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Forward to Basics by Willem Jan Snel - Mecanoo

Forward to Basics: cycling and cargobikes can fundamentally change the face of a city and can contribute to making it a better place for people. #ICBF2015 International Cargo Bike Festival #Nijmegen

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forward to basics
willem jan snel
mobility space is an important topic in
architecture and urban planning
Justus van Effenblok Rotterdam
Social Housing, 1922
architect Michiel Brinkman
city blocks as networks
space for the dairyman
development of a new set of instruments. The current world belongs to a different kind
of person with a different kind of mind. It demands new solutions in mobility towards
sharpening its effectiveness and in the preparation of societies to participate in an
increasingly diverse world, in which flexibility is becoming a pre-eminent skill.
The extensive experience Mecanoo gained over more than 30 years results in designs
and strategies that are realized with technical expertise and great attention to detail.
The broad spectrum of Mecanoo’s projects allows the office to be creative and
innovative in the search for new solutions, approaching each design problem with new
vigour and enthusiasm..
Pink, D., the conceptual age, 1995
1800 1900 2100
2007: credit crunch
Conceptual age
Information Age
Industrial Age
Agriculture Age
2000
1902 - 1922
planning a healthy city
introducing housing law
social housing projects rotterdam
good basics for daily live

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Forward to Basics by Willem Jan Snel - Mecanoo

  • 2. mobility space is an important topic in architecture and urban planning
  • 3. Justus van Effenblok Rotterdam Social Housing, 1922 architect Michiel Brinkman
  • 4. city blocks as networks
  • 5. space for the dairyman
  • 6. development of a new set of instruments. The current world belongs to a different kind of person with a different kind of mind. It demands new solutions in mobility towards sharpening its effectiveness and in the preparation of societies to participate in an increasingly diverse world, in which flexibility is becoming a pre-eminent skill. The extensive experience Mecanoo gained over more than 30 years results in designs and strategies that are realized with technical expertise and great attention to detail. The broad spectrum of Mecanoo’s projects allows the office to be creative and innovative in the search for new solutions, approaching each design problem with new vigour and enthusiasm.. Pink, D., the conceptual age, 1995 1800 1900 2100 2007: credit crunch Conceptual age Information Age Industrial Age Agriculture Age 2000 1902 - 1922 planning a healthy city introducing housing law social housing projects rotterdam good basics for daily live
  • 7. mecanoo mobility 7 The managed city The managed city is the old urban structure that is still present, but had become hidden from view by traffic signs, parking prevention bollards, shop displays, bike racks, rubbish containers, glass containers, advertising signs and terraces. One of the important means to recover the image of the city is to formulate rules, for example concerning pavement. In mean time the city is covered with over three million sand yellow clinkers and lines of old, glimmering granite boulders and smooth, blue cindered scoria bricks. As a result the city looks more homogeneous. mecanoo, early years groningen
  • 8. The characteristic city The characteristic city is the city of the postcards. It is the city of the places that stick in the memory of residents and visitors: the Grote Markt, the Vismarkt, the ring of canals. These locations have to be emphasised in defining the public space of the city.
  • 9. The hidden city The hidden city exists of the courtyards and gardens that hide from sight in the urban structure of the controlled city. They lead an introverted, ‘quiet’ life, far from the bustle and constantly changing image of the city. Little has changed in the Hidden City in the course of centuries. There is no reason at all to change any of it at the moment.
  • 10. The expressive city The expressive city indicates those rare points where an exuberant, trendy design of the public space is in place. This is where the city radiates its vitality and élan. The sites have often been bottlenecks in the city for years. An example is the gradually ascending terrace in the middle of the Poelestraat. For this terrace an attractive, steel pergola has been designed. It refers to the old city gate that used to be in this spot.
