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eBook Immigrant Student Rights to Attend Public Schools 2018 IDRA

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eBook Immigrant Student Rights to Attend Public Schools 2018 IDRA

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This eBook describes how public schools must, by law, serve all children; gives examples of what schools can and cannot do when enrolling immigrant students; and provides links to tons of resources. The education of undocumented students is guaranteed by the Plyler vs. Doe Supreme Court decision, and certain procedures must be followed when registering immigrant children in school to avoid violation of their civil rights.

This eBook describes how public schools must, by law, serve all children; gives examples of what schools can and cannot do when enrolling immigrant students; and provides links to tons of resources. The education of undocumented students is guaranteed by the Plyler vs. Doe Supreme Court decision, and certain procedures must be followed when registering immigrant children in school to avoid violation of their civil rights.

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eBook Immigrant Student Rights to Attend Public Schools 2018 IDRA

  1. 1. Immigrant Students’ Rights to Attend Public Schools ResourceTools for Schools and Communities Herramientas de recursos para escuelas y comunidades Derechos de los estudiantes inmigrantes a asistir a escuelas públicas 1© IDRA, 2018 August
  2. 2. Contents • Student’s rights by U.S. policy • Implications of practices that deny or discourage immigrant children and families from public schooling • What schools may not do as a result of the Plyler ruling • Sample school district language in enrollment notices • School districts resolutions on responding to ICE • Lots of resources 2 Infographic –Welcoming Immigrant Students in School (English-Spanish) http://b.link/IDRAigwWelcome
  3. 3. 3 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 33 In Plyler vs. Doe, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that children of undocumented workers and children who themselves are undocumented have the same right to attend public primary and secondary schools as do U.S. citizens and permanent residents. Like other students, children of undocumented workers in fact are required under state laws to attend school until they reach a mandated age. School personnel – especially principals and those involved with student registration and enrollment – should be aware that they have no legal obligation to enforce U.S. immigration laws. El Tribunal Supremo de los Estados Unidos, en el caso Doe vs. Plyler, dictaminó que los niños de padres indocumentados y los niños que también son indocumentados tienen el mismo derecho de asistir a las escuelas públicas primarias y secundarias que tienen sus contrapartes de nacionalidad estadounidense. Al igual que los demás niños, los estudiantes indocumentados están obligados a asistir a la escuela hasta que llegan a la edad exigida por la ley. Personal de la escuela – en especial la el director y los que admiten los estudiantes – deben ser conscientes de que no tienen la obligación legal de ejecutar cumplir las leyes de inmigración de Estados Unidos. 3
  4. 4. 4 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 44 Victimize children – Children of undocumented workers do not choose the conditions under which they enter the United States.They should not be punished for circumstances they do not control. Children have the right to learn and be useful members of society. Hurt the country – Denying children access to education does not eliminate illegal immigration. Instead, it ensures the creation of an underclass.Without public education for children, illiteracy rates will increase and opportunities for workforce and community participation will decrease. Research has proven that for every $1 spent on the education of children, at least $9 is returned. Waste valuable time while losing sight of principal goals of public education – Rather than teaching students, school officials would spend their time asking our millions of school children about their citizenship status. States would be forced to spend millions of dollars to do the work of the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agency. Promote misinformation – Incorrect assumptions and inappropriate figures have been used to blame immigrants and their children for economic problems. Encourage racism and discrimination – In turbulent, financially- troubled times, immigration often becomes a focal point of public discourse. Many consider a preoccupation with the immigration status of children of undocumented workers to be a form of discrimination and racism. Practices that deny or discourage immigrant children and families from public schooling do the following… 4
