Content<br />Background<br />Causes of Bosnian War (1991 – 1995)<br />Compare With Singapore<br />Look up the Problem face...
Background<br />There was an international armed conflict took place in Bosnia during 1992 – 1995.<br />Several sides were...
Causes of Bosnian War<br />Overview:<br />Bosnia and Herzegovina has historically been a multi-ethnic state. In 1990, its ...
Cont Causes of Bosnian War<br />Pre-War Situation<br />The first multi-party election is significant to show the disunity ...
Cont Causes of Bosnian War<br />During World War II<br />Germany and Italy divided Yugoslavia among themselves in 1941, al...
Communist In Yugoslavia <br />Tito disapproved of religion because he thought it divided people, but he did not severely p...
The War According to Serbs<br />    Serbs claims that the Serbian people have been victimized throughout history. (A Serb ...
Evidence<br />Ethnic Cleansing<br />Crime of Genocide<br />(CASE CONCERNING THE APPLICATION OF THE CONVENTION ON THEPREVEN...
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  1. 1. Content<br />Background<br />Causes of Bosnian War (1991 – 1995)<br />Compare With Singapore<br />Look up the Problem faced by Singapore<br />
  2. 2. Background<br />There was an international armed conflict took place in Bosnia during 1992 – 1995.<br />Several sides were involved <br />NATO intervened following the Srebrenica and Markale massacres<br />Around 100,000–110,000being killed and 1.8 million displaced in the war<br />The war lead to breakup of former Yugoslavia<br />The war was ended by signing of the Dayton Agreement <br />( Dayton Peace Record on Bosnia, US Department of State. 1996)<br />
  3. 3. Causes of Bosnian War<br />Overview:<br />Bosnia and Herzegovina has historically been a multi-ethnic state. In 1990, its population included approximately 43% of Bosniaks (Bosnia Muslims), 31% of Serbs, and 17% of Croats.<br />The war was caused by deep-seated ethnic conflict, nationalism, demagoguery and economic crisis. These causes are interrelated. As the centuries passed, resistance to domination by foreign empires and mistrust between different ethnic groups increased. <br /> (CASE CONCERNING THE APPLICATION OF THE CONVENTION ON THEPREVENTION AND PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE, INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE 2007)<br />
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  5. 5. Cont Causes of Bosnian War<br />Pre-War Situation<br />The first multi-party election is significant to show the disunity of the country as power are distribute among different ethnic groups.<br />Both Croats and Serbs were ambitious to occupy more land.<br />Establishment of the &quot;Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia“ and &quot;Serb Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina&quot;<br />(International Law Reports, ElihuLauterpacht,C. J. Greenwood 1997)<br />
  6. 6. Cont Causes of Bosnian War<br />During World War II<br />Germany and Italy divided Yugoslavia among themselves in 1941, alliances within the nation shattered along ethnic lines.<br />Mistrust and tension among different ethnic raise up<br />(Eastern Europe: an introduction to the people, lands, and culture ..., Richard C. Frucht 2005)<br />
  7. 7. Communist In Yugoslavia <br />Tito disapproved of religion because he thought it divided people, but he did not severely punish those who were determined to practice their faith, although those who were determined to do so were relatively few. (War-Torn Bosnia from History Firsthand. ©2001-2006 )<br />Ethnic Pride, Ethnic Hatred<br /> When Communism ended in Yugoslavia, the various ethnic groups living in the country enjoyed sudden freedom.<br />His policy on religion restricted different ethnic groups to understand each others’ culture<br />(Eastern Europe: an introduction to the people, lands, and culture ..., Richard C. Frucht 2005)<br />
  8. 8. The War According to Serbs<br /> Serbs claims that the Serbian people have been victimized throughout history. (A Serb correspondent, MirjanaKameretzy)<br />The War According to Croats<br /> Croats who lived in Bosnia feared that the newly independent state of Bosnia—which was dominated by Muslims—posed a threat to them. (Origins of a Catastrophe, Warren Zimmermann 1992)<br />The War According to Muslims<br /> Even when the international community failed to intervene on Bosnia&apos;s behalf, Bosnian Muslims continued to fight for their homeland. (Peter Maass, an American foreign correspondent )<br />
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  10. 10. Evidence<br />Ethnic Cleansing<br />Crime of Genocide<br />(CASE CONCERNING THE APPLICATION OF THE CONVENTION ON THEPREVENTION AND PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIME OF GENOCIDE, INTERNATIONAL COURT OF JUSTICE 2007)<br />

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