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Enhancing Spring MVC Web Applications Progressively with Spring JavaScript
 

Enhancing Spring MVC Web Applications Progressively with Spring JavaScript

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Spring JavaScript is a JavaScript abstraction framework that allows you to progressively enhance a web page with behavior. The framework consists of a public JavaScript API along with an ...

Spring JavaScript is a JavaScript abstraction framework that allows you to progressively enhance a web page with behavior. The framework consists of a public JavaScript API along with an implementation that builds on the Dojo Toolkit. Spring.js simplifies the use of Dojo for common enterprise scenarios while retaining its full-power for advanced use cases.

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    Enhancing Spring MVC Web Applications Progressively with Spring JavaScript Enhancing Spring MVC Web Applications Progressively with Spring JavaScript Presentation Transcript

    • Enhancing Spring MVC Web Applications with Spring JavaScript Jeremy Grelle - SpringSource
    • Slide Title In this session, you will learn how Spring JavaScript makes it simple to integrate rich Ajax toolkits such as Dojo into a Spring Web application to create compelling user interfaces. SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Introduction • Who am I??? – Jeremy Grelle • Senior Software Engineer, SpringSource • Member of Spring Web Products team in San Francisco, CA • Lead of Spring Faces, Spring JavaScript, Spring BlazeDS Integration • JSF 2.0 EG member. • SpringSource's resident Ajax ninja. • Rock Star / Geek 3 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Topics in this session • Overview of Ajax • Introduction to Spring JS • Spring JS Building Blocks • Spring JS Advanced Solutions • Spring JS + RESTful MVC 4 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • What is Ajax? • An ever-evolving definition • Philosophy of User Experience • Search for the right balance between client and server • AJAX != Ajax 5 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • The Building Blocks of Ajax • Document Object Model (DOM) – tree HTML representation – easy to target parts of dynamic web page – e.g. 'disable all fields within a div' • Cascading Stylesheets (CSS) – separates content (HTML) from style – CSS selectors apply style across DOM elements • XMLHttpRequest – JavaScript API for asynchronous requests • JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) 6 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Different Ajax Approaches • JavaScript toolkit – Dojo, YUI, jQuery • JavaScript wrapped – in JSF components (ICEfaces, RichFaces) – in JSP custom tags (AjaxTags) • JavaScript generated – GWT • JavaScript RPC-style invocations – DWR, JSON-RPC • RIA - Not necessarily based on JavaScript 7 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Different Kinds of Frameworks • Lightweight libraries – jQuery, Prototype, Scriptaculous • Full solution frameworks – Dojo, YUI, Ext, GWT 8 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Different Application Types • Applications based on browsing model – document-like, bookmarks, back button, refresh – example: infoq.com • Very rich applications in a browser – desktop style, window panes, menus – example: Google Maps, Bespin • Many applications somewhere in between – finding the right balance is important 9 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • The User Experience • Ajax can do pretty “cool” things – it's easy to be awed at first BUT... – harder to predict the overall experience • Consider the following “disruptive” effects – back/forward button – bookmarking – JavaScript turned off – support for accessibility features • It's necessary to be pragmatic in using Ajax techniques – find the right blend of document-based vs. rich client 10 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Ajax and Server-Side Frameworks • Ajax agnostic to server-side framework – plain HTTP request • The response is the contract – HTML (partial DOM update), JSON, XML, ... • Full HTML still required even for RIA – login page, help pages, ... 11 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Spring MVC with Ajax • A swiss army knife for Web developers – very flexible, pluggable • Well-suited to handle Ajax requests – supports many rendering technologies – easy to expose HTTP endpoints – RESTful architecture is an ideal Ajax back-end • Versatility truly matters here! 12 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Topics in this session • Overview of Ajax • Introduction to Spring JS • Spring JS Building Blocks • Spring JS Advanced Solutions • Spring JS + RESTful MVC 13 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Spring JavaScript Overview • JavaScript abstraction framework – builds on existing toolkits – introduced as a SWF 2 module, moving to top-level project for 2010 • Public API with implementations – currently Dojo – others possible (jQuery next) • A pragmatic approach – baked-in performance (Yahoo guidelines) – progressive enhancement 14 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Progressive Enhancement (client side) • Add Ajax behavior unobtrusively – avoid proliferation of JavaScript • Manipulate DOM nodes – “enhance” plain HTML elements • Page functions with or without JavaScript 15 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Progressive Enhancement (server side) • Avoid separate controllers for Ajax – use same request handling methods • Render a page partially – composition-based template approach • Alternate response types – HTML, JSON, XML, ... 16 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • The Parts of Spring JS • JavaScript libraries – public API + implementations • Bundled (optimized) toolkits – currently Dojo 1.2 • “Starter” CSS framework – Mike Stenhouse's CSS framework • ResourceServlet – efficient rendering of static resources in a war or a jar • Spring MVC infrastructure for Ajax – AjaxUrlBasedViewResolver, AjaxTilesView, ... 