شركة الدكتور للتجارة و الخدمات البيئية تقدم لكم عرضا خاصا تنفيذ : أ . د عادل صبحي العقاد ( أستاذ بجامعة عين شمس ) د . أمل عبد القادر ( مدرس بجامعة عين شمس ) Fire and Safety
More than 2500 fires on an average were reported in a US state in the year 2007 . In the year 2007 alone, the American Fire Department received help calls for more than 1 million fires around the country . There were more than 3400 deaths due to fires . More than 17000 people were injured in these fires . Approximately $14,639,000,000 was lost due to fire damage in just one year .
It does not matter how a fire occurred .
It may be
intentional . Or it may be accidental . It may have
happened due to someone's carelessness and
could have been prevented . Or it may not have
been possible to prevent its occurrence . The
truth, however, remains . Fire can lead to
massive damages to life and property .
According to the National Fire Protection Association ( NFPA ) , around 78% fires happened in places such as homes, hotels and dormitories . Around 399000 of these fires happened in homes . This was the number of fires that occurred in 2007 only .
Statistics of the US Fire Administration reveal that in 2006, around 26% of the fires occurring in residential properties, happened in the kitchen while cooking . Heating is the second most common cause of fires with 11.4% cases of fires reported due to heating systems used in residences . The third major cause is arson which is at 5.7%
Therefore, it is important for people like us to take a few precautions to reduce the chances of fire and fire damage . A few gadgets at home can be helpful . 1. 1) Smoke alarm - A smoke alarm is the best and most inexpensive gadget that you can have installed at your home . If properly installed and regularly maintained, it will sound a sharp alarm as soon as it senses smoke
2) Residential sprinklers - Residential sprinklers attached to your water supply will help you in putting out flames .
3) Fire extinguisher - A fire extinguisher is an essential tool for every household . In case of a fire, it can help in reducing the fire damage to your house and property . However, you need to know that there are different types of fire extinguishers for different types of materials . You should be aware of at least 5 types of fire extinguishers .
Class A is for combustible articles such as oil and grease
Class B is for fabrics, papers and wood
* Class C is for electrical appliances and tools . * Class D is for flammable metals . * Class K is for vegetable oils and fats .
How to survive ?? Use an emergency plan 1.Practice your escape plan as often as possible . Practice various ways out for escape . 2 . Practice escape routes from every room of the house . 3 . 4.Leave your home immediately as soon as you see the first signs of a fire . . 5.Make sure you choose a place where the whole family can get together after getting out of the house . This place should be away from home . . 6.Call the fire department and do not go back in . Wait till a fire marshal has declared the building structure as safe
During a fire, you should do the following Use a fire extinguisher to put out small fires. You can also use water if the fire is not electrical or chemical. Do NOT try to put out a fire that you can’t control If your clothes catch fire, do NOT run. . This could make the fire spread more quickly . Instead, stop, drop, and roll ! In other words, stop, drop to the ground, cover your face with your hands, and roll back and forth until the fire is put out . .