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Building Integrated PV - BIPV

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  • 1. BIPV REPORT 2013State of the art inBuilding Integrated PhotovoltaicsAuthors: Kostas Sinapis, Menno van den Donker
  • 2. 1PREFACEWith pleasure I present the SEAC BIPV Report 2013.The Solar Energy Application Centre (SEAC) was founded in June 2012 byECN, TNO and Holland Solar. Our mission is to stimulate the developmentof the knowledge based economy on Solar Energy Systems andApplications in The Netherlands and neighboring regions (www.seac.cc).Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) is an emerging product categorywith a large market potential. A key aspect of BIPV is multifunctionality.Value propositions of BIPV, apart from energy production, may be found ine.g. design, weather protection and shading. This makes the productattractive, also from a financial point of view.Over the past years, we have seen an enormous growth of available BIPVproducts on the market. Often these products are based on materials thatare common in architecture, such as glass or metal, in opaque as well asin semitransparent quality. More recently also some designs based on lowweight plastics have been tested.We expect that BIPV will evolve into a highly diversified product portfolio,with a sound economic perspective for a variety of products. As such, wesee BIPV as an important business opportunity for the Dutch privatesector.This opportunity - as well as other product-market combinations in thefield of Solar Systems and Applications - can be addressed and exploitedby means of an effective cooperation between companies, knowledgeinstitutes and government. We as SEAC want to play a key role in thiscooperation within the “BV Nederland”.The SEAC BIPV Report 2013 presents the BIPV state-of-the-art with morethan 80 representative examples. It is our intention to release a yearlyupdate of this report. I am confident that this report will help the readerto better understand BIPV and to get an overview of actual BIPV productsand current developments.December 2012Wiep FolkertsDirector SEAC
  • 3. 3BIPV REPORT 2013CONTENTChapter 1: Introduction………………….……………………………………………………….. 5Chapter 2: BIPV Categories……………………………………………………………………… 9Chapter 3: BIPV products for pitched roofs3.1 In-roof systems……………………………………...................................... 153.2 Small solar tiles-shingles-slates……………………………………………….. 343.3 Large solar tiles-shingles-slates……………………………………………….. 453.4 Skylights and semi-transparent roof systems…………….................. 71Chapter 4: BIPV products for flat and curved roofs4.1 Flexible laminates…………………………………………………………………….. 79Chapter 5: BIPV products for façades5.1 Cladding systems………………………………………………………………………. 895.2 Semi-transparent systems……………………………………………………...... 965.3 Louver systems…………………………………………………………………………. 102Company Index…………………………………………………………………………………………. 107Disclaimer…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 108
  • 4. 5Chapter 1: IntroductionSolar photovoltaic (PV) installations are getting common in Europe. One of the bigger marketsegments is roof top PV. The majority of the installed systems consist of solar PV modules andsupport structures that are mounted on the roof surface. In general the roof top systems aredesigned in order to optimize performance. Aesthetics are generally not taken into account. Latelythis practice is changing by more aware consumers who seek performance and aesthetics for theirhouses. At the same time the industry is trying to adapt to price pressures from the east byintegrating the PV functionality to the building elements in order to decrease the Levelized Cost ofEnergy (LCOE).After more than 25 years of development, the Building Integrated PV (BIPV) sector is emerging withexciting new products and materials. Many years of development brought to the market diversifiedproducts for seamless integration into the building envelope by using a variety of PV technologiesand innovative mounting structures.According to SEAC ‘s vision PV applications on and in the built environment span a high potentialmarket for several reasons:• Multifunctional use of city space• Lower LCOE can be achieved with smart BIPV approaches• Electricity generation can be closer to the end user contributing to an optimized electricitydistribution system• Stimulation of the local economyThis report collects a state-of-the-art global product portfolio and categorizes the variousapplications. The goal is to understand the BIPV developments and to stimulate the market withproducts and concepts that allow PV to be used as a building product in Europe. There is a widevariation of building practices and regulations for the built environment across Europe. Theclassification of products in this report intends to contribute to a successful application of BIPV in thevarious markets. SEAC intends to publish a yearly update with the most recent developments in theBIPV sector.Definition of BIPVSeveral reports have been made recently regarding BIPV systems, products and definitions. Althoughthere are different opinions in the definition of BIPV and BAPV every report concludes that the BIPVmarket segment will be growing and evolving. One of the reports originates from the Europeanfinanced SUNRISE project1. A part of this project was focused at an “overview of the existing productsand their fields of application”. In this report definitions of BIPV/BAPV are given including their fieldof application. Great emphasis has been given to the different levels of building integration whichresults into certain advantages and disadvantages. Additionally one of the objectives is to give anoverview of the products existing commercially today in an effort to guide project developers whomay want to be benefit from by the special premium tariffs for BIPV that currently are in effect inFrance and Italy.1BIPV: An overview of the existing products and their field of application. SUNRISE project 2009
  • 5. A great job has been also done by the Swiss BIPV Competence Center which is a cooperationbetween the departments of the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland(SUPSI). SUPSI has listed a variety of BIPV products and applications2. Moreover, they have addedcriteria for the selection of BIPV products which resemble SEAC’s criteria on BIPV modules. Accordingto SUPSI there are 2 main criteria that independently or combined must come to an agreement inorder to qualify for a BIPV product: a) double function of the building element included energygeneration and or weather-proof, noise reduction, seamless integration etc. b) homogeneouscoverage of the surface.A report published by Pike Research3examines the expanding global market of BIPV products andforesees a strong growth of up to $5.8 billion revenue till 2016 from $744 million in 2010. An analysison economics, key industry players and technology is also presented in this report which forecasts abright future for BIPV applications. Pike Research’s definition about BIPV consist out of the main ideathat the PV material replaces the conventional building material but only during the constructionphase. In case the PV functionality is added after the construction of the building then the installationis considered as BAPV. This deviates from the SEAC definition of BIPV, as used in the current report.National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in the USA released an extensive report on thepotential of BIPV systems in comparison with BAPV systems4. NREL examined the cost drivers andperformance consideration related to BIPV. The report shows the potential for BIPV to achievelower installed system prices than rack-mounted PV based on a comparative assessment ofunsubsidized LCOE for different PV system cases. The simulation comparison concludes that c-Sishingles might achieve lower LCOE than rack-mounted systems. Overall, findings in this reportsupport the notion that BIPV prices could be lower than residential PV system prices, yet pastmarket experiences suggest that realizing these cost-reductions can be very challenging.Figure 1a: BAPV system5Figure 1b: BIPV system62www.bipv.ch3Building- Integrated Photovoltaics: BIPV and BAPV: Market issues, technology issues, key industry payers andGlobal market forecasts. 3Q 20104NREL – BIPV in the residential sector: an analysis of installed rooftop system prices, Nov 20115www.riddersolar.com6www.solarcentury.com
  • 6. 7The definitions that we choose in this SEAC BIPV Report are as follows:Building Applied PV (BAPV) systems are applied on the roof of the building on top of the existingroofing elements (for example tiles, shingles, flat roofing) and they have no additional functionalityapart from electricity production.Building Integrated PV (BIPV) systems consist of solar photovoltaic cells and modules that areintegrated in the building envelope as part of the building structure, thus replacing conventionalbuilding material. BIPV systems can be applied after the completion of the building structure orduring the construction phase.BIPV modules are building elements providing at least one additional functionality to the buildingenvelope beside electricity generation, such as:• Weather proofing• Aesthetical integration• Shadowing/sun protection• Thermal insulation• Noise protection• Safety
