Abstract

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Abstract

  1. 1. Abstract Writing Guidelines <br />Abstract WritingWhat is an abstract? The abstract is a mini-version of the thesis. It should give a brief summary of the main sections of the paper. In other words, it is a summary of the " information" the thesis contains.Its purpose:To give readers a quick identification of the basic content of the thesis. It should " stand on its own" and be a self-contained document. There should be no need to look elsewhere in the thesis for an understanding of what is said in the abstract.Length:The abstract should be very concise - the maximum length being 50% of one page (outside of the header formatting and keywords line). This means you will need to economise your use of words and tie ideas together. Use the most precise and relevant words to best express the content of the abstract. Abstracts that are too long will have to be re-written.Content:The abstract can be written as one large paragraph, or for easy reading you can use paragraphs for each section of the content. Paragraph 1 should contain your objectives and scope, Paragraph 2 a description of the methods used, Paragraph 3 a summary of the results, and Paragraph 4 a statement of the main conclusions.Other considerations:The abstract is usually written in the past tense because the research is alreadydone. In other words, write the thesis first!While first person (" I" , " we" ) may be used in the body of your thesis, you must use third person (passive) in the abstract.DO NOT include abbreviations or acronyms in your abstract if you can help it, but if you must, don't use them without explaining them first. For example, the first time you use the abbreviation you must write out the full form and put the abbreviation in brackets. e.g. " Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)" From then on you may use " MRI" for the duration of the abstract.DO NOT use headings for your abstract paragraphs. (e.g. Objectives, Methods, Results and Conclusions)Keep your abstract clear and simple - you are trying to show the key points of your thesis to attract interest.Always check your grammar, spelling, and formatting. Please use either BritishEnglish spelling conventions or American English spelling conventions throughoutyour abstract, but not both.Remember:The abstract is the first thing a reader reads. It is an indication of the quality of your thesis and what is to come for the reader. Impressions drawn from the reading of the abstract greatly impact the reading of your thesis.Using some of language samples below that; for example, introduce the different sections of the abstract, will help make the abstract easier to read and more clear to the reader. These are examples only - use must use the language correctly in the proper context and for the correct purpose.Other wordsobjectiveaimintentionpurposegoaltargetOBJECTIVE(S)The purpose of this study was to investigate... Another aim was to find out... Finally, ... was examined in the study.METHOD(S)(X) method was applied. (Eg. quantitative/qualitative - both/other?)The study/survey/thesis/questionnaire/opinion poll...examined, inspected, focused on, was conducted, carried out, sent out, administered (see list of more descriptive verbs) Questionnaires were sent out/administered... ( X number) responses were receivedRESULT(S)/CONCLUSION(S)The results of the study were that... It was found/discovered that... The results revealed/indicated...The principal conclusion was that... One conclusion was that...MISC.Please note the correct singular and plural versions of the following:Singular Pluralthesis thesescriterion criteriaphenomenon phenomenaappendix appendices (British English) appendixes (American English)Example abstract linked in Links ListImage from <br />Free Stock Photos for websites - FreeDigitalPhotos.net<br />Thesis Abstract Links <br />Example Abstract <br />Thesis Abstract Example<br />Abstract Common Mistake <br />Common mistakes when writing an abstract<br />PowerPoint: how to write an abstract <br />PowerPoint presentation detailing how to write an abstract<br />Abstract Writing <br />What is an abstract? & how to write an abstract<br />Different Types of Abstracts <br />Details what an abstract is, qualities and steps for writing a good abstract and common mistakes<br />Abstract Communication Feedback Survey <br />A survey for those students who have e-mailed me their abstract and I have provided feedback.<br />Abstract writing Del.icio.us bookmarks <br />Sorry, we couldn't connect to Del.icio.us. Please try again later. <br />Powered by Del.icio.us<br />Thesis Abstract Writing <br />Abstract Writing<br />The Volokh Conspiracy » Blog Archive » Writing an Abstract for a ...<br />Powered by Google<br />Thesis/Abstract writing books on Amazon <br />The Elements of an Effective Dissertation and Thesis: A Step-by-Step Guide to Getting it Right the First Time<br />by: Raymond L. Calabrese<br />Amazon Price: $17.95 (as of 02/25/2010) <br /> HYPERLINK " http://www.squidoo.com/thesisabstract" l " add_item_11245758" 2 <br />There are 2 products to vote on. Have fun!<br />Abstract Writing <br />1<br />Vote Up<br />Vote Down<br />The Elements of an Effective Dissertation and Thesis: A Step-by-Step Guide to Getting it Right the First Time by Raymond L. Calabrese<br />With over 100 examples of completed dissertations more...1 point<br />With over 100 examples of completed dissertations from well-known universities and colleges, this book allows the student to concentrate on what makes sense and what is important to completing his or her research to writing an effective doctoral dissertation or a master's thesis.1 point<br />2<br />Vote Up<br />Vote Down<br />How to Write a Better Thesis by David Evans, Paul Gruba<br />This concise guide emphasizes clear and logical st more...1 point<br />This concise guide emphasizes clear and logical structure as the key to a well-written thesis. Offering concrete examples of common structural problems, and numerous devices, tricks, and tests by which to avoid them, in a direct and conversational tone, it proves that the astute researcher must no longer regard writing as the last chore but rather as a crucial part of the research process. This updated edition reflects the changes in research style brought about by the Internet.1 point<br />Share this list <br />Stumbleupon<br />Facebook<br />MySpace<br />Twitter<br />Digg<br />Delicious<br />Email<br />Add to this list Grab this list <br />Get the RSS feed: Keep an eye on this Plexo list. See who wins. And who's left in the dirt.<br />Get the widget: Add this Plexo list as a widget on your blog, site, forum, whatever. Be an influential. Show off your great find.<br />Get this on my lens: Attack of the clones! Grab this Plexo module for your own lens. Get YOUR readers to vote for their favorites.<br /> HYPERLINK " http://www.bloglines.com/sub/http:/www.squidoo.com/xml/plexus/293866" " _blank" Add to Bloglines<br />Add to My Yahoo<br />Add to Google<br />Add to Technorati<br />Add to NewsGator<br />Add to My MSN<br />Grab the XML<br />Please pick your widget size and display. Then click " Make the Widget" to get the code that's just right for you.<br />Small size: Best for blog sidebars and areas 250 pixels or lessStandard size: Best for blog posts, and areas greater than 250 pixels wide<br />How many list items to show? <br />Make the Widget!<br />Voila: Just copy and paste this code into your own site. Have fun!<br />Oopsey! Please login to Squidoo in order to add this module to your lens.<br />Top of Form<br />Add more links <br />Submit <br />Bottom of Form<br />Type or paste links below (one per line):Try adding the Amazon link here, or just the ASIN number. Help me find links<br />Cancel Done Adding <br />2 <br />There are 2 products to vote on. Have fun!<br />An abstract, Simple Explanation <br />

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