  • 11. be put into words.2 The book describes twenty projects. Ten statements – on thin, fragile Japanese paper – encapsulate the views upon which I base this proposition. Or to put it a better way, perhaps, they clarify what I am seeking. The fifth statement is on the aesthetics of mobility. The twentieth project describes ‘A room with a view’. I will attempt to explain why the architect of the Library and the Master Plan of the Technical University of Delft is introducing a subject like the aesthetics of mobility. CORRIDOR ROUTE visioning on mobility as a whole: a room with a view
  • 12. The art of integral engineering and the aesthetics of mobility (1999) mecanoo mobility 3 The routes need not just vision and direction, but more importantly a client to commis- sion them. In the period that follows, administrators in the Netherlands seem to rise to the challenge and accept the responsibility of taking on the role of client in commissioning the great mobility axes. To me, this illustrates the unique architectural climate in the Netherlands, so admired abroad. Las Vegas Bali La Defense Ecoviaduct Ruhrgebiet The vast landscape
  • 13. Time: Zuiderzee route (1999) A characteristic of the route to the north is the interplay of infrastructure lines – motorway, railway, power lines, waterways and dikes. A conspicuous feature of the polder landscape is that the motorway network runs not quite parallel to the other lines. The railway, the motorway and the power lines play a sort of game of ‘attract and repel’ with one another. As you ride along, at times you see them all and at times they suddenly Goud betw zones The m In this By rai re-est Circui 8,5 km five m after Golde same ance o ways. July200 Panoram
  • 21. mitigating traffic through design luxemburg stad (2011)
  • 22. mitigating traffic through design luxemburg stad (2011)
  • 23. mitigating traffic through design luxemburg stad (2011)
  • 27. mecanoo de diagonaal 38 juli2012 urbanlifestyles wonen wonen werken werken stadshart zakencentrum recreëren ommeland buitenwijk buiten Alex Babette Gijs recreëren recreëren cultuurcentrum Weergave van leefpatroon van perso- na’sindekenniseconomie,verspreiding vanactiviteitenintensiteitoverstad. A2 study (2013) different lifestyles
  • 28. A2 study (2013) 1 km €100.000.000 €1.000.000
  • 29. November2013 Januari2014 researchoncyclingtransition Cycling has become both a symbol and a catalyst for the transition in mobility towards sustainable development. Cities acknowledge that a city needs people and public space and less dominance by vehicles and asphalt. People want liveable cities. They increasin- gly change their preferences regarding travel behaviour from car ownership to vehicle sharing and active transport. Cycling becomes a pleasure, even sexy. Cycling pays a significant contribution to sustainable mobility, serving the mobility needs of all people. Cycling inclusive planning makes transport interventions more effective, in social and economic terms, with less negative impact on health, the environment and the climate. Cycling evokes creative thinking on the urban fabric and health. x billion km 54 10 6 18 30 12 6 31 work business meetings personal care shopping visits education leisure socializing 50% of the car journey’s are shorten than 7,5 km car public transport slow traffic remaining mecanoo and cycling
  • 30. mecanoo and cycling office mobility mecanoo: een kleine kenniseconomie kantoormobiliteit
  • 33. family and kids (tricycles/minibikes) WHAT´S ON A BIKE PATH? ≠ SPEED, RYTHM AND MANOEUVRABILITY! city-commuting-folding bikes road bikes-mountan bikes-BMX bikes recreational cycling tandems walking-jogging transport-delivery-postpolice-security sightseeing/tour bikes motorbikes and scooters velomobiles electric vehicles-segways handbikes-secumbent bikes wheelchairs-limited mobility tricycles-adults bikes kick scooters-rollers-skates cycling 2014researchoncyclingtransition:whatisonabikepath?avarietyofusers lifestyle, health, increasing amount of elderly, rise of ebikes
  • 34. There is nothing like bad weather het nieuwe reizen intergraal denken: slecht weer bestaat niet, slechte kleding wel het nieuwe reizen intergraal denken: slecht weer bestaat niet, slechte kleding wel