  • 7. 9Chapter 2: BIPV CategoriesIn this report we categorize the BIPV products taking the installation location on the building as astarting point. We define four main BIPV categories.• Pitched roofs• Flat and curved roofs• FaçadesA wide range of BIPV residential applications exists today. Pitched roofs in Europe usually are builtwith tiles, shingles or slates. A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramics,stone, metal, or even glass. Shingles are a roof covering material usually consisting out of asphaltand fiber glass. These elements are typically flat rectangular shapes laid in rows from the bottomedge of the roof up, with each successive higher row overlapping the joints in the row below. Slate isa fine-grained, foliated, homogeneous rock which is used for roofing. In a strict sense, a slate is a typeof tile. In analogy to the terms tile, shingle and slate, the terms “solar tile”, “solar shingle” and “solarslate” are used in publications and in marketing.A solar tile is a PV module that can be combined with roof tiles offering added functionality includingenergy production and a good aesthetic result.A solar shingle is a PV module that can be combined with roof shingles offering added functionalityincluding energy generation and a good aesthetic result.A solar slate is a PV module that can be combined with roof slates offering added functionalityincluding energy generation and a good aesthetic result.However, as in the original definition of tile, shingle and slate, the material of the elements is adistinguishing factor, as soon as we consider PV module products, this distinguishing factor vanishes.Therefore it makes sense to define two categories for the solar tile-shingle-slate, based on size of theelement.A small solar tile-shingle-slate is smaller than 0.5 m2(a typical size of 0.4 x 0.6 = 0,24 m2)A large solar tile-shingle-slate is larger than 0.5 m2(a typical size of 0.6 x 1.5 = 0.9 m2)
  • 8. This leads us to the following categorization:1. Pitched roofs1.1. In-roof systems. These systems use standard PV modules. The value is in the smart mountingsystems, that enable the panels to be mounted instead of and in between the original roofingelements (e.g. tiles).Figure 2a,b Typical in-roof system with conventional solar modules7-81.2. Small solar tiles-shingles-slates. The form factor resembles the original tiles-shingles-slates.They are made from a variety of materials such as clay, plastic etc. and they also have a similarsize. Usually a PV laminate of a few solar cells is adhered on a substrate that resembles a tile,shingle or slate.Figure 3a,b Tiles with integrated solar cells for pitched roof9-107www.solon.com8www.schott.com9www.smartroof.be10www.solusengineering.com/en
  • 9. 111.3. Large solar tiles-shingles-slates. A system developed with building elements and aconstruction and connection technology. Size of the modules is usually 2-4 times the width of anormal tile-shingle-slate, they can be glass- or foil-based. Usually the solar tile or shingle replacesconventional tiles or shingles. The construction system may involve overlapping or in-plane rooffilling. The system usually allows for full roof-filling and may include the application of dummies.Figure 4 a, b Large solar shingles and tiles111.4. Prefab Solar roofs. A roof which is wholly or partly assembled off-site. The objective ofprefabrication is to improve the installation quality and shorten the installation time thuslowering the cost of the system.Figure 5 Prefab solar roof11www.solarcentury.com
  • 10. 1.5 Skylights and semi-transparent roof systems. These structures usually combine glass-glass laminates with adjustable light transmission and they stimulate the architectural design oflight and shadow.Figure 6 Greenhouse in Munich122. Flat and Curved roofsIn-roof systems (1.1) and systems for skylights and semi-transparent roofs (1.5) in many cases canalso be applied to flat roofs. In that case we categorize them under “Pitched Roofs”.2.1 Roofing products based on flexible laminates. There are a number of manufacturers of flexiblethin film PV products. The major technology families are: thin film silicon, thin film CI(G)S and thinfilm organic-PV (OPV). In most cases the flexible product comes encapsulated and only has to beattached to the existing flat or curved roof. In few cases the PV manufacturer supplies a non-encapsulated functional PV laminate on a metal or plastic carrier foil. The manufacturer of theroofing product encapsulates the product in the building element (flexible or non-flexible) or appliesencapsulation on the complete roof.Figure 7a Membrane Evalon Solar13Figure 7b BIOSOL thin film plate1412www.design-buildsolar.com13www.alwitra.com14www,centrosolar.de
  • 11. 133. Façades3.1 Cladding systems. These solar modules can be integrated into the building walls like aconventional cladding element used in façades such as granite or marble. Usually a void is createdbetween the cladding element and the walls offering temperature insulation for the building andimproved efficiency for the modules because of the ventilation.Figure 8 Cladding systems153.2 Semi-transparent façade-systems. These products feature glass laminates of crystallinesilicon with adjusted cell spacing or amorphous thin film laser grooved silicon which provides filteredvision.Figure 9a BIPV transparent façade Aalst, Belgium16Figure 9b Semi-transparent façade a-Si1715www.design-buildsolar.com16www.design-buildsolar.com17www.schott.com/architecture
  • 12. 3.3 Louver systems. A louver or “louvre” , is a window blind or shutter with horizontal slats thatare angled to admit light and air, but to keep out rain, direct sunshine, and noise. The angle of theslats may be adjustable, usually in blinds and windows, or fixed. Solar cells can be easily laminated inthis construction offering a perfect way to utilize the shadow function with electricity production.Figure 10a Outrigger PV shading 18Figure 10b Glass louver system193.4 Construction Integrated façade systems. These are systems where the PV is integrated intothe construction (carrying part) of the façade. We did not yet find examples of this approach in oursurvey. However, in the future we expect that new BIPV façade constructions will become available.*****In the following chapters, we present a general overview of companies and the BIPV products thatthey present. Most of the products listed here are commercially available. Others are in a stage ofdevelopment close to market introduction.Every page consists of a short description of the company and the product, with key information onlocation of the company, size of the product and technology. Additionally photos of the product andof an application are included and data sheets if applicable.At the end of the paragraphs 3.1 , 3.2 and 3.3, an overview table has been added with some keyfigures.18www.shadinglouvers.com19www.solarpv.co.uk
  • 13. 15Chapter 3: BIPV products for pitched roofs3.1 Pitched roofs: In-roof systems.3.1.1 SOLON SOLITAIRE20This fully integrated in-roof system shows off its strengths when it comes to assembly. All modulescome delivered with synthetic frames as well as all screws and seals. Each module is screwed directlyto the roof battens, eliminating the need for costly additional substructures. As opposed to othersystems, SOLON SOLitaire requires no additional aluminum rails or module clamps, thanks to theintegrated assembly sleeves. The mounting is possible between 10° and 60°, starting from 22° on,you don’t need any additional waterproofing, as the modules themselves create the water-bearinglayer. Intelligent water channel flow and high-quality polyurethane synthetic frames guaranteecontinuous 100% waterproofing. Due to practical ventilation, heat-related power losses can beavoided.Location: GermanyConcept: conventional glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1783mm x 1044mm20www.solon.com
  • 14. 3.1.2 Schott Solar21The fourth generation InDaX®Solar elements replace traditional roof materials and take over adouble function: provision of clean, solar energy and a safe roof covering. A specially developedframe was optimized for module ventilation – of each individual module – and condensationdrainage. This guarantees high energy yields. SCHOTT Solar provides a 25-year linear guarantee forthese glass-foil solar modules.Location: GermanyConcept: conventional glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1769mm x 999mm21www.schott.com/solar
  • 15. 173.1.3 Scheuten Solar22Multisol® Integra Vitro Portrait is the next generation of Scheuten’s Integra(in-roof) solution, suitedfor almost any sloped roof. This new generation Integra Vitro features the full glass-glass Multisol®Vitro laminate, resulting in superior strength (5400Pa) and an even better durability of the module.Next to the landscape option this aesthetically pleasing PV in-roof installation portrait systemenables better matching on the roof form factors and saves up to 30% of the systems ‘width.Location: Germany / NetherlandsConcept: glass-glass laminateTechnology: multi-Si, 54 cellsSize of building blocks: 1520mm x 1038mm22www.scheuten.nl