  5. 5. 5 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 55 Son niños indefensos – Los niños de los trabajadores indocumentados son indefensos y esperan la protección de una ley justa y compasiva. Ellos no eligieron venir a este país o las condiciones en que están en los Estados Unidos. No es justo castigar a un niño indefenso; es mas, tiene derecho a aprender y ser útil a la sociedad. Lastimar al país – El negar a estos niños el acceso a la educación no elimina la inmigración ilegal, sino que crea una subclase económica en el país.Aumentarán las tasas de analfabetismo y se reducirá la participación de éstos en las comunidades donde viven. Según las investigaciones, cada dólar que se invierte en la educación de estos niños tiene un rendimiento de por lo menos nueve dólares en beneficios para el país. Es tiempo valioso que se pierde cuando perdemos la meta principal de la escuela – Se pierde mucho tiempo, que se podría emplear mejor en la educación de estos niños, cuando los educadores se enfocan en determinar la ciudadanía de cada estudiante. Esa no es la responsabilidad del educador. El educador conciente de su responsabilidad no tiene el tiempo ni debe permitir que se le agregue esta responsabilidad. Cuidado con la información incorrecta – La distribución de suposiciones y cifras incorrectas ha causado mucho daño y creado un ambiente de incertidumbre y fricción entre grupos de ciudadanos. Impulsan el racismo y la discriminación– Estamos viviendo en una época de mucha discordia y dificultades económicas en este país. Siempre que esto sucede renace esta preocupación por la inmigración que muchos consideran como racismo y discriminación. Prácticas que niegan o desalientan a los niños y familias inmigrantes de la escuela pública resultan en lo siguient… 5
  6. 6. 6 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 66 As a result of the Plyler ruling, public schools may NOT… • make inquiries of students or parents intended to expose their undocumented status; • deny admission to a student during initial enrollment or at any other time on the basis of undocumented status; • treat a student differently to determine residency; • engage in any practices to “chill” the right of access to school, such as requiring driver’s licenses of parents to register their child; • require students or parents to disclose or document their immigration status; • demand that parents produce driver’s licenses or other identification documents for which undocumented immigrants may not qualify for registering children; or • require social security numbers from all students, as this may expose undocumented status. 6
  7. 7. 7 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 77 A raíz de la decisión Plyler, las escuelas públicas NO PUEDEN… • interrogar a estudiantes o padres con la intención de obligarlos a exponer y revelar su situación de indocumentados; • negarle la matrícula a un estudiante basándose en su situación legal y/o inmigratoria, ya sea a principios del curso o durante el año escolar; • tratar a un estudiante en forma desigual verificando la situación de residencia de ciertos estudiantes; • promover prácticas cuyo resultado es negar el derecho de acceso a los servicios escolares, tales como requerir licencias de conducir de los padres para registrar a su niño; • requerir que un estudiante o sus padres revelen o documenten su situación inmigratoria; • demandar que los padres produzcan licencias de conducir u otros documentos de identificación que impide que los inmigrantes indocumentados puedan calificar para el registro de sus hijos; o • exigir que un estudiante obtenga un número de seguro social como requisito de admisión a la escuela. 7
  8. 8. 8 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 88 Schools should not use Social Security numbers for identification or registration purposes. For those schools that do, it should be clear from the beginning that students who do not present a Social Security number will be assigned a number generated by the school.While schools may request a birth certificate, they may not bar students from enrolling if they do not have a birth certificate. Adults without Social Security numbers who are applying for a free lunch and/or breakfast program for a student need only state on the application that they do not have a Social Security number. The Family Education Rights and Privacy Act prohibits schools from providing any outside agency – including the ICE agency – with any information from a child’s school file that would expose the student’s undocumented status.The only exception is if an agency gets a court order (subpoena) that parents can then challenge. Schools should note that even requesting such permission from parents might act to “chill” a student’s Plyler rights. The U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Department of Education in 2014 clarified the intent of the Plyler ruling in a letter advising school officials that activities that deny or discourage students to attend school are unlawful.The letter begins,“Under federal law, state and local educational agencies are required to provide all children with equal access to public education at the elementary and secondary level.” 8
  9. 9. 9 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 99 Las escuelas no deben usar números de Seguro Social para fines de identificación o registro. Para aquellas escuelas que lo hagan, debe estar claro desde el principio que a los estudiantes que no presenten un número de Seguro Social se les asignará un número generado por la escuela.Aunque las escuelas pueden solicitar un certificado de nacimiento, no pueden impedir que los estudiantes se inscriban si no tienen un certificado de nacimiento. Los adultos sin números de Seguro Social que necesitan almuerzo y/o desayuno gratis sólo tienen que indicar que no tienen Seguro Social.Allí debe terminar. Además, el Acta Familiar de Derechos y Privacidad Escolar (Family Education Rights and Privacy Act) le prohibe a las escuelas proveer a cualquier agencia externa – incluyendo la agencia ICE – cualquier información del archivo personal de un estudiante que pudiera revelar su estado legal. La única excepción es cuando una agencia obtiene una orden judicial – conocida como una citación o subpoena – que los padres pueden apelar o retar. El mero hecho de pedirle tal permiso a los padres podría violar los derechos reconocidos por Doe vs. Plyler. El Departamento de Justicia de EE.UU. y el Departamento de Educación de EE.UU., en el 2014 aclaró el intento del fallo del tribunal en la decisión Plylar y ha publicado y distribuido una carta aconsejando a administradores de escuela que el negar o disuadir a estudiantes indocumentados o de padres indocumentados es ilegal y contra este dictamen legal. La carta comienza así:“Bajo la ley federal, agencias educativas tanto estatales como locales están obligadas a proporcionar a todo niño la igualdad de acceso a la educación pública a nivel de primaria y secundaria.” Las órdenes ejecutivas recientes emitidas por la Administración no alteran el derecho de los estudiantes indocumentados a recibir una educación pública gratuita. 9
  10. 10. 10 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1010 Yet a number of schools are posting notices like these pictured here and on school websites that indicate Social Security cards and birth certificates are required before a family can register their child for school. Such practices are in direct violation of Plyler vs. Doe. Schools should not use Social Security numbers for identification or registration purposes. For those schools that do, it should be clear from the beginning that students who do not present a Social Security number will be assigned a number generated by the school.While schools may request a birth certificate, they may not bar students from enrolling if they do not have a birth certificate. 10 Violates Plyler vs. Doe
  11. 11. 11 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1111 Sin embargo, un número de escuelas está publicando avisos como en la foto aquí y en sitios web escolares que indican que tarjetas de Seguro Social y certificados de nacimiento son necesarios antes de que una familia pueda registrar a su hijo en la escuela. Estas prácticas constituyen una violación directa de Plyler vs. Doe. Las escuelas no deben usar números de Seguro Social para fines de identificación o registro. Para aquellas escuelas que lo hagan, debe estar claro desde el principio que a los estudiantes que no presenten un número de Seguro Social se les asignará un número generado por la escuela.Aunque las escuelas pueden solicitar un certificado de nacimiento, no pueden impedir que los estudiantes se inscriban si no tienen un certificado de nacimiento. 11 Viola Plyler vs. Doe
  12. 12. 12 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1212 Some school districts are including language in their enrollment notices, like: Not only should undocumented students not be discouraged from attending, they are required to attend school under the state’s compulsory education laws.And parents should be assured that the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act restricts schools from sharing information with the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency. • “If the student does not have a Social Security number, XYZ ISD will assign a Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS) number. No student may be denied enrollment solely because of failure to meet the documentation requirements. Enrollment is provisional, however, pending receipt of the required documentation and verification of eligibility.” • “The XYZ Independent School District does not prevent students from enrolling if a Social Security card is not presented.The Social Security Number is used for identification purposes when reporting student information to the Texas Education Agency.The campus will assign a computer generated number when a card is not presented.” • “Providing a Social Security card or number is optional.The XYZ Independent School District will not refuse enrollment of any student opting not to provide a Social Security card/number. In lieu, a state identification number will be provided for educational purposes only.” 12
  13. 13. 13 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1313 Algunos distritos escolares están incluyendo lenguaje en sus avisos de inscripción, como: A los estudiantes indocumentados no se debe desalientar asistir. Están requeridos a asistir la escuela de acuerdo a las leyes de educación obligatoria estatales. Los padres deben ser asegurados de que la Ley de Derechos Educativos y Privacidad Familiar restringe escuelas de compartir información con la agencia de Inmigración y Control de Aduanas. • “El Distrito Escolar Independiente de XYZ no impide que los estudiantes se matriculen si una tarjeta de Seguro Social no es presentada. El número de Seguro Social se usa para el proposito de identificación al reportar la información del estudiante a la Agencia de Educación de Texas. El campus asignará un número generado por computadora cuando no se presenta una tarjeta.” • “Proporcionar una tarjeta de Seguro Social o número es opcional. El Distrito Escolar Independiente de XYZ no le negará la inscripción a cualquier estudiante por optar no proporcionar una tarjeta / número de Seguro Social. En su lugar, se le proporcionará un número de identificación estatal sólo para propositos educativos.” • “Si el estudiante no tiene un número de Seguro Social, XYZ ISD le asignará un número otorgado por Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS). No se le puede negar la inscripción a ningún estudiante por el solo hecho de no cumplir con los requisitos de documentación. La inscripción es provisional, sin embargo, durante la documentación y verificación de elegibilidad requerida.”