  • 35. new diversity - demand for new sorts of roads nieuwe werkelijkheid succesvolle concepten, ruimtelijke ordening blijft achter nieuwe werkelijkheid succesvolle concepten, ruimtelijke ordening blijft achter nieuwe werkelijkheid succesvolle concepten, ruimtelijke ordening blijft achter nieuwe werkelijkheid succesvolle concepten, ruimtelijke ordening blijft achter nieuwe werkelijkheid succesvolle concepten, ruimtelijke ordening blijft achternieuwe werkelijkheid succesvolle concepten, ruimtelijke ordening blijft achter
  • 36. amsterdam,thenetherlands Amsterdam 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.1 average number per home 42% 8% 33% bicycle bus,train, metro Madrid 24% of all car trips in madrid are shorter than 5 km 0.6% using their bikes for their daily commute Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other Netherlands 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% 21% 11% 1% 2% 1% 39% 24% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam walking 14% car other 2% 41%34% bus,train, metro walking 24,4% car/motor 0.6% bicycle gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI seguridad vial madrid seguridad vial madrid 186 KM of bike paths. seguridad vial madrid plan director movilidad ciclista madrid m 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.1 average number per home 42% 8% 33% bicycle bus,train, metro Madrid 24% of all car trips in madrid are shorter than 5 km 0.6% using their bikes for their daily commute Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other Netherlands 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% 21% 11% 1% 2% 1% 39% 24% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam walking 14% car other 2% 41%34% bus,train, metro walking 24,4% car/motor 0.6% bicycle gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI seguridad vial madrid seguridad vial madrid 186 KM of bike paths. seguridad vial madrid plan director movilidad ciclista madrid 7,5 km bike range 15 km e-bike range Cycling along the Amsterdam canals, a normal daily activity. Pedestrians en cyclist vondelpark, Amsterdam
  • 37. copenhagen,denmark Amsterdam enhagen 32% of all car trips in copenhagen are shorter than 5 km 36% of all trips to work and education in copenhagen is done by bicycle. cycling embassy dk 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.1 average number per home 1.2 average Number per home 36% 33% 25% 6% bicyclecar walking 90,000 T CO per year saved by cycling in copenhagen at present rate 2 42% 8% 33% bicycle bus,train, metro cycling embassy dk 56% It’s faster 37% It’s my convenient 29% It’s cheap 26% It’s healthy 12% well-being/good way to start the dayof all families with 2 children have a cargo bike. Of all Madrid 2 o a 0 u Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other Netherlands 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% 21% 11% 1% 2% 1% 39% 24% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam 390 KM of bike paths. city of copenhagen walking bus,train, metro 14% car other 2% cycling embassy dk city of copenhagen city of copenhagen gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI se se 1 o se Amsterdam 32% f all car trips in copenhagen re shorter than 5 km 36% f all trips to work and education n copenhagen is done by bicycle. cling embassy dk 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.1 average number per home 1.2 verage Number per home 36% 33% 25% 6% bicyclecar walking 90,000 T O per year saved by cycling n copenhagen at present rate 2 42% 8% 33% bicycle bus,train, metro cycling embassy dk 56% It’s faster 37% It’s my convenient 29% It’s cheap 26% It’s healthy 12% well-being/good way to start the day 9% new job/relocation of all families with 2 children have a cargo bike. Of all households with a cargo bike, 17% have one in place of a car. 28% Madrid 24% of all car trips are shorter tha 0.6% using their bik Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other Netherlands 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% 21% 11% 1% 2% 1% 39% 24% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam 390 KM f bike paths. y of copenhagen walking