Making It Cout: Using the 2010 US Census in Grant Writing


Published on

The decennial census determines the allocation of hundreds of billions of federal program dollars. Federal agencies and private entities use data on race, ethnicity, national origin, sex, age, and disability to determine where disparities exist and where community groups could assist. This workshop brings together professionals working to collect data for the census to discuss recently analyzed data with community groups searching for information to support program objectives and goals.

Published in: Business, Economy & Finance
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Making It Cout: Using the 2010 US Census in Grant Writing

  1. 1. Census Data Access 2010 CENSUS Finding the most current and relevant data Chicago Regional Office US Census Bureau 630-288-9200 Stanley D. Moore, Regional Director
  2. 2. Importance of the Census <ul><li>Congressionally mandated by Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Census was in 1790 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Why do we conduct the Census? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Congressional Apportionment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Redistricting/Local Voting Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Data is used to allocate billions of dollars in federal funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local planning & analysis </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
  5. 5. Apportionment is the Fundamental Use
  6. 6. Congressional Apportionment Trends
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Data for Redistricting, Local Voting Districts
  10. 10. Federal Funding from Census Data <ul><li>$435.7 billion dollars annually in federal grants and direct assistance allocated based on formulas which include Census data: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decennial Census </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Population Estimates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American Community Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other Census Surveys </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. 10 Largest Federal Programs that use Population and Income data as factors <ul><li>Medical Assistance Program (Medicaid) </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Highway Planning and Construction </li></ul><ul><li>Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program </li></ul><ul><li>Temporary Assistance for Needy Families </li></ul><ul><li>Federal Pell Grant Program </li></ul><ul><li>Title 1 Grants to Local Educational Agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Special Education Grants to States </li></ul><ul><li>National School Lunch Program </li></ul><ul><li>Head Start </li></ul>
  12. 12. Supportive Housing for the Elderly <ul><li>Housing and Urban Development </li></ul><ul><li>$750,264,401 in FY 07 </li></ul><ul><li>Uses number of one-person elderly renter households (age 62 and over) with income at or below the applicable Section 8 income limit. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Child Care and Development Block Grant <ul><li>Department of Health and Human Services </li></ul><ul><li>$2,051,200,000 in FY 07 </li></ul><ul><li>Based on a formula that takes into account the number of children below the age of 5, per capita income and the number of children receiving assistance through the School Lunch program. </li></ul>
  14. 14.
  15. 15. Community Benefits
  16. 16.
  17. 17. Decennial Census Short Form Only! <ul><li>In 2000, 1 in 6 households received the 53 question, 40 page long form </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed social, economic & housing info </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2010 Census was Short Form Only ! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>10 Questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2010 Questionnaire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Name - Race - Housing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Sex - Ethnicity Tenure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Age - Household </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Relationship </li></ul>
  18. 18. Population Estimates Program <ul><li>Based on latest census number and birth rate, death rate and migration estimates. </li></ul><ul><li>Provides annual population and (some) general demographics (age, sex, race and ethnicity) </li></ul><ul><li>Data available for Nation, States, Metro Areas, Counties and Cities/Towns </li></ul><ul><li>General demographic info available only for Nation, States and Counties (not Metro Areas or Cities/Towns) </li></ul><ul><li>OFFICIAL CENSUS COUNT FOR INTERCENSAL YEARS! “ CONTROLS” FOR ACS ESTIMATES . </li></ul>
  19. 19. American Community Survey <ul><li>Social and Economic information every year rather than just once a decade </li></ul><ul><li>Takes the place of the census long form (2005) </li></ul><ul><li>At the start of each month, the questionnaire is mailed to a scientifically selected random sample of households in counties throughout the Nation </li></ul><ul><li>The Census will continue to conduct a short-form-only Census every 10 years </li></ul><ul><li>NOT A COUNT ! - TRENDS, COMPARISONS </li></ul>
  20. 20. American Community Survey Data Products Release Schedule * Five-year estimates will be available for areas as small as census tracts and block groups. Source: US Census Bureau Data Product Population Size Data rele ased in: of Area 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 1-Year Estimates 65,000+ 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 for Data Collected in: 3-Year Estimates 20,000+ 2005-2007 2006-2008 2007-2009 2008-2010 2009-2011 2010-2012 for Data Collected in: 5-Year Estimates All Areas* 2005-2009 2006-2010 2007-2011 2008-2012 for Data Collected in:
  21. 21. American Community Survey - Areas with a population 65,000+ : 1-Year Estimates (data avail. for 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009) - Areas with a population 20,000+ : 3-Year Estimates (data avail. for 2005-07, 2006-08, 2007-09) NEW! - Areas below 20,000 (incl. census tracts & block groups) : 5-year estimates (2005-09: first release-2010) CURRENT DATA AVAILABLE FOR 2009!
