According to the Heart and Stroke Foundation in Canada the definition of Cardiovascular diseases are defined as diseases and injuries of the cardiovascular system: the heart, the blood vessels of the heart and the system of blood vessels (veins and arteries) throughout the body and within the brain. Stroke is the result of a blood flow problem in the brain. It is considered a form of cardiovascular disease.\n
As of the past few years, doctors have been reporting heart disease in children as young as 10 years of age, due to arteriosclerosis. When they looked at their diets, it consisted mainly of fast food e.g. Tim Horton&#x2019;s and McDonald&#x2019;s.\nNow autopsies are finding plaque buildup in young people in their teens and twenties.\n
READ SLIDE\nIn the interest of time, we can only expand on some of these risk factors.\n
READ SLIDE briefly. \nImportant to note here is that the use of an AED with CPR before the arrival of Emergency Medical Services can increase the chance of survival by up to 75%. Therefore, if you haven&#x2019;t already done so, get certified in CPR and do not be afraid to use the defibrillation machines provided at some sites, as you do not require prior experience in order to operate it. Once you open the container it will audibly prompt you on how to proceed. Do not hesitate as each minute is crucial to the survival of the person!\n
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Healthy Fats are so essential to well-being and heart disease that we have provided further information here to illustrate.\nREAD SLIDE\n
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READ SLIDE\nExercise is both protective of our cardiovascular system and supportive of immune system.\nIt tones muscles, enlarges the diameter of blood vessels, eases stress, stimulates internal organs, relieves depression, promotes sleep, helps to lower cholesterol, improves lymphatic flow.\n
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There are many more supplements and herbs that are hugely beneficial and may be more specific to your needs. Contact a Natural Health Care provider or Nutritionist for further consultation.\n
Heart and Stroke FoundationDisease and injuries ofthe cardiovascularsystem: the heart, bloodvessels of the heart andsystem of blood vessels(veins and arteries) in thebody and in the brain.Stroke is due to bloodflow problem in the brain.Considered a form ofcardiovascular disease.
What’s really happening - AtherosclerosisOver 50% of all westerners die of diseases that havean underlying cause of hardening of the arteries.The material (“plaque”) that blocks blood vesselsbuilds up gradually over many years.As plaque builds up in key locations, circulatingblood clots may become trapped in these narrowopenings, suddenly cutting off the blood supply tovital tissues and precipitating heart attacks, strokesor gangrene, depending on where the blockagesoccur.Often times the plaque itself can keep onaccumulating until it completely closes the artery.
Every 7 minutes in Canada, someone dies from heart disease or stroke. #1 disease killer.In 2008 cardiovascular disease accountedfor: 29% of all deaths in Canada Src: StatsCan 2008In 2008, of all cardiovascular deaths: 54% were due to ischemic heart disease 20% to stroke 23% to heart attack
Since the 70s, when “low fat”became mainstream, heartdisease has increasedIn spite of decades of lowcholesterol diets, anabundance of drugs andsurgical procedures,atherosclerosis has reachedepidemic proportions.As young as children of 10(McDonald’s diet)Autopsies ﬁnding plaquebuildup in teens & 20s.
Risk FactorsSmokingDiabetesHigh blood pressureHigh cholesterolObesityConsumption ofpolyunsatured oils(rancid)Nitrates and nitrites(food preservatives)Inhalation of carbonmonoxide-exhaustfumes
Air pollution, inhalationof toxic chemicalsChronic constipationDrinking or bathing inchlorinated waterRadiation (e.g. x-rays,gamma rays, ultra violet)StressLack of regular exerciseExcessive intake ofsugars, alcohol, and/orcaffeine
Early Warning SignsFingers and/or toes often go coldArms and/or legs often “go to sleep”Numbness or heaviness in arms or legsCramps in hand when writingSharp, diagonal crease in the earlobeTingling sensations in lips or ﬁngersShort walk causes cramping or pains in the legs
Memory not as good as it used to beAnkles swell late in the dayPersistent, nagging coughBreathlessness on slight exertion or lying downUrinating more than twice during the nightWhitish ring under outer part of the cornea in the eyeHigh blood pressureChest pain after physical exertion or emotionalstress
Cardiac Arrest Up to 45,000 cardiac arrests occur eachyear in Canada. That’s one cardiac arrestevery 12 minutes. As many as 85% of all cardiac arrests occurin homes and public places. Less than 5% of those who have a cardiacarrest outside of a hospital survive. Cardiac arrest incidence rates per 100,000vary between 53 and 59 across Canada.