bus,train, metro 14% car other 2% cling embassy dk y of copenhagen y of copenhagen gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI seguridad vial madrid seguridad vial madrid 186 KM of bike paths. seguridad vial madrid Amsterdam Copenhagen 32% of all car trips in copenhagen are shorter than 5 km 36% of all trips to work and education in copenhagen is done by bicycle. cycling embassy dk 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.1 average number per home 1.2 average Number per home 36% 33% 25% 6% bicyclecar walking 90,000 T CO per year saved by cycling in copenhagen at present rate 2 42% 8% 33% b cycling embassy dk 56% It’s faster 37% It’s my convenient 29% It’s cheap 26% It’s healthy 12% well-being/good way to start the day 9% new job/relocation 5% environmental/climate concerns of all families with 2 children have a cargo bike. Of all households with a cargo bike, 17% have one in place of a car. 28% Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam 390 KM of bike paths. city of copenhagen walking bus,train, metro 14% car other 2% cycling embassy dk city of copenhagen city of copenhagen city of copenhagen city of copenhagen gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI 7,5 km bike range 15 km e-bike range from car to peoples place from car to peoples place from car to peoples place
  • 38. london,uk Amsterdam penhagen London Bogota 32% of all car trips in copenhagen are shorter than 5 km 67% of all car trips in london are shorter than 5 km 70% of all car trips in bogota are shorter than 3 kmsource : LTDS 2011/12 36% of all trips to work and education in copenhagen is done by bicycle. cycling embassy dk 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.66 average number per home 1.1 average number per home 0.66 average number per home 5% of all trips in bogota is done by bicycle.(0.5% before cicloRuta) 2.2% of all trips in london is done by bicycle. 1.2 average Number per home per person per day 1.28 trips per person per day 2.49 trips 36% 33% 25% 6% bicyclecar walking 90,000 T CO per year saved by cycling in copenhagen at present rate 2 42% 8% 33% bicycle bus,train, metro cycling embassy dk 39.8% 28% 30% 2.2% source : LTDS 2009/10 56% It’s faster 37% It’s my convenient 29% It’s cheap 26% It’s healthy 12% well-being/good way to start the day 9% new job/relocation 5% environmental/climate concerns of all families with 2 children have a cargo bike. Of all households with a cargo bike, 17% have one in place of a car. 28% Madrid o a u Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other Netherlands 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% 21% 11% 1% 2% 1% 39% 24% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam 390 KM of bike paths. city of copenhagen 336 KM of bike paths. walking bus,train, metro 14% car other 2% bicycle walking car, taxi bus,train, metro outer London inner London 27% 7% 35% Commute to work Education Leisure 19% shopping and Other 4% 36,000 T CO per year saved by cycling in bogota at present rateOther work related travel 9% empty station full station outer London inner London outer London inner London cycling embassy dk city of copenhagen city of copenhagen city of copenhagen city of copenhagen gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI source : LTDS 2009/10 NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners 2 NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners source : LTDS 2010/11 source : LTDS 2010/11 1 o s Santiago Amsterdam Bogota 32% of all car trips in copenhagen are shorter than 5 km 67% of all car trips in london are shorter than 5 km 70% of all car trips in bogota are shorter than 3 kmsource : LTDS 2011/12 36% of all trips to work and education in copenhagen is done by bicycle. cycling embassy dk 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.66 average number per home 1.1 average number per home 0.66 average number per home 5% of all trips in bogota is done by bicycle.(0.5% before cicloRuta) 2.2% of all trips in london is done by bicycle. 