  • 16. 3.1.4 Conergy23Conergy SolarDelta is mounted right onto the existing roof battens, requires no rails and, withQuickStone technology, the modules are quick and easy to attach. Special adapters ensure optimumventilation. Thanks to its substructure, Conergy Solar Delta fulfills the same requirements as aconventional roof in terms of waterproofing.Location: GermanyConcept: conventional glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1651mm x 986mm23www.conergy.de
  • 17. 193.1.5 Centrosolar24The mounting system S-Class Integration (Deluxe) replaces conventional roofing of pitched roofs andis used on a slope of more than 10 degrees. It is built on the existing roof battens and is suitable forold and new buildings. The mounting system S-Class Integration (Deluxe) is well ventilated andprovides a good backside cooling for the solar panels because of the arrangement of the systembattening. In cooperation with the panels, the system forms an optically homogeneous water-bearing area, which makes the roof a real eye-catcher.Location: GermanyConcept: conventional glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1651mm x 986mm24www.centrosolar.de
  • 18. 3.1.6 MegaSol25High performance modules meet the fastest installation system worldwide. The most denseintegrated roof available starting with a slope of 3 degrees. The floating modules offer optimumventilation improving performance. No overhanging frames which equals with no dirt residues whichhelps further in the performance of the modules. The system is composed of two main components:the solar modules and the vertical support rails serving as flumes.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: conventional glass-foil framelessTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1593mm x 832mm25www.megasol.ch
  • 19. 213.1.7 MecoSun26The MV3 system was designed to facilitate roof integration of all photovoltaic modules onto metallic,wooden or concrete roof structures. This system perfectly fits into a traditional roof, with watertightness guarantee. The MV3 system enables covering of large scale buildings, from industrialbuildings to agricultural buildings and office buildings.Location: FranceConcept: conventional glass-foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1640mm x 990mm26www.mecosun.fr
  • 20. 3.1.8 Gehrlicher Solar27The installation of the Intra roof-integrated system is particularly economical thanks to fewer systemcomponents and the ergonomic system installation from top to bottom. The modules are installedeasily and quickly, without tools. The water-tightness of the roof is ensured by conducting wateraway at the module level. Ventilation and the drainage of condensation are incorporated in theprofile. The whole system is in line with state-specific permits and certificates and offers provenfunctional and structural safety: The water-tightness testing has been successfully completed in acc.with prEN 15601 and the fire protection testing with DIN ENV 1187. The mounting system hasobtained certification by TÜV. The in roof system can host First Solar CdTe and silicon modules.Location: GermanyConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-Si, Cd TeSize of building blocks: 1200mm x 600 mm, Innotech Solar 1650mm x 1000 mm27www.gehrlicher.de
  • 21. 233.1.9 RenuSol28The innovation of the IntraSole CL system is the so-called “rotational anchors”. As a variablemounting solution on the roof laths, the rotational anchors enable, in the easiest possible manner, byturning, to achieve the perfect height compensation, e.g., in the case of irregular roof constructionsor for adjustment to the remaining roofing.Location: GermanyConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 60 cell laminate28www.renusol.de
  • 22. 3.1.10 Roto Sunroof29Sunroof photovoltaic is a modular system and can be tailored to every individual wish. Integratedventilation and solar safety glass ensure optimal efficiency of the modules. Through its manifoldpossibilities Roto Sunroof photovoltaic ideally suited for renovation.Location: GermanyConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks:Dachneigung 22° - 90°Rahmen HolzrahmenGrösse m² 2,13Gewicht kg 26Nennleistung Wp 280/285Zellenart MonokristallinKabel Solarkabel 4 mm2Hersteller Zelle Q.Cells (Deutschland)Hersteller Laminat Q.Cells (Deutschland)Max Schneelast 5400 PascalMax. Windlast 2400 Pascal*29de.dst.roto-frank.com/privatkunden/solarsysteme
  • 23. 253.1.11 SolarWatt30In the Easy-In system the aluminum frame encloses three sides of the module, which is installed inportrait orientation. Each side has a different shape and the installer can hook the module into thesupport rail by the upper edge before sliding it into the correct position. This places the support railflush with the roof battens. The side frame sections of adjacent elements interlock using the tongueand groove principle, thereby forming horizontal rows of modules. Vertically, the modules aresuperimposed like shingles with the projecting glass edge resting on the rubber seal of the rowbelow. The unframed bottom edge allows rainwater to drain off freely.Location: GermanyConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1764mm x 1035mm30www.solarwatt.com
  • 24. 3.1.12 IRFTS31Easy roof is a revolutionary system. It is based on an overlapping mounting with no seal, no cut. Aplastic frame is the only mechanism allowing water to drain. It is ideal for all kinds of roofs with tiles.The system can host various standard solar modules based on crystalline and thin film technology.Location: FranceConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 7 sizes31en.irfts.com
  • 25. 273.1.13 Schüco32The Schüco in roof mounting system can be used for pitched roofs starting from 15-65 degrees. Thesystem statics allow for a maximum height from 0-20m. Mounting must be over a waterproofmembrane according to building regulations.Location: GermanyConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 2156mm x 1256mm32www.schueco.de
  • 26. 3.1.14 Solar Fabrik33The new Incell system for roof integration of Solar Fabrik is a certified Innovative system with rearventilation technology which ensures high energy yields. Quick planning and easy installation whichcan be combined with virtually all types of roof tile. For roofs with pitches between 15° and 65°Location: GermanyConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1394mm x 1023, 1710mm x 1023mm33www.solar-fabrik.de
  • 27. 293.1.15 Aleo Solar34The Solrif system is suited to nearly all roof types, and can be installed simply on new and existingroofs. The hidden frame construction gives the shiny module surface a particularly sophisticatedappearance. The design of the facing panels may also be individually adjusted depending oncustomer requirements and local practices. Water and snow simply drip off the seamless modulesurface. Placing an additional tarpaulin under the modules will make the Solrif system even morerain-resistant than conventional roofing tiles.Location: GermanyConcept: in roof glass-back foilTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1704mm x 1016mm34www.aleo-solar.com
  • 28. 3.1.16 Heliosphera35The Venus series is designed to replace building components and make a waterproof construction.The aluminum frame is fixed to the rear glass of the module, using a proven adhesive from thestructural glazing industry.Location: GreeceConcept: in roofTechnology: amorphous-SiSize of building blocks: 1306mm x 1106mm35www.heliosphera.com
  • 29. 313.1.17 Win Win Precision Technology Co., Ltd.36With in-roof or complete roof solutions, the standard roof covering – such as tiles or corrugatedsheeting – is replaced by frameless photovoltaic modules (so-called laminates). Regardless ofwhether individual roof sections or the entire roof area is to be covered, the laminates are installedsuch thatLocation: TaiwanConcept: in-roofTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks:36www.winaico.com/en/products/laminate-in-roof/
  • 30. 3.1.18 SCX Solar37SCX Solo Roof ™ is a mounting system (patent pending) for integration of solar panels in the roof ofbuildings, greenhouses and with an angle which is between 5 and 45 degrees. The solar panels withspecial mounting profiles form a watertight roof.Location: NetherlandsConcept: in-roofTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1000mmx1500mm, 1000mmx1650mm, 1000mmx1950mm37www.scx-solar.com
  • 31. 33Pitched roofs: In-roof systems overview tableCompany Country ProductnameWeight(kg/m2)Powerdensity(Wp/m2)Height[mm]Width[mm]Solon DE Solitaire 13,2 139 1044 1783Schott Solar DE Indax 12,1 137 999 1769Scheuten Solar NL, DE Integra Vitro 15,92 140 1038 1520Conergy DE SolarDelta 12,2 148 986 1651CentroSolar DE S Class 12,6 155 831 1663MegaSol CH 12,8 151 832 1593MecoSun FR mv3 - - - -Gehrlicher Solar DE GehrTec Intra - - 600 1200Gehrlicher Solar DE GehrTec Intra - - 1000 1650RotoSunroof DE Sunroof SRP - - - -Renusol DE IntraSole CL - - - -SolarWatt DE Easy-In 13,8 140 1035 1764IRFTS FR Easy roof - - - -Schüco DE MSE-500 20 137 1256 2156Solar-Fabrik DE Incell - 145 1023 1710Aleo Solar DE Solrif 11 144 1016 1704Heliosphera GR Venus - 90 1106 1306Win Win Precision Technology TW 11,5 135 673 1498SCX Solar NL Solo Roof 1000 1650Average 13 145 916 1604
