“I went to the woods because I wished to live
deliberately, address only the facts of life and
see if I could learn what she had to teach. I
wanted to live deep and discard anything that
is not life ... To not realize at the time of his
death, he had not lived.” Henry David Thoreau
PINSAPO (Abies pinsapo Boiss)
The pinsapo is a hardy tree that can reach 30
meters. Has a conical bearing branches are
arranged horizontally. For register] he leaves
spirally on the twigs, the whole is cylindrical.
They bloom in spring. In September or October
the blunders, which are erect and cylindrical,
mature and dismantle spreading the seeds.
It is located on mountain slopes and summits
Pine (Pinus pinea L.)
Medium-sized tree. Adults have the
umbrella-shaped crown. Its bark is
composed of plates separated by
cracks reddish gray. It has well-
developed secondary roots to extract
water from deeper layers.
Juveniles have [as blue-green leaves
and those of adults show a light green
living. It blooms in spring, no pine nuts
ripen, it can maintain its ability to
germinate for several years.
It is a long-lived tree, reaching up to
500 years to live
Prefers sandy soils, deep and rich. Lives in interior and coastal dunes,
supporting strong winds, including coastal salt impregnated. Does not
require a lot of rain, but requires full sun.
The oak tree is more characteristic
of Spain. Cup is wide, rounded and
dense, with shallow roots that can
emit shoots. The leaves are
evergreen and almost round.
Usually flowers in spring and spread
the fruits in autumn. The acorn is a
long oval, with a very short stalk and
a dome, like a cap that covers the
It has a fast growing and is one of
my long-lived trees, being able to
find individuals with 700-800 years.
It presents a wide ecological amplitude. It
grows in all soil types especially limestone,
resistant to cold, heat and drought, and is
located to 1,400 meters above sea level.
Isolated individuals and shrubs can reach
up to 1,900 meters.
SOUTH OAK (Quercus rotundifolia Lam.)
CAROB (Ceratonia siliqua L.)
Ceratonia The name refers to the shape of a
horn with fruits and siliqua is the name of
carob and other fruit is a pod.
The carob tree is a little high, generally does
not exceed six meters, gray bark, broad
crown and thick evergreen leaves and
compound. The fruit, carob is a legume
seeds elongated shiny and hard.
It flowers in autumn. The completion of the
seeds is difficult. It's kind of slow growth and
poor support transplantation.
It adapts to all soil types but prefers the
limestone. Supports well the drought but not
cold, so preferably installed in low areas and
Usually found as small stands or mixed with
other species, notably oak and cork oak.
Wild Olive Tree (Olea europaea var. Sylvestris)
The wild olive tree is a dense rounded
crown, but usually present horn bush. The
branches are thorny ends and the leaves
are laceoladas and perennials. Flowers in
clusters, are white. The fruit, the
acebuchina, is a drupe ellipsoid, slightly
fleshy, blackish at maturity.
It blooms in May or June and the fruits
ripen in autumn and winter. It's a very long-
The olive tree is thermophilic, resisting
drought and heat, but sensitive to frost
frequent and intense. It prefers rich soils
and basic and low-lying areas, although in
the Andalusian mountains bound itself to
THE MIERA JUNIPER (Juniperus oxycedrus L.)
Although usually a shrub or small tree 3 to
5 meters, known copies of 20 m. It rnuy
branched and has a pointed crown. The
bark peels off in sheets or narrow strips
rnuy developed roots, allow them to fasten
even rocks. The leaves, which are
triverticiladas is Anqui have an almost
straight with the branches. Flowers at the
beginning of spring and the fruit ripens the
second year, which is abayas, globose and
Need light, as is found in
mushrooms and sun-drenched
slopes of the mountains. It
develops on all soil types,
selecting the loose and rocky.
It is very resistant to cold and
The cork oak is an
evergreen tree and middle
class that highlights its thick,
spongy bark, cork, made up
of dead plant material.
When uncorked, the trunk
appears smooth and
reddish. The crown is
irregular or umbrella-
Flowering is continuous,
since April even fall. acorns
have annual maturation in
three stages, the first in
September, the second in
autumn and the third in late
Achieves its optimum
ecoi6gico siliceous soils,
loose and fresh, warm and
something wet and no
frost, tempered by the sea.
Choose low elevation
slopes sheltered from
Where compliance with
these requirements as their
own forests, cork oak
forests, displacing the oak.
But normally found dehesa.
Cork oak (Quercus suber L.)
MORA sabina (Juniperus phoenicea L.)
It is an evergreen shrub or small sapling,
up to 8 m. high. The crown is dense, very
similar to the cypress. The trunk may
appear twisted or bent by the wind and
years. the leaves are tiny and are closely
tied to the branches. Flowering occurs in
late winter or spring. Originate a fleshy
fruits globose, green at first and that after
maturing next year turn red.
It takes place in all soil types and
conditions. Usually in such inhospitable
places as coastal dunes, volcanic soil and
rock fissures. It can handle very dry
climates, frost and strong winds.
MELOJO (Quercus pyrenaica Willd.)
The horn is usually presented melojo a sapling, but can be a tree of medium
height and broad crown. Has highly developed the ability to sprout from the
roots surface. The leaves are deciduous and are split in 4 to 8 pairs of deep,
irregular lobes. Has its flowering in May or June, and acorns, bitter taste, ripen
in autumn, as the gall, also may have guts.
This oak is well adapted to continental climates, frost and drought enduring. It is
located mainly on the slopes and foothills siliceous, between 400 and 1,500
"Each generation takes the Earth as
trustees. We ought to bequeath to posterity
as many forests and orchards as we have
exhausted and consumed."
J. Sterling Morton
"The forest is a peculiar organism of
unlimited kindness and benevolence that
makes no demands for sustenance and
extends generously the products of its life
and activity, and offers protection to all
"Plant trees. They give us two of
the most crucial elements for our
survival: oxygen and books."
A. Whitney Brown