By: Amanda Harnden Reining is a western discipline which is likethe counterpart of the English discipline, Dressage.
Reining consists of a pattern of precise maneuvers including: circles, spins and sliding stops.There are large, fast circles at a gallop, and slow, small circles at a lope.(Lope is the western riding term for a slow canter, which the gait faster than walking or trotting,but slower than the gallop.)
The horse and rider must gallop down the long side of the arena, and either rollback or perform a sliding stop.A sliding stop is when a horse suddenly stops from the gallop, sinking their hip down and sliding on their hind legs, while their front legs “walk”.A rollback is when a horse turns immediately after a sliding stop in a 180 degree turn to the outside. Then, they immediately jump into the lope again.
Every competitor begins with a score of 70.Points are added or subtracted by ½, 1 and 1 ½ points.The horse is judges based on precision, smoothness, and finesse.If they go off pattern, they are disqualified with a no score.70 is considered to be an average score.
The most common breed of horses used in reining are Quarter Horses, but other breeds such as Paints, Appaloosas and Arabians are also known to excel in reining.
Equipment- western/reining saddle- Western bridle (no noseband)- Splint boots on front legs- Skid boots on hind legs- Bell boots usually on front hooves to protect coronary band and hooves- Special horseshoes on hind legs called slide plates(These horseshoes are smoother and wider than regular and allows the legs to slide along the ground with less resistance.) Regular Horse Shoe
Rider Apparel- Long sleeved shirt- Jeans- Cowboy boots- Chaps (optional)- Gloves (optional)- Certified helmet approved, but rarely used in competition
There are also freestyle reining events where there is no set pattern, and you can do whatever you want as long as it incorporates all of the different maneuvers.You can dress up in costume, or ride bridless and bareback, like Stacy Westfall.
BibliographyInformation:My own knowledgehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ReiningPictures:My own pictureshttp://dutchchapman.tripod.com/staff.htmlhttp://www.aimforthegames.com/games.asp?pageid=10025http://www.horseshowcentral.com/flex/reining/229/1http://www.serha.info/sources.htmhttp://www.nrha.at/Futurity2007/wordpress/?p=500http://kirsty-jenkins.suite101.com/freestyle-reining-a253117http://usdfweg2010.blogspot.ca/2010/10/reining-rocks.htmlhttp://chevalappaloosa.forumpro.fr/t101-le-reininghttp://fineartamerica.com/featured/mrparrmac--overo-paint-horse-cheryl-poland.htmlhttp://eaglesnestranch.blogspot.ca/p/appaloosa-history.htmlhttp://www.myarabianhorse.net/2010_07_01_archive.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Horseshoehttp://www.saddleupsaddlery.com/reiningcuttingcowhorsesdls.htmlhttp://www.manestreamreining.com/articles/showclothes.htmlVideos:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zv7_ZD5Zz8chttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7wLikusmCEA