  14. 14. 14 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1414 School Districts Resolutions on Responding to ICE School districts across the country have issued resolutions and updated their policies to protect students’ rights in light of uncertainty regarding federal immigration enforcement activities in their schools. Many of these statements affirm the districts’ mission to ensure all students have a safe and positive learning environment, and they outline guidance to school personnel on how to respond to requests from U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents for data or access to their campus. School leaders are actively affirming the welcoming environment they intend to maintain along with spelling out their non-discrimination policies, procedures for collecting student information, commitment to the communities they serve, and measures for communicating with students’ families. Some of the resolutions set up timelines for training of school staff, including teachers and campus police. IDRA’s website provides links to sample statements. If your district of campus is considering issuing a resolution of its own, these samples can be a useful reference. 14 https://budurl.me/2-IDRAimmiged Resoluciones de los distritos escolares sobre la respuesta a ICE Los distritos escolares de todo el país han emitido resoluciones y actualizado sus políticas para proteger los derechos de los estudiantes dada la incertidumbre con respecto a las actividades federales de aplicación de la ley de inmigración en sus escuelas. Muchas de estas declaraciones confirman la misión del distrito de asegurar que todos los estudiantes tengan un ambiente de aprendizaje seguro y positivo, y delinean una guía para el personal escolar sobre cómo responder a las solicitudes de información o acceso de los agentes de Inmigración y Control de Aduanas (ICE) a sus escuelas. Los líderes escolares afirman activamente el ambiente acogedor que intentan mantener junto con la definición de sus políticas de no discriminación, los procedimientos para recopilar información de los estudiantes, el compromiso con las comunidades a las que sirven y las medidas para comunicarse con las familias de los estudiantes.Algunas de las resoluciones establecen plazos para la capacitación del personal escolar, incluidos los maestros y la policía del campus. El sitio web de IDRA proporciona enlaces a declaraciones de muestra. Si el distrito al que su escuela pertenece está considerando emitir una resolución propia, estas muestras pueden ser una referencia útil.
  15. 15. 15 At IDRA, we are working to strengthen schools to work for all children, families and communities. Help us make this goal a reality for every child; we simply cannot afford the alternatives. Denying children of undocumented workers access to an education is unconstitutional and against the law. En IDRA, nos unimos a educadores para fortalecer a las escuelas a proveer la igualdad de oportunidad y practicar equitativamente un programa de instrucción para todos los niños, familias y comunidades.Ayúdenos a hacer de este objetivo una realidad para todos los niños. Negando a los niños el acceso a la educación es.
