1101: Subject, Purpose, Audience
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1101: Subject, Purpose, Audience

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This presentation is the first in a series for English Composition 1. It is intended to introduce new college students to college-level writing.

This presentation is the first in a series for English Composition 1. It is intended to introduce new college students to college-level writing.

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1101: Subject, Purpose, Audience 1101: Subject, Purpose, Audience Presentation Transcript

  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Dr. Gerald Lucas
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Assess the rhetorical situation
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Assess the rhetorical situation Begin with clear and precise definitions
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Assess the rhetorical situation Begin with clear and precise definitions Know what you’ll do up front
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Assess the rhetorical situation Begin with clear and precise definitions Know what you’ll do up front Make a flexible guideline
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Assess the rhetorical situation Begin with clear and precise definitions Know what you’ll do up front Make a flexible guideline Suggest a direction: thesis statement
  • All writing is persuasive
  • Writing Appeals to
  • Writing Appeals to Reason (“Logos”) Feeling (“Pathos”) Character (“Ethos”)
  • Topic
  • Topic General question or concern
  • Topic General question or concern Must narrow and focus
  • Topic General question or concern Must narrow and focus Must pick an assertion
  • Sample Topics
  • Sample Topics What is one game that is physically or intellectually challenging
  • Sample Topics What is one game that is physically or intellectually challenging Identify a particular type of dishonesty that is generally tolerated
  • Sample Topics What is one game that is physically or intellectually challenging Identify a particular type of dishonesty that is generally tolerated What is your favorite piece of furniture
  • Subject
  • Subject A problem, concern, or aspect of the topic
  • Subject A problem, concern, or aspect of the topic Makes an assertion about the topic
  • Subject A problem, concern, or aspect of the topic Makes an assertion about the topic Contains the subject and assertion
  • Subject A problem, concern, or aspect of the topic Makes an assertion about the topic Contains the subject and assertion Addresses something unique and worthy
  • Subject Examples
  • Subject Examples Chess is a game that is intellectually challenging
  • Subject Examples Chess is a game that is intellectually challenging Lying is a type of dishonesty that is generally tolerated
  • Subject Examples Chess is a game that is intellectually challenging Lying is a type of dishonesty that is generally tolerated My footlocker is my favorite piece of furniture
  • A subject is not complete without a SUBJECT and an ASSERTION!
  • Purpose
  • Purpose WHY are you writing?
  • Purpose WHY are you writing? WHAT are you arguing? (Look to assertion)
  • Purpose WHY are you writing? WHAT are you arguing? (Look to assertion) ALL college essays persuade — ALL!
  • Purpose
  • Purpose States what you’re arguing
  • Purpose States what you’re arguing States why you’re arguing it
  • Purpose Examples
  • Purpose Examples to argue that chess is intellectually challenging because it makes players focus and logically consider each move
  • Purpose Examples to argue that chess is intellectually challenging because it makes players focus and logically consider each move to argue that lying is generally tolerated because people would rather be deceived than know the harsh truth
  • Purpose Examples to argue that chess is intellectually challenging because it makes players focus and logically consider each move to argue that lying is generally tolerated because people would rather be deceived than know the harsh truth to argue that my footlocker is my favorite piece of furniture because it contains all my hopes and dreams
  • Audience
  • Audience To WHOM are you writing?
  • Audience To WHOM are you writing? Who would most benefit from your essay?
  • Audience To WHOM are you writing? Who would most benefit from your essay? What is your relationship to them?
  • Audience To WHOM are you writing? Who would most benefit from your essay? What is your relationship to them? What is their attention span? knowledge of subject? level of interest? attitudes about the subject?
  • Audience
  • Audience Write to those you know
  • Audience Write to those you know Use language, tone, and style that would appeal
  • Audience Write to those you know Use language, tone, and style that would appeal Modify your subject and purpose to fit
  • Audience Write to those you know Use language, tone, and style that would appeal Modify your subject and purpose to fit Do not preach to the choir
  • Audience Examples
  • Audience Examples Parents looking for a challenging hobby for their anti-social boy
  • Audience Examples Parents looking for a challenging hobby for their anti-social boy Men in my church, 18-25, who think honesty is always the best policy, even when it hurts
  • Audience Examples Parents looking for a challenging hobby for their anti-social boy Men in my church, 18-25, who think honesty is always the best policy, even when it hurts Teenagers who may not understand the value of saving memories
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Suggests focus and scope
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Suggests focus and scope Most important part of your essay
  • Subject, Purpose, Audience Suggests focus and scope Most important part of your essay Write these at the top of your paper for all essays in this course