  • 32. 3.2 Pitched roofs: Small solar tiles-shingles-slates3.2.1 DOW POWERHOUSE38The DOW POWERHOUSE™ Solar Shingle system installs and protects like a typical asphalt shinglewhile offering electricity production. Installation is easy just like asphalt shingles nailed on the roof.The solar shingle consists out of flexible CIGS cells with high transmission tempered glass suitable forwind, snow and hail. The product holds all certifications for roof shingles and additionally certifiedaccording to IEC for solar modules.Location: USAConcept: Solar ShingleTechnology: flexible CIGSSize of building blocks: 579mm x 254mm38www.dowpowerhouse.com
  • 33. 353.2.2 Atlantis Energy Systems39Atlantis Energy Systems was founded in 2002 on the principle that quality construction materials andmethods should be the standard. Except the Sunslate product Atlantis is offering BITERS (BuildingIntegrated Thermal Electric Roofing System) a combination of photovoltaic and solar thermal roofelement.Location: USAConcept: solar slateTechnology: 6 x mono-SiSize of building blocks: 300mm x 400mm39www.atlantisenergy.com
  • 34. 3.2.3 Panotron Energy Systems40Panotron is a new innovative company combining solar electricity generation with solar thermal.Traditional roof tiles are mounted on the roof battens. With Panotron system the battens areinstalled in a horizontal direction by aluminum profiles. The aluminum profile introduces water-glycolmixture, thus generating solar thermal energy. Additionally the tiles have a variety of colors in orderto contribute to the aesthetic design.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: Solar TilesTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: -40www.panotron.com
  • 35. 373.2.4 SMARTROOF N.V41RenoSolPan and NeoSolPan have been made from high quality synthetic materials which arerecyclable and do not require much energy during production. The built-in channels in RenoSolPanand NeoSolPan lead to extra cooling of the photovoltaic elements, resulting in an importantefficiency and lifetime increase.Location: BelgiumConcept: Solar TilesTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 468mm x 356mm41www.smartroof.be
  • 36. 3.2.5 Solus Engineering42Solus Engineering LLC offers a variety of tiles that form the solution in clean energy generation forthe residential housing market without being aesthetically distressing. The portfolio of products is bigwith a variety of products and sizes.Location: BelgiumConcept: Solar TilesTechnology: mono-SiSize of building blocks: -Power density: 88Wp/m2Weight: 14 kg/m2Total 5,5 tiles per m2Self cooling roof tilesPDS wind lock systemsWeather resistant -40°C to +85°CUV resistant color and fire proofAvailable colours: black, brown coming soonTUV and IEC certified by TUV Rheinland Laboratories KölnBuilding material lab testedMono-Si solar cells guaranteed 20 yearsMade of recyclable material42www.solusengineering.com/en
  • 37. 393.2.6 LUMETA43Whether it is a flat or sloped roof, Lumeta has a roof integrated product that maximizes energyefficiency. Each Lumeta Solar S Tile displaces approximately three traditional concrete or clay tiles, sothe tiles designs are customized to fit exactly the dimensions of major tile manufacturers. The actualsolar laminate is a standard glass superstrate, with EVA encapsulation and TPT™ (Tedlar®/ Polyester/Tedlar®) substrate construction, and utilizes monocrystalline cell technology. The Lumeta Solar STiles are designed to be installed as the matching profiled tile roof system is being installed. Theelectrical connections are housed in grooves in the bottom side of the Tiles, hiding all connectionsfrom view. Tiles are daisy-chain connected using standard connectors, thus limiting the number ofpenetrations to one or two per solar array. The result is an integrated look that does not compromisethe aesthetics of concrete or clay profiled tile roofs.Location: USAConcept: TilesTechnology: mono-SiSize of building blocks: 968mm x 432mm43www.lumetasolar.com
  • 38. 3.2.7 Tegola fotovoltaica44Giellenergy tile is made of thermoplastic resin. The PV module is set inside the thermoplastic resinstructure and is composed of two standard 156mm EVA encapsulated mono crystalline cells, coveredwith textured and tempered low-iron high transmittance (>92%) glass. Giellenergy tile is designed tooptimize solar light exposure, as tiles are specifically shaped to prevent the chance of any shadowzone irrespectively of solar inclination.Location: ItalyConcept: TilesTechnology: mono-SiSize of building blocks: 360mm x 203mm44www.giellenergy-tile.eu
  • 39. 413.2.8 LOF Solar45LOF Solar developed the higher efficiency colored solar cells. Now, the option is no longer limited tocold blue. Spanish style fired-clay red solar tile can blend seemingly into the rooftop. The rooftop canremain warm and attractive. For re-roofing or restoration, the renaissance French-roof gray tile canmingle intimately into the traditional architectural design.Location: TaiwanConcept: solar tileTechnology: colored c-SiSize of building blocks: custom45www.lofsolar.com
  • 40. 3.2.9 SolarDachStein46The SRT is quickly and easily installed. A qualified roofer and electrician will have no difficulty tocomplete the task in a single day. The simple roof tile does not require any alteration to the existingroof structure. The SRT is unique in design and function. The embedded Photovoltaic cells (pv) giveyou the luxury of producing your own power, preserving the beauty of your home and landscape, nougly solar roof panels. STEPdesign, is in full compliance with preservation order regulations.Polymatrix is a specially designed man made material. It can be formed into most models of rooftiles. Polymatrix is manufactured from recycled plastics, but PVC free, it is light, unbreakable andnaturally weather proof. Polymatrix also comes with a 30 year guarantee.Location: ItalyConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-Si (100mm x 100mm cells)Size of building blocks: unknown46www.solardachstein.com
  • 41. 433.2.10 Star Unity47ENERGY tiles gets the electricity directly from sunlight without moving parts, totally silent andmaintenance-free. A sophisticated plug-in system allows for the flexible interconnection of theassembled bricks in the easiest way. The product obtained from the sun stream through the systemdirectly piped into the house, either through an inverter to normal 230V power supply (grid-connected system), or a charge controller to the energy-storing batteries. This concept allows you torealize the smallest, expandable system from a few watts to large systems of 3 kW and more.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: solar tileTechnology: mono-Si, amorphousSize of building blocks: 440mm x 260mm47www.starunity.ch/
  • 42. Pitched roofs: Small solar tiles-shingles-slates overview tableCompany Country Product name Weight(kg/m2)Cell effi-ciency(%)Powerdensity(Wp/m2)Height[mm]Width[mm]Dow USA PowerhouseSolar Shingle10 39 250 570Atlantis EnergySystemsUSA SunSlate RoofTile40,3 300 400Panotron EnergySystemDE Solar-F 74Smartroof B Neosolpan 16 120 468 356Smartroof B Renosolpan 17 75Solus Engineering B Roof tile 14 88LUMETA USA Solar S tile 66 432 968Tegola fotovoltaica IT Giellenergy 14,5 18,2 80 245 415LOF Solar TW True steel 65 600 1100SolarDachStein IT SRTStar Unity CH Energy tiles 9 60 260 440Average 19 74 365 607
  • 43. 453.3 Pitched roofs: Large solar tiles-shingles-slates3.3.1 Synroof48is a Dutch company that emphasizes at the aesthetic part of solar roofs. For fulfillingtheir target they have developed a BIPV module that can be connected with normal roof tiles inorder tohave a pleasant result in terms of aesthetics including 12 x mono-Si cells per tile.Location: The NetherlandsConcept: Solar tileTechnology: 12 x mono-Si per shingleSize of building blocks: 480mm x 932mm48www.synroof.nl
  • 44. 3.3.2 Romag-Fath Solar49Romag is a leading glass processor based in County Durham in the North East of England. Serving thePV market since 2004 by producing solar panels. Now they offer BIPV products presenting the “totalroof” solution. Moreover, solar panels can be designed at any dimensions giving a solution forspecific requirements. The products are certified according to IEC standards and holds a 25 yearguarantee.Location: England-GermanyConcept: solar tile -shingleTechnology: 12 x poly-Si + 32 x poly-SiSize of building blocks: 375mmx 1036mm + 692mm x 1352mm49www.romag.co.uk
  • 45. 473.3.3 Solar Century50C21 solar electric roof tiles, plain tiles and roof slates are fully integrated photovoltaic roofingproducts, designed for new buildings and re-roofing projects. C21e are designed as constructionproducts in their own right and have undergone the same wind, fire and weather testing as theroofing products they replace. Solarcentury has designed a range of pre-engineered systems readyfor installation, including all of the on roof and electrical components a roofer will need. Solarcenturyhas been awarded a Queens Award for Enterprise for excellence in innovation for its ‘C21e solarelectric roof tile and slate’. Solar Century provides 2 solutions including solar tiles and solar slates.Solar slates are compatible with natural slates across a wide range of standard sizes.Location: EnglandConcept: Solar Tile+SlateTechnology: 18 x mono-Si +18 x mono-SiSize of building blocks: 1220mm x 420mm + 1210mm x 445mm50www.solarcentury.co.uk
