Newfane Curriculum Mapping


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A framework for our mapping process.

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Newfane Curriculum Mapping

  1. 1. Curriculum Mapping ~ Understanding the Journey ~
  2. 2. Definitions <ul><li>Curriculum : • noun ( pl. curricula or curriculums ) the subjects comprising a course of study in a school or college. </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum mapping : the process of building coherent, sequential, learning experiences into units, courses, and programs. </li></ul><ul><li>Bloom’s Taxonomy : a multi-tiered model of classifying thinking according to six cognitive levels of complexity. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historical Perspective <ul><li>1900 – 1950: Child was the center of curriculum. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The child’s interests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The child’s problems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outside forces lead to a shift in thinking. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sputnik (1957) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Coleman Report (1966) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The War on Poverty (1964) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New thinking about curriculum which centered on content – subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>Since that time (1960’s), our curriculum has gradually become less local. </li></ul><ul><li>Twenty years ago, teachers wrote objectives for their courses based on their goals for each course – in essence, the teacher built the curriculum and was responsible for its delivery (instruction) and ongoing assessment. This does not happen anymore, the State provides goals (targets), objectives, and teachers control instruction. </li></ul>
  4. 4. So – Why Map Curriculum? <ul><li>Organizes learning units. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning is sequential, it builds on previous learning experiences and regularly refers back to them which reinforces learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduces redundancy in curriculum. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases efficiency. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encourages the effective use of Bloom’s taxonomy for instructional and learning purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the cumulative effect of learning from year to year (vertical alignment) and within the same school year (horizontal alignment). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to greater depth and breadth in the development of concepts, skills and knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to more reinforcement, stronger unity and significance of concepts, skills and knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Without this organization, students are likely to compartmentalize information, not find appreciable connections, experiences may be in conflict. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensures instructional attention given to all state mandated standards. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Where Are We Now? <ul><li>Increased National focus on testing / test scores in past decade. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resulted in focus on testing and less on curriculum (learning, thinking skills, etc.). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curriculum is much less of a local concern than it was in previous decades. It is no longer responsive to community (family and student) needs and interests. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New York State dictates, in large part, what our curriculum must minimally contain. For example, in order to graduate from High School a student must earn 22 units of study and must study specific courses in specified sequence. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newer textbook series contain curriculum maps – THIS IS NOT THE CURRICULUM . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to a test-prep culture which values testing over learning / thinking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not promote reflective dialogue & inquiry among professionals. Consequently less creativity and connections within and between grade levels. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Locally, sustained financial challenges have diminished the urgency of curriculum concerns. </li></ul><ul><li>State and National focus on data and testing tend to cause most districts to place greater value on outcomes – not process. </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum mapping is difficult & time consuming – can lead to systemic changes based on greater understandings. </li></ul>
  6. 6. How To Build A Map? <ul><li>Deep Curriculum Alignment (DCA): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DCA involves mapping, building the map (using software), checking for gaps or overlap, comparing units of study with State assessment data, and searching for connections to enhance student learning. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We are beginning with ELA district wide. This includes early reading and writing. ELA was chosen for various reasons – dialogue with building leaders, availability of expert presenters in this particular field, state focus on student achievement in ELA, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The process has started and continues throughout the entire school year. Ideally, the best time to work on curriculum is the summer for reflective reasons and efficiency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Once the map is created, we begin the process of investigating our organization and seeking cross-curricular connections. This is the “super-map” concept that leads to higher level Blooms thinking processes. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. What’s In Store Next? <ul><li>With changing external conditions, we will be challenged to stay current. As we enter the next decade, the following areas are gaining prominence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numeracy development : great understanding of math and an ability to use it in multiple settings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science : science has not received national attention but alternative energy demands and over-reliance on oil have contributed to this new focus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial Personal Money Management : with the turbulence of the money markets, we can expect our students to be able to make wise credit decisions in the future. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocational Technology : “Joe the Plumber” will continue to be a valuable contributor to the future strength of our country – but most likely will need more technology skills. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. How Can Mapping Prepare Our Students? <ul><li>We will create a organized sequence of curricular units that prepare our students for their futures – regardless of their pursuits. </li></ul><ul><li>In the future, students will be challenged to have a “synthesizing” mind – our curriculum can be organized in such a way to encourage that process. </li></ul><ul><li>Mapping focuses on the process of teaching – which leads to the outcome. </li></ul><ul><li>A spiraling curriculum lends itself to creative lessons, units, and courses that demand higher level Bloom’s processes. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Charting the Journey Use data to improve. NEXT YEAR – BEGIN MAPPING Align practices with standards Follow State standards. Use data to improve. Dept. meetings Social Studies (sample) Build a Map Horizontal / Vertical Alignment, teaching strategies, assessments Refine curriculum – follow RTI principles Find cross curricular connections 2010-2011 Align practices with standards, use data outcomes to improve Build a Map Horizontal & Vertical Alignment, teaching Strategies, Assessments 2009-2010 Follow State Standards Adjust to new state assessments – follow State Standards Build a Map 2008-2009 Pre-K 12 Science (sample) Pre-K 12 Math (sample) English Language Arts (ELA) – reading and writing
  10. 10. Summary <ul><li>Curriculum mapping is a means of creating an organized and efficient curriculum that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepares our students for a sequential process of learning, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides our teachers an opportunity to closely examine our present curriculum to find overlaps or gaps, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aligns our learning units with State assessments, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leads to cross-curricular learning units which call for higher level Bloom’s competencies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates dialogue and inquiry that leads to a greater understanding of how individual pieces fit in a larger picture. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It is a gradual process – not an event. We do not have to map every content area at one time. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases the focus on teaching and learning – essential concerns for all schools. </li></ul><ul><li>View a sample curriculum map in New York State. </li></ul>