• “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement”• Refused to give up her seat to a white person on a city bus and was arrested.• Resulted in a 381 day bus boycott.
• Sang with the Freedom Singers.• Later formed the group Sweet Honey in the Rock which sings about equality, the environment and peace.• Works at the Smithsonian to preserve Black culture.
• Subject of the film Mississippi Burning.• Worked in Mississippi to teach local Blacks how to register to vote and pass the voter registration exam.• Organized Freedom Schools in Mississippi as part of the Freedom Summer Program
• “I am sick and tired of being sick and tired”• Tired of racism and poverty, Hamer risked her life by registering to vote.• Traveled to the Democratic National Convention in 1964 as a representative of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
• Left New York City to travel to South to take part in the Civil Rights Movement.• Organized activists to teach Southerners to how to read and write and learn about their rights.• Started the “Algebra Project” to teach all students the basic math skills required for college.
• Inspired and guided the emerging leaders of the Civil Right Movement.• Ran a voter registration campaign called Crusade for Citizenship.• Helped form the SNCC to organize student activists and worked to encourage new, young activists.
• “Grandmother of the Civil Rights Movement”• Founded the “Citizenship Schools” and pioneered teaching adult literacy.• Worked with Martin Luther King Jr. as director of education for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.
• Attempted to purchase a bus ticket at the “White’s Only” counter.• After being arrested, expulsed from school, and exiled from Mississippi, she led a march on City Hall. Over 100 students an SNCC workers were arrested.
• Volunteered for the Freedom Riders in 1961 to challenge segregation at bus terminals.• Spent time as chairman of SNCC and led marchers across Pettus Bridge, resulting in “Bloody Sunday”.• Currently serving his seventh term in Congress.
• Featured in the film The Time of Harvey Milk.• One of the first openly gay elected officials in the USA.• Dreamed of a society where everyone shared equal rights, regardless of gender, race, sexual preference, disability, and age.
• Fought for farmworker rights in the USA and the leader of the United Farmworkers of America.• Fought for better wages and working conditions for farmworkers, especially on keeping toxic pesticides off crops.
• Organized the first Woolworth’s sit-in in Mississippi.• Became well known for his singing, or “Freedom Songs”, which he used to rise spirits in the darkest times.
• Orchestrated the March on Washington where Martin Luther King Jr. gave his “I have a dream” speech.• Taught Martin Luther King Jr. the non-violent ways of Gandhi.
• Created the Highlander Folk School in 1032 which ignored segregation lines and taught leadership skills to blacks and whites.• Also worked with labor unions, antipoverty organizations, and civil rights leaders, seeking to end social injustice.
• Attempted to enroll his children in school and was denied due to his Mexican heritage.• Sued the school and won a landmark case desegregating all schools in the city.
• Used his stand-up comedy acts to satire racial prejudice in the US.• Gave a comedic voice to the Civil Rights Movement.• Worked with the SNCC in Mississippi.
• A major financer of the Civil Rights Movement, supporting the Freedom Riders, Martin Luther King Jr., and SNCC.• Organized the We Are the World project, which raised millions of dollars for famine victims in Africa.• Honored by UNICEF for his social and humanitarian activism.
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