  • 46. 3.3.4 SunPower51The SunTile constists out of 22 back contact high efficient solar cells with optimal placement toreduce shading losses. Suntiles blend seamlessly into roofs while generating clean energy. TheSuntile has all necessary certifications and withstands up to 110 miles per hour winds.Location: USAConcept: ShingleTechnology: 22 x mono-Si back contactSize of building blocks: 1449mm x 432mm51us.sunpowercorp.com
  • 47. 493.3.5 Sharp52High-power module (62W) using 155mm square poly-crystal silicon solar cells. These solar roofshingles are quick and easy to integrate into the roof in the same manner as common, flat concretetilesNo additional framing materials or extra roof penetrations are required because the module bracketsscrew to the existing roof battens. Compatible with most roof tiles used in new residentialconstruction, like Eagle and Monier, each solar roof module replaces five concrete tiles. Sharp’sadvanced surface texturing process increases light absorption and efficiency while providing a moresubdued, “natural” look. Non-reflective white tempered glass, EVA resin, weatherproof film andblack double-anodized aluminum frame for extended outdoor use Sharp modules are manufacturedin ISO 9001 certified facilities 25-year limited warranty on power output.Location: JapanConcept: ShingleTechnology: 18 x poly-SiSize of building blocks: 1499mm x 396mm52www.sharp-solar.com/en
  • 48. 3.3.6 Monier53Each PV Tile has been engineered to integrate perfectly with Redland’s most popular tiles for thehouse building market – Cambrian Slate, DuoPlain, Mini Stonewold and MockBond Mini Stonewold,Grovebury and Landmark Double Pantile, 50 Double Roman and Landmark Double Roman – makingRedland the first company in the UK to offer a fully-integrated PV solution for slate, plain tile andprofile appearance roofs.Location: EnglandConcept: TilesTechnology: mono-SiSize of building blocks: 1827mm-1985mm x 301mm-472mm53www.monier.com/sustainability/economic-responsibility
  • 49. 513.3.7 PowerSlates LLC54The module is extremely easy to install in the place of normal tiles, guaranteeing a cascadeinstallation with waterproofing of the roof even without the use of sheathing, provided that channelsare installed to collect and evacuate rainwater to the eaves. The rails with brackets are insertedbetween also make it extremely easy to install the tiles by simply applying them on the existinginfrastructure. The use of a thin 3 mm ceramic back sheet and an encapsulate 5 times harder and 100times more resistant than those normally used (EVA, PVB) guarantees unparalleled durability andreliability. (LAMINAM tech)Location: USAConcept: slatesTechnology: mono-SiSize of building blocks: 1010mm x 755mm54www.powerslates.com
  • 50. 3.3.8 Systaic Solar55This is an internationally innovation compatible with all types of cell technology. These square unitswith their light, long lasting polyurethane frames, are interlocked depending on the roof surface,without the need for cables, and make up the SYSTAIC energy field on the roof. This active energycomponent with integrated, transformer-free inverters can achieve a significantly improved energyyield compared to conventional products.Location: GermanyConcept: solar slatesTechnology: multiple cell technologiesSize of building blocks: 1045mm x 1045mm55Insolvency proceedings opened on 01-03-2011
  • 51. 533.3.8 Rheinzink56The QUICK STEP-Solar PV system has succeeded in integrating ecological solar energy production andmodern roofing architecture. Solar modules are adhered directly onto individual QUICK STEP panelsusing a transparent high tech adhesive. The production of these solar panels is thus realized usingprogressive technology. The result is a durable flexible connection of RHEINZINK® and glass, whichmeets the specific requirements pertaining to light penetration, weather and aging resistanceperfectly. When subjected to moist or dry conditions, cold or extreme heat – the adhesive stripmaintains its performance. Durable ageing-resistance was established in extensive lab tests as well asin the field.Location: GermanyConcept: Tiles, flat roofs and façadesTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 2000mm x 365mmDimensions: 2000 mm x 365 mmWeight: 19.10 kgModule area: 0.73 m2Module output: 68 Wp ± 10 %Operating voltage: VMPP = ca. 14.20 VOperating current: IMPP = ca. 4.80 AOpen circuit voltage: VOC = 17.10 VShort circuit current: ISC = 5.12 AConnection: MC- box, 600 mmwire included56www.rheinzink.com/en/no_cache/products/roof-systems/solar-systems/
  • 52. 3.3.10 Saint Gobain Solar57SunLap is the proposition of SG Solar in the BIPV sector. It has been characterized for its aestheticdesign with unframed module and good performance up to 145W/m2. Installation is easy likeconventional roof tiles. With special provided hooks the SunLap can be installed easy directly on theroof battens offering water tightness and electric power generation. Water tightness is guaranteedbecause of the 12cm overlap of the solar tiles providing also ventilation for ultimate performance.The SunLap is available in mono and multi-Si modules and two sizes.Location: FranceConcept: Tiles,Technology: mc-Si, mono-SiSize of building blocks: 962mm x 1296mm, 980mm x 1120mm57www.saint-gobain-solar.com/eng
  • 53. 553.3.10 Helvetic Energy58Aldo+Voltaic is a solar module for roof integration. Can be combined with the Aldo+ solar thermalmodule and provide solar heat and solar electricity. Waterproof ness is guaranteed because of theedge sealing and the special adhesive technology used.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: TilesTechnology: mono-SiSize of building blocks: 2250mm x 1098mm58www.helvetic-energy.ch
  • 54. 3.3.11 New Roof Hybrid59NewRoof Hybrid is installed instead of traditional tiles with the same installation technique andwithout modifying and altering the structure of the roof, while keeping the visual impact at aminimum and the respect for architectural design at a maximum. The connecting material for thetiles is an aluminum cover painted and laminated in ductile and eco-compatible alu. Alternatively theconnecting material for the tiles in resin painted with the same geometric pattern of the tiles,different or specific for the various types of tiles. Different colors are available for all the tiles inconcrete and clay.Location: ItalyConcept: tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 500mm x 2000mmPhotovoltaic laminate with 4mm glass, black or brown backsheetThermal insulation with 10mm thick NANOtech material70 wp photovoltaic cell + 10% performance, thanks to thermoregulationThermal: 0,2 Kwr – 0,4 KwtQuick clutch brass collectors with special VITON gaskets5" monocrystalline cells0,5 mt MCT4 connectorsAluminium absorber with selective coatingLaser welded to a 10 mm copper pipeSolar captation surface: 0,50 m2Occupied surface: from 0,60 m2 to 0,74 m2Dimensions: 0,5 X 2,00 x 0,28 mt (overlap: 100-170 mm)stagnation temperature: 200°C.59www.newroof-hybrid.com
  • 55. 573.3.12 Eternit Solar60The Integral Plan photovoltaics modules have been specifically tuned for the Eternit Integral Planroof system. The exact adjustment to the grid pattern of the roof panels provides an aestheticsolution and reducing the number of interfaces and transitions. The modules are integrated into theroof into a landscape and they have uniform appearance. The modules are frameless, black color andthey prevent the accumulation of dirt on the edges. Special tempered glass of 6mm is used.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 2500mm x 1200mm60www.eternit.ch/produkte-loesungen/solar
  • 56. 3.3.13 Swiss Solar Systems AG61MegaSlate® Plus Energy solar roof system can cover either the entire roof area or be partiallyintegrated, replacing traditional roof slates. It is TÜV-certified and tested for durability against windsnow and hail, providing optimum protection against the weather. The frameless MegaSlate®elements are laid like conventional roof tiles. They are supplied with a sub-structure consisting ofdrainage profiles (GRP profiles) and three hooks for each element. The elements are arrangedvertically and overlapping, whereby the GRP profiles act both as support rails for the MegaSlate®elements and as water drainage channels. 5mm tempered glass.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1300mm x 875mm61www.3-s.ch/en
  • 57. 593.3.15 Solstis62The Solstis photovoltaic tile −is suitable for a wide variety of pitched roofs, whether for an applica^onin a single-family house or an industrial building. Mounting the panels is quick and easy. Based on theprinciple of laying tiles, the profiled sections interlock horizontally. They are held together by metalbrackets attached to the roof battens. Using this mounting configuration, each panel can beindividually removed and replaced. The shape of the profiled sections also helps snow to slide off andrainwater to flow off quickly.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1337-1583mm x 792-991mm62www.solstis.ch
