difference? Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 44. The need for communication http://expositions.bnf.fr/utopie/grand/3_95b2.htm Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 45. What’s new? http://www.flickr.com/photos/cornelluniversitylibrary/3855473015/in/set-72157622140446726/ Tuesday, 2 February 2010
  • 46. that’s all folks jond@athabascau.ca http://jondron.athabascau.ca Technology-Enhanced Knowledge Research Institute Tuesday, 2 February 2010