The abstract ppt

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This is a 1.5 hour lesson for undergraduate course in Advance Research for lecture discussion with writeshop activity.

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  • The statement can still be proven and can’t be answered with simple Yes or No
  • The abstract ppt

    1. 1. Lesson Objectives: 1. Define an Abstract 2. Enumerate and describe the 2 types of Abstract 3. Differentiate Abstract from Introduction 4. Explain the purpose and limitations of Abstract 5. Evaluate the structured and unstructured Abstract 6. Show example of abstract 7. Write your own abstract
    2. 2. ABSTRACT
    3. 3. TYPES OF ABSTRACT 1. Structured Abstract- usually follow IMRAD pattern; original, norm, citation needed 2. Unstructured Abstract- composed of one paragraph with no explicit headings often appropriate for review articles that don’t follow the IMRAD pattern within their bodies
    4. 4. DESCRIPTIVE VERSUS INFORMATIVE ABSTRACT DESCRIPTIVE ABSTRACT -Describes major points of the project to the reader - Includes background purpose and focus of the paper or article but never the methods, results and conclusions if it is a research paper -It is most likely used for humanities and social sciences papers or psychology essays INFORMATIVE ABSTRACT -Informs the audience of all the essential points of the paper -Briefly summarizes the background, purpose, focus, methods, results, findings, and conclusions of the full length paper -is concise usually 10% of the original paper length, often just one paragraph - most likely used for sciences, engineering or psychology report
    5. 5. Abstract differ from Introduction ABSTRACT 1. The essence of the whole paper 2. Covers the following academic elements: -background -purpose & focus -methods -results/ findings -conclusions/ Recommendations 1. Summarize briefly the whole paper including the conclusions INTRODUCTION 1. Introduces the paper 2. Covers the following academic elements -background -purpose -proposition -also called point of view or thesis statement -outline of key issues -scope 3. Introduces the paper and foregrounds issues for discussion
    6. 6. Purpose and Limitations of Abstract ACADEMIC LITERATURE • To successfully communicate complex research- act as stand-alone entity of a full paper USED BY ORGANIZATIONS Basis for selecting research that is proposed for oral presentation or workshop presentation in an academic conference • Full texts of scientific papers most often purchased because of copyright/ publisher’s fees
    7. 7. Purpose and Limitations of Abstract Protected Under Copyright Law • For its relevance and merits of the paper. • Significant selling point for the report or electronic form of the full text
    8. 8. CRAFTING A RESEARCH ABSTRACT Offers Detailed Outline of the Research Project and serves as roadmap
    9. 9. CRAFTING A RESEARCH ABSTRACT Statement of Purpose This study examined the relationship between the buying processes of consumers and the motivating factors that salesmen do for decision making when a consumer product is introduced through personal selling.
    10. 10. CRAFTING A RESEARCH ABSTRACT Research Question Includes questions you are trying to solve, concise statement that flows from the statement of purpose, translates into thesis statement that you prove or disprove
    11. 11. EXAMPLE OF RESEARCH QUESTION TRANSLATED INTO THESIS STATEMENT Salesmen of consumer goods in Santiago City Philippines who use personal selling strategy scores better than those who merely sell online without face to face encounter with the consumer
    12. 12. CRAFTING A RESEARCH ABSTRACT SIGNIFICANCE OF RESEARCH Argues for the significance of your research and how it will contribute to the field or the community; to whom and why it is important
    13. 13. CRAFTING A RESEARCH ABSTRACT METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION Explain how data is collected, analyzed and interpreted; If these are already been collected, describe where the data are from and how you
    14. 14. LET US WRITE DIRECTIONS Write in your heading the title of your study, followed by a simple background of your study depicting your purpose or focus and the expected methods you used in finding the result of your data gathered
    15. 15. CRAFTING A RESEARCH ABSTRACT BENCHMARKS INCLUDE REALISTIC AND THOROUGH TIMELINE, PRESENTED AS SERIES OF BENCHMARKS
    16. 16. ASSIGNMENT

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