+ Government Information Resources for Community Health Planning in NYC John Pell Assistant Professor Hunter College Libraries
+ How to Follow Along Go to http://libguides.library.hunter.cuny.edu /comhe411 (also can be found in the “research guides”) you can find the slides and links to the resources we are discussing
+ Overview The Big Picture Sourcesof Information on Population and Housing Characteristics + Demo! Sources of Information on Health Characteristics + Demo! Sources of Information on Education and Public Safety Data Aggregators and Geographic Information Services + Demo!
+ The Big Picture Why learn about information retrieval systems?
+ Information Literacy The ACRL identifies a information literate person as one who… Knows how information is formally and informally produced, organized, and disseminated. Investigates the scope, content, and organization of information retrieval systems. Identifies a variety of types and formats of potential sources for information. Realizes that information may need to be constructed with raw data from primary sources. (Among other things) “Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education”(2000) http://www.ala.org/acrl/standards/informationliteracycompetency.
+ Important things to know about survey data: Small data values are protected in order to avoid revealing the identities of individuals. Your geography of interest may not be represented in existing surveys. Data Aggregators may not present the most current raw data.
+ Discussion Activity Form groups that will address one of these topics: Sources of Information on Population and Housing Characteristics Sources of Information on Health Characteristics Sources of Information on Education and Public Safety Data Aggregators and Geographic Information Services
+ Discussion Activity For your group’s topic: What are some examples of categories within that topic? Why are these categories important? For example, one category of “Population Characteristics” might be “country of origin.” Try to come up with at least one organization that measures or produces this type of information. Try to come up with one online or print resource that we can use to look up this type of information.
+ Population and Housing Characteristics U.S. Census and American Community Survey
+ Population and Housing Characteristics U.S. Census Bureau American Fact Finder American Community Survey U.S. Census
+ Different Surveys, Different Content! 2000 Census 2010 Census American Community Survey
+ What’s in the 2000 Census? Social Characteristics Employment Characteristics Marital status Labor force status Place of birth, citizenship, and year of Place of work and journey entry School enrollment and educational to work attainment Occupation, industry, and Ancestry Class of worker Residence 5 years ago (migration) Language spoken at home and ability to Work status in 1999 speak English Income in 1999 Veteran status Disability Grandparents as caregivers
+ What’s in the 2000 Census? Physical Housing Characteristics Financial Characteristics · Units in structure · Value of home or monthly · Year structure built rent paid · Number of rooms and · Utilities, mortgage, taxes, number of bedrooms insurance, and fuel costs · Year moved into residence · Plumbing and kitchen facilities · Telephone service · Vehicles available · Heating fuel · Farm residence
+ What’s in the 2010 Census? Age Hispanic or Latino origin Household relationship Race Sex Tenure (whether the home is owned or rented) Vacancy characteristics
+ American Community Survey? The ACS collects and produces population and housing information every year instead of every ten years. Releases 1, 3, and 5 year estimates 1 year estimates cover populations of +65,000 3 year estimates cover populations of +20,000 5 years estimates cover populations of almost any size. Further refines categories of the 2000 census More about what’s in the ACS: http://www.census.gov/acs/www/Downloads/data_documentati on/SubjectDefinitions/2010_ACSSubjectDefinitions.pdf
+ American Fact Finder You may build a query by selecting various topics, geographies, and population characteristics. You also have the option of working from specific data sources.
+ American Fact Finder FactFinder helps you to build a query with expandable lists that drill down to increasingly specific topics.
+ American Fact Finder As you develop your query, the topics that you select will appear here. Once you have selected the topics, populations, and geographies you are interested in, you can try to produce a table.
+ American Fact Finder You can download Opening “table tools” your table as aallows you to collapse, PDF, Excel, or plainexpand, and rearrange text file ( you may also sections of your table print or permalink it.) NOTE: “Map View” is currently not supported for all geographies.
+ Health Characteristics New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene Epiquery Community Health Survey Communicable Disease Surveillance System NYC Health and Nutrition Examination Survey Youth Risk Behavior Survey Vital Statistics
+ What’s in Epiquery? New York City Community Health Survey (CHS) A telephone survey based upon the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s National Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), that is conducted annually by the DOHMH, Division of Epidemiology, Bureau of Epidemiology Services. CHS provides data on the health of New Yorkers. Communicable Disease Surveillance System Data are derived from reports filed with the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) as required by Section 11.03 of the N ew York City Health Code. Reported cases, crude rates and age-adjusted rates (per 100,000 population) are available by select demographic (age group, sex) and geographic (borough, neighborhood) characteristics.
+ What’s in EpiQuery? New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey The New York City Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NYC HANES) is a community-based health survey conducted by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. Data was collected from June through December 2004. NYC HANES measured key health indicators in a sample of 1,999 randomly selected NYC adult residents through a detailed health interview and brief physical exam. NYC Youth Risk Behavior Survey Conducted in odd-numbered years since 1997 to monitor priority health risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of mortality, morbidity, and social problems among youth in New York City. Students complete a self- administered, anonymous questionnaire that measures a variety of behaviors, including tobacco, alcohol and drug use, unintentional injury and violence, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, and physical activity. The NYC YRBS can provide prevalence data for the city as a whole, for each of the five boroughs starting in 2003, and (since 2005) for three high-risk neighborhoods - the South Bronx, North and Central Brooklyn, and East and Central Harlem in Manhattan - where the DOHMH has its District Public Health Offices.
+ What’s in EpiQuery? Vital Statistics Statistics for overall mortality, mortality by cause and the top 10 leading causes of death and birth statistics by year since 2000 are now available on EpiQuery, as well as death trends since 1994. Some data have been censored to ensure data security and confidentiality. As a result, the user may find slight differences among vital statistics presented in EpiQuery, data presented in the annual Summary of Vital Statistics, and data obtained directly from the Office of Vital Statistics.
+ EpiQueryBegin by selecting the data collection you want to work with: Community Health Survey, STD or Disease Surveillance, Risk Behavior Survey, Nutrition Survey, or Vital Statistics
+ EpiQuery The layout and features of EpiQuery depend on the dataset that you are using, but it generally starts with basic options and helps you build more specific queries.
+ Education and Public Saftey NYC Department of Education and NYC Police Department
+ Education and Public Safety NYC Police Department Weekly Crime Statistics http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/crime_prevention/crime_statisti cs.shtml Historical Crime Statistics http://www.nyc.gov/html/nypd/html/analysis_and_planning/historic al_nyc_crime_data.shtml NYC Department of Education Graduation Results Test Results NYC School Survey of Parents, Teachers, and Students
+ GIS and Data Aggregation NYCity Map and InfoShare
+ NYCityMap By selecting “Show additional data on map,” it is possible to display various municipal boundaries, such as census tracts.
+ InfoShare Provides data for “NYC Neighborhood” geographic units http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcp/pdf/neighbor/neighbor.pdf (map with approximate neighborhood locations) http://www.infoshare.org/misc/NYCNeighborhoods.pdf (InfoShare’s map of neighborhood boundries) Uses overlap factors to estimate statistics for geographies of interest when surveys for the area are not available. Provides Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) Hospitalization Data. Provides Area Profiles and allows the construction of specific tables.
+ In-Class Exercise Fill out your Health Ecology Worksheet for your assigned Community, I am here to help!