1.2 average Number per home per person per day 1.28 trips per person per day 2.49 trips 36% 33% 25% 6% bicyclecar walking 90,000 T CO per year saved by cycling in copenhagen at present rate 2 42% 8% 33% bicycle bus,train, metro cycling embassy dk 39.8% 28% 30% 2.2% source : LTDS 2009/10 56% It’s faster 37% It’s my convenient 29% It’s cheap 26% It’s healthy 12% well-being/good way to start the day 9% new job/relocation 5% environmental/climate concerns of all families with 2 children have a cargo bike. Of all households with a cargo bike, 17% have one in place of a car. 28% Madrid 24% of all car are shor 0.6% using th Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other Netherlands 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% 21% 11% 1% 2% 1% 39% 24% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam 390 KM of bike paths. city of copenhagen 336 KM of bike paths. walking bus,train, metro 14% car other 2% bicycle walking car, taxi bus,train, metro outer London inner London 27% 7% 35% Commute to work Education Leisure 19% Other 4% 36,000 T CO per year saved by cycling in bogota at present rateOther work related travel 9% empty station full station outer London inner London outer London inner London cycling embassy dk city of copenhagen city of copenhagen city of copenhagen city of copenhagen gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI source : LTDS 2009/10 NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners 2 NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners source : LTDS 2010/11 source : LTDS 2010/11 seguridad vial m seguridad vial m 186 K of bike p seguridad vial m Santiago 35% of all ca are sho 3% of all tr in santi 700 of bike sectra 2008 sectra 2001, 7,5 km bike range 15 km e-bike range safety first, with a helmet and fluorescent jacket blue bike paths, the fasest route from a to b
  • 39. bogotá,colombiaAmsterdam Bogota 70% of all car trips in bogota are shorter than 3 km 8% of all car trips in amsterdam are shorter than 5 km CBS bewerking OBI 42% using their bikes for their daily commute gemeente Amsterdam per person per day 3 trips 1.66 average number per home 1.1 average number per home 5% of all trips in bogota is done by bicycle.(0.5% before cicloRuta) per person per day 1.28 trips 42% 8% 33% bicycle bus,train, metro Madrid 24% of all car trips in madrid are shorter than 5 km 0.6% using their bikes for their daily commute Car as driver Car as passenger Train Bus/tram/metro Moped Bicycle Walking Other Amsterdam Den Haag Rotterdam Other Netherlands 8% 6% 2% 6% 1% 42% 33% 1% 18% 8% 2% 7% 1% 32% 31% 2% 15% 10% 1% 9% 1% 25% 38% 1% 22% 11% 1% 1% 1% 39% 23% 1% 21% 11% 1% 2% 1% 39% 24% 1% Totaal 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% CBS bewerking OBI 400 KM of bike paths. gemeente Amsterdam 336 KM of bike paths. walking 14% car other 2% outer London inner London 36,000 T CO per year saved by cycling in bogota at present rate 41%34% bus,train, metro walking 24,4% car/motor 0.6% bicycle empty station full station outer London inner London outer London inner London gemeente Amsterdam gemeente Amsterdam CBS bewerking OBI NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners 2 NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners NYC Global Partners seguridad vial madrid seguridad vial madrid 186 KM of bike paths. seguridad vial madrid plan director movilidad ciclista madrid Santiago 35% of all car trips in santiago are shorter than 5 km 3% of all trips to work and education in santiago is done by bicycle. 700KM of bike paths. 22% 33% 37% 3% bicycle walking car, taxi bus,train, metro sectra 2008 sectra 2001, sectra 2008 5% other 7,5 km bike range 15 km e-bike range before after the cycling roads transits through all neighborhoods Every Sunday 120km of Bogotá’s roads are closed for cars