  • 58. 3.3.16 System Photonics63Replaces or becomes a part of traditional roof coverings, while maintaining and improving theirinsulation and protective properties. Photovoltaic tiles, size 1000 x750 mm, power 95Wp. Suitablefor cascade tiling, these units ensure complete vertical waterproofing. They can be installed easily ona wooden frame or on concrete beams with or without protective sheathing, and in ordinaryconditions they do not require additional bolts or fastening devices. Available with back-sheets in avariety of colors, they can be combined with plain tiles of the same color, size and material.Location: ItalyConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1000mm x 750mm63www.system-photonics.com
  • 59. 613.3.17 Tenesol64Tenesol offers a wide range of structures to meet the requirements of any of your projects forelectrical grid connection. Tenesol’s structures range is adapted to your buildings: industrial sites,farm buildings, individual housing, architectural work, etc., our structures will meet the architecturalobjectives of your projects. Tenesol’s structures are reliable, durable and tough; they are guaranteedfor 10 years, and hardly tested.Location: FranceConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1510mm x 700mm64www.tenesol.com
  • 60. 3.3.18 Stafier BV65Stafier Solar Systems has been involved in the development, applications and production of building-integrated Photovoltaic panels since 2001. Mounting of the modules is made directly onto the roofbattens without modifying the roof. The products from Stafier hold a TUV BIPV certificate and theyhave been tested for mechanical durability and stability.Location: NetherlandsConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1780mm x 335mm65www.stafiersolar.com
  • 61. 633.3.19 Suntechnics AG66The SUNJOULE Panel is composed of a special glass surface. The cells are grouped under this glasstile. Behind comes the cell-wiring and as last follows a tedlar-film as concluding protection. Thesefour shifts are being fused in a so-called laminator under both high pressure and high temperatures.The module has 18 cells and provides 45 Wp. Not the whole glass surface is equipped with cells butonly the part that remains visible after a scaled and overlapping arrangement of the modules on theroof.Location: SwitzerlandConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-Si (125mm x 125mm cells)Size of building blocks: 1218mm x 420 mm66www.suntechnics.com/com/solutions_3st.htm
  • 62. 3.3.20 Soltecture67With its Pallium roof-integrated system, Soltecture offers the perfect combination of aesthetics andefficiency. The roof-integrated solar solution enhances the building as its homogenous black glasssurface and black frames meet the most demanding architectural demands. The integrated roofsystem is based on Soltecture’s thin-film modules provide maximum efficiency thanks to the CIGSeabsorbers. Unobstructed drainage and smooth cover glass ensures excellent self-cleaning andminimizes system losses.Location: GermanyConcept: solar tileTechnology:Size of building blocks: 1302mm x 681mm67www.soltecture.com
  • 63. 653.3.21 Creaton68The system fits perfectly with the design of the roofing. The aluminium frame is fitted to the coveringgrid of the respective burnt-clay roofing tiles and thus allows for a visually appealing overallimpression. The ventilation layer integrated in the CREATON system draws the heat accumulation offvia the sub-roof structure. The individual modules are mounted on the roof battening by means ofsuspension lugs and fastened at the top using screws manufactured of stainless steel. Simple plug-type connections allow for a quick and safe cabling.Location: GermanyConcept: solar tileTechnology: mono-SiSize of building blocks: 335mm x 1778mm68www.creaton.de
  • 64. 3.3.22 Solarday 69The MegaSlate® solar elements are of a standardized size. If required, customized elements can beproduced to suit shape and size of any roof. MegaSlate® solar roof system can cover either the entireroof area or can be partially integrated, replacing traditional roof tiles. The product has been tested fordurability against wind, snow and hail, providing optimum protection against the weather.Location: ItalyConcept: solar slateTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 875mm x 1300mm69www.solarday.it
  • 65. 673.3.23 Solaire70The photovoltaic tiles are attached to the underlying load-bearing structure using specially designedwatertight fixings. The tiles’ mutual overlapping and elastic suspension prevents the roof beingaffected by the longitudinal, lateral, transversal and vibratory movements of the framework. On theedge of the roof, dummies (edging tiles) are used to ensure a clean finish to the roof.Location: FranceConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 870mm x 870mm70www.solaire.fr
  • 66. 3.3.24 BIPV Inc71Sun Energy Tiles are designed to install in much the same way as concrete tile roofing, saving timeand money. Sun Energy Tiles use high-efficiency poly-crystalline solar cells to deliver more watts persquare foot than regular roof mounted solar panels and BIPV products based on thin-film solartechnology.Location: USAConcept: solar tileTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1194mm x 432mm71www.bipvinc.com
  • 67. 693.3.25 Solarion72Solarion strives for technological leadership in the industrial production of CIGS thin-film solar cellson flexible substrates. Now Solarion introduces the Metal Roof Shingle. This shingle is directlylaminated onto colored aluminum and it is unbreakable and light weight. The product will becommercially available on the second half of 2013.Location: GermanyConcept: solar shingleTechnology: CIGSSize of building blocks: 1300mm x 630mm72www.solarion.net
  • 68. Pitched roofs: Large solar tiles-shingles-slates overview tableCompany Country Product name Weight(kg/m2)Cellefficiency(%)Powerdensity(Wp/m2)Height[mm]Width[mm]BIPV inc USA Sun Energy Tile 12 104 430 1200Creaton DE Solecia 15 123 335 1778Eternit Solar CH Integral Plan 14 116 1200 2500Helvetic Energy CH Voltaic 120 1098 2250Monier UK DuoPlain 21,8 17 120 301 1973Monier UK Double Roman 18,6 17 146 473 1827Monier UK Grovebury 18,6 17 146 472 1827Monier UK Mini Stonewold 16,8 17 137 469 1940Monier UK Cambrian 16,4 17 90 362 1985New RooF Hybrid IT PV laminate 70 500 2000PowerSlates USA Powerslates roof collection 135 755 1010Rheinzink DE quick step 30 97 365 2000Romag UK Powerglaz 123 375 1036Romag UK Powerglaz 128 375 1510Romag UK Powerglaz 136 692 1352Saint Gobain Solar FR Sunlap SLP150 120 962 1296Saint Gobain Solar FR Sunlap SLM142 118 990 1220Sharp Japan ND62RU1F 13,9 115 396 1499Solar Century UK C21e Slate 13,9 17,7 131 445 1210Solar Century UK C21e Tile 19,7 17,7 124 420 1220Solarday IT 139 875 1300Solaire FR Suntile 19,5 125 870 870Solarion DE Metal Roof Shingle 4 83 630 1300Solstis CH Oryon 13 144 991 1337Solstis CH Oryon noir 12,8 180 792 1583Soltecture DE Pallium 16,3 112 681 1302Stafier NL solar tile 17,8 150 335 1780Sunpower USA SunTile 25,2 22 110 425 1475Suntechnics CH SunJoule 90 420 1218Swiss Solar Systems CH MegaSlate 15 140 875 1300Synroof NL Kingston W23 solarpan 23,3 19 100 480 932Systaic Solar DE 127 1045 1045System Photonics IT PV tile 16 118 750 1000Tenesol FR 14 137 700 1510Average 17 122 626 1488
  • 69. 713.4. Skylights and semi-transparent roof systems3.4.1 Canadian Solar73BIPV modules use double sided low iron tempered glass with solar cells laminated in between. BIPVmodules are ideal for roofs, skylights and/or façades. Based on a glass-glass concept the laminate canhost multi or mono-Si solar cells. 5 or 6 inches cells can be used with various densities according tothe transparence needed.Location: Canada, ChinaConcept: glass-glassTechnology: mc-Si, mono-Si (5 or 6 inches cells)Size of building blocks: 100mm x 100mm – 2000mm x 3000mm73www.canadian-solar.com/
  • 70. 3.4.2 ET SOLAR74BIPV modules which can be installed on a wide variety of building structures including roofs,skylights, façades, shade, etc. BIPV modules can be integrated to new buildings and retrofitted ontoexisting buildings. While the equipment and installation cost of BIPV products are now largelycomparable to the cost of the traditional building materials, their ability to power the building makescompelling economic sense. A module with transparent backsheet material and a glass-glass modulecomplete the portfolio of ET Solar.Location: ChinaConcept: transparent back sheet laminate, glass-glassTechnology: mc-Si, mono-Si (5 or 6 inches cells)Size of building blocks:Transmission rate 20%74www.etsolar.com/
  • 71. 733.4.3 Shenzhen Golden Glass BIPV Technologies Limited75PVB encapsulated double glazed BIPV modules for various building integrations. Custom is the keyword for Shenzhen. Color, shape, size, thickness are all customizable in order to fulfill all the buildingrequirements such as: roofs, façades, shading.Location: ChinaConcept: glass-glass,Technology: mc-Si, mono-Si (5 or 6 inches cells), many colors, opaque amorphous SiSize of building blocks: 300mm x 300mm – 2300mm x 3600mm75solar.golden-glass.com
