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  1. 1. SOUTH AFRICA VS. ETHIOPIABrianna Andrekovich
  4. 4. SOUTH AFRICA : GEOGRAPHYBordered by the: • Atlantic Ocean on the West • Indian Ocean on the South and EastNeighbors: • Namibia in North West • Zimbabwe and Botswana in North • Mozambique and Swaziland in North East • Southernmost part of Africa is Cape Agulhas
  5. 5. SOUTH AFRICA: G OV E R N M E N TRepublicDeclared itself republic in 1961Cut its ties with the CommonwealthCommonwealth objected the country’s racist policiesThe White Supremacist National Party continued (1948-came to power) its rule for the next three decades
  6. 6. SOUTH AFRICA H I S T O RY San people were first settlers Then Khoikhoi and Bantu-speaking tribes The Dutch East Indiana Company landed European settlers in 1652-on Cape of Good Hope The colony had only 15,000 members at the end of the 18th century The Boers and Afrikaners, speaking a Dutch dialect-Afrikaans- settledas early as 1795 and tried to establish an independent republic
  7. 7. HISTORY CONTINUEDBritain took Cape Colony and posession in 1815 at he end ofthe Napoleonic WarsThis brought 5,000 settlersThe freeing of slaves in 1833 forced about 12,000 Arikaners tomake the “great trek” north and east into African Tribal territory • This is where they established the Republics of the Transvaal and the Orange Free State
  8. 8. HISTORY CONTINUED Discovered diamonds in 1867 and gold nine years later • This brought and arrival of “outlanders” into the republics • The Prime Minister planned on annexation, however, an army forced him to resign The necessary war with the Boers broke out on October 11, 1899 • The defeat of the Boers led to the Union of South Africa, four new provinces, the two former republics, and the old Cape and Natal colonies • A Boer, Botha, became first Prime Minister The political activity with Africans started with the African NationalCongress in 1912
  9. 9. SOUTH AFRICA INDEPENDENCE Jan Smuts brought nation to World War II on the Allied side againstNationalist opposition South Africa became member of United Nations in 1945 Smuts refused to sign the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Apartheid-racial separation- overruled domestic politics at theNationalists grew power • Africans(Bantus), Asians, Coloreds- anyone in South Africa that is not white
  10. 10. INDEPENDENCE CONTINUED Black voters were taken from the voter polls in 1936 The nonwhite population was forced out of assigned white areas The Group Areas Acts of 1950 and 1986 forced 1.5 million Africansto move from cities to rural townships • They lived in poverty under repressive laws 1960- 70 black protestors were killed during a peaceful presentation
  11. 11. INDEPENDENCE CONTINUEDThe ANC was banned that year1964- Mandela was sentenced to live in prisonBlack protests against apartheid grew violent1976- uprising in black township spread to other blacktownships and left 600 deadU.N. made sanctions
  12. 12. SOUTH AFRICA1989- new president, De Klerk. • Removed ban on ANC and demolished apartheid. He released Mandela New constitution was being worked on by a multiracialgroup in 1991 led by Mandela and Klerd1993- Temporary constitution passed
  13. 13. SOUTH AFRICA2005- population was 9% colored44,344,000 9% white2011- population was 2.5% indian50,586,757 52% femaleCurrency- south African 79% black Africanrand ancestry
  14. 14. ETHIOPIA GEOGRAPHYSize of New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma combinedHigh mountains, very dryNationality: EthiopiaPopulation: 84 millionAnnual growth of population: 2.6%
  15. 15. ETHIOPIA
  16. 16. CULTURE
  17. 17. POPULATION
  18. 18. ETHIOPIA ETHNICITY Nine different ethnicities: • Oromo (34.5%) • Gurage (2.5%) • Amhara (26.9%) • Wolaita (2.3%) • Tigre (6.1%) • Afar (1.7% • Somali (6.2%) • Other (3%) • Sidama (4%)
  19. 19. ETHIOPIA R E L I G I O N S A N D L A N G UAG E S • religion • languagesEthiopian Orthodox  The official- AmharicChristian (43.5%)- live in  Tigrinyahighlands  ArabicMuslim (33.95)- live in lowlands  GuaragignaProtestant (18.6)  Oromifaothers  English and Somali
  20. 20. ETHIOPIAInfant mortality rate: 77/1,000 live birthsWork: • agriculture (80%) • Industry (20%)
  21. 21. ETHIOPIA G OV E R N M E N TFederal RepublicConstitution was ratified in 1994Political parties • Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front • Ethiopian Federal Democratic Unity Forum • The Unity for Democracy and Justice party • The United Ethiopian Democratic Forces
  22. 22. POLITICAL PARTIES CONTINUEDOromo Federalist Democratic MovementEthiopian Democratic PartyOromo Peoples’ CongressAll Ethiopia Unity Party
  23. 23. OTHER FACTSSuffrage- Universal starting at age 18Central government budget- 6.97 billionDefense- 384.6 million
  24. 24. ETHIOPIA ECONOMY Natural Resources- salt, gold, copper, platinum, natural gas, andpotash Agriculture- coffee, cereals, pulses, oilseeds, meat, hides, and skins Industry- Textiles, leather, processedfoods, construction, cement, hydroelectric power Trade- • Exports- 2.75 billion • Imports- 8.25 billion • Private transfers- 3.2 billion
  25. 25. ECONOMY CONTINUEDCultivated land- 17%Annual growth rate- 11.4%GDP per capita- $376Average inflation rate- 18.1% year-on-year- 38.1%
  26. 26. ETHIOPIA GEOGRAPHYLocated in Horn of AfricaBorders: Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia, Kenya, SouthSudan, and SudanHigh plateaus and mountains
  27. 27. ETHIOPIA POPULATIONDiverseMostly Semitic or CushiticOromo, Amhara,and Tigreans make up more than 2/3More than 77 different ethnic groups with own languages • Some have more than 10.000 members
  28. 28. ETHIOPIA SCHOOLSEnglish is the most spoken foreignlanguage and is taught in all secondaryschoolsAmharic is the official language
  29. 29. ETHIOPIA H I S T O RYOne of the earliest known locations ofhuman ancestorsOldest independent country in Africa andone of the oldest in the world