  16. 16. 16 Resources
  17. 17. 17 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1717 School Districts Pass Resolutions on Responding to ICE, IDRA news story with samples: • http://budurl.com/IDRAakeA17 Plyler vs. Doe decision • http://www.law.cornell.edu/supremecourt/text/457/202 IDRA Classnotes Podcast episode on “Immigrant Children’s Rights to Attend Public Schools.” • http://budurl.com/IDRApod94 17 For more information or to report incidents of school exclusion or delay,call: • META (Nationwide) 617- 628-2226 • MALDEF (Los Angeles) 213-629-2512 • MALDEF (San Antonio) 210-224-5476 • NY Immigration Hotline (Nationwide) 212- 419-3737 • MALDEF (Chicago) 312-427-0701 • MALDEF (Washington,D.C.) 202-293-2828 • ACLU (Nationwide) 212-549-2500 • Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights Under Law (Nationwide) 888-299-5227 • RAICES 210-226-7722 IDRA EAC-South –The federally-funded equity assistance center that serves schools and districts in Washington,D.C., and 11 states:Alabama,Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina,Tennessee,Texas andVirginia. • https://www.idraeacsouth.org/
  18. 18. 18 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1818 Letter from the U.S. Department of Justice and the U.S. Department of Education (May 2014) advising school officials that activities that deny or discourage students to attend school are unlawful. • http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/edu/documents/plylerlet ter.pdf Educational Services for Immigrant Children andThose Recently Arrived to the United States, U.S. Department of Education guidance, resources and frequently asked questions. • http://www2.ed.gov/policy/rights/guid/unaccompanied- children.html 18 Joint guidance letter from the U.S. Departments of Education and Justice describing the obligations of states and school districts under federal law to provide all children – regardless of immigration status – with equal access to public education at the elementary and secondary levels.The letter also is available in Spanish. • English: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/colleague- 201405.pdf • Spanish: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/colleague-201405- sp.pdf Guidance* is available in • Spanish, http://budurl.com/USDOEimS • Chinese, http://budurl.com/USDOEimC • Arabic, http://budurl.com/USDOEimA • Korean, http://budurl.com/USDOEimK • Tagalog, http://budurl.com/USDOEimT • Vietnamese. http://budurl.com/USDOEimV English Learner Resources – Federal laws prohibit denial of equal access to education because of a student's limited proficiency in English. States and school districts must provide English learner students with language assistance services so that they can meaningfully participate in education programs. Additionally, states and school districts must ensure that they effectively communicate to English learner parents and caretakers the information that is provided to English-speaking parents. Information on equal access to a high-quality education also is available in Spanish. • English: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/ellresources.html • Spanish: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/equalaccess2004- sp.html * These documents were archived in early 2017. Updated versions may be available. Federal Resources
  19. 19. 19 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 1919 High School Equivalency Program (HEP) – This website provides an overview of the High School Equivalency Program, a program designed to help migrant and seasonal farm workers and members of their immediate families obtain the equivalent of a high school diploma and to gain employment or begin postsecondary education or training. • http://www2.ed.gov/programs/hep/index.html Migrant Education Program (MEP) – This website provides an overview of the Migrant Education Program, which funds support high- quality education programs for migratory children and ensures migratory children who move between states are not penalized for disparities in curriculum, graduation requirements, academic achievement standards, or academic content. • http://www2.ed.gov/programs/mep/index.html Plyler vs. Doe Factsheet – contains information on the rights of all children to enroll in school.The factsheet also is available in Spanish. • English: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/dcl- factsheet-201405.pdf • Spanish: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/qa- 201405-sp.pdf 19 Question and Answer Document for states, school districts, and parents; also available in Spanish. • English: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/qa-201405.pdf • Spanish: http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/dcl-factsheet- 201405-sp.pdf Questions and Answers about Education Records – Schools maintain education records about students who are or were enrolled in the school. Education records can be used when students apply for college or entry into other types of education programs, such as career training programs and when students request DACA.This document provides answers to frequently asked questions about education records, including types of records, what they contain, how to locate them, and how to request them. • http://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/docs/qa-201405.pdf White House Initiative on Education Excellence for Hispanics – This webpage provides an overview of WHIEEH, including its purpose, objectives, contact information, and relevant links.The WHIEEH aims to increase the education outcomes for Hispanic students, from cradle-to-career. • Webpage: http://www.ed.gov/edblogs/hispanic-initiative/ • Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/W.H.I.onEducationExcellenceforHispanics • Twitter: https://twitter.com/HispanicEd White House Initiative on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) – This webpage provides an overview of the AAPI initiative, including facts and data, resources, and contact information. • http://budurl.com/AAPI
