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Three Pillars of Chinese Culture

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  • Transcript

    • 1. Three Pillars of Chinese Culture Confucianism, Taoism & Buddhism By Helen Zhang 6 May 2011
    • 2. Agenda
      • Chinese Culture - Definition
      • Its manifestations
      • Confucianism
      • Taoism
      • Buddhism
      • Q&A
    • 3. What is Chinese Culture?
      • 文化 (“ Culture” in Chinese )
        • “ 文 ” wen : diverse, multi-coloured crossed lines*
        • “ 化” hua : change
      • Chinese culture
        • People
        • Language
        • Architecture
        • Cuisine
        • Art 。。。
      • Chinese Values & belief systems
        • *According to the first Chinese dictionary (c.100)
    • 4. People - 56 Ethnic Groups
    • 5. Language
    • 6. Architecture
    • 7. Cuisine – Food is “the sky”
    • 8. Art
    • 9. 3 Pillars of Chinese culture 儒释道
    • 10. Confucianism 儒
      • Confucius - c. 500 BC
      • His contribution: social & moral order
      • K ey elements*:
        • Ritual 礼
        • Compassion 仁
        • Faithful friendship 义
      • Pursue harmony NOT conformity
      • Self-family-country ( 修身、齐家、治国 )**
        • *Y.L. Feng, A Short History of Chinese Philosophy
        • ** The Analects
    • 11. Message f rom the Great Learning 大学
      • 格物、致知、诚意、正心、修身、齐家、治国、平天下
      • The extension of knowledge consists in the investigation of things. When things are investigated, knowledge is extended; when knowledge is extended, the will is sincere; when the will is sincere, the mind is rectified; when the mind is rectified, the personal life is cultivated; when the personal life is cultivated, the family will be regulated; when the family is regulated, the state will be in order; and when the state is in order, there is peace throughout the world .
    • 12. Reconciling Confucianism and Economic Growth
      • Far reaching influence in Asia
      • Leadership by insight and thoughtful sensitivity 领导 (Platts, 1993 )
      • Confucian capitalism vs Confucian Dynamism ( Tu, 1984, 1989; Yao, 2002; quoted in Chai & Rhee, 2009; Hofstede, 1991)**
      • Recent revival in China
      • The growth of China due to… “Confucian family style, networked neighbourhoods” *(Hampden-Turner)
      • Filling the moral void? (Bell, 2010)
      • *Presented at Cambridge University, 2011
    • 13. Taoism 道 (Part I)
    • 14. Taoism 道 (Part II)
      • Laozi – c. 600 BC
      • Approximately 5,000 words only; the world’s most translated classic next to the Bible
      • Tao 道– an evolving force operates throughout the universe
      • Te 德 - PERSONAL power gained by understanding Tao and simplicity – in conduct, beliefs and environment
      • Jing 经 – classic *
      • * Wing, R.L., The Tao of Power
    • 15. Taoism 道( Part III )
      • Harmony between man and nature
      • Highest achievement: identification with Tao
      • 无为 w uwei -non-activity, non-action
      • 出世 chushi – non-worldly
      • Away from the crowds, close to nature
      • In contemporary terms – providing consolation when necessary
    • 16. Buddhism 释
      • First introduced first century AD
      • Gained favour during turbulent times
      • Reached its height between 6 th -10 th centuries
      • Enlightenment through self-cultivation & living in the NOW*
      • Chinese Buddhism
      • *Zhang, H.H., & Baker, G. Think Like Chinese
    • 17. Putting it all together
      • Confucius for the country/mind
      • Taoism for the body
      • Buddhism for the soul
    • 18. Thank you…..Questions?