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Elements of Art
and
Principles of Design
Elements of Art
The building blocks or ingredients of art.
They structure and carry the work.
Elements of Art
Line
Color
Value
Shape
Form
Space
Texture
LINE
A mark with length and direction. A continuous
mark made on a surface by a moving point.
Pablo Picasso
LINE
May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal,
curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion.
LINE
Contour lines- outline
the edges of forms or
shapes
Gestural lines-
indicate action and
physical movement
LINE
Consists of Hue
(another word for
color), Value (lightness
or darkness) and
Intensity (brightness).
Henri Matisse Alexande...
Color has three properties:
1. HUE: this is the name of
the colors
2. VALUE: refers to the
lightness or darkness of
a hue....
Neutral Colors
These colors are made by adding a complimentary color
(opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized h...
Tints – adding the color white to lighten a hue
Shades – adding black to darken a hue
Tints and Shades
Warm and Cool Colors
Warm – red, orange, yellow
Cool – green, blue, violet
The lightness or darkness of a color.
MC Escher Pablo Picasso
VALUE
High Range in Value Low Range in Value
VALUE
An enclosed area defined and determined
by other art elements; 2-dimensional.
Joan
Miro
SHAPE
SHAPE
Shapes can be geometric or organic.
GEOMETRIC: square,
triangle, rectangle, rhombus,
circle, cone
ORGANIC: free form...
Organic vs. Geometric
SHAPE
A 3-dimensional object; or
something in a 2-
dimensional artwork that
appears to be 3-dimensional.
Jean Arp
Lucien Freud
Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it
occupies.
For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a sh...
Form can be 2D
Form can be 3D
The distance or area between, around, above,
below, or within things.
Foreground, Middleground and Background (creates DEP...
Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas)
SPACE
The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its
smoothness, roughness, softness, etc.
TEXTURE
TEXTURE
Textures may be actual or implied.
Actual – texture that you can feel
with your sense of touch
Implied – texture that has been
simulated in drawing and
paint...
You should now have
7 Elements of Art
Cards
to save in your
Art Card Envelope!
Principles of Design
What we use to organize the Elements
of Art, or the tools to make art.
They are concepts that affect ...
Principles of Design
Balance
Emphasis
Contrast
Movement &
Rhythm
Unity
Variety
Proportion
The way the elements are
arranged to create a feeling of
stability in a work.
Alexander Calder
BALANCE
Symmetrical Balance
The parts of an image are organized so
that one side mirrors the other.Leonardo DaVinci
Asymmetrical Balance
When one side of a
composition does not reflect
the design of the other.
James Whistler
The focal point of an image,
or when one area or thing
stand out the most.
Jim Dine Gustav Klimt
EMPHASIS
EMPHASIS
The part that catches your attention first.
Can be created through the use of many different
elements and principles like…
CONTRAST
PROPORTION
COLOR
EMPHASIS
A large difference between two things to
create interest and tension.
Ansel Adams
Salvador Dali
Contrast
…with color
…with proportion/scale
Contrast
RHYTHM
RHYTHM
RHYTHM
RHYTHM
RHYTHM
RHYTHM
and
MOVEMENT
A regular repetition
of elements to
produce the look
and feel of
mo...
MOVEMENT
The motion created in a work of art.
Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this.
RHYTHM
The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to
create a feeling of movement.
Vincent VanGogh
When all the
elements and
principles work
together to create
a pleasing image.
The feeling of
wholeness or the
parts belon...
The use of
differences and
change to
increase the
visual interest
of the work.
Marc Chagall
VARIETY
VARIETY
The use of different
lines, shapes, and
colors in a piece of
work.
The comparative
relationship of
one part to
another with
respect to size,
quantity, or
degree; SCALE.
Gustave
Caillebotte
...
PROPORTION
You should now have
7 Principles of Design
Cards
to save in your
Art Card Envelope!
Please hand in your
14 E&P Art Cards
with the rubric when
they’re done !
Write your name on them!!!
When returned to you, keep all of your
Art Cards
in your
Art Card Envelope!
You can study from them for your
mid-term and ...
