Elements principles update
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  • This presentation is identical to a presentation another art teacher and I created at Tech Cite for Manatee County in 2002. It won an award. So glad it is helpful to many.
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  • 1. Elements of Art and Principles of Design
  • 2. Elements of Art The building blocks or ingredients of art. They structure and carry the work.
  • 3. Elements of Art Line Color Value Shape Form Space Texture
  • 4. LINE A mark with length and direction. A continuous mark made on a surface by a moving point. Pablo Picasso
  • 5. LINE May be vertical, horizontal or diagonal, curved, straight, zigzag, or show emotion.
  • 6. LINE
  • 7. Contour lines- outline the edges of forms or shapes Gestural lines- indicate action and physical movement LINE
  • 8. Consists of Hue (another word for color), Value (lightness or darkness) and Intensity (brightness). Henri Matisse Alexander Calder COLOR
  • 9. Color has three properties: 1. HUE: this is the name of the colors 2. VALUE: refers to the lightness or darkness of a hue. 3. INTENSITY: refers to the purity of the hue (called “chroma”) COLOR
  • 10. Neutral Colors These colors are made by adding a complimentary color (opposite on the color wheel) to a hue. Neutralized hues are called tones.
  • 11. Tints – adding the color white to lighten a hue Shades – adding black to darken a hue Tints and Shades
  • 12. Warm and Cool Colors Warm – red, orange, yellow Cool – green, blue, violet
  • 13. The lightness or darkness of a color. MC Escher Pablo Picasso VALUE
  • 14. High Range in Value Low Range in Value VALUE
  • 15. An enclosed area defined and determined by other art elements; 2-dimensional. Joan Miro SHAPE
  • 16. SHAPE Shapes can be geometric or organic. GEOMETRIC: square, triangle, rectangle, rhombus, circle, cone ORGANIC: free form shapes, shapes in nature; for example: leaves, trees, animals
  • 17. Organic vs. Geometric SHAPE
  • 18. A 3-dimensional object; or something in a 2- dimensional artwork that appears to be 3-dimensional. Jean Arp Lucien Freud
  • 19. Shows an object in space, the mass or positive space it occupies. For example, a triangle, which is 2-dimensional, is a shape, but a pyramid, which is 3-dimensional, is a form.
  • 20. Form can be 2D Form can be 3D
  • 21. The distance or area between, around, above, below, or within things. Foreground, Middleground and Background (creates DEPTH) SPACE
  • 22. Positive (filled with something) and Negative (empty areas) SPACE
  • 23. The surface quality or "feel" of an object, its smoothness, roughness, softness, etc. TEXTURE
  • 24. TEXTURE Textures may be actual or implied.
  • 25. Actual – texture that you can feel with your sense of touch Implied – texture that has been simulated in drawing and painting on a smooth surface TEXTURE
  • 26. You should now have 7 Elements of Art Cards to save in your Art Card Envelope!
  • 27. Principles of Design What we use to organize the Elements of Art, or the tools to make art. They are concepts that affect content and message.
  • 28. Principles of Design Balance Emphasis Contrast Movement & Rhythm Unity Variety Proportion
  • 29. The way the elements are arranged to create a feeling of stability in a work. Alexander Calder BALANCE
  • 30. Symmetrical Balance The parts of an image are organized so that one side mirrors the other.Leonardo DaVinci
  • 31. Asymmetrical Balance When one side of a composition does not reflect the design of the other. James Whistler
  • 32. The focal point of an image, or when one area or thing stand out the most. Jim Dine Gustav Klimt EMPHASIS
  • 33. EMPHASIS The part that catches your attention first.
  • 34. Can be created through the use of many different elements and principles like… CONTRAST PROPORTION COLOR EMPHASIS
  • 35. A large difference between two things to create interest and tension. Ansel Adams Salvador Dali Contrast
  • 36. …with color …with proportion/scale Contrast
  • 37. RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM RHYTHM and MOVEMENT A regular repetition of elements to produce the look and feel of movement. Marcel Duchamp
  • 38. MOVEMENT The motion created in a work of art. Often uses the principle of rhythm to achieve this.
  • 39. RHYTHM The repetition of lines, shapes, or colors to create a feeling of movement.
  • 40. Vincent VanGogh
  • 41. When all the elements and principles work together to create a pleasing image. The feeling of wholeness or the parts belonging together. Johannes Vermeer UNITY
  • 42. The use of differences and change to increase the visual interest of the work. Marc Chagall VARIETY
  • 43. VARIETY The use of different lines, shapes, and colors in a piece of work.
  • 44. The comparative relationship of one part to another with respect to size, quantity, or degree; SCALE. Gustave Caillebotte PROPORTION
  • 46. You should now have 7 Principles of Design Cards to save in your Art Card Envelope!
  • 47. Please hand in your 14 E&P Art Cards with the rubric when they’re done ! Write your name on them!!!
  • 48. When returned to you, keep all of your Art Cards in your Art Card Envelope! You can study from them for your mid-term and final exams. * You should have 22 cards. *