  • 72. 3.4.4 Scheuten Solar76Multisol® Vitro is the first crystalline glass-glass product for a broad range of applications. Themodule offers outstanding wind and snow loads and an excellent fire tolerance. Improved functionaland aesthetical PV solutions: roof-applied, roof-integrated and façade-integrated.Location: Germany - NetherlandsConcept: glass-glass laminateTechnology: multi-SiSize of building blocks: 1647mm x 998mm76www.scheuten.nl
  • 73. 753.4.5 Tenesol77Optimization of light transmittance by modifying the number of cells in the module and choice ofdimensions of the modules for variety of BIPV applications with the TE Lumix Design. Large choice ofglass type and thickness, Heat-Soaked Tempered glasses for safety (HST), Modules designed tocomply with shock resistance requirements (1200 Joules test). Optimization of energy balance ofbuildings allowing to meet the RT2012 objectives.Location: FranceConcept: glass-glass laminateTechnology: multi-SiSize of building blocks: custom77www.tenesol.com
  • 74. 3.4.6 Siliken78Cell composition from 40 to 60 cells. Multicrystalline and monocrystalline modules, with powersranging from 150 Wp to 260 Wp.Location: SpainConcept: glass-glass laminateTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1634mm x 984mm78www.siliken.com
  • 75. 773.4.7 Kinmacsolar79Glass/glass modules with high production standards for skylight applications. Cell spacing can becustomized according to clients.Location: TaiwanConcept: glass-glass laminateTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 1634mm x 984mm79www.kinmacsolar.com/product-bipv.php
  • 76. 3.4.8 Mage Sunovation80Mage Sunovation introduces 2 new modules for architectural integration. These modules are offeredas glass|glass (eFORM Crystal) or as glass|plastic modules (eFORM Hybrid). Both types imply theembedding of the cells into a permanently elastic multicomponent layer. Contrary to the laminatedglass modules commonly seen in the market, which are rigidly laminated, the layers of the eFORMmodules are flexibly connected to each other in a cold filling process (Si gel). This does not only saveenergy for warming up the glass, but also enables much more varieties with regard to cell coverageand module geometry. The technology has been piloted in a soccer stadium in Bremen.Location: GermanyConcept: skylightTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 3500mm x 940mm80www.mage-sunovation.de
  • 77. 79Chapter 4: Products for flat and curved roofs4.1 UniSolar81UNI-SOLAR®is the world’s largest producer of flexible solar panels. And, thanks to the combinedtechnological know-how of UNI-SOLAR and parent company. The solar cells are made of 11 triplejunction amorphous silicon solar cells connected in series and have 11–13% in conversion efficiency.The laminate encapsulation material is durable ETFE high light-transmissive polymer.Location: USAConcept: ShingleTechnology: triple junction amorphous SiliconSize of building blocks: -81On February 14, 2012 Energy Conversion Devices, Inc. and its subsidiaries, United Solar Ovonic LLC and SolarIntegrated Technologies, Inc. filed for bankruptcy in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Eastern District ofMichigan
  • 78. 4.2 Rheinzink82The QUICK STEP-Solar PV system has succeeded in integrating ecological solar energy production andmodern roofing architecture. Solar modules are adhered directly onto individual QUICK STEP panelsusing a transparent high tech adhesive. The production of these solar panels is thus realized usingprogressive technology. The result is a durable flexible connection of RHEINZINK® and glass, whichmeets the specific requirements pertaining to light penetration, weather and aging resistanceperfectly. When subjected to moist or dry conditions, cold or extreme heat – the adhesive stripmaintains its performance. Durable ageing-resistance was established in extensive lab tests as well asin the field.Location: GermanyConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: triple junction amorphous SiliconSize of building blocks: 2848mm x 394mm„Click Roll Cap System“Cell type Triple Junction solar cellsmade of thin-film siliconPV-module 394 mm x 2848 mmNominal output 68 Wp ± 5 %Operating voltage VMPP 16.5 VNominal current IMPP 4.13 ANo-load voltage VOC 23.10 VShort circuit current ISC 5.10 ACertificate IEC 61646 (CEC 701)Protection class 2 (TÜV Rheinland)Connection MC-box, including800 mm cable82www.rheinzink.com/en/no_cache/products/roof-systems/solar-systems/
  • 79. 814.3 Alwitra83A system of technically and technologically integrated product groups, which have proventhemselves in practice, for multifunctional roofing solutions including all flashings, capping and roofpenetration details, which ensures permanent and reliable resistance to all impacts and loads on theroof sealing and serves for direct conversion of solar energy into electric power. The system ensuresreliable and quick laying, application and installation by the roofer and the electrician. It providesmaximum freedom of design for new build and refurbishment works and is extraordinary durableand economical.Location: GermanyConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: triple junction amorphous SiliconSize of building blocks: 2848mm x 394mm83worldwide.alwitra.de
  • 80. 4.4 SoloPower84Copper Indium Gallium di Selenide (CIGS) semiconductor material is deposited on a flexible stainlesssteel substrate and encapsulated in a state-of-the-art moisture barrier laminate. The SF1 module iseasily configured for multiple adhesive applications, enabling rapid installation and low-cost systemintegration with a wide variety of metal substrates.Location: GermanyConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: CIGSSize of building blocks: 398mm x 2197mm84solopower.com
  • 81. 834.5 Global Solar85Global Solar’s high efficiency CIGS solar modules are designed for rooftops. The flexible module fitsall roof shapes, is lightweight, and requires no roof perforations or mounting hardware.Location: USAConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: CIGSSize of building blocks: 492mm x 5745mm85www.globalsolar.com
  • 82. 4.6 Ascent Solar86Ascent Solar WaveSol™ Light provides a new way to integrate lightweight, flexible solar modules intobuilding materials to achieve cost-effective, high-performance solar power. WaveSol™ Light modulesdeliver the highest power density available on thin-film plastic substrates. WaveSol™ Lightmodules laminate onto roofing, shading and building surfaces to decrease energy costs and provide aclean, renewable source of energy.Location: USAConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: CIGSSize of building blocks: -86www.ascentsolar.com
  • 83. 854.7 Xunlight87Xunlight’s offers a line of lightweight and mechanically flexible photovoltaic modules. The productsare specifically designed for rooftop installations. Xunlight currently offers four widths of products,the XR (for TPO and EPDM membrane roofs), XRS (for 24″ standing seam roofs), XRU (for 16″standing seam roofs) and XRN series (for 12″ standing seam roofs). These products all use thebandgap-tuned triple-junction thin-film silicon solar cells, manufactured by Xunlight at its Toledo,Ohio, USA factory.Location: USAConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: triple junction thin film siliconSize of building blocks: various sizes87www.xunlight.com
  • 84. 4.8 Kalzip88Kalzip AluPlusSolar sheets provide a lightweight and fully roof-integrated renewable powergeneration source. The system utilises a robust yet flexible triple-junction amorphous thin-filmphotovoltaic (PV) laminate that is factory-bonded directly onto the Kalzip aluminium standing seamsheet’s outer surface thereby blending unobtrusively into the roof profile and becoming a creativefeature. Sheets can be straight, concave curved or convex curved which allows for a wide variety ofroof designs to be achievedLocation: GermanyConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: triple junction thin film silicon (unisolar)Size of building blocks: various sizes88www.kalzip.com/kalzip/us/products
  • 85. 874.9 HyET Solar89HyEt Solar has developed a unique process for the production of flexible silicon thin film solar cellsbased on a roll to roll process. Flexible, light-weight and unbreakable is ideal for integration at thebuilding envelope as a roofing or façade element.Location: The NetherlandsConcept: flexible laminateTechnology: tandem thin film siliconSize of building blocks: 5930mm x 325mm89www.hyetsolar.eu
  • 86. 89Chapter 5: Products for Façades5.1 Façade cladding systems5.1.1 Solar Century90Cladding a building in solar creates a high-tech aesthetic, and can be cheaper than other prestigecladding materials such as marble or bronze. Solarcentury have developed effective solutions forcable management and panel mounting which work with typical façade systems. Quick installation –off-site assembly and pre-fabrication of cladding elements can deliver rapid installation times.Location: EnglandConcept: façade claddingTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: various sizes90www.solarcentury.co.uk
