Bil120 workshop4updatedfor lggrpswith one pt presentation

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Bil120 workshop4updatedfor lggrpswith one pt presentation

  1. 1. Themes In Biblical Literature BIL120 Workshop 4 Glenn Johnson Welcome!
  2. 2. Wisdom Principle & Prayer Search me, O God, and know my heart; test me and know my thoughts. Point out anything in me that offends you, and lead me along the path of everlasting life. (Psalm 139:23-24)
  3. 3. OVERVIEW of WORKSHOP THEMES WS1: Cosmos WS2:God WS3:Life After Life WS4:Values vs. Sin QUESTIONS? From Previous Workshops….
  4. 4. VALUES vs. SIN RESEARCH PRESENTATIONS Does our culture see sin as a big problem? How does the culture treat sin issues? What is it that our culture values most? Least? Any themes?
  5. 5. SMALL GROUP EXERCISE “ When Opinions Differ: Social Values and Sin Discussion ” - Form Groups and Formulate your answers/positions on the questions - Reconvene for class discussion
  6. 6. SMALL GROUP EXERCISE “ When Opinions Differ: Social Values and Sin Discussion ” -Class Discussion
  7. 7. VALUES vs. SIN When Values Come to the Fore….
  8. 8. VALUES vs. SIN VALUES: Ideals the guide or qualify your personal conduct, interaction with others and involvement in your career
  9. 9. VALUES vs. SIN <ul><li>4 CATEGORIES </li></ul><ul><li>PERSONAL VALUES </li></ul><ul><li>CULTURAL VALUES </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL VALUES </li></ul><ul><li>WORK VALUES </li></ul>
  10. 10. VALUES vs. SIN PERSONAL VALUES Define you as an individual.
  11. 11. VALUES vs. SIN CULTURAL VALUES Principles that sustain connections with your cultural roots.
  12. 12. VALUES vs. SIN WORK VALUES Guide your behavior in professional contexts.
  13. 13. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Principles that indicate how you relate meaningfully to others in social situations.
  14. 14. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Changes occur because of…. (a) scientific findings, (b) evolution of religious beliefs, (c) changes in moral values, (d) the persistence of vision-driven advocates, (e) media, (f) changes in the economy, (g) technological innovation, (h) demographic shifts, or (i) for no discernible reason at all. 
  15. 15. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Dimensions On Which Social Values Evolve What is Moral………What is Immoral What is Personal Sin…..What Is Crime (Meriting State Punishment) Focus on the Criminal…….Or Focus On The Crime Pursue Equality…….Allow or Require Inequality (Gender, Race) Societal Rights Prevail…..Individual Rights Prevail Less Privacy…….More Privacy For Individual
  16. 16. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Stanford University Law Professor Lawrence M. Freidman….. “ LEGAL SYSTEM AS A MIRROR REFLECTING THE POWER IN THAT SOCIETY”
  17. 17. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Puritans…..No Distinction Between Sin And Crime
  18. 18. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES AS NATION FORMS….FREEDOMS ARE SPELLED OUT…..Mainly For White Males
  19. 19. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES PENNSYLVANIA QUAKERS Solitary Confinement in Cells
  20. 20. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES EARLY 1800’s Relief To Paupers…Poor Houses In NY
  21. 21. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES 1868: Abolition of Slavery Laws Passed For Women/Children Laws/Courts Struggle With Insanity Definition
  22. 22. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Age of Consent: Raised to 16/18 Abortion: Illegal Mann Act 1910: White Slave Trade “ Victorian Compromise”
  23. 23. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES BEFORE 1900: Selling & Using Drugs Not Crime Opium Burning In China Town, early 1900’s
  24. 24. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES MEAT INSPECTION AND FOOD AND DRUG ACT
  25. 25. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES 19 th Amendment Passes
  26. 26. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Social Security & Unemployment Insurance Acts Pass
  27. 27. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES Civil Rights Drew Attention 1950’s-1960’s No Fault Divorce: CA in 1970 Women In The Workforce
  28. 28. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES 20 th Century: Environmental Concerns
  29. 29. VALUES vs. SIN SOCIAL VALUES 21 st Century…..
