ACTIVITY: Brainstorm a list of benefits of well-planned lessons and pitfalls of poorly planned lessons
Example: division problem (visual) compare divide multiply subtract compare bring down Compare this to the directions for making a model airplane (marketers have it right)
Teachers make 1500 decisions a day… this is where it begins Previous teacher comments and test data Cum folders Classroom observation
Let the students know your objectives, why they need to know it , and how they will use the learning. Good objective: Students will be able to illustrate clouds that signal unsettled weather. Poor objective: Students will understand that some clouds signal the approach of poor weather conditions. ACTIVITY: Have groups (2-3) write a behavioral objective for …………….
EFFECTIVE LESSON PLANNING
A teacher who is attempting to teachwithout inspiring the pupil with a desire to learn ishammering on a cold iron. Horace Mann
INTRODUCTIONS Name School and position What are the qualities of effective teaching? (What must a teacher know and be able to do?) BRAINSTORM A LIST
EFFECTIVE TEACHERS…Know the content Create a suitableUnderstand the learningdevelopment of the environmentstudent Adapt and modifyValue the diversity instructionof the students Use effectivewithin the class communicationPlan strategic Collaborate with alllessons using members of theresearch-based learning communitypractices Engage in sustainedUse multiple professional growthassessments to experiencesevaluate progress
A VISION OF TEACHINGConnect the dots in the puzzle usingonly four straight lines without liftingyour pen/pencil off of the paper. How does this relate to our teaching?
INSTRUCTIONAL PLANNING AND STRATEGIESPlans are developed to provide studentswith meaningful learning experiencesPlans connect to related learningopportunitiesTeaching is based instructional strategiesthat focus on best practice and researchTeaching is supported by strategies thatfoster interest and progress
THE DISTRICT POLICYPlans are a legal documentUsually required weekly to thesupervisorPlan books (district, purchased, self-made notebooks)Substitute plansMust include CCCS Objectives Needed materials Teacher’s editions pages, student pages Short description activities
GOOD PLANNINGKeeps the teacher and students on trackAchieves the objectivesHelps teachers to avoid “unpleasant”surprisesProvides the roadmap and visuals in a logicalsequenceProvides direction to a substituteEncourages reflection, refinement, andimprovementEnhances student achievement
POOR PLANNINGFrustration for the teacher andthe studentAimless wanderingUnmet objectivesNo connections to prior learningsDisorganizationLack of needed materialsA waste of timePoor management
A GOOD LESSON INCLUDESObjectivesPre-assessmentList of materialsWarm-up and introductionPresentationPracticeEvaluationClosureApplication
LET’S BEGIN…The format of alesson should.. Go one step at a time Have a picture for every step Have a minimal reliance on wordsAn effective lesson plan is a set of plans for buildingsomething – it “constructs” the learning.
The greater the structure of a lesson and the more precisethe directions on what is to be accomplished, the higher the achievement rate.Harry Wong, The First Days of Teaching
PRE-ASSESSMENTWhat are the characteristics of thelearners in the class?What do the students alreadyknow and understand?How do my students learn best?What modifications in instructionmight I need to make?
OBJECTIVESA description of what the studentwill be able to do at the end of thelessonProvides alignment with districtand state goals (Uses CCCS) Use behavioral verbs to describe the expected outcomes (ACTION) No-no’s: appreciate, enjoy, understand, love, etc.
MATERIALSPlan! Prepare! Have on hand! Murphy’s LawEnvision your needs.List all resources.Have enough manipulatives (whenneeded) for groups or individuals.
WARM-UP AND INTRODUCTIONGrab the attention of the studentsPROVIDES THE INTEREST/MOTIVATION factorSet the tone for the lesson connected to theobjective A question A story A saying An activity A discussion starterBE CREATIVE
PROCEDURES AND PRESENTATIONSets up a step-by-step planProvides a quick review ofprevious learningProvides specific activities toassist students in developing thenew knowledgeProvides modeling of a new skill A picture is worth a thousand words. I hear, I see………..I do!
LEARNING ACTIVITIESGraphic organizers CooperativeCreative play groupsPeer presenting Inquiry learningPerformances Direct instructionRole playing DifferentiationDebates Direct InstructionGame makingProjects
PRACTICE APPLYING WHAT IS LEARNEDProvide multiple learning activitiesGuided practice (teacher controlled) Use a variety of questioning strategies to determine the level of understanding Journaling, conferencingIndependent practice Practice may be differentiatedBUILD ON SUCCESS
CLOSURELesson Wrap-up: Leave studentswith an imprint of what the lessoncovered. Students summarize the major concepts Teacher recaps the main points Teacher sets the stage for the next phase of learning
EVALUATIONAssess the learning Teacher made test In-class or homework assignment Project to apply the learning in real-life situation Recitations and summaries Performance assessments Use of rubrics Portfolios
REFLECTIONWhat went well in the lesson?What problems did I experience?Are there things I could have donedifferently?How can I build on this lesson tomake future lessons successful?
THE SUBSTITUTE… NOW WHAT?The Key to substitute success – DETAILEDLESSON PLANS Discipline routines Children with special needs Fire drill and emergency procedures Helpful students, helpful colleagues (phone #’s) Classroom schedule Names of administrators Expectations for the work Packet of extra activities
A teacher is one who brings ustools and enables us to use them. Jean Toomer