  • 40. santiago,chile Madrid 24% of all car trips in madrid are shorter than 5 km 0.6% using their bikes for their daily commute 41%34% bus,train, metro walking 24,4% car/motor 0.6% bicycle seguridad vial madrid seguridad vial madrid 186 KM of bike paths. seguridad vial madrid plan director movilidad ciclista madrid Santiago 35% of all car trips in santiago are shorter than 5 km 3% of all trips to work and education in santiago is done by bicycle. 700KM of bike paths. 22% 33% 37% 3% bicycle walking car, taxi bus,train, metro sectra 2008 sectra 2001, sectra 2008 5% other ro Madrid 24% of all car trips in madrid are shorter than 5 km 0.6% using their bikes for their daily commute nds don 41%34% bus,train, metro walking 24,4% car/motor 0.6% bicycle don seguridad vial madrid seguridad vial madrid 186 KM of bike paths. seguridad vial madrid plan director movilidad ciclista madrid Santiago 35% of all car trips in santiago are shorter than 5 km 3% of all trips to work and education in santiago is done by bicycle. 700KM of bike paths. 22% 33% 37% 3% bicycle walking car, taxi bus,train, metro sectra 2008 sectra 2001, sectra 2008 5% other 7,5 km bike range 15 km e-bike range Dangerous mix of traffic High ambitions Receptive culture for cycling
  • 41. The Golden Ribbon, Jiaozuo, China
  • 45. The Golden Ribbon, Jiaozuo, China
  • 46. The Golden Ribbon, Jiaozuo, China
  • 47. Delft
  • 48. University Campus 1969 Delft University of Technology
  • 50. Future task Planning the accesible city
  • 51. Planning the accesible city Mekelpark / Delft University of Technology 2009
  • 53. Planning the accesible city Delft Train station and municipal offices
  • 63. cargobikes could have a large effect on the cityscape: - street profiles - urban network
  • 64. How cargobikes could change the city
  • 65. shifted to trip chains e.g. bike and train, we were able to identify the share of trips that could be shifted from mo- torised vehicles to the bicycle. We see that 25% out of the 49% of all urban motorised trips with goods transport could be shifted to cycling. FACT: in an average european city halF oF all Motorised trips related to goods transport could be shiFted to bicycle or cargo bike. in an average european city with 240.000 inhabitants there are about 1.000.000 trips per day. 1,000,000 400,000 600,000 490,000 All trips Bicycle, pedestrian, Public Transport Motor vehicle trips Motorised trips related to goods transport nuMber oF trips per day nuMber oF trips to shiFt to bicycle & cargobike relative % oF shiFt within Mot. trips rela- ted to goods Motorised trips related to goods transport 490,000 250.000 51% Delivery 100,000 25.000 25% Service and business 110,000 55.000 50% Shopping 130,000 100.000 77% Leisure 90,000 40.000 44% Commuter 60,000 30.000 50% Basline How CycleLogistics can change the traffic in an average city FACT: source: cyclelogistics.eu
  • 66. Internet shopping is expanding, mobility changes 7 fEbruari 2015 ElsEviEr 47ElsEviEr 7 fEbruari 2015 START Consument ontvangt pakje liefst thuis Op de deurmat BRON:ABNAMRO 2011 10 13 87 90 2014 Alternatieve locatie Thuis% % Groei aantal onlinekopers Onlineklanten BRON: CBS EN BLAUWRESEARCH I.S.M.THUISWINKEL.ORG 10 8 6 4 2 0 miljoen 2005 2013 BRON:THUISWINKELMARKTMONITOR Overig Reizen Boodschappen Elektronica & witgoed Boeken, cd's, DVD's, games Kleding Hard- & softwareTelecom Wat mensen via internet kopen (2013) Huis, tuin en keuken Totaal 10,7 miljard euro �10,8 miljoen onlinekopers (2013) �Gemiddeld online besteed bedrag per jaar 982 euro (2013) �Totale onlinebestedingen 13,7 miljard euro (verwacht 2014) Consument BRON:THUISWINKELMARKTMONITOR 3,9 0,8 0,9 0,7 0,8 0,5 1,6 1.5 Top-5 omzet webwinkels Grote jongens BRON:TWINKLE (2014) Ahold (bol.com en ah.nl) RFS Holland (Wehkamp) Zalando Coolblue Thuisbezorgd.nl 1 2 3 4 5 Webwinkel2 0 5.000 10.000 15.000 20.000 Aantal webwinkels Meer concurrentie BRON: ING ECONOMISCH BUREAU 2007 2013 0 3 6 9 12 15 BRON:THUISWINKELMARKTMONITOR miljard euro 2005 2014 Omzet online winkelen Explosieve groei 1 nkelen, entie voor kjes af te auto. arkt wordt in Nederland ge­ r enkele grote spelers. Abso­ r is PostNL. Volgens Thuis­ rancheorganisatievoorweb­ PostNL circa 70 procent van nden. Waar de postmarkt in aal van 2014 met 11 procent ichte van een jaar eerder, al pakketten dat PostNL be­ ocent. De omzet uit de pak­ edroeg in 2013 803 miljoen . ‘De pakkettendivisie wordt ds belangrijker. De bezor­ van pakketjes moet een van het wegvallen van de compenseren,’ zegt Gerrit enbroek, algemeen direc­ PostNL Pakketten Benelux. verwachten dat de groei van akketmarkt doorzet. Er ko­ steeds nieuwe categorieën bij die mensen online kopen. linelevensmiddelen aan een jn.’ current van PostNL is DHL , onderdeel van Deutsche mzet uit de