• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Wynberg girls high-pat orpen-english-thematic concerns in macbeth
 

Wynberg girls high-pat orpen-english-thematic concerns in macbeth

on

  • 1,247 views

thematic concerns in macbeth for english

thematic concerns in macbeth for english

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,247
Views on SlideShare
1,244
Embed Views
3

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
23
Comments
0

3 Embeds 3

http://bblearn.csusb.edu 1
http://www.docshut.com 1
http://www.slashdocs.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

CC Attribution License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Wynberg girls high-pat orpen-english-thematic concerns in macbeth Wynberg girls high-pat orpen-english-thematic concerns in macbeth Presentation Transcript

    • Thematic concerns in Macbeth Themes are the fundamental and often universal ideas explored in a literary work : they are the dominant thread in the material of a play
    • Thematic concerns of Macbeth
      • The Corrupting Power of Unchecked Ambition
      • if there are no moral constraints, destruction is wrought.
      • dreadful crime driven by ambition haunts Macbeth and his wife
      • le a d s to their downfall and eventual death
      • Macbeth re cognises the danger of his ambition (I. vii.), he outlines reasons he has for not killing Duncan
      • Lady Macbeth persuades him that failure to pursue ambition is cowardice and betrayal
    • Thematic concerns of Macbeth
      • Honour and Manliness
      • The notion that manliness precludes compassion is challenged: humane feeling is central to the notion of manliness
      • Lady Macbeth suggests that one should be able to do anything if one is a man
      • Macbeth KNOWS that a man protects his King, his country, his family.
      • Lady Macduff suggests that a man’s role is to protect those he loves
      • Macduff also challenges this: when he hears of his wife’s death he weeps
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
      • Kingship vs Tyrrany
      • "The king-becoming graces [are] justice, verity, temp e rance, stableness, / Bounty, perseverance, mercy, [and] lowliness—" ( IV.i ii)
      • king, offers the kingdom an embodiment of order and justice, comfort and affection.
      • subjects are rewarded according to their merits, as when Duncan makes Macbeth thane of Cawdor after Macbeth's victory over the invaders.
      • Most important, the king must be loyal to Scotland above his own interests
    • Thematic concerns in Macbeth
      • Duncan is an icon of kingliness
      • Emphasis on his innocence, his holiness and his sanctity. Duncan is to be trusted
      • Reference to his holy virtues: so clear in his great office, a most sainted king.
      • He is a paternalist king – source of love and honour.
      • Duncan- king, figure head, the protective not the executive head of state.
      • Duncan is not viewed as negligent - t he source of lineage and honour.
      • When he is gone, ‘ the winde of life is drawn, and the mere lees is left this vault to beg of ’
    • Thematic concerns in Macbeth
      • Order/Disorder
      • Elizabethan Order very important; everybody had their place (see notes on Elizabethan Chain of Being)
      • monarch ruled by divine right and worst possible crime was to kill a king (called regicide)
      • Shakespeare shows when the rightful place of things is upset, then everything will be upset, until situation is returned to normal
      • Disorder revealed through nature (cosmos); in country (macrocosm); personal relationships (microcosm)
    • Thematic concerns in Macbeth
      • C ountry not at peace until rightful heir (Malcolm) was crowned
      • the great disruption caused by Macbeth's crime:
        • i) dark in daytime
        • ii) owl kills a falcon
        • iii) Duncan's horses go mad and eat each other
        • iv) fear and mistrust in the land
    • Thematic concerns in Macbeth
      • U nder Macbeth's rule, there can be no order
      • He offers no real justice, only a habit of capriciously murdering those he sees as a threat.
      • As the embodiment of tyranny, he must be overcome by Malcolm so that Scotland can have a true king once more.
      • W itches and evil ambition they encourage in Macbeth are the forces of disorder which are eventually defeated at the end of the play .
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
      • Appearance vs Reality
      • constantly reminded that things are not what they seem in the play
      • Lady Macbeth advises Macbeth to “ look like a flower but be a serpent underneath ”
      • witches provide Macbeth with a stream of information which seems comforting but is also misleading
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
      • Appearance vs Reality (continued)
      • Seems that Shakespeare is warning us not to be fooled be appearances
      • Malcolm pretends to be evil to test Macduff
      • Do not fear until t he forest comes to Dunsinane – but it does
      • No one of ‘woman born’ can harm Macbeth – believes that this is not possible
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
      • Appearance vs Reality (continued)
      • witches predictions are an example of EQUIVOCATION i.e. intentionally vague or ambiguous or unclear by virtue of having more than one meaning
      • Equivocation is an idea that is central to the play
        • Fair is foul and foul is fair – paradox
        • Lesser than Macbeth and greater, not so happy, yet much happier, Thou shalt get kings, though thou be none (1.3.65- 67)
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
        • Nothing is but what is not (1,3, 141-142)
        • The witches equivocate.
        • The Porter scene reveals that alchohol is an equivocater; stimulates sexual desire and impairs sexual performance.
        • Act 4 there are more equivocal prophecies. Macbeth is deceived. The spirits that know All mortal consequences (Act 5, 3, 4-5) At the end, Macbeth begins to doubt the equivocation of the fiend that lies like truth (5,5, 41-43)
        • News of Macduff’s birth (Act 5,8.18) Realised that he has dealt with juggling fiends/that palter with us in a double sense (5.8.19)
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
      • Spiritual worlds of good and evil
      • witches, ghosts, and disturbances of nature – manifestations of evil afoot
      • Witches associated with the Devil and thought to be his agents
      • Could fly; could predict the future; vanish into thin air; would become your mortal enemy if you refused them food; could ruin crops; could bring rot onto sheep and other livestock; bringing disease to people; could control the weather
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
      • Witches (continued)
      • They had power over the wind; could cast spells for many things such as ensuring victory in a battle; keep one safe and sound; they could never be trusted, no matter how pleasant they seemed; they could cause things to catch fire; they could sink ships; they were the enemies of mankind; they used animals like cats and toads to carry out tasks for them: they were called familiars.
    • Thematic Concerns in Macbeth
      • S upernatural powers need not be bad.
      • King Edward of England (good king) can perform "a most miraculous work..." healing sick subjects by touching them
      • C ontrast this to Macbeth whose touch seems only to bring misery to his people