  30. 30. VALUES vs. SIN SIN Is ANYTHING a sin anymore?
  31. 31. VALUES vs. SIN SIN Difficult to discuss… NEED: An Approachable Theological Vocabulary….to speak about the relationship between sin and the reality of God
  32. 32. VALUES vs. SIN SIN “ To Miss The Mark” THE HEART OF ALL SIN: “Mistrust” in God
  33. 33. VALUES vs. SIN SIN MYSTERY
  34. 34. VALUES vs. SIN SIN BIBLE: 1 John 3:4- most basic definition God defines a boundary for mankind. 1 John 5:17- All unrighteousness is sin.
  35. 35. VALUES vs. SIN SIN Originates in our THOUGHTS and ATTITUDES (Matthew 5:21-22; 27-28) We are what we think (Prov. 23:7) Also what we DON’T do. (James 4:17)
  36. 36. VALUES vs. SIN SIN Chipping it away…..
  37. 37. VALUES vs. SIN <ul><li>TED PETERS: 7 Steps of Progressive Sin That Results in (Radical) Evil </li></ul><ul><li>ANXIETY : fear of loss of the self </li></ul><ul><li>UNFAITH : untrust resulting from anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>PRIDE : treating the ourselves as if we were God </li></ul><ul><li>CONCUPISCENCE : “sensuality, lust, envy, greed, coveting” </li></ul><ul><li>SELF JUSTIFICATION : the desire to take from God the goodness ascribed to the divine & apply it to the self </li></ul><ul><li>CRUELTY : delight in suffering </li></ul><ul><li>BLASPHEMY : radical evil; misuse of God’s symbols to prevent the communication of God’s grace </li></ul>SIN
  38. 38. Themes In Biblical Literature BREAK
  39. 39. WHOLE-CLASS EXERCISE “THE FALL” From Handout
  40. 40. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas Which of 3 Relationships Was Attacked First? SERPENT: attacked relationship between Adam and Eve and God
  41. 41. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas WHO Attacked The Relationship? The Original Language in The Story Does Not Give Us Reason To Immediately Equate The Two, But The Connection Would Come Later
  42. 42. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas THIS IS NOT A MECHANISTIC WORLD It has to be sustained by choice!
  43. 43. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas HOW Was The Relationship Attacked? TREE: Only speculate about what it was…. SERPENT: Raised the question in Eve’s mind designed to turn Eve’s heart away from God.
  44. 44. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas <ul><li>TWO WAYS Eve Could Have Understood God’s Prohibition…. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;It's toxic for you and will kill you — don't eat it.“ </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;When you eat it, I will kill you.&quot; </li></ul>
  45. 45. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas WHAT CAN WE LEARN? The temptation to break our relationship with God often seems to follow a predictable pattern. -First, something happens to bring the prohibited &quot;fruit&quot; to our attention. -Second, something happens to contradict God's instruction. -Third, God is cast as our enemy. -Fourth, this chain of events creates for us a test — whether or not we will trust God and obey Him, or whether we will turn away from Him.
  46. 46. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE ATTACK? NAKED!!! This was NOT a sexual awakening….something else was going on here.