pakketbezorging pen jaar in de Benelux zo’n o. ‘We moeten blijven sleu­ infrastructuur om de groei e kunnen blijven bijbenen,’ n Benten (50), CEO van DHL Naast deze twee grote spe­ etbedrijven, zoals GLS, DPD, press, die in Nederland een l 48 EconomiE 7 fEbruari 2015 ElsEviEr ElsEviEr 7 fEbruari 2015 Koerier Tot 500 kilogram geen vergunning nodigOmzetgroei 9% (derde kwartaal 2014) Groei aantal koeriers Strijd om pakjes BRON: CBS 0 1.000 2.000 3.000 4.000 5.000 6.000 2007 2014 Kluisjes DHL Hoeveel: 25 bij tank- en treinstations Pakketautomaten PostNL Hoeveel: 9 op treinstations (onder meer Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Den Haag, Utrecht) Kluisjeswanden pakketservice De Buren Hoeveel: 50 in Citybox, winkelcentra Kluisjes Hoe consumenten pakjes terugsturenPer post BRON:ABNAMRO 48 18 20 14 % per post fysieke winkel servicepunt ophaIen door postbode/bezorgservice Er zijn 2.100 postkantoren Consument stuurt 13% van pakjes terug Postkantoor BRON:ABNAMRO Wat stuurt consument terug? Bestelling retour BRON:ABNAMRO Mode Schoenen Sport Gemiddeld Doe-het-zelf Wonen Elektronica 13% 5% 11% 16% 16% 14% 9% Omzetcijfers van PostNL 0 0,5 1,0 1,5 2,0 2,5 miljard euro 2011 20132012 post pakjes internationaal Meer pakjes 4 Overdag wordt 31% van de pakjes afgeleverd bij de buren Buren5 Nietthuis BRON: E-SHARP/ABNAMRO 70% van de pakjes kan bij de consument thuis worden afgeleverd Zijn de buren thuis? Dan kan 95% van de pakjes worden afgeleverd Postbedrijf in cijfers Grootste speler PostNL Zes grote spelers in Nederland 18 pakketdepots Groei volume pakketdivisie 8% in 2014 131 miljoen pakjes in 2013 Record: ruim 1 miljoen, 2 december 2014 Pakketbedrijf3 BRON: POSTNL BRON: POSTNL PostNL, DHL Parcel, GLS, DPD, UPS en TNT BRON: CBS Naarafleverpunten ’Voorn komers lastig o staan houd source: elsevier.nl
  • 67. what if A CARGOBIKE DELIVERS YOUR GOODS
  • 68. family and kids (tricycles/minibikes) WHAT´S ON A BIKE PATH? ≠ SPEED, RYTHM AND MANOEUVRABILITY! city-commuting-folding bikes road bikes-mountan bikes-BMX bikes recreational cycling tandems walking-jogging transport-delivery-postpolice-security sightseeing/tour bikes motorbikes and scooters velomobiles electric vehicles-segways handbikes-secumbent bikes wheelchairs-limited mobility tricycles-adults bikes kick scooters-rollers-skates diversificationofmobilityasawhole lifestyle, health, increasing amount of elderly, rise of ebikes
  • 69. 100 km / hour highway as an inspiration? 20 km / hour
  • 70. 100 km/h truck lane 120 km/h car lane 15 km/h cargo bike 25 km/h elec. bike different speeds highway new bike path
  • 71. impact on urban planning: example: street in old city center, supplying shops
  • 72. doorstep roadcarparking doorstep and bike parking bike lane what if: all delivery is done by cargobike? delivering goods
  • 73. impact on suburban area's: delivering to homes
  • 74. what if: all delivery is done by cargobike? doorstep bike lane (slow) parallel road with parking on both sidescar road bike lane (fast) bike parking distribution center empty shop
  • 75. DISTRIBUTION CENTER DISTRIBUTION CENTER DISTRIBUTION CENTER impact of cargobikes on the existing delivery network
  • 76. what if A CARGOBIKE DELIVERS YOUR GOODS
  • 78. back to basics, fine network Leegstand periferie 40% Bijna veertig procent van de 2,4 miljoen vierkante meter winkelleeg- stand in Nederland is te vinden op decentrale retaillocaties. Winkelleegstand heeft consequenties voor de vitaliteit en leefbaarheid van centrumgebieden in heel Nederland maar kent grote lokale variaties. De leegstand is in de periode 2008-2013 vooral gegroeid in middel- grote steden. In de periferie van Nederland worden vooral de stedelijke kernen getroffen, meer dan de rurale en suburbane gebieden. Binnen de Randstad worden juist rurale gebieden relatief harder getroffen. source: NRW en brancheorganisatie INretail
  • 80. space for cargobikes doorstep bike lane (slow) road with car parking on both sides bike lane (fast) bike parking distribution center empty shop
  • 81. forward to basics: cycling and cargobikes can fundamentally change the face of a city and can contribute to making it a better place for people.
  • 82. space for the dairyman