Chinese religion


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Chinese religion

  1. 1. Do now: 3 minutes Take a notecard from the front. Do all of your DO NOWs on it today for a grade. DO NOW: When you think of Chinese religion(s), what comes to your mind?
  2. 2. We will1. Learn how Chinese religion combines animism, Daoism, Confucianism & Buddhism2. Explore historical developments of this syncretic tradition3. Discover ways Chinese govt has tried to regulate religion
  3. 3. Difficulties in studying Syncretic  Emperor story  Temples = shared Govt
  4. 4. History Earliest history to Shang dynasty (11th century BC) was  polytheistic  ancestor worship Chou dynasty (11th century BC) until common era had  one supreme god above other gods and spirits  focus on morality Lao-Tzu Confucious
  5. 5. History, cont CE – 11th century Buddhism & Taoism developed 11th century – present = eclectic synthesis
  6. 6. Basic Chinese Religious Concepts Multiple gods & spirits  Focus on gods of heaven & earth  Local deities & spirits
  7. 7. Basic concepts Yin Yang Yin Yang Darkness Brightness Coolness Warmth Femaleness Maleness Dampness Dryness Moon Sun
  8. 8. Basic concepts Filial Piety & Ancestor Worship  Old & aged = worthy of respect  Life begins at 60  Aged rule the home  Children support elders  Give elders proper burial  Maintain grave sites
  9. 9. Basic concepts Ancestor worship  Ancestors can help family after death  Forget ancestors and you may become a homeless ghost  Forget ancestors and you may be afflicted by dangerous spirits  Small shrine in home w/names and deeds of previous generations Offerings of wine & rice Paper money
  10. 10. Basic concepts Divination  Unity of universe means future is predictable  One way to tell future by looking at shell of tortoise  I Ching
  11. 11. Basic concepts Shang Ti (Supreme God)  Chou dynasty – 11th century BC  Right to rule based on morality and religion  One Supreme God controlled destiny of humankind Responsible for fall of previous dynasty – they were bad  Govt should be based on virtue
  12. 12. Decline of feudal system By 3rd century BC, feudal system declining New schools of thought (Confucianism, Taolism, Legalism) to address problems of society
  13. 13. Taoism Lao-Tzu (old master)  6th century BC  50 years before Confucius  Left life at royal court to seek nature  Gatekeeper: write Tao Te Ching
  14. 14. Tao Te Ching “The Classic of the Way and Its Power and Virtue”  81 chapters of poetry  Debate over author/s  Theme: Folly of human achievement, especially govt
  15. 15. Do Now: True or False 2 minutes1. Chinese religion focuses on one supreme god.2. Some Chinese religion focuses on morality and one supreme god.3. Lao-tzu’s nickname meant “Silly old goat”4. Chinese religion generally allows its followers to be Buddhist and Confucius at the same time.5. The govt system in China has affected its religious movements.
  16. 16. Do Now: Finish the statement4 minutes1. Lao-tzu __________________________.2. Taoism __________________________.3. _____________ is important to many Chinese religious practices.4. Early ________________, believed _____________________.5. Yin and yang ____________________.
  17. 17. Early Taoist Teaching Basic unity of universe is mysterious force called Tao – “The Way” yet impossible to define Life is greatest of all possessions (fame, wealth power will all decay) Life is to be lived simply Pomp & glory are to be despised
  18. 18. Later Taoist Developments One group followed teachings of LaoTzu (not popular appeal) Another group looking for very long life  Properly attuned to the Tao = long life  Food, fasting, breath control  Alchemy – preserve life via minerals Persecution between Taoists/Buddhists, then merging to common religion
  19. 19. Confucianism Debate about religion Life – 551 BC - 497  Kung  Kung Fu-tzu (Kung the master)  Analects of Confucius Childhood Teens – govt worker Twenties – teacher 50s – prime minister 55 – retired, then wandering teacher
  20. 20. Confucian Teaching Focus on social order Religion should not interfere with social duty System of ethics
  21. 21. Confucian Teaching Central Themes  Li – properties, rites, ceremonies, courtesy  Five Lis Father to son Elder brother to younger brother Husband to wife Elder to junior Ruler to subject
  22. 22. Confucian Teaching  Jen – inward expression of Confucian ideals – love, goodness, human- heartedness  Reciprocity – “Do not do to others what you would not want others to do to you.” Humans are naturally good People need good government so that they can be good Good conduct is its own reward