It is used to describe people, things and talk
It has 3 conjugations: am, is and are.
He, she, it is
You, we, they are
A:He is at school They are the tallest.
N:He isn´t at school They aren´t the tallest.
Q:Is he at school? Are they the talles?
An: Yes, he is. Yes, they are
An: No, he isn´t No, they aren´t
The Rest of the
I / you / we / they speak / learn English at home
he / she / it speaks / learns English at home
We form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the TO).
In general, in the third person we add 'S' in the third person.
The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb:
1. For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person.
•go – goes
•catch – catches
•wash – washes
•kiss – kisses
•fix – fixes
•buzz – buzzes
2. For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES.
•marry – marries
•study – studies
•carry – carries
•worry – worries
NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S.
•play – plays
•enjoy – enjoys
•say – says
[am/is/are + present participle]
•You are watching TV.
•Are you watching TV?
•You are not watching TV.
USE 1 Now
Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to
express the idea that something is happening now, at
this very moment. It can also be used to show that
something is not happening now.
It is used when the action is over
PLAY – PLAYED
Voiceless sound: –p –k –s –ch –sh –f –x –h - pronounce ED as “T”
Example: Ask, asked = ask(T) , Walked
Voiced sound : –l –v –n –m –r –b –v –g –w –y –z –and vowel sounds
(diphthongs) pronounce ED as “D”
Example: Allow, allowed = allow(D) ,played
Group C: T or D pronounce ED as “ID”
Example: Need, needed = need(id) , visited
I went to school.
You worked very hard.
She did not go with me.
We did not work yesterday.
Did you go
Did they work at home?
We use so after a result
› I like ice-creams, so I learnt how to make
› Exercise 2 on page 15.