Past Simple 1

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Past Simple 1

  1. 1. Past Simple Tense
  2. 2. Regular verbs <ul><li>Forma-se o passado destes verbos acrescentando –ed , - d ou –ied ao infinitivo. </li></ul><ul><li>Acrescenta-se –ed se o verbo terminar numa consoante. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex : </li></ul><ul><li>Play + ed play ed </li></ul><ul><li>visit + ed visit ed </li></ul><ul><li>Acrecenta-se –d se o verbo no infinitivo terminar em –e. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>Dance + d dance d </li></ul><ul><li>O y desaparece e acrescenta-se –ied, se o y for precedido de consoante. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>Stu d (y) + -ied stu d ied </li></ul><ul><li>Ca rr (y) + -ied ca rr ied </li></ul><ul><li>Dobra-se a consoante dos verbos de uma só sílaba quando a consoante final é precedida de uma vogal. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>sto p + p + ed sto pp ed </li></ul><ul><li>pla n + n + ed pla nn ed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Vamos praticar <ul><li>Copia para o teu caderno os verbos indicados. </li></ul><ul><li>Consulta a informação no slide 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Escreve a forma do Past Simple Tense. </li></ul><ul><li>Quando terminares segue para o slide 4 e verifica o teu trabalho. </li></ul><ul><li>wash __________ shave ____________ marry _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>study __________ open _____________ start _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>cook __________ end ____________ need _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>like __________ stop ____________ stay _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>decide __________ try ____________ live _____________ </li></ul><ul><li>enter __________ visit ____________ watch ______________ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Correcção do exercício do slide 3 <ul><li>Verifica o teu trabalho. </li></ul><ul><li>Volta a consultar o slide 2. </li></ul><ul><li>Se tiveres dúvidas fala com o teu/tua professor(a ). </li></ul><ul><li>wash washed shave shaved marry married </li></ul><ul><li>study studied open opened start started </li></ul><ul><li>cook cooked end ended need needed </li></ul><ul><li>like liked stop stopped stay stayed </li></ul><ul><li>decide decided try tried live lived </li></ul><ul><li>enter entered Visit visited watch watched </li></ul>
  5. 5. Construção do Past SimpleTense na afirmativa <ul><li>No Past Simple Tense usa-se sempre a mesma palavra para todas as pessoas (tanto nos verbos regulares como nos irregulares) </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplos: </li></ul><ul><li>Verbo Regular : I played Verbo Irregular: I went </li></ul><ul><li>You played You went </li></ul><ul><ul><li> He played He went </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> She played She went </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> It played It went </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> We played We went </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> You played You went </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> They played They went </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Excepção: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Os verbos “To be” e “There to be” têm 2 formas no Past SimpleTense: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was / were e there was / there were </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Irregular Verbs <ul><li>Para se saber a forma do Past Simple dos verbos irregulares é necessário memorizá-la. </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplos: </li></ul><ul><li>to go , went to have , had </li></ul><ul><li>to wear , wore to meet , met </li></ul><ul><li>to buy , bought to put , put </li></ul><ul><li>to bring , brought to do , did </li></ul><ul><li>to come , came to make , made </li></ul><ul><li>to read , read to spend , spent </li></ul><ul><li>to write , wrote to give , gave </li></ul><ul><li>to sleep , slept to run , ran </li></ul><ul><li>to swim , swam to get up , got up </li></ul>
