Bloging Foreign Correspondents


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Bloging Foreign Correspondents

  1. 1. New Foreign Correspondents <ul><li>International Communication </li></ul>
  2. 2. Foreign Correspondents <ul><li>Traditional definition (and image) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an employee of a large news organization </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Christopher Allbritton, former AP and New York Daily News reporter </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$15,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PayPal journalist </li></ul></ul></ul> /
  3. 3. Accessing Foreign News 2000 2000 Audience Web sites of newspapers and governments Independent media (challenging MSM) Personal Web sites of citizens in other countries Doesn’t happen a lot
  4. 4. Accessing Foreign News 2008 2008 <ul><li>184 million blogs in the world </li></ul><ul><li>346 million people read blogs </li></ul>Universal McCann More people read blogs for political and international info
  5. 5. Global Phenomenon <ul><li>Idea of “Global Village” by Marshall McLuhan </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to reconsidering the concept of “unequal flow of information” </li></ul><ul><li>Global Voices Online (millions of blogs) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>better sources of information “on the spot” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>question of reliability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ the poor don’t blog” (?) but may eventually </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Blogs and MSM <ul><li>Some blogs (mega-blogs) become a part of the MSM </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of media outlets have blogs </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs used as a source (still not enough) </li></ul><ul><li>Blogs are almost impossible to replace as the most convenient medium in foreign correspondence </li></ul>
  7. 7. London Bombing <ul><li>An open blog by The Guardian </li></ul><ul><li>Witnesses </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Filling gaps in traditional media reports </li></ul>
  8. 8. Power of People <ul><li>Blogs are created by individuals ( The Daily Dish by Andrew Sullivan) </li></ul><ul><li>Criticizing MSM (traditional media) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>especially foreign news coverage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(Local ) bloggers are able to spot mistakes because they usually know a country better </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steel need to speak English </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Power of People <ul><li>Effectiveness of blogs in dictatorships </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>VOA and BBC were jammed during the Cold War </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blogs are blocked </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe we are just too enthusiastic </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Bringing ‘em down <ul><li>Some countries introduce licensing procedures for bloggers (or even accreditation) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>registering with the government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Internet access and IP monitoring </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jail sentences for “provoking instability and civil unrest” or “creating a negative image” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Salam Pax <ul><li>“Dear Raed” </li></ul><ul><li>Introduced the concept of “bloggers as foreign correspondents” </li></ul><ul><li>War, problems, opportunities, personal profiles </li></ul><ul><li>Translator for Peter Maass (Slate Magazine) </li></ul><ul><li>Why did the blog become popular? </li></ul>http://dear
  12. 12. Salam Pax <ul><li>Started as a personal journal (as many blogs do) </li></ul><ul><li>Limitations of local media (content and language) </li></ul><ul><li>What is it like to live in Iraq as an Iraqi? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personal details </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personal routine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Guardian publishes some posts and treats them as “foreign news” </li></ul>
  13. 13. View from Iran <ul><li>Iran has 23 million Internet users (34% of population) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>around 100,000 blogs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>70% of Iranians are under 30 years old </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the most blogged country in the Middle East </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. View from Iran <ul><li>Anonymous way to communicate (in and outside Iran) </li></ul><ul><li>Bloggers are punished for their posts </li></ul><ul><li>Written in English </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>posts assume that readers are not familiar with life in Iran </li></ul></ul></ul> /
  15. 15. Radio Free Nepal <ul><li>Anonymous authors </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing information/news </li></ul><ul><li>Drawing attention to the situation in Nepal </li></ul><ul><li>Acting as foreign correspondents </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Kyrgyzstan </li></ul><ul><li>Prezident Akaev </li></ul><ul><li>Public protests and even revolution </li></ul><ul><li>No information on the events </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Neighboring countries are silent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Russian media condemned the revolution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>State media are pro-Akaev </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>“Down with Akaev” </li></ul><ul><li>Alliance of bloggers/Web reporters </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>witnesses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pictures and videos (cell phones) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>forums </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>media reviews (local and foreign) </li></ul></ul></ul>