Cardiac Arrest Majority of cardiac arrests occur inresidential or public locations For every 1 minute delay indeﬁbrillation, survival rate of acardiac arrest victim decreases by10%. Use of an AED with CPR before thearrival of Emergency MedicalServices can increase the chance ofsurvival by up to 75%.
STROKE 80% of strokes are ischemic caused by theinterruption of blood ﬂow to the brain due to ablood clot. 20% of strokes are hemorrhagic caused byuncontrolled bleeding in the brain. 3rd leading cause of death in Canada 14,000 Canadians die from stroke / year More women than men die from stroke.
One stroke every 10 minutes. For every 100,000 Canadianchildren under the age of 19, thereare 6.7 strokes. About 300,000 Canadians are livingwith the effects of stroke. After age 55, the risk of strokedoubles every 10 years. A stroke survivor has a 20% chance ofhaving another stroke within 2 years
Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) aka mini stroke Blood supply to brain stops brieﬂy. Some are unaware that this has happened to them - chalk it up to “aging (balance problems), confusion or fatigue” 5x more likely to have a stroke over the next 2 years
Of every 100 people who have a stroke15 die10 recover completely25 recover with a minor impairment ordisability40 are left with a moderate to severeimpairment10 are so severely disabled they require long-term careFor every minute delay in treating a stroke, theaverage patient loses 1.9 million brain cells,13.8 billion synapses, 12 km of nerve ﬁbres.Each hour in which treatment does not occur,the brain loses as many neurons as it does inalmost 3.6 years of normal aging.
RISK FACTOR: Blood CholesterolHealthy cholesterol levels are dependent upon yourrisk of developing heart disease or stroke.Your doctor will take into account factors thatincrease your risk of heart disease and stroke suchas your age, sex, blood pressure, and whether youhave diabetes or smoke.The higher your risk, the lower your target levelsshould be. Your doctor will determine the targetlevel that is right for you.Diet and lifestyle, not genetics, plays a major role inelevated blood cholesterol
RISK FACTOR: DietStay away from the frozen foodsection, especially the preparedfoods which are laden withsaturated fats, high sodium,sugar and lots of calories forlittle quantity, let alone chemicalsthat are destructive to yourhealth.Limit your consumption of redmeat to only once per week.Food consumption among adultsis linked to their householdincome, but not so much amongchildren. Lead by example.Nutrition begins at home!Heart disease takes root inlifestyle habits and formedduring childhood, even inchildren, as plaques can start tobuild up in arteries.
Consume 35-40gﬁber daily.Soluble ﬁber (e.g.strawberries, beans,oatmeal)- bind dietarycholesterol- carry it out of thebody- stabilize bloodsugar- slows the release ofsugar into yourbloodstream.
Insoluble ﬁber (e.g. whole grain products, nuts, fruits and vegetables)- speeds elimination- rids environmental anddietary toxins.Drink 8-10 cups water dailyto cleanse colon.Note: if you have kidney oradrenal gland problems or takediuretics, you need to speak toyour doctor about how muchwater you should drink daily, asthere are speciﬁc guidelines forthese conditions.