  7. 7. Vamos praticar <ul><li>Completa as frases usando o Past Simple dos verbos irregulares indicados entre parênteses: </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday I ____________ to the cinema. (to go) </li></ul><ul><li>Last night You ____________ well.(to sleep) </li></ul><ul><li>She ___________ at 7 o’clock. (to get up) </li></ul><ul><li>Her cat ____________ away. (to run) </li></ul><ul><li>We ____________ flowers for our mother. ( to buy) </li></ul><ul><li>You ____________ very well last lesson. (to read) </li></ul><ul><li>My father ____________ my boyfriend last Sunday. (to meet) </li></ul><ul><li>Last week all the students __________ the homework. (to do) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Correcção do exercício do slide 7 <ul><li>Verifica o teu trabalho . Volta ao slide 6 se necessário. </li></ul><ul><li>Não te esqueças de praticar os verbos irregulares escrevendo com frequência as formas novas que fores aprendendo. </li></ul><ul><li>Yesterday I went to the cinema. (to go) </li></ul><ul><li>Last night You slept well.(to sleep) </li></ul><ul><li>She got up at 7 o’clock. (to get up) </li></ul><ul><li>Her cat ran away. (to run) </li></ul><ul><li>We bought flowers for our mother. ( to buy) </li></ul><ul><li>You read very well last lesson. (to read) </li></ul><ul><li>My father met my boyfriend last Sunday. (to meet) </li></ul><ul><li>Last week all the students did the homework. (to do) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Expressões que indicam passado <ul><li>Quando estiveres a ler ou a escrever um texto tens de ter em atenção as expressões que indicam passado: </li></ul><ul><li>- Yesterday - two days ago </li></ul><ul><li>- Yesterday morning - a week ago </li></ul><ul><li>- yesterday afternoon - a month ago </li></ul><ul><li> - ... - … </li></ul><ul><li> - on 25th December 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>- last night - in 1997 </li></ul><ul><li>- last Monday - … ( datas passadas ) </li></ul><ul><li>- last week </li></ul><ul><li>- last month </li></ul><ul><li>- last year </li></ul><ul><li>- ... -This morning (acontecimentos já passados) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Negativa do Past Simple Tense (verbos regulares e irregulares) <ul><li>A negativa do Past Simple Tense dos verbos regulares e irregulares, constrói-se com a forma negativa do auxiliar “To do” no Past Simple Tense ( did + not = didn’t ) e o infinitivo sem to do verbo que queremos utilizar. </li></ul><ul><li>Negativa: </li></ul><ul><li>Sujeito + didn’t + verbo principal (no infinitivo sem TO) </li></ul><ul><li>I + didn’t + buy = Eu não comprei </li></ul><ul><li>You + didn’t + go = Tu não foste </li></ul><ul><li>Mary + didn’t + come = A Mary não veio </li></ul><ul><li>NOTA: A construção da negativa é igual para todas as pessoas. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Alguns exemplos <ul><li>Relembra alguns dos verbos já estudados e repara como se faz a mudança da afirmativa para a negativa no Past Simple Tense: </li></ul><ul><li>Wash washed shave shaved </li></ul><ul><li>Study studied open opened </li></ul><ul><li>Cook cooked end ended </li></ul><ul><li>Go went have had </li></ul><ul><li>Wear wore meet met </li></ul><ul><li>Buy bought put put </li></ul><ul><li>Afirmativa: Negativa: </li></ul><ul><li>I washed my hair this morning I didn’t wash my hair last night </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro studied a lot last weekend Pedro didn’t study yesterday </li></ul><ul><li>My father cooked lunch yesterday My father didn’t cook lunch two days ago </li></ul><ul><li>We went to Algarve last Summer We didn’t go to Algarve last week </li></ul><ul><li>They wore jeans at school They didn’t wear jeans at church </li></ul><ul><li>She bought a car last month She didn’t buy a car two years ago </li></ul>
  12. 12. Exercícios de treino da negativa <ul><li>Verifica no slide 3 como se faz a afirmativa e a negativa. Consulta a lista de verbos . </li></ul><ul><li>Copia para o caderno as frases completando-as com o verbo dado entre parênteses. </li></ul><ul><li>Study studied open opened start started </li></ul><ul><li>spend spent do did give gave </li></ul><ul><li>make made write wrote sleep slept </li></ul><ul><li>swim swam get up got up buy bought </li></ul><ul><li>Exercícios: </li></ul><ul><li>Afirmativa: Negativa: </li></ul><ul><li>I_______my bed this morning I __________ my bed last night. (to make) </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro _______ a lot last weekend Pedro __________ yesterday. (to write) </li></ul><ul><li>My father ______me a car yesterday My father _________ me a car last year. (to give) </li></ul><ul><li>We_______in Algarve last Summer We __________in Algarve last week. (to swim) </li></ul><ul><li>They _______a pair of jeans . They __________ a pair of trousers. (to buy) </li></ul><ul><li>She_________French last year. She _________ French two years ago. (to study) </li></ul><ul><li>I __________well last night. I ___________ well two nights ago. (to sleep) </li></ul><ul><li>They ___________last holidays her. They _____________ last holidays in Spain. (to spend) </li></ul><ul><li>He ____________ his book. He ____________________ his workbook. (to open) </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons ____________ at 8,30 yesterday. Lessons________________ at noon. (to start) </li></ul><ul><li>You ____________ your homework yesterday . You ________________ it this morning .