  • 87. 5.1.2 Soltecture91The design of the production hall reinterprets the conventional »industrial façade« for use with solarmodules. Solar elements integrated in the horizontally laid corrugated sheet cladding on the exterioroffer a double function, providing not just energy but also an attractive visual feature. The number ofsolar elements can be changed as required in accordance with the orientation.Location: GermanyConcept: façade claddingTechnology: CISSize of building blocks: various sizes91www.soltecture.com
  • 88. 915.1.3 Ruuki92Liberta Solar panel is standard size and part of the Ruukki Design Palette architectural claddingsfamily, allowing for greater flexibility in design options when completing façade colours for the entirebuilding. To achieve a unified glass façade, Liberta Glass panels provide a visually consistent, free-sized complementary solution for corners and openings.Location: FinlandConcept: façade claddingTechnology: CIGSSize of building blocks: 638mm x 1198mm92www.ruukki.com/News-and-events/News-archive/2011
  • 89. 5.1.4 Schüco93Schüco offers a variety of systems (FW 50+S) , which allow even the most innovative façade conceptsto be realized supremely well architecturally: from window façades with a perfect appearance toimpressive structural glazing and high-tech synergy façades.Location: GermanyConcept: façade claddingTechnology: a-SiSize of building blocks: 1120mm x 1131mm93www.schueco.com/web/us/commercial/fenster_tueren_und_fassaden/products/facades
  • 90. 935.1.5 Ertex Solar94Ertex solar offers cladding facades and many other BIPV solutions designed for architects that wantto include energy generation at the building envelope.Location: AustriaConcept: façade claddingTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: 2000mm x 1000mm (max size)94www.ertex-solar.at
  • 91. 5.1.6 Bisem95The BISEM-Wall is a flexible aluminum chassis that will also seamlessly incorporate electrochromicglass and super high R-Value glass. The system can be easily installed by any qualified glazier. It hasbeen developed with German performance standards and with USA building standards. The systemutilizes micro-inverter technology.Location: USAConcept: façade claddingTechnology: c-Si, amorphous-SiSize of building blocks: -95www.bisem-usa.com
  • 92. 955.1.7 MGT-esys96MGT has developed a cladding façade with an invisible mounting system. In cooperation with thecustomized glass solar modules an aesthetic result can be achieved. With this type of fastening, amechanical anchoring of the glass elements is ensured with no external supports. By combiningvarious color films, almost infinite number of colors can be realized in combination with photovoltaic.Size and shape of the modules are individually adapted to the local conditions.Location: AustriaConcept: cladding facadeTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom96http://www.mgt-esys.at/
  • 93. 5.2 Semi-transparent Façade systems5.2.1 Schott Solar97The semi-transparent ASI®THRU, ASI OPAK modules are known for their light intensity and areavailable as laminated safety glass or insulating glass elements. This opens up a multitude offunctionalities and offers all of the structural-physical advantages of conventional glass façades. ASI®BIPV elements can be installed using a variety of different mullion-transom constructions to formwall claddings.Location: GermanyConcept: semi-transparent façadeTechnology: a-SiSize of building blocks: 1120mm x 1131mm97www.schott.com/solar/english
  • 94. 975.2.2 SolarNova98Glass-glass solar modules can be made with insulation glazing for integration in glass façades or roofareas over heated rooms. Here, the insulation glass solar module even takes on structural, acoustic,thermal and weather proof functions. Solutions with the triple insulation glass structure comply withthe German passive house standards.Location: GermanyConcept: semi-transparent façadeTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom98www.solarnova.de
  • 95. 5.2.3 Yohkon Energia99High-performance photovoltaic modules YE6140M GG, based on monocrystalline cells andspecifically designed for building integration photovoltaics (BIPV) such as façades, porches,greenhouses, rooftops, etc.Location: SpainConcept: semi-transparent façadeTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom99www.yokhon.com
  • 96. 995.2.4 SunTech100The standard glass laminate, measuring 980mm x 950mm comes in 1%, 5% or 10% transparency and10.5mm or 13.5mm thickness. A variety of custom sizing options are also available and the unit canbe fabricated into insulating glass units when a lower U-value is desired.Location: ChinaConcept: semi-transparent façadeTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom100www.suntech.com
  • 97. 5.2.5 Naps Systems101The GG laminates may include an insulationg window unit with almost any type of glass package inthe inner side, like a safety laminate or bullet proof glass. The laminates offer the possibility oftailoring the light transmission to a desired level by adjusting the gaps between the solar cells.Location: FinlandConcept: semi-transparent façadeTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom101www.napssystems.com
  • 98. 1015.2.6 Smile Solar102See through amorphous Silicon modules specially designed for transparent façades. Transparencycan be customized according to customer´s needs.Location: TaiwanConcept: semi-transparent façadeTechnology: amorphous-SiSize of building blocks: custom102www.smilesolar.com.tw/english
  • 99. 5.3 Louver Systems5.3.1 Miso Design103BIPV Louver systems are the excellent shading system for buildings by offering shading and at thesame time renewable energy thus having a double role in the building envelope.Location: EnglandConcept: Louver systemsTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom103www.miso-ss.com
  • 100. 1035.3.2 Colt International104Colt Shadovoltaic is a fixed or controllable external glazed solar shading system that may be installedeither vertically or horizontally in front of the façade. Photovoltaic cells are integrated into the glassso as to generate electricity.Location: EnglandConcept: Louver systemsTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom104www.coltinfo.co.uk
  • 101. 5.3.3 NACO105NACO is a manufacturer of jalousie and louver systems based on glass, aluminum, wood and PVC.NACO supplied a system with integrated Photovoltaic cells for a building of ECN Petten.Location: ItalyConcept: Louver systemsTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom105www.naco.it
  • 102. 1055.3.4 Solarnova106Moving slat systems are used for sunshading and to support daylight illumination. The shadingsystems with photovoltaic slats are designed to track the course of the sun and are a top quality,multifunctional type of solar integration. The fully variable tracking system permits all-day glare-freeshading with optimum daylight yield and high solar power generation. Solarnova realized inMühlenscharrn a PV sunshade system with automatic position tracking. .Location: GermanyConcept: Louver systemsTechnology: c-SiSize of building blocks: custom106www.solarnova.de
  • 103. 107COMPANY INDEXCompany pageAlantis Energy Systems 35Aleo Solar 29Alwitra 81Ascent Solar 84BIPV Inc 68Bisem 94Canadian Solar 71CentroSolar 19Colt International 103Conergy 18Creaton 65Dow Powerhouse 34Ertex Solar 93ET Solar 72Eternit Solar 57Gehrlicher Solar 22Global Solar 83Heliosphera 30Helvetic Energy 55Hyet Solar 87IRFTS 26Kalzip 86Kinmac Solar 77LOF Solar 41LUMETA 39Mage Sunovations 78Mecosun 21Megasol 20MGT-esys 95Miso Design 102Monier 50NACO 104Naps Systems 100New Roof Hybrid 56Panotron EnrgySystems36PowerSlates 51Renusol 23Rheinzink 53, 80Romag 46Roto Roof 24Company pageRuuki 91Saint Gobain 54Scheuten 17, 74Schott 16, 96Schüco 27, 92SCX Solar 32Sharp 49Shenzhen Golden Glass 73Siliken 76Smartroof 37Smile Solar 101Solaire 67Solar Fabrik 28Solarcentury 47, 89SolarDachStein 42Solarday 66Solarion 69SolarNova 97, 105SolarWatt 25Solon 15SoloPower 82Solstis 59Soltecture 64, 90Solus Engineering 38Stafier Solar 62Star Unity 43SunPower 48SunTech 99SunTechnics 63Swiss Solar Systems 58Synroof 45Systaic Solar 52Systems Photonics 60Tegola Fotovoltaika 40Tenesol 61, 75UniSolar 79Win Win precision 31Xunlight 85Yokhon Energia 98
  • 104. Disclaimer:The materials comprising this SEAC report are provided by SEAC as a service on an "as-is, as-available" basis for informational purposes only. SEAC assumes no responsibility for any errors oromissions in these materials. SEAC makes no commitment to update the information containedherein. SEAC accepts no liability for the content of this report, or for the consequences of any actionstaken on the basis of the information provided. The materials contained within this report arebelieved to be in the public domain. This report is not intended as a copyright infringement on any ofthe materials used. If you believe that any material found in the report has been used in a mannerthat constitutes infringement of your copyright, please contact folkerts@seac.cc. The reproduction ofthe complete SEAC BIPV Report by any means is prohibited.

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