A Trainable Approach to Coreference Resolution for Information Extraction
Ph.D. Dissertation, 1996, University of Massachusetts
Machine Learning, Natural Language Processing
Conference Year Text Source Topic (Domain) MUC-1 1987 Mil. reports Fleet Operations MUC-2 1989 Mil. reports Fleet Operations MUC-3 1991 News reports Terrorist activities in Latin America MUC-4 1992 News reports Terrorist activities in Latin America MUC-5 1993 News reports Corporate Joint Ventures, Microelectronic Production MUC-6 1995 News reports Labor Disputes and Corporate Management Succession MUC-7 1997 News reports Airplane crashes, and Rocket/Missile Launches
The only way to make progress is to impose appropriate constraints
News articles vs. all of language
Small number of entities vs. all of the world
The same applies to ubiquitous computing
Ubiquitous computing = computing everywhere (“beyond the desktop”)
Everywhere is a large problem space
Certain places vs. everywhere
Certain activities vs. everything
Neat vs. Scruffy Strong AI vs. Weak AI
Proactive Displays: Definition ( ˌ )prō- ˈ ak-tiv adjective acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or changes di- ˈ splā noun a setting or presentation of something in open view
Proactive Displays + Online Profiles Physical Tokens + Large Displays Better Real-world Interactions Bridging the gaps between people by bridging the gaps between the online and offline worlds = Large visual or aural displays that can sense & respond to the people and activities taking place in their vicinity
1st Generation Proactive Displays MusicFX MusicFX: An Arbiter of Group Preferences for Computer-Supported Cooperative Workouts Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore Anagnost 1998 ACM Conference on Computer-Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW ‘98) A Multi-Agent System for Meting Out Influence in an Intelligent Environment M. V. Nagendra Prasad and Joseph F. McCarthy Eleventh Innovative Applications in Artificial Intelligence Conference (IAAI ‘99) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WLgXLl4uGYk a fitness center environment that knows who is working out, what they like to listen to, and dynamically adjusts the music to best suit the group of exercisers at any given time.
2nd Generation Proactive Displays Visual Awareness Location Tools (ActiveMap & EventManager) ActiveMap: A Visualization Tool for Location Awareness to Support Informal Interactions Joseph F. McCarthy and Eric S. Meidel First International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC '99) EventManager: Support for the Peripheral Awareness of Events Joseph F. McCarthy and Theodore D. Anagnost. Second International Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquitous Computing (HUC 2000) a suite of tools for creating greater awareness of the location and activities of colleagues within a workgroup, with an aim to provide more opportunities for informal communication
3rd Generation Proactive Displays UniCast, OutCast, GroupCast: Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays UniCast, OutCast & GroupCast: Three Steps Toward Ubiquitous Peripheral Displays Joseph F. McCarthy, Tony J. Costa and Edy S. Liongosari Third International Conference on Ubiquitous Computing (UbiComp 2001) Promoting Awareness of Work Activities through Peripheral Displays Elaine M. Huang, Joe Tullio, Tony J. Costa and Joseph F. McCarthy 2002 ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computer Systems (CHI 2002)
4th Generation Proactive Displays AutoSpeakerID Ticket2Talk Neighborhood Window Augmenting the Social Space of an Academic Conference Joseph F. McCarthy, David W. McDonald, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM 2004 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2004) Proactive Displays: Supporting Awareness in Fluid Social Environments David W. McDonald, Joseph F. McCarthy, Suzanne Soroczak, David H. Nguyen and Al M. Rashid ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interactions (TOCHI), Vol. 14, No. 4, January 2008
5th Generation Proactive Displays The Context, Content & Community Collage @ Nokia Research Center Palo Alto The Context, Content & Community Collage: Sharing Personal Digital Media in the Physical Workplace Joseph F. McCarthy, Ben Congleton, F. Maxwell Harper To appear: ACM 2008 Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW 2008)
Difficult to manage frequent, sustained “personal touch”
Friendships at Work 30% of employees have a best friend at work (BF@W) 20% of employees dedicate time to building relationships at work Employees with a BF@W are 50% more satisfied with their company Employees with a BF@W are 7 times more likely to be engaged in their work
I was surprised by some of the photos taken by [a colleague]. I had no idea of his very diversified and, in some cases, adventurous interests, and his photos showed me a side of him I would have never realized. The photos also give you an appreciation of other people's interests and unique travels. I find the photos absolutely fascinating and a very strong method of bringing all of us closer.
I[t] was nice to see people putting up "themes". One person had a Star Wars theme, actually happening just by tags, but appeared to me as if a themed series of photos.
Somewhat negative: I was surprised to see a photo of my family (my husband and my two kids) with another female friend. They were all sprawled on the grass. It reminded me of a picnic we all had together. But it also made me self-conscious: what would other people think of seeing this scene. Who is the "mystery lady"? Positive: walking into the kitchen and spotting my daughter's happy face on the screen. It was a nice greeting! Positive: I am delighted to see other peoples pics of exotic places they visited. Negative: seeing a picture of a guy in his underwear. The face was not in the pics so I couldn't tell who it is. Somebody esle in the room "killed" the photo. Positive: seeing people cluster around displays. I like that!
Singles mixers in LA / SF Bay area; since May 2004
64 true-false questions about sex, religion, drug use, how you spend your spare time, etc
“ I just want to get people together and talk about relationships … to discuss the questions, talk about their habits and personality traits. I think the device facilitates that.” – Edwin Duterte
MatchlinC: personality compatibility device
a mini “relationship advisor”
Three color codes (stoplight): red, amber, green)
Reminiscent of Lock & Key, Lovegety, Meme Tags
Related Work: partyStrands (1) New Year’s Eve Times Square, NYC Paul Van Dyk Crystal Ballroom, Portland Buda del Mar Bar Madrid http://www.partystrands.com http://blog.mystrands.com/category/partystrands