(to do) </li></ul><ul><li>They ____________ at 6 o’clock. They ________________ at 8 o’clock. (to get up) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  13. 13. Verifica o trabalho que realizaste : <ul><li>Afirmativa: Negativa: </li></ul><ul><li>I made my bed this morning I didn’t make my bed last night. (to make) </li></ul><ul><li>Pedro wrote a lot last weekend Pedro didn’t write yesterday. (to write) </li></ul><ul><li>My father gave me a car yesterday My father didn’t give me a car last year. (to give) </li></ul><ul><li>We swam in Algarve last Summer We didn’t swim in Algarve last week. (to swim) </li></ul><ul><li>They bought a pair of jeans . They didn’t buy a pair of trousers. (to buy) </li></ul><ul><li>She studied French last year. She didn’t study French two years ago. (to study) </li></ul><ul><li>I slept well last night. I didn’t sleep well two nights ago. (to sleep) </li></ul><ul><li>They spent last holidays here. They didn’t spend last holidays in Spain. (to spend) </li></ul><ul><li>He opened his book. He didn’t open his workbook. (to open) </li></ul><ul><li>Lessons started at 8,30 yesterday. Lessons didn’t start at noon. (to start) </li></ul><ul><li>You did your homework yesterday . You didn’t do it this morning .(to do) </li></ul><ul><li>They got up at 6 o’clock. They didn’t get up at 8 o’clock. (to get up) </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  14. 14. Interrogativa do Past Simple Tense (verbos regulares e irregulares) <ul><li>A interrogativa do Past Simple Tense dos verbos regulares e irregulares, constrói-se com o verbo auxiliar “To do” no Past Simple Tense ( did ) seguido do sujeito e do infinitivo sem to do verbo que queremos utilizar ( não esquecer o ponto de interrogação no fim da frase). </li></ul><ul><li>Interrogativa: </li></ul><ul><li>Did + Sujeito + verbo principal (no infinitivo sem TO) + ... + ? </li></ul><ul><li>Did + you + buy ... ? - Tu compraste ... ? </li></ul><ul><li>Did + they + go ... ? - Eles compraram ... ? </li></ul><ul><li>Did + Mary + come ... ? - A Mary veio ... ? </li></ul><ul><li>NOTA: A construção da interrogativa é igual para todas as pessoas. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Vamos praticar <ul><li>Repara na frase afirmativa e nas mudanças realizadas para fazer uma frase interrogativa: </li></ul><ul><li>Afirmativa: Mary arrived at 7 o’clock yesterday. ( Verbo “to arrive ”) </li></ul><ul><li>Interrogativa : Did Mary arrive at 7 o’clock yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>Agora copia para o caderno as frases seguintes e escreve-as na interrogativa. Consulta a lista dos verbos no slide 4 se necessário </li></ul><ul><li>Afirmativa interrogativa </li></ul><ul><li>1- Pedro wrote a lot last weekend . 1- ______ Pedro _____ a lot last weekend? </li></ul><ul><li>2- My father gave me a car yesterday 2- ______ Your father ______ you a car yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>3- We swam in Algarve last Summer 3- ______ you _______ in Algarve last Summer? </li></ul><ul><li>4- They bought a pair of jeans 4- ______ they _______ a pair of jeans? </li></ul><ul><li>5- She studied French last year. 5- ______ she ________ French last year? </li></ul><ul><li>6- You slept well last night. 6- ______ You ________ well last night? </li></ul><ul><li>7- They spent last holidays here. 7- ______ they ________ last holidays here? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Correcção do exercício do slide 7 <ul><li>Verifica o teu trabalho . Volta ao slide 6 se necessário. </li></ul><ul><li>Não te esqueças de praticar os verbos irregulares escrevendo com frequência as formas novas que fores aprendendo. </li></ul><ul><li>Afirmativa interrogativa </li></ul><ul><li>1- Pedro wrote a lot last weekend . 1- Did Pedro spend a lot last weekend? </li></ul><ul><li>2- My father gave me a car yesterday 2- Did your father give you a car yesterday? </li></ul><ul><li>3- We swam in Algarve last Summer 3- Did you swim in Algarve last Summer? </li></ul><ul><li>4- They bought a pair of jeans 4- Did they buy a pair of jeans? </li></ul><ul><li>5- She studied French last year. 5- Did she study French last year? </li></ul><ul><li>6- You slept well last night. 6- Did you sleep well last night? </li></ul><ul><li>7- They spent last holidays here. 7- Did they spend last holidays here? </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>Trabalho realizado por: </li></ul><ul><li>Professora Cidália Mendes Rosa </li></ul><ul><li>Escola E.B. 2,3 Isabel de Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Agrupamento Moinhos da Arroja </li></ul><ul><li>Odivelas, Março 2007 </li></ul>

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