Chapter ii
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Ok so this is my 4th PPT of the series dedicated to the Human Anatomy. The humor is mine. So just change it to fit your needs. Hope this helps.

Ok so this is my 4th PPT of the series dedicated to the Human Anatomy. The humor is mine. So just change it to fit your needs. Hope this helps.



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Chapter ii Chapter ii Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter II Let the fun begin
  • Energy Kinetic Energy- Actually doing work Potential Energy- Stored and Inactive In this picture: What is the Kinetic Energy and What is the Potential Energy? Potential Energy Kinetic Energy
  • Forms of Energy
    • Chemical: stored in bonds of chemical substances Ex: Semtex (an Explosive) or Gasoline
    • Electrical: product of the movement of charged particles called “ions” Ex: Neural impulses of the brain
    • Mechanical: DIRECTLY involved with movement Ex. Muscle Contractions
    • Radiant: Travels in waves of the electromagnetic spectrum Ex: X-rays, UV light, IR (infrared)
  • How to remember that? M.E.R.C or C.R.E.M. ~What ever is easiest for you~
  • Organic Compounds Definition: Carbon-containing compounds Also include: Oxygen, Hydrogen and Nitrogen
  • CARBOHYDRATES Includes: Sugars Starches
  • CARBOHYDRATES A common Sugar is: Glucose Also called a Monosaccharide Mono (meaning ONE) Saccharide (meaning SUGAR) C 6 H 12 O 6 Glucose
  • CARBOHYDRATES DISACCHARIDES Are simply 2 sugars bound together by an Oxygen Examples: Sucrose (Table sugar) Lactose (Milk sugar)
  • CARBOHYDRATES POLYSACCHARIDES Simply Means: Poly (Meaning MANY *as in more than one*) Saccharides (Meaning ______?)
  • CARBOHYDRATES Quick Question: Is this a Polysaccharide? Answer: Yes it is BOTH a Disaccharide and a Polysaccharide
  • So How are Polysaccharides made? SIMPLE: Dehydration Synthesis Your next question must be: “ What the $%&@ is Dehydration Synthesis?” “ Dehydration” Simply put is when you LOSE water But in this case your BUILDING a BOND Thus the Word “ Synthesis” (meaning bringing together )
  • CARBOHYDRATES IMPORTANT POLYSACCHARIDES STARCH GLYCOGEN What’s the Difference between them? Glycogen is SMALLER than a Starch Molecule
  • So then how are Polysaccharides BROKEN down? Simple: HYDROLYSIS Hydro : Meaning “from water” Lysis : Meaning “to separate” So water (H2O) is added *with the help of an enzyme* and the bonds BREAK ~snap~
  • The Relationship Building = Dehydration Synthesis Breaking = Hydrolysis