  20. 20. 20 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 2020 State-Level Resources Information on student enrollment in the states served by the IDRA EAC-South... • Alabama: 2015 AlabamaAttendance Manual - Alabama State Department Education • Arkansas: Enrollment • Florida: Attendance and Enrollment • Georgia: Student Enrollment andWithdrawal • Louisiana: Title 28:CXV, Bulletin 741: Louisiana Handbook for School Administrators (doc) • Mississippi: Mississippi Kindergarten Guidelines • North Carolina: School Attendance and Student Accounting Manual 2016 - 2017 • South Carolina: SC Administrators' Guide: Students • Tennessee: FrequentlyAsked Questions • Texas: Attendance,Admission,Enrollment Records, andTuition August 2017 • Virginia: Student Enrollment Requirements - SchoolYear 2016-2017 • Washington,D.C.: How to Enroll and Immigration Guidance 20 The IDRA EAC-South is one of four regional equity assistance centers funded by the U.S. Department of Education to provide technical assistance and training to school districts and other local education agencies. Learn more at: https://www.idra.org/eac-south
  21. 21. 21 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 2121 21 Resources for Elementary and Secondary School-aged Students and their Families Bridging RefugeeYouth & Children’s Services – Includes a wide variety of resources and information for anyone who is raising, caring for, or helping a refugee, migrant, or immigrant child in the United States.The “promising practices” section of the site is particularly helpful, where you can select by topic and state to find local programs and services that support these youth. • http://www.brycs.org/ Includes resources for schools: • Involving Refugee Parents in their Children's Education • Multilingual School-Related Resources for Refugee Families • Immigrant/Refugee Awareness Instructional Materials • Children's Books about the Refugee/Immigrant Experience • Addressing Refugee ChildWelfare Concerns in the Schools • Items Created by Refugee School Impact Grantees • Addressing Ethnic Conflicts • Bullying & Discrimination ForeignTranscript Evaluation • Interpretation/Translation in the Schools • Refugee and Immigrant Students and Special Education • Students with Interrupted Formal Education • Highlighted Program Evaluation Resources • Post-High School College and Career Readiness
  22. 22. 22 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 2222 College Board – Advising Undocumented Students on Higher Education – This guide from the College Board is counselor-focused and aimed at helping undocumented students navigate admissions and financial aid as they enter higher education. It emphases being informed, reaching out to students early, and communicating with your students. • https://professionals.collegeboard.org/guidance/financial- aid/undocumented-students Education Resources on Immigration, Immigrants and Anti-Immigrant Bias – The Anti-Defamation League’s website contains a wide variety of resources that can be broken down into different categories depending on who will find them the most useful. • ForTeachers: Lesson plans to challenge anti- immigrant bias, learning through art, learning about the DREAMers, and information on sanctuary cities. • For Parents and Community Members: Dispelling myths about immigrants, family separations at the border, DREAMer information, refugees and the world response, helping students make sense of news stories about bias and injustice, listening to the voices of immigrant and Muslim youth, standing up to bigoted language. • https://www.adl.org/education/resources/tools-and- strategies/education-resources-on-immigration-immigrants-and- anti Ensuring Every Undocumented Student Succeeds – Human Rights Institute and theWomen’s Refugee Commission – This is the report described in the NEA article below (“How Undocumented Students are Turned Away from Public Schools”) about obstacles to undocumented students attending public schools in the United States. It describes barriers to these students attending school and detailed information on the impact of ICE raids on their education. • https://www.law.georgetown.edu/human-rights-institute/wp- content/uploads/sites/7/2017/07/2016-HRI-Report-English.pdf GLSEN Information on Undocumented Student Rights (DACA emphasis) – GLSEN, along with the EducationCounsel, put together information about undocumented students’ rights to attend schools, especially in response to recent anti-immigrant policies. • https://www.glsen.org/article/daca-undocumented-students- rights-equal-access-k-12-public-schools 22
