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Grammar tenses

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Grammar Tenses review

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Grammar tenses

  1. 1.  It is used to describe people, things and talk about locations.  It has 3 conjugations: am, is and are.  I am,  He, she, it  is  You, we, they  are A:He is at school They are the tallest. N:He isn´t at school They aren´t the tallest. Q:Is he at school? Are they the talles? An: Yes, he is. Yes, they are An: No, he isn´t No, they aren´t
  2. 2. Subject Verb The Rest of the sentence I / you / we / they speak / learn English at home he / she / it speaks / learns English at home Simple Present We form the present tense using the base form of the infinitive (without the TO). In general, in the third person we add 'S' in the third person. The spelling for the verb in the third person differs depending on the ending of that verb: 1. For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person. •go – goes •catch – catches •wash – washes •kiss – kisses •fix – fixes •buzz – buzzes 2. For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES. •marry – marries •study – studies •carry – carries •worry – worries NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S. •play – plays •enjoy – enjoys •say – says
  3. 3. Present Continuous FORM [am/is/are + present participle] Examples: •You are watching TV. •Are you watching TV? •You are not watching TV. USE 1 Now Use the Present Continuous with Normal Verbs to express the idea that something is happening now, at this very moment. It can also be used to show that something is not happening now.
  4. 4. It is used when the action is over IRREGULAR VERBS THINK- THOUGHT SLEEP-SLEPT COME- CAME COST –COST BUY- BOUGHT REGULAR VERBS PLAY – PLAYED WALK- WALKED VISIT- VISITED WORK-WORKED
  5. 5. Group A Voiceless sound: –p –k –s –ch –sh –f –x –h - pronounce ED as “T” Example: Ask, asked = ask(T) , Walked Group B Voiced sound : –l –v –n –m –r –b –v –g –w –y –z –and vowel sounds (diphthongs) pronounce ED as “D” Example: Allow, allowed = allow(D) ,played Group C: T or D pronounce ED as “ID” Example: Need, needed = need(id) , visited
  6. 6. subject auxiliary verb main verb + I went to school. You worked very hard. - She did not go with me. We did not work yesterday. ? Did you go to London? Did they work at home?
  7. 7.  We use so after a result › I like ice-creams, so I learnt how to make them. › Exercise 2 on page 15.

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