Ep   structured share point development - v.4
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Ep structured share point development - v.4



SharePoint architecture...

SharePoint architecture
Review typical SharePoint Development
SharePoint customization vs development
Development with SharePoint Features
Deployment using WSS solution packages
Tips and tricks to SharePoint development



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    Ep   structured share point development - v.4 Ep structured share point development - v.4 Presentation Transcript

    • A Structured / Repeatable Approach to Building SharePoint Solutions
      Ivan Sanders
      SharePoint ArchitectDimension Solutions inc.
    • Agenda
      SharePoint architecture
      Review typical SharePoint Development
      SharePoint customization vs development
      Development with SharePoint Features
      Deployment using WSS solution packages
      Tips and tricks to SharePoint development
    • SharePoint Architecture
      SharePoint v4 built on top of .NET 3.5
      Majority of SharePoint files installedwithin SharePoint “14” RootFolder
      Each SharePoint Web applicationhas its own Web root on file system
      File system of SharePoint sites is virtualized
      Many pages and files map to files on the file system
      But not all…
    • Templates Versus Instances Concept
      Files in a site exist in the siteobject model as SPFile objects
      All files live within folders (SPFolder)
      Customized versus uncustomized files
      Uncustomized file – source on the file system
      Customized file – source in sites content DB
      Customization appliesonly to site pages and files
      Application pages (/_layouts/*) don’t apply
    • File Source Retrieval Process
      SharePoint Designer
      Browser/Web Services
      SharePoint(HTTP Application/Modules/Handlers)
      Source of the file is retrieved… first
      the content database is checked
      * if file is uncustomized, underlying template is fetched
      File template/definition
      [ .. ]12TEMPLATEFEATURESSomeFeaturePageTemplate.aspx
    • Typical Site Development
      Infrastructure assets
      Create site column andcontent types via browser
      Layout assets
      Create master pages and pagelayouts with SharePoint Designer 2010
      Modify look and feel, adding CSS and images using SharePoint Designer 2010
    • "Big Picture" Challenges
      How do you make this development process repeatable? How to automate it?
      What about source control?
      SharePoint has version control on lists and libraries
      No version control for infrastructure assets
      No version control for site pages and files
      What about a true softwaredevelopment lifecycle process?
      What about change management process?
    • SharePoint Customization
      Creating and editing instances of assetsthat live exclusively in the site’s content DB
      Even if originally based off a template,source still lives in content DB
      Tools used in SharePoint customization
      SharePoint API
      SharePoint browser interface
      SharePoint Designer 2010
    • SharePoint Customization
      Plenty of resources documenting the process
      WYSIWYG developmentwith SharePoint Designer 2010
      Easily make changes in multiple environments
      Site columns and content types arenot easily moved between environments
      Challenging to package and deploy
      New files and changes to existing files
      Multiple environments
    • Challenges In Creating Publishing Sites
      Publishing sites exacerbate the challenges
      All projects require sharing assets
      Between developers on project team
      Between environments (Dev/QA/UAT/Prod)
      How to move asset change to other environments?
      Manually move infrastructure and layout assets
      Backup/restore (*** bad badbad option! ***)
      Content deployment
      Does not promote code reuse!
    • SharePoint Development
      Developers work at a lower level (file system)
      Keep infrastructure/layout assets out of DB
      Developers DevelopersDevelopers
      SharePoint Feature schemaallows creation of all kinds of assets
      Upon activation, Feature creates uncustomized instances in the site
      SharePoint solutions enable packagingof Features in one portable file
    • SP DevelopmentDisadvantages
      SharePoint Features are tedious to build
      No visual designer
      Lots of CAML (XML) markup
      Minimal debugging support
      Provisioning files requires double development (but does it)
      Feature deactivation leaves artifacts (Can this be avoided)
      Current tools do not promote this approach (Tooling)
    • SP DevelopmentAdvantages
      Developers stay in Visual Studio
      Keeps layout files uncustomized on server
      Easy to package changes in order to
      Share with other members on project dev team
      Deploy to other environments
      Fully leverage existing SCM solutions
      Easier to adhere to SDL and change control
      Full control of site columns and content types
      Avoiding the _x0020_ in site columns!
    • Structured SharePoint Solution Development
    • Tips And Tricks To SP Dev
      Add CAML IntelliSense to Visual Studio
      via Visual Studio XML Schema Cache
      Using existing tools as IDE, then “Featurize”
      Use browser for site column and content types
      Use SharePoint Designer 2010 to createmaster pages and page layouts faster
      Utilize SharePoint API to extract assets
      STSADM.EXE Custom Commands
      VSeWSS 1.3
      Automate process of building WSP’s
    • Third Party Tools & Demos
      Beyond Compare 2
      Elumenotion SharePoint Skinner
      SharePoint Manager 2010
      Visual Studio 2008 SP1 – VSTA, VSTO, SharePoint SDKs, Windows SDK
      WildCard Search
      Faceted Search
      Cascading Lookup Columns