• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Testing
 

Testing

on

  • 761 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
761
Views on SlideShare
761
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Testing Testing Presentation Transcript

    • Content
      Background
      Causes of Bosnian War (1991 – 1995)
      Compare With Singapore
      Look up the Problem faced by Singapore
    • Background
      There was an international armed conflict took place in Bosnia during 1992 – 1995.
      Several sides were involved
      NATO intervened following the Srebrenica and Markale massacres
      Around 100,000–110,000being killed and 1.8 million displaced in the war
      The war lead to breakup of former Yugoslavia
      The war was ended by signing of the Dayton Agreement
      ( Dayton Peace Record on Bosnia, US Department of State. 1996)
    • Causes of Bosnian War
      Overview:
      Bosnia and Herzegovina has historically been a multi-ethnic state. In 1990, its population included approximately 43% of Bosniaks (Bosnia Muslims), 31% of Serbs, and 17% of Croats.
      The war was caused by deep-seated ethnic conflict, nationalism, demagoguery and economic crisis. These causes are interrelated. As the centuries passed, resistance to domination by foreign empires and mistrust between different ethnic groups increased.
      (CASE CONCERNING THE APPLICATION OF THE CONVENTION ON THEPREVENTION AND PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE, INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE 2007)
    • Cont Causes of Bosnian War
      Pre-War Situation
      The first multi-party election is significant to show the disunity of the country as power are distribute among different ethnic groups.
      Both Croats and Serbs were ambitious to occupy more land.
      Establishment of the "Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia“ and "Serb Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina"
      (International Law Reports, ElihuLauterpacht,C. J. Greenwood 1997)
    • Cont Causes of Bosnian War
      During World War II
      Germany and Italy divided Yugoslavia among themselves in 1941, alliances within the nation shattered along ethnic lines.
      Mistrust and tension among different ethnic raise up
      (Eastern Europe: an introduction to the people, lands, and culture ..., Richard C. Frucht 2005)
    • Communist In Yugoslavia
      Tito disapproved of religion because he thought it divided people, but he did not severely punish those who were determined to practice their faith, although those who were determined to do so were relatively few. (War-Torn Bosnia from History Firsthand. ©2001-2006 )
      Ethnic Pride, Ethnic Hatred
      When Communism ended in Yugoslavia, the various ethnic groups living in the country enjoyed sudden freedom.
      His policy on religion restricted different ethnic groups to understand each others’ culture
      (Eastern Europe: an introduction to the people, lands, and culture ..., Richard C. Frucht 2005)
    • The War According to Serbs
      Serbs claims that the Serbian people have been victimized throughout history. (A Serb correspondent, MirjanaKameretzy)
      The War According to Croats
      Croats who lived in Bosnia feared that the newly independent state of Bosnia—which was dominated by Muslims—posed a threat to them. (Origins of a Catastrophe, Warren Zimmermann 1992)
      The War According to Muslims
      Even when the international community failed to intervene on Bosnia's behalf, Bosnian Muslims continued to fight for their homeland. (Peter Maass, an American foreign correspondent )
    • Evidence
      Ethnic Cleansing
      Crime of Genocide
      (CASE CONCERNING THE APPLICATION OF THE CONVENTION ON THEPREVENTION AND PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE, INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE 2007)