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Bioethics Birth Deformities
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Bioethics Birth Deformities

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Published in: Health & Medicine, Spiritual
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  • 1. THE MORAL ISSUE OFJOFRED M. MARTINEZ, RNCHAPTER 10
  • 2. THE MORAL ISSUE OFJOFRED M. MARTINEZ, RNCHAPTER 10
  • 3. These are defects, malformations, or abnormalities ofa child which are present at birth.Several causes of congenital deformities stem from:• radiation• drugs• chemicals• nutritional deficiencies• biological disease agents
  • 4. GENETIC DEFORMITIESThese are hereditary, they are the outcome of thegenetic information of the child.CONGENITAL DEFORMITIESThese are defects or malformations present at birth;they are nonhereditary insofar as they are not due tothe genetic material but to some physical damageduring fetal development.
  • 5. The affected newborn has a twenty-first triple ratherthat twenty-first pair of chromosomesThe child affected with Down’s syndrome is bornretarded and with various physical deformities:a broad skull, a large tongue and upwardslant of eyelids.
  • 6. The newborn with this type of deformity has the followingfeatures:• opening in the spine• a bulging sac from the protrusion of the membranecovering of the spinal cord• spinal fluid and nerve tissue contained in theswelling protuberance• paralysis below the waist• no control of bladder and bowel movements
  • 7. It is a defective condition characterized by theaccumulation of fluid within the ventricles or betweenthe membranes of the brain.Brain damage follows from the pressure build-upfrom the fluid that cannot escape, resulting in thedeath of the child.
  • 8. In this deformity, the brain is partially or almost totallyabsent. Some bones of the skull are not completelyformed, thus leaving an opening through which thebrain material swells out forming a sac or bag.There seems to be no hope for improvement for thisbirth defect through technological means at present.
  • 9. An atresia is the closing or blockage of a normal canalor opening. This refers to the closing of theesophagus, the muscular tube has no openingthrough which milk or food may reach the stomach..
  • 10. An atresia is the closing or blockage of a normal canalor opening. This refers to the closing of theesophagus, the muscular tube has no openingthrough which milk or food may reach the stomach..
  • 11. Committed to promote the good and to avoidevil, can doctors and nurses condone thedeath of such a child?
  • 12. ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCHEven the most terribly malformed baby is ahuman person, so its right to life must berespected and safeguarded.
  • 13. KANTIAN PRINCIPLESA malformed baby is a person, then it possesses aninherent dignity and worth. But aside from beingdefective, it lacks the capacity to reason and toexpress its will.
  • 14. ROSS ETHICAL PRINCIPLESWhich prima facie duty is more stringent, the duty tohave a deformed baby be operated on for a spinabifida condition, the cost of which is tremendous andburdensome to the family; or the duty to just let themalformed child die in a quiet painless way?
  • 15. JOSEPH FLETCHERHe does not favor the expulsion of a terriblymalformed fetus and the decision to terminate a“subhuman life in extremis” and also endorses themerciful and painless killing of horribly deformedbabies and terminally ill patients.
  • 16. Certain defects are necessary for the existence ofindividuality.Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

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