  47. 47. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE ATTACK? THIS IS THE FIRST TIME WE SEE ANYTHING LIKE VULNERABILITY IN THE GENESIS STORIES FIRST TIME WE SEE AN ALTERING OF GOD’S CREATION
  48. 48. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas WHAT WAS THE RESULT OF THE ATTACK? What’s it mean to be naked…..VULNERABLE! 1 st Conflict w/Adam/Eve and God Ambivalence is introduced into the relationship with Adam and Eve Human relationships were never going to be the same
  49. 49. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas THE RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD DAMAGED ADAM AND EVE TRY TO GET LOST
  50. 50. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas THE RELATIONSHIP WITH THE COSMOS Adam's relationship with the natural world had been damaged as well. Before Adam and Eve ate the fruit, every word of the Genesis stories portrayed nature as beautiful and beneficial. God warned Adam he would have a cursed life, full of hard work, pain, thorns, and sweat. Ultimately God told Adam, &quot;Dust you are and to dust you will return.&quot;
  51. 51. THE FALL: Synthesis of Ideas THE RELATIONSHIP WITH THE COSMOS Adam and Eve's act was not an isolated one whose consequences ended with them. The serpent introduced suspicion into Eve's mind.
  52. 52. Romans 1 Longest and most theologically significant of Paul’s letters Focus on righteousness
  53. 53. Romans 1 ATTRIBUTES OF GOD Dominant in Paul’s message here Eternality — 1:20 Power (omnipotence) — 1:20 Divinity — 1:20 Righteousness — 1:17, 18 Wisdom and knowledge (omniscience) — 8:33ff. Impartiality — 2:11, etc. Mercy — 9-11; 12:1; 15:9 Love — 5:8ff.; 8:35ff. Immutability — 11:29 Sovereignty — 8:31ff.; 9-11
  54. 54. Romans 1 SINFULNESS OF MAN God’s attributes are the standard by which SIN can be defined SIN: Practice which does not conform to the attributes of God SIN: Believing and behaving in contradiction to the character of God (Rom. 3:23) God is a God of glory
  55. 55. Romans 1 SINFULNESS OF MAN universal (all men are condemned as sinners) inexcusable (all men have received and rejected God’s revelation) incurable (we cannot save ourselves—apart from God’s grace and intervention, we are lost)
  56. 56. Romans 1 ALL SIN IS A PERVERSION … of that which God is and that which God created us to be.
  57. 57. Romans 1 THE WRATH OF GOD This is the primary topic of the passage God’s wrath is not only a response to man’s sin, but it CORRESPONDS to man’s sin
  58. 58. Romans 1 THE WRATH OF GOD Both PRESENT (1:18-32) AND FUTURE(2:1ff) (1) While God’s present wrath is largely passive, His future wrath is active. (2) God’s present wrath allows sin to increase; God’s future wrath will put an end to sin, causing it to cease. (3) God’s present wrath is often not recognized as such, and Christians must believe it by faith; His future wrath cannot be missed. (4) God’s present wrath is reversible; His future wrath is not.
  59. 59. Themes In Biblical Literature BREAK
  60. 60. Mark 7:1-23 THE PROBLEM WITH TRYING TO BE GOOD “ON YOUR OWN” Problem One : The Pharisees' system of rules had actually carried them away from God. Problem Two : The Pharisees focused their attention on exterior problems , when the real problem was an interior one . PHARISEES: Focused on words and deeds only; not hearts
  61. 61. Mark 7:1-23 THE PROBLEM WITH TRYING TO BE GOOD “ON YOUR OWN” ENDURING PRINCIPLE If you can get your heart right, you can live right….but you need help in that.
  62. 62. Mark 7:1-23 THE PROBLEM WITH TRYING TO BE GOOD “ON YOUR OWN” EVE….. Demonstrated what Jesus taught the Pharisees 2 Ways To Respond to the Problem Wrong : Sin is breaking God's rules, therefore getting along with God is a matter of being a good person (keeping the rules). Right : Sin is having a heart turned away from God, therefore getting along with God is a matter of having your heart put right with God.
  63. 63. FOR WORKSHOP 5 <ul><ul><ul><li>1. Complete the Lifestyle research project and be prepared to discuss findings with the class. Turn in 1 page Reaction Paper w/2 web references. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2. Reread John 3:1 through 3:21. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3. Prepare the Final Reflection Paper. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Team Presentation (20 mins long), and be prepared to submit an outline to the facilitator. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5. Submit Study Group Evaluation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Themes In Biblical Literature PROJECT TEAM WORKZONE

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