B16 Undocumented Students and College Access
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B16 Undocumented Students and College Access

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This session will cover the latest information on the Illinois Dream Act, the Guide to Advising Undocumented Students, tuition rates, college application tips (i.e. SS# and affidavits), scholarships ...

This session will cover the latest information on the Illinois Dream Act, the Guide to Advising Undocumented Students, tuition rates, college application tips (i.e. SS# and affidavits), scholarships and other pertinent information pertaining to undocumented students in the state of Illinois.

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    B16 Undocumented Students and College Access B16 Undocumented Students and College Access Presentation Transcript

    • Helping DREAMers Achieve the College Dream Aliza Gilbert Highland Park High School, IL 224/765-2055 agilbert@dist113.orgA special thank you to: Annette Vitale-Salajanu, Immigrant Educator at University of Illinois Extension;Fred Tsao, Policy Director at the IL Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights; Dr. Claudia Rueda-Alvarez, Counselor, Maine West High School; DeEnna Holohan, DHW Educational Consulting
    • Why is this issue so important?  1.5 million unauthorized students in the U.S. are under the age of 18. (Passel & Cohn, 2009)  40% of unauthorized students ages 18-24 have not graduated from high school. (Passel & Cohn, 2009)  Fewer than 50% of unauthorized adults ages 18-24 with a high school degree have attended any college. (Passel & Cohn, 2009)  Between 5-10% of unauthorized students will attend college immediately after high school. (Gonzales, 2007)  8% of all children born in the U.S. are born to at least one unauthorized parent. (Passel & Cohn, 2011)2 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Who is unauthorized?  Any individual currently in the United States who:  entered without inspection  entered with false documents  entered on a legal visa but the visa has since expired3 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Who are our unauthorized students?  Students who immigrated recently with parents and all are unauthorized  Students who immigrated recently without parents  Students who immigrated at a very early age with parents and all are unauthorized Note….  Students born in the U.S. to unauthorized parents cause us concern as well.4 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Current situation in Illinois  Largest populations are in CA, TX, FL and NY (~900,000- 2.7 million in each state)  Next grouping has ~ a half million – NJ, AZ, GA and IL  The population in IL has held constant while other states such as GA, NC have grown (Passel & Cohn, 2009)  94% live in metropolitan areas (nationwide)  In Illinois, predominately in Chicago and collar counties (Passel & Cohn, 2009)5 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • K-16 opportunities  Plyer v. Doe (1982) grants unauthorized students right to a K-12 education.  Right does not extend to post-secondary education  No federal law specifically prohibits unauthorized students from attending a public college or university  Private colleges have the right to admit or deny any student.  AACRAO Member Survey in 2009 – approximately 50% of colleges responding indicated that they knowingly admit unauthorized students.6 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)  International students are covered under the SEVIS program, which requires universities to report personal information to DHS and provide updates on enrollment.  Unauthorized students cannot obtain visas as they do not reside outside the U.S. Therefore, they are not covered under SEVIS.  However, many universities incorrectly “code” unauthorized students as international students.7 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • DREAM Act (Senate) American DREAM Act (House) Provides undocumented students who entered the country at age 15 or younger AND entered at least 5 years before the passage of the legislation AND are not 35 years of age eligibility for legal status.  DREAM/ADA Act would enable high school graduates to apply for conditional permanent resident status.  Students would then have six years to complete two years of college or military service.  Students who complete this condition, and demonstrate good moral character, could apply for permanent residency. (www.nilc.org)8 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • State Measures – Restrict or Support Access  Some states have introduced bills addressing residency requirements for in-state tuition for all students.  A small number do not specifically permit in-state tuition for unauthorized students, but have certain tuition policies that might allow them to receive it.  A growing number prohibit unauthorized immigrants from receiving in-state tuition.  And still others, prohibit admission of unauthorized immigrants at some or all public colleges or universities.9 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • 10 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • IL Public Act 93-007  Students can pay in-state tuition at all Illinois public colleges and universities if they:  Graduated from an IL high school  Attended high school in IL for three years while living with a parent or guardian  Sign an affidavit stating that they will seek legal status as soon as they are eligible11 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • State Dream Acts These bills, if passed, do the following:  Create a private fund for scholarships  Allow unauthorized students to apply for state aid  Require counselors to receive training regarding opportunities for unauthorized youth  Allow unauthorized students to obtain a driver’s certificate  Provide eligibility for healthcare coverage12 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Illinois Dream Act  Signed into law on August 1, 2011  Create a private fund for scholarships  Require high school and college admission counselors to receive training regarding opportunities for unauthorized youth  Permit families to participate in the state’s two college tuition savings plans13 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • IL Dream Act Update  Dream Fund Commission named in February – Tanya Cabrera (IIT) named to the Commission!   