  23. 23. 23 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 2323 How Undocumented Students areTurned Away from Public Schools – This article explains barriers to undocumented students receiving public education in response to a report by the Human Rights Institute and the Women’s Refugee Commission. Specifically, the report explains the ways schools have been observed discouraging these students from enrolling or attending school.The researchers primarily looked at schools in Georgia, NewYork, North Carolina, andTexas. • http://neatoday.org/2016/04/22/undocumented-students-public- schools/ Legal Issues for School Districts Related to the Education of Undocumented Children, This publication by the National School Boards Association and NEA (2009) describes legal issues for school districts regarding the rights of undocumented students to receive an education, school admittance, and ice investigations. • http://go.sdsu.edu/education/cescal-conference/files/06159- NEALegal09undocumentedchildren.pdf NationalAssociation of Secondary School Principals – Undocumented Students’ Right to Attend School – This entry contains some projected information on how many undocumented students are living in the nation, “Rresearchers estimate that 1.8 million undocumented children and youth are now living in the country.”The article also notes that states that are seeing a rise in immigrant populations are also subject to more raids by the federal government, putting the children and their families in jeopardy. It provides a breakdown of how different stakeholders can help alleviate the issue and enable students to safely and confidently attend school – from the federal to the school level. • https://www.nassp.org/policy-advocacy-center/nassp-position- statements/undocumented-students/ 23
  24. 24. 24 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 2424 Resources for Supporting and Educating Migrant Refugee Children,NEA – Contains resources and links to groups and information sites to help undocumented or refugee children attend public school. • http://www.nea.org/home/61723.htm Resources for Educators to Support Undocumented Students and Families – This guide was provided by the California Equity Leadership Alliance (CELA) to support the educational success of minority students. It has numerous resources for teachers, families and communities. • Classroom and School Resources: building relationships, lesson plan tips, teaching tolerance, resources and guides for teachers, talking points about the current political climate, links to professional development webinars, and links to the museum of tolerance. • Fact Sheets:These sheets range widely in topics from discussion of local laws to a student guide on the potential phasing out of DACA. • Legal Resources and Guides • Position Statements • Policy Briefs • Sample Resolutions • Social and Emotional Support: Links to information on hotlines for parents experiencing worry about their students, tips for helping children cope through trauma and anxiety, tips for dealing with heightened community stress. • https://west.edtrust.org/undocumented-students-toolkit/ Still Living Undocumented:FiveYears Later – This is a guide for teachers who use the film “Still Living Undocumented” as part of their lesson plans on the education of immigrant/migrant children and overall education on immigration law and reform. • http://livingundocumented.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/05/Still- Living-Undocumented_2018.pdf 24
  25. 25. 25 © IDRA, 2017 August 8/15/2018 2525 25 TeachingTolerance: Toolkit for “Immigrant and Refugee Children:A Guide for Educators and School Support Staff” – The guide is an overview of how men and women in the schools can properly cope and work toward educating all immigrant and refugee children who come through their doors. The site contains links teachers can peruse for lesson plans and more information and resources about helping their immigrant, migrant, and refugee students. • https://www.tolerance.org/magazine/spring-2017/toolkit-for- immigrant-and-refugee-children-a-guide-for-educators-and- school Texas School Board Association Letter – The letter cites immigrant student rights to attend public schools in light of recent immigration practices and affirms that students’ rights to attend public schools are likely to be unaffected. It outlines different classification of students and under what legal framework they are to attend school. • https://www.tasb.org/Services/Legal-Services/TASB- School-Law- eSource/Students/documents/student_immigration_issue s.aspx Washington State OSPI and Immigrant Students’ Rights to Attend Public Schools – This is a short but well-written notice on undocumented, migrant, and immigrant students’ rights to attend public school. It also acknowledges that school personnel should actively work against efforts to deny undocumented children the right to attend schools via active or passively aggressive behaviors about residency or registration.There are also links, to include a booklet in English and Spanish about immigrants’ right to attend school. • http://www.k12.wa.us/MigrantBilingual/ImmigrantRights.aspx
  26. 26. Intercultural Development Research Association Dr. María “Cuca” Robledo Montecel, President & CEO 5815 Callaghan Road, Suite 101 San Antonio, Texas 78228 210-444-1710 • contact@idra.org www.idra.org Our mission is to achieve equal educational opportunity for every child through strong public schools that prepare all students to access and succeed in college. Sign up to get IDRA news by email Printable one-page flier in English & Spanish Classnotes Podcast on the rights of immigrant students to attend public school 26 Infographic – Welcoming Immigrant Students in School

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