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Elements principles update

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  • This presentation is identical to a presentation another art teacher and I created at Tech Cite for Manatee County in 2002. It won an award. So glad it is helpful to many.
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Transcript of "Elements principles update"

  1. 1. Elements of Art and Principles of Design
  2. 2. Elements of Art The building blocks or ingredients of art. They structure and carry the work.
  3. 3. Elements of Art Line Color Value Shape Form Space Texture
  4. 4. LINE A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. Pablo Picasso
  5. 5. LINE May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion.
  6. 6. LINE
  7. 7. Contour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapes Gestural lines- indicate action and physical movement LINE
  8. 8. Consists of Hue (another word for color), Value (lightness or darkness) and Intensity (brightness). Henri Matisse Alexander Calder COLOR
  9. 9. Color has three properties: 1. HUE: this is the name of the colors 2. VALUE: refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue. 3. INTENSITY: refers to the purity of the hue (called “chroma”) COLOR
  10. 10. Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding a complimentary color (opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are called tones.
  11. 11. Tints – adding the color white to lighten a hue Shades – adding black to darken a hue Tints and Shades
  12. 12. Warm and Cool Colors Warm – red, orange, yellow Cool – green, blue, violet
  13. 13. The lightness or darkness of a color. MC Escher Pablo Picasso VALUE
  14. 14. High Range in Value Low Range in Value VALUE
  15. 15. An enclosed area defined and determined by other art elements; 2-dimensional. Joan Miro SHAPE
  16. 16. SHAPE Shapes can be geometric or organic. GEOMETRIC: square, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, cone ORGANIC: free form shapes, shapes in nature; for example: leaves, trees, animals
  17. 17. Organic vs. Geometric SHAPE
  18. 18. A 3-dimensional object; or something in a 2- dimensional artwork that appears to be 3-dimensional. Jean Arp Lucien Freud
  19. 19. Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it occupies. For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form.
  20. 20. Form can be 2D Form can be 3D
  21. 21. The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. Foreground, Middleground and Background (creates DEPTH) SPACE
  22. 22. Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas) SPACE
  23. 23. The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. TEXTURE
  24. 24. TEXTURE Textures may be actual or implied.
  25. 25. Actual – texture that you can feel with your sense of touch Implied – texture that has been simulated in drawing and painting on a smooth surface TEXTURE
  26. 26. You should now have 7 Elements of Art Cards to save in your Art Card Envelope!
  27. 27. Principles of Design What we use to organize the Elements of Art, or the tools to make art. They are concepts that affect content and message.
  28. 28. Principles of Design Balance Emphasis Contrast Movement & Rhythm Unity Variety Proportion
  29. 29. The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work. Alexander Calder BALANCE
  30. 30. Symmetrical Balance The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other.Leonardo DaVinci
  31. 31. Asymmetrical Balance When one side of a composition does not reflect the design of the other. James Whistler
  32. 32. The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stand out the most. Jim Dine Gustav Klimt EMPHASIS
  33. 33. EMPHASIS The part that catches your attention first.
  34. 34. Can be created through the use of many different elements and principles like… CONTRAST PROPORTION COLOR EMPHASIS
  35. 35. A large difference between two things to create interest and tension. Ansel Adams Salvador Dali Contrast
  36. 36. …with color …with proportion/scale Contrast
  37. 37. RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM and MOVEMENT A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement. Marcel Duchamp
  38. 38. MOVEMENT The motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this.
  39. 39. RHYTHM The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement.
  40. 40. Vincent VanGogh
  41. 41. When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing image. The feeling of wholeness or the parts belonging together. Johannes Vermeer UNITY
  42. 42. The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work. Marc Chagall VARIETY
  43. 43. VARIETY The use of different lines, shapes, and colors in a piece of work.
  44. 44. The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE. Gustave Caillebotte PROPORTION
  45. 45. PROPORTION
  46. 46. You should now have 7 Principles of Design Cards to save in your Art Card Envelope!
  47. 47. Please hand in your 14 E&P Art Cards with the rubric when they’re done ! Write your name on them!!!
  48. 48. When returned to you, keep all of your Art Cards in your Art Card Envelope! You can study from them for your mid-term and final exams. * You should have 22 cards. *
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