Chicago Community Trust will serve as the fiscal agent - send checks to Terry Mazany (Chicago Community Trust Foundation)  Scholarships should begin next year for 2013 graduates and current undergraduates  Will file 501C3 Status  Meeting with ISAC/Governors legal team to discuss educating partnership14 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Institutional Measures  Little guidance for private colleges  Some admit, and occasionally fund, while others deny  Most have no clear policy  Stakeholder influence is significant15 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Counseling Unauthorized Students  Developing a college list  Completing applications  Applying for financial aid and scholarships  Selecting a major16 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Developing a College List  Friendly versus unfriendly states  Travel restrictions  Campus climate  Knowledgeable admission staff  Student support on campus17 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Completing Applications  On-line versus paper applications  Request for social security number  Citizenship question  Paying application fee and/or fee waivers  Dilemma regarding disclosure of unauthorized status18 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Applying for Financial Aid and Scholarships  There is no magic pool of money  Availability of institutional aid  Eligibility for merit scholarships  FAFSA, CSS Profile, Institutional Aid Applications19 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Selecting a Major  Restrictions in choosing a major (licensure, certification, background checks)  Balancing “wants” versus what is possible  Advising and career development support on campus20 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • U.S. Born Students with Unauthorized Parents • These students are eligible for federal and state aid • If parents supply a fake or stolen social security number when completing the FAFSA, it will be rejected when the number fails to match potentially rendering the student ineligible for financial aid • Parents without a social security number should use 000-00- 0000 • It is important that unauthorized parents file taxes using an ITIN as many colleges will require a copy of parents’ taxes (i.e. verification) • FAFSA “smart” form isn’t always smart!21 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Role of Counselors and Community Based Organizations  Improve identification of students  Revise presentations to include the terms: citizens, permanent residents and unauthorized students.  Educate teachers and student group advisors.  Conduct outreach to middle and junior high schools.  Develop a list of colleges that have enrolled unauthorized students and make friends with the admissions and financial aid directors.  Reinforce value of AP Exams as a significant cost saving measure.22 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Role of Counselors and Community Based Organizations  Inform students about tuition costs  Discuss option of attending college part-time vs. full- time  Explain how payment plans work  Develop outside scholarship opportunities  Empower students to take charge of their search  e4fc.org – order copies of the Undocumented Students Can Go to College poster and put them EVERYWHERE  Affirm that an education is worthwhile23 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Role of College Admissions Professionals  Encourage application revisions  Eliminate request for social security number  Revise citizenship options  Revise on-line application  Unauthorized students should not be required to complete a Verification of Finances  Never require unauthorized students to complete a FAFSA (even if it’s a paper version)  Utilize an institutional financial aid form to determine eligibility for institutional need based aid24 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Role of College Admissions Professionals  Award institutional grant and merit scholarships  Support the education of the entire admission staff, especially front line admissions reps and data processors  Assign a point person in Admissions/Financial Aid for students and counselors to contact with questions  Provide on campus support and develop means to connect students with support25 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • National Coming Out of the Shadows Day  Held at Daley Plaza on Saturday, March 10th from 1-3pm  Undocumented immigrant youth encouraged to come out publicly and share their stories at the rally  Past rallies have drawn nearly 1,000 attendees.  Theme is: “I define myself. Undocumented, unafraid, and unapologetic.”  Purpose is to highlight the diversity, right to self-expression, and support for self-determination, that the undocumented are often denied.26 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • Some final thoughts  3 main concerns of unauthorized college students: fear of deportation, loneliness and depression. (Dozier, 1993)  Many also report frustration, helplessness, shame and fear as a result of their unauthorized status. (Munoz as cited in Perez, et al, 2010)  Unauthorized students are less likely to participate in civic engagement and extracurricular activities in college than high school, but are more likely to become involved in political activism. (Perez, et al, 2010)  Unauthorized students report a sense of belonging and connectedness when a part of campus activities. (Munoz as cited in Perez, et al, 2010)27 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
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    • Resources  Educators for Fair Consideration www.e4fcorg  IL Association for College Admission Counseling www.iacac.org/undocumented  Dream Activist www.dreamactivist.org  IL Coalition for Immigrant and Refugee Rights www.icirr.org  Support the DREAM Act and other related pieces of legislation by writing, emailing and calling your legislators  NACAC Legislative Action Center www.nacacnet.org  American School Counselor Association www.schoolcounselor.org34 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012
    • References Dozier, S. B. (1993). Emotional concerns of undocumented and out-of-status foreign students. Community Review, 13(1), 33-39. Gonzales, R. (2007). Wasted talent and broken dreams:The lost potential of undocumented students. Washington, DC: Immigration Policy Center. Retrieved from http://www.immigrationpolicy.org/special- reports/wasted-talent-and-broken-dreams-lost-potential-undocumented-students Muñoz, S. M. (2008). Understanding issues of college persistence for undocumented Mexican immigrant woman from the new Latino Diaspora: A case study. Unpublished dissertation, Iowa State University. Passel, J. S. & Cohn, D. (2009). A portrait of unauthorized immigrants in the United States. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved from http://pewresearch.org/pubs/1190/portrait-unauthorized- immigrants-states Passel, J. S. & Cohn, D. (2011). Unauthorized immigrant population: National and state trends, 2010. Washington, DC: Pew Hispanic Center. Retrieved from http://pewhispanic.org/reports/report.php?ReportID=133 Pérez, W., Cortés, R. D., Ramos, K., & Coronado, H. (2010). “Cursed and blessed”: Examining the socioemotional and academic experiences of undocumented Latina and Latino college students. In J. Price (Ed.), New Directions for Student Services (No. 131, pp. 35-51). San Francisco: Jossey Bass. doi:10.1002/ss.36535 Aliza Gilbert, Highland Park High School 5/2/2012