  22. 22. Data Access Basics <ul><li>Know your geography . </li></ul><ul><li>Know the data item(s ) you want. </li></ul><ul><li>Know your required time frame (current, historical, trend, etc.) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Refine Your Search <ul><li>What is the fastest growing population group in the area? </li></ul><ul><li>Geography : City/County/Metro Area? </li></ul><ul><li>Data Item : Race/Age/Income? </li></ul><ul><li>Time Frame : Recent/2000-ACS/2000-2010? </li></ul>
  24. 24. Which School-Age Group has Grown the Fastest in Peoria County Since 2000 ? <ul><li>Geography : Peoria County </li></ul><ul><li>Data Item/Subject : Age 5-13, 14-17, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Time Frame : 2000 Census – 2009 (ACS) </li></ul>
  25. 25. Nation Regions Divisions States Counties Congressional Districts County Subdivision (Townships/Towns) Census Tracts Block Groups Blocks Places (cities, towns, villages) Metropolitan Areas Zip Code Tabulation Area
  26. 26. Census Tract 9, Peoria County, IL <ul><li>Census Tracts generally have a population of 1,500 to 8,000 </li></ul><ul><li>(optimum 4,000 ) and follow physical boundaries. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Block Group 1, Census Tract 9, Peoria Co., IL Block Groups generally have a population of 300 to 4,000 (optimum 1,500) and follow physical boundaries.
  28. 28. Block 1004, Block Group 1, Census Tract 9, Peoria County, IL <ul><li>Blocks: the smallest geographic level for which census data is available. No population threshold. Size varies. </li></ul>
  29. 29. SF 1 (100% Data) – 2000 & 2010 <ul><li>Household Relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Hispanic or Latino Origin </li></ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Tenure (own/rent) </li></ul><ul><li>Vacancy characteristics </li></ul>
  30. 30. 2000 Census: 100% Data Profile
  31. 31. Summary File 1 Summary File 2 : Cross references detailed race, ethnic, and ancestry groups with all data subjects in SF1 This data is currently being processed and released by the 2010 Census. SF 1 (100% Data)
  32. 32. SF 3 (Sample Data) – 2000 Census <ul><li>Population - Marital Status -Place of birth, citizenship, entry year -School Enrollment/Ed. Attainment -Ancestry -Migration -Language spoken -Veteran status -Disability -Grandparents as caregivers -Labor force status -Place of work, journey to work -Occupation, industry, class of worker -Work status in 1999 -Income in 1999 -Poverty status </li></ul><ul><li>Housing -Value of home or monthly rent paid -Units in structure -Year structure built -Number of rooms and number of bedrooms -Year moved into residence -Plumbing and kitchen facilities -Telephone service -Vehicles available -Heating fuel -Farm residence -Utilities, mortgage, taxes, Insurance and fuel costs </li></ul>
  33. 33. SF 3 (Sample Data) – 2000 Census Summary File 3 Summary File 4 : Cross references detailed race, ethnic, and ancestry groups with all data subjects in SF3 * Now collected by American Community Survey
  34. 34. ACS 5-Year (2005-2009) Estimates
  35. 35. Illinois 7.8 Peoria County 10.0 Peoria 14.1 % Families with Income Below Poverty Level Census 2000 Summary File 3 Census Tract 9 45.4
  36. 36. Illinois 13.5 +/- 0.2 MOE Peoria County 3.0 +/- 0.5 MOE Peoria 3.7 +/- 0.6 MOE % Foreign Born Population 2009 American Community Survey 1yr Estimates
  37. 37. Census 2000 17.6 2005-2007 ACS 3yr Estimate 20.0 +/- 1.5 MOE 2006-2008 ACS 3yr Estimate 19.5 +/- 1.3 MOE % of Persons with a Bachelor’s Degree or Higher in Peoria, IL Persons 25 years and older
  38. 38. Margin of Error: ACS 5-Year Estimate (Race: Morton, IL)
  39. 39.
  41. 41. American FactFinder (cont.) <ul><li>Consistency! Consistency! Consistency! </li></ul><ul><li>No matter what survey, census, year or data you want, the process remains the same: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose your census/survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose your data file/year and table type </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose your geography </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Choose your data item/table </li></ul></ul>
  42. 42. American FactFinder (cont.) <ul><li>DECENNIAL AND ACS </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Tables (Data Profiles) - Predefined tables for one geographic area. Simplest to access, least detailed. </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic Comparison Tables – Tables containing small amount of information for a group of related areas </li></ul><ul><li>Detailed Tables – Tables that provide the most detailed data on all topics and geo areas. Allows for choosing of multiple tables and multiple geographic areas. All other tables are sourced from these tables. </li></ul><ul><li>ACS ONLY </li></ul><ul><li>Ranking Tables – Tables that are ranked by state only. </li></ul><ul><li>Selected Population Profiles – Predefined tables that allow detailed race groups and Ancestries to be cross referenced. </li></ul>Types of Tables
  43. 43. “ New” American Factfinder ( “Improved Functionality”)
  44. 44.
  45. 45. PUMS Data (Public Use Microdata Sample) A sample of population and housing unit records from the American Community Survey Allows users to create custom tables that are not available through pre-tabulated ACS products The 1-year ACS PUMS file represents 1 percent of the U.S. population (Requires advanced data processing experience)
  46. 46. How do I get to the data? <ul><li>Access basic profiles for Peoria . </li></ul><ul><li>Find a Census Tract by an address. </li></ul><ul><li>Family Poverty stats for Illinois, Peoria County, Peoria and Census Tract 9. </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign Born stats for Illinois, Peoria County, and Peoria </li></ul><ul><li>Median Income data for Cities and Towns in IL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(a) Download table </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Find the Language Spoken at Home statistics for every Census Tract in Peoria </li></ul><ul><li>7. Find profiles for the German population group in Illinois. </li></ul><ul><li>8. Find a table on the Place of Birth of the Foreign Born Population in Peoria County, Peoria and Pekin </li></ul>EXERCISES
  47. 47. Find A Basic Area Profile: Peoria, IL
  48. 48. Peoria Profile: 2006-08 ACS
  49. 49. Find Census Tract by Address: 200 SW Jefferson
  50. 50. Map Census Tract 12
  51. 51. Chicago Regional Office (Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin) <ul><li>Contacts: </li></ul><ul><li>General Information : (630) 288-9200 </li></ul><ul><li>Census Jobs : 1-888-722-8995 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>