Organizational patterns for speeches

46,432 views

Published on

0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
46,432
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2,831
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Organizational patterns for speeches

  1. 1. Organizing the Main Points You MUST organize your main points The biggest difference between an Informative speech and a Persuasive speech is the ORGANIZATION of the points. Don’t just let your points “happen”…plan them!
  2. 2. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech Informative Patterns  Time  Chronological organization  Example: Speech Topic: Airline Food I. Early airline food: a gourmet treat II. The middle period: institutional food at thirty thousand feet III. Today’s airline food: the passenger starves
  3. 3. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech  Time  Topic  Organization according to speaker’s discretion, types or categories  Example: Speech Topic: College Students I. Freshmen II. Sophomores III. Juniors IV. Seniors
  4. 4. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech  Time  Topic  Space/Geographical  Organization by area  Example: Speech Topic: Great Lakes I. Superior II. Michigan III. Huron IV. Erie V. Ontario
  5. 5. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of a persuasive speech  Cause and Effect  Organization by discussing a situation and its causes or a situation and its effects.  Persuasive speeches have a third point: Cause-Effect-Action or Cause-Effect-Solution
  6. 6. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech  Time  Topic  Space/Geographical  Cause and Effect  Organization by discussing a situation and its causes or a situation and its effects.  Informative OR Persuasive*  *Persuasive speeches have a third point: Cause-Effect-Action or Cause-Effect-Solution
  7. 7. Cause and Effect Formats Informative  I. Congested cities with more and more commuters are causing the air pollution levels to rise.  II. More and more children are succumbing to lung problems like asthma. (You don’t ask your audience to DO anything about it in the Informative example.) Persuasive  I. Congested cities with more and more commuters are causing the air pollution levels to rise.  II. More and more children are succumbing to lung problems like asthma.  III. We need to convince our city to start utilizing buses and sub- and railways more.
  8. 8. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech  Cause/Effect  Problem/Solution  Organization by first discussing a problem and then various solutions  Persuasive pattern – has two different 3rd point options  Problem-Solution-Action  Problem-Solution-Benefit
  9. 9. Problem Solution Formats Problem-Solution-Action  I. Poisonous chemicals are in our foods every day!  II. Organic foods are the solution to this problem.  III. Everyone in this classroom should make an effort to buy organic foods. Problem-Solution-Benefit  I. Poisonous chemicals are in our foods every day!  II. Organic foods are the solution to this problem.  III. Health problems related to ingestion of toxins will slowly disappear, saving our bodies and reducing our healthcare expenses.
  10. 10. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech  Cause/Effect  Problem/Solution  Claim  Making assertions or points about a controversial topic
  11. 11. Claim Pattern Abolish the Death Penalty  I. It’s cruel and unusual  II. It’s not a deterrent  III. It’s too expensive
  12. 12. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech  Cause/Effect  Problem/Solution  Claim  Refutation  Identifying objections to your topic and refuting them
  13. 13. Organizing Main Points Strategies for organizing the main points of the speech  Cause/Effect  Problem/Solution  Claim  Refutation  Motivated Sequence
  14. 14. Motivated Sequence Pattern Attention (Introduction) Need (1st body paragraph, problem) Satisfaction (2nd, solution) Visualization (3rd, what it would look like) Call to action (Conclusion)
  15. 15. Motivated Sequence Example Attention (Introduction): Within 50 years, we’ll all be stumbling through piles of trash! Need: We must address the growing problem of waste disposal in our communities. Satisfaction: Creating more recycling facilities is the answer! Visualization: Can you picture what our streets will look like if we don’t address this problem now? Call to Action: Call or email the Dallas City Manager today!

×