Three Pillars of Chinese Culture  Confucianism, Taoism & Buddhism By Helen Zhang 6 May 2011
Agenda <ul><li>Chinese Culture  -  Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Its manifestations </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></u...
What is Chinese Culture?  <ul><li>文化 (“ Culture” in Chinese ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ 文 ” wen : diverse, multi-coloured cr...
People  -  56  Ethnic Groups
Language
Architecture
Cuisine – Food is “the sky”
Art
3  Pillars  of Chinese culture  儒释道
Confucianism  儒  <ul><li>Confucius - c. 500 BC </li></ul><ul><li>His contribution: social & moral order </li></ul><ul><li>...
Message  f rom  the  Great Learning  大学 <ul><li>格物、致知、诚意、正心、修身、齐家、治国、平天下 </li></ul><ul><li>The extension of knowledge cons...
Reconciling Confucianism and Economic Growth <ul><li>Far reaching influence in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership  by insig...
Taoism  道  (Part I)
Taoism  道   (Part II) <ul><li>Laozi – c. 600 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 5,000 words only; the world’s most transla...
Taoism  道( Part  III ) <ul><li>Harmony between man and nature </li></ul><ul><li>Highest achievement: identification with T...
Buddhism  释  <ul><li>First introduced first century AD </li></ul><ul><li>Gained favour during turbulent times  </li></ul><...
Putting it all together <ul><li>Confucius for the country/mind </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism for the body </li></ul><ul><li>Bud...
Thank you…..Questions?
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Three Pillars of Chinese Culture

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  • Three Pillars of Chinese Culture

    1. 1. Three Pillars of Chinese Culture Confucianism, Taoism & Buddhism By Helen Zhang 6 May 2011
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Chinese Culture - Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Its manifestations </li></ul><ul><li>Confucianism </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul>
    3. 3. What is Chinese Culture? <ul><li>文化 (“ Culture” in Chinese ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ 文 ” wen : diverse, multi-coloured crossed lines* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ 化” hua : change </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chinese culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cuisine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art 。。。 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chinese Values & belief systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*According to the first Chinese dictionary (c.100) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. People - 56 Ethnic Groups
    5. 5. Language
    6. 6. Architecture
    7. 7. Cuisine – Food is “the sky”
    8. 8. Art
    9. 9. 3 Pillars of Chinese culture 儒释道
    10. 10. Confucianism 儒 <ul><li>Confucius - c. 500 BC </li></ul><ul><li>His contribution: social & moral order </li></ul><ul><li>K ey elements*: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ritual 礼 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compassion 仁 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faithful friendship 义 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pursue harmony NOT conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Self-family-country ( 修身、齐家、治国 )** </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*Y.L. Feng, A Short History of Chinese Philosophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>** The Analects </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Message f rom the Great Learning 大学 <ul><li>格物、致知、诚意、正心、修身、齐家、治国、平天下 </li></ul><ul><li>The extension of knowledge consists in the investigation of things. When things are investigated, knowledge is extended; when knowledge is extended, the will is sincere; when the will is sincere, the mind is rectified; when the mind is rectified, the personal life is cultivated; when the personal life is cultivated, the family will be regulated; when the family is regulated, the state will be in order; and when the state is in order, there is peace throughout the world . </li></ul>
    12. 12. Reconciling Confucianism and Economic Growth <ul><li>Far reaching influence in Asia </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership by insight and thoughtful sensitivity 领导 (Platts, 1993 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Confucian capitalism vs Confucian Dynamism ( Tu, 1984, 1989; Yao, 2002; quoted in Chai & Rhee, 2009; Hofstede, 1991)** </li></ul><ul><li>Recent revival in China </li></ul><ul><li>The growth of China due to… “Confucian family style, networked neighbourhoods” *(Hampden-Turner) </li></ul><ul><li>Filling the moral void? (Bell, 2010) </li></ul><ul><li>*Presented at Cambridge University, 2011 </li></ul>
    13. 13. Taoism 道 (Part I)
    14. 14. Taoism 道 (Part II) <ul><li>Laozi – c. 600 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 5,000 words only; the world’s most translated classic next to the Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Tao 道– an evolving force operates throughout the universe </li></ul><ul><li>Te 德 - PERSONAL power gained by understanding Tao and simplicity – in conduct, beliefs and environment </li></ul><ul><li>Jing 经 – classic * </li></ul><ul><li>* Wing, R.L., The Tao of Power </li></ul>
    15. 15. Taoism 道( Part III ) <ul><li>Harmony between man and nature </li></ul><ul><li>Highest achievement: identification with Tao </li></ul><ul><li>无为 w uwei -non-activity, non-action </li></ul><ul><li>出世 chushi – non-worldly </li></ul><ul><li>Away from the crowds, close to nature </li></ul><ul><li>In contemporary terms – providing consolation when necessary </li></ul>
    16. 16. Buddhism 释 <ul><li>First introduced first century AD </li></ul><ul><li>Gained favour during turbulent times </li></ul><ul><li>Reached its height between 6 th -10 th centuries </li></ul><ul><li>Enlightenment through self-cultivation & living in the NOW* </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>*Zhang, H.H., & Baker, G. Think Like Chinese </li></ul>
    17. 17. Putting it all together <ul><li>Confucius for the country/mind </li></ul><ul><li>Taoism for the body </li></ul><ul><li>Buddhism for the soul </li></ul>
    18. 18. Thank you…..Questions?

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