Primary Source: In literary scholarship, the primary
source is the work itself. In other fields it is a
resource created in the time period being studied,
e.g., diaries, newspaper articles, photos, etc.
Secondary Source: A source that interprets or
analyzes a literary work, an event, phenomenon, etc.
Examples include articles, essays, books and more.
• Searches four different resources
– Library catalog (items we have physically or electronically)
for most of the Columbia Libraries
– Articles cross search (searches multiple databases
– Academic Commons (intellectual output of Barnard &
– Columbia website
• Does not search
– The law school & Teachers College libraries
– Data sets
What you don't know
• "The Bacchae 2.0" by Oswald Boole
How to choose?
• Author and publisher's perspectives/point of
• Relevance to your research
• Currency of scholarship
• Sources cited by this source (look in the
• Sources citing this source (Google Scholar is
an easy, though imprecise way to check)
Some call number ranges
BF1-990 Psychology (pdf)
PA3520-3564 Greek literature: Criticism, interpretation, etc.
PA6801-6961 Vergilius Maro, Publius (Virgil)
PQ1710-1935 French literature. 17th century.
PQ4265-4556 Italian literature: Individual authors to 1400
PQ6271-6498 Spanish literature. Individual authors.
PR2199-3195 English literature: English renaissance (1500-
PR1803-2165 English literature: Anglo-Norman period. Early
English. Middle English