17 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • The ResourceServlet • Generic servlet to serve static resources – .js, .css, .jpeg, .gif, etc. • Locates resources given the path info – first under the Web application root – the classpath as a fall back • Writes the resource to the HTTP response – gzip compression – set response headers: last modified, content type, ... 18 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Serving Spring JS Files • Spring JS distributed as a jar – bundles JavaScript, CSS, and other resources • Serve them with the ResourceServlet • Possible to override bundled resources – include your own in the webapp root <servlet> <servlet-name>Resources Servlet</servlet-name> <servlet-class>org.springframework.js.resource.ResourceServlet</servlet-class> </servlet> <servlet-mapping> <servlet-name>Resources Servlet</servlet-name> <url-pattern>/resources/*</url-pattern> </servlet-mapping> 19 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Spring JS Resources • Underlying library – /resources/dojo/dojo.js • Public API – /resources/spring/Spring.js • Toolkit-specific implementation – /resources/spring/Spring-Dojo.js • Additional underlying library resources – /resources/dijit/themes/tundra/tundra.css 20 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Including Spring JS On a Page • Include required files <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="<c:url value="/resources/dijit/themes/tundra/tundra.css" />" /> <script type="text/javascript" src ="<c:url value="/resources/dojo/dojo.js" />"><script/> <script type="text/javascript" src ="<c:url value="/resources/spring/Spring.js" />"><script/> <script type="text/javascript" src ="<c:url value="/resources/spring/Spring-Dojo.js" />"><script/> • Add Dojo “tundra” style to body tag <body class="tundra" > ... 21 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Topics in this session • Overview of Ajax • Introduction to Spring JS • Spring JS Building Blocks • Spring JS Advanced Solutions • Spring JS + RESTful MVC 22 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Enhancing a DOM Node • DOM nodes can be manipulated – decorate with new look and/or behavior – via JS and CSS • A common technique for “enhancing” plain HTML – separates static from dynamic parts – easier to understand & maintain • Supported by underlying toolkit – e.g. turn HTML form fields to rich widgets 23 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Spring JS Decorations • Mechanism for DOM node enhancements – abstracts underlying toolkit • A function for applying decorations – Spring.addDecoration(/*Object*/decoration) • Several available decorations – Element decoration – Ajax event decoration – Validate All decoration 24 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Fragment Rendering • An Ajax call refreshes parts of a page – response must contain a “fragment” – not HTML for entire page • Yet controllers should not be aware of Ajax – easier to maintain that way • Spring JS provides special Spring MVC view – renders a fragment of the response only – works transparently 25 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • The “Fragments” Parameter • Ajax event decoration submits special parameter – a hint for what HTML to be rendered • Server notices special parameter – renders only specified fragment • Composition-based view technology is required – currently JSP/Tiles supported only – fragment names match to a Tiles attribute 26 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Built-In Response Handling Types • Refresh portions of the page – grab top-level DOM nodes – replace equivalent nodes on existing page • Present Ajax popup – a modal dialog with the returned HTML – enable via AjaxEventDecoration “popup” attribute • Client side redirect – detects server response requesting client-side redirect – requires AjaxUrlBasedViewResolver 27 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Demo Spring JS Building Blocks SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Topics in this session • Overview of Ajax • Introduction to Spring JS • Spring JS Building Blocks • Spring JS Advanced Solutions • Spring JS + RESTful MVC 29 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Common Questions • The fundamental pieces of Spring JS seem nice, but how do I... – perform custom response handling? – make my code more terse? – keep things DRY? – organize and modularize my growing amount of JavaScript code? 30 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Demo Spring JS Advanced Solutions SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Topics in this session • Overview of Ajax • Introduction to Spring JS • Spring JS Building Blocks • Spring JS Advanced Solutions • Spring JS + RESTful MVC 32 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • The Evolving Web Platform • Capable browsers with advanced JavaScript VM’s are becoming more commonplace – Safari, Firefox, and Chrome – Webkit-based mobile browsers • As the platform evolves, boundaries can be pushed further on the client – see Canvas, SVG, Video in HTML 5 • RESTful services provide the perfect compliment on the server-side – JSON representations easy to consume 33 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • JSON support in Spring 3.0 • MappingJacksonJsonView – renders the model as JSON – customizable via annotations – high-performance • MappingJacksonHttpMessageConverter – easy binding from a JSON payload 34 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Demo Consuming RESTful Services SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Summary • Spring MVC very useful for Ajax – a swiss-army knife • Spring JS provides simple abstraction – builds on existing Ajax toolkits – provides both client and server side components • Many common enterprise scenarios made easy – rich forms – partial page updates – Ajax popups – JSON 36 SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.
    • Q&A SpringOne 2GX 2009. All rights reserved. Do not distribute without permission.