RISK FACTOR: FatFats and oils should be 20-30% of total daily caloricintake and that should largely be from the healthyfats (omega-3 and omega-6 sources).The biggest problem is that consumption of thesefats are from polyunsaturated oils (especiallyrancid ones e.g. deep frying or exposure to highheat) such as vegetable oils, margarines, shorteningsand other processed oils.They contain peroxidized fats, trans fatty acids andother modiﬁed fat molecules which severelycompromise the immune processes in the body.Direct correlation between the increase of these fatsand the increase in the incidence of heart disease.However, healthy fats are crucial to our survival.
Fatty acids are of 3 basic types: saturated(e.g., palmitic acid, stearic acid),monounsaturated (e.g. oleic acid) andpolyunsaturated (e.g. linoleic, linolenic,arachidonic) – all of these fats and oils inour diet consist of various combinationsand proportions of these 3 groups
If our diet provides an adequate supply,the body chooses the best ones for thetasks needed on that given day for health. If the best ones are not available, then weforce our bodies to make do withsubstitutes. If only rancid or peroxidized fats or transfatty acids are available, then we end upwith inferior or “leaky” cellular membranes Plus inadequate prostaglandins (anti-inﬂammatory control) Overloaded immune system which maystruggle to stave off free radical damage.
There are 2 healthy fats that are “essential”because we need them for our survival as ourbody does not make it, so we have to get it fromour food:Omega-6 (linoleic acid)Omega-3 (linolenic acid).The body can manufacture all of the other fattyacids it needs.Udo Erasmus, Ph.D.: the ratio that gives the bestresults consistently comes from oils blended tobe richer in Omega 3 (but not too rich) thanOmega 6. He suggests the optimal ratio is 2:1 infavor of Omega 3 (two Omega 3 to one Omega 6).
Omega-6 = predominantlyin seeds, nuts, grains andleafy vegetables. Grapeseed oil, pumpkinseeds, sesame oil, walnutoil, pine nuts, olive oil,spirulina (blue-greenalgae), borage oil, eveningprimrose oil, black currantseed oil, wheatgerm oil,cereal grains, and eggs. Corn, safflower, sunﬂower,soybean and cottonseedoils are also sources oflinoleic acid, but are reﬁnedand may be nutrient-deﬁcient as sold in stores.
Omega 3 = ﬂax seeds, ﬂax seedoil, hemp seeds, canola oil,walnuts, blue-green algae(E3Live) marine sources, walnutoil, linseed oil, almonds, chiaseeds, lentils, chickpeas,avocados, oat germ, wheat bran,leafy green vegetables, limabeans, split peas, citrus fruits,melons, cherries and more.Omega-3’s and omega-6’s aredamaged by heat, except forgrapeseed oil which has a highsmoke point. Better yet, useCoconut Oil.These healthy fats must be in thepresence of adequate vitaminsand minerals to be effective.
Coconut OilMaintaining cholesterol levels,Increased immunity,Proper digestion and metabolism,Hair and skin care,Stress relief, relief from kidney problems, bone strengthContains Vitamin E, Vitamin K and iron.High smoke point so good for cooking.Antimicrobial, antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial
Coconut Oil It contains about 50%lauric acid, which helps inpreventing various heartproblems including highcholesterol levels andhigh blood pressure. It does not lead toincrease in LDL levels. Reduces the incidence ofinjury in arteries andtherefore helps inpreventingatherosclerosis.
Plaque is a composite of ﬁbrin, collagen,phospholipids, triglycerides, cholesterol,mucopolysaccharides, foreign proteins, heavymetals, muscle tissue, and debris – all bondedtogether with calcium. Therefore, cholesterol is onlyone component of the plaque.In fact, cholesterol is one of the later substances tobe laid down in the plaque – and it may have aprotective role – preventing blood cells from beingdamaged by what would otherwise be a roughsurface in the muscular layer of an artery (it’s neverin a vein).Statins have not proven to be very effective andcome with many side effects, some serious.Furthermore, there is evidence that reducingcholesterol too much is causing more problems.Cholesterol is vital to many functions in the body,from the production of hormones to manufacturingof Vitamin D.Vitamin D is a major contributor to immune health.
Test to know how much your body hasalready been affected by free radicals:Extend your hand, palm down, in arelaxed position. Pinch the skin on theback of your hand and lift the foldupwards.Release this fold of skin and see howlong it takes to pull back into position.If you are young or have minimal freeradical damage, your skin will snapback immediately.Where there is considerable cross-linkage of collagen, the skin fold willslowly slip back into place, sometimestaking several seconds.
Dr. Duane Graveline, M.D.reports on serious side effects of StatinsCognitive problems, Dr. Graveline, a family doctor and formerastronaut, suffered from transient global amnesia when takingstatins and has now investigated statins for over 10 years on it’seffects and detriments.Personality changes / mood disorders (probably due to thedecrease of cholesterol that diminishes the production ofhormones)Muscle problems, polyneuropathy (nerve damage in the hands andfeet), and rhabdomyolysis (a serious degenerative muscle tissuecondition)Sexual dysfunctionImmune suppression (they very thing you require for heartdisease)
The Stress Connection As noted earlier, atherosclerosis is found in the arteries only. The arteries have an inner muscular layer/wall. This wall enables the arteries to expand and contract with the ﬂow of blood that is pumped by the heart. It also constricts the arteries during stress, thereby increasing blood pressure so that more oxygen and nutrients can be delivered to the outermost parts of the body – to increase energy levels in preparation for “ﬁght or ﬂight”. The veins are the low pressure part of the circulatory system, which returns blood to the heart; and they do not require a muscular layer to do so. Reduce stress – exercise, meditation, proper diet, lifestyle modiﬁcation, psychotherapy, dance, sing, art classes.
Dr. Dean Ornish Dr. Ornishs 35 years of research was the ﬁrst to scientiﬁcally prove that integrative lifestyle changes can: Reverse heart diseaseThrough diet, exercise, how you respond tostress, and having love in your life.
A study at Penn State University comparedrats fed either a high fat diet or a controldiet. Each group exercised on a treadmillor stayed sedentary. After 6 months,microscopic examination of the aortashowed signiﬁcant differences.Degeneration of the arterial lining wasgreatest in the sedentary rats, regardlessof diet. The arterial lining was healthiestin the group that exercised – again,regardless of diet. (Nutrition Report, July/85)Sustained sweat for 30 minutes ofexercise daily, but no less than 3X perweek. Note: please check with yourdoctor prior to starting any exerciseprogram.
NUTRITIONAL PROGRAM1. Stop smoking.2. Exercise regularly.3. Increase dietary ﬁbre.4. 8 glasses of puriﬁed water daily.5. Avoid bathing in chlorinated water.6. Restrict or eliminate reﬁned sugars.7. Restrict or eliminate caffeine from all sources.
9. Avoid processed meats, nitrates, nitritesand other preservatives.10. Limit alcohol to 1 drink daily (0 if youhave heart disease)11. Reduce exposure to radiation, x-rays,exhaust fumes, carbon tetrachloride andother inhalant chemicals.12. Do an Arterial Cleansing Formula(supplements to remove plaque naturally).13. Sleep 7-9 hours.14. Reduce stress.
Omega-3 fatty acid with DHA and EPA – reducesinﬂammationCoQ10 enzyme – strengths heart muscleCalcium and magnesium, taken together is bestVitamin C – antioxidant and chelating agentVitamin E (antioxidant)Vitamin D3 – powerful immune booster and hormoneregulatorSelenium (antioxidant), 200-500 times more potent thanvitamin EZinc (a free radical inhibitor)Niacin (nicotinic acid or niacin ﬂush form) – helps to dilateor enlarge blood vessels and helps the body eliminateexcess cholesterol. Note: this vitamin will create a ﬂushing/rash like symptom that may last up to 3 hours.Garlic – reduces high blood pressureParsley – detoxiﬁcation and indigestionSaffron and Tarragon – important for immune systemTurmeric – anti-inﬂammatory, helps blood ﬂow, reducescholesterol levels and improves blood vessel health.