Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?     Eberhard Wolff     Architecture and Technology Manager     adesso AG29.03.12
About Me►    Eberhard Wolff►    Architecture & Technology Manager at adesso►    adesso is a leading IT consultancy in the ...
Software Architect           Software architect is a general term           with many accepted definitions           which...
Software Architecture: Definition 1           The software architecture are those                                         ...
Decisions: A Close Look►    Architect makes decision that are hard to change►    Architect is responsible►    Architect ta...
Decide based on business value           Know the business value!29.03.12              Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
Technology Decision►    Which technologies and approaches will you use?►    Important part of architecture►    Need to kno...
Guideline: Mechanical Sympathy                    Most amazing achievement of                    software industry:       ...
Technology Decision: Multi Dimensional►    Quality of the technology itself     >  Performance     >  Productivity►    But...
Decisions = Trade Off►    Each option has advantages and drawbacks►    …in each dimension►    So any decision will be a tr...
Technologies are just a tool and a trade-off.           Know the technology options and the dimensions           of techno...
Software Architecture: Definition 2The software architecture of a system is the set of                    structuresneeded...
Software Architecture: Definition 2The software architecture of a system is the set of                    structuresneeded...
Architecture►    Elements     >  Method, classes, packages, JARs / WARs / EARs     >  Diagrams and PowerPoint are just hel...
An Example►    This is actual code from a     large and well known     Open Source project►    Dependency matrix►    Every...
Dependency Graph►    Overview►    One large cycle
Dependency	  Graph	   ►    Just a small part ►    Red line show circular      references
Architectural Debt►    Hard to solve if it has reached this state►    Consider managing it from the start►    …or you are ...
Consider a tool►    Overall view on dependencies not obvious in IDE►    Without a tool structure is quite likely a mess►  ...
Manage dependencies and size of elements –           ideally from the start – because that is the           architecture! ...
Software Architecture: Why We Care                                                        Performance                     ...
Software Architecture: Why We Care   Influences                                                        Performance        ...
Software Architect: Traditional Role►    Manager►    Responsibility: non-functional requirements / quality►    Tool: Defin...
Traditional View on Architect’s Responsebilities►    Define the architecture►    Enforce the architecture►    i.e. create ...
Issues in the Real World►    Ivory tower architecture►    Architecture does not fit the domain►    Architecture is not in ...
Agile Development i.e. ScrumWhere is                    Scrum Master                  Removes obstacles                   ...
Team►    Is self organizing►    An architect might / will emerge►    …but is not planned for►    Benefit:     >  Responsib...
Architect as a Manager►    Limited tools to influence team►    Actually that is very common for managers►    A team cannot...
New Challenges for Architects           Role                                                Creating an Architecture      ...
Architect is a team member – need to collaborate           and listen!29.03.12               Was tut ein guter Software Ar...
Quality►    Not all parts of a system will have the     same quality►    Not all team members are equally skilled►    The ...
Broken Windows Theory►    Once windows are not repaired…►    …vandals will break more►    …break into the building►    …► ...
Domain Driven Design►    “Tackling Complexity in the     Heart of Software”►    E.g. Ubiquitous Language     for Code, Dev...
Strategic Domain Driven Design►    Bounded Context:     Model used only in a specific     part of the system►    Context M...
More Responsibilities for Architects►    Define the Core Domain►    Ensure that the Core Domain will be implemented proper...
Quality will differ in the individual parts –           Your choice is only to manage it or let it happen!29.03.12        ...
►    http://lemmings.mytrash.tv/
You Must Not Be a Lemming!►    No matter what others say►    Take it as an advice►    Come to your own conclusion►    …and...
►    Decide based on business value!►    Know the business value!►    Technologies: just a tool and trade-off►    Know tec...
Wir suchen Sie alsØ    Software-Architekt (m/w)Ø    Projektleiter (m/w)Ø    Senior Software Engineer (m/w)  jobs@adesso...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

What a Good Software Architect Does

3,960

Published on

Presentation from BEDcon 2012 about Software Architects and their role.

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
5 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,960
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
177
Comments
0
Likes
5
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

What a Good Software Architect Does

  1. 1. Was tut ein guter Software Architekt? Eberhard Wolff Architecture and Technology Manager adesso AG29.03.12
  2. 2. About Me►  Eberhard Wolff►  Architecture & Technology Manager at adesso►  adesso is a leading IT consultancy in the German speaking region►  Speaker►  Author►  Responsible for the Architect Training Program at adesso AG►  Blog: http://ewolff.com►  Twitter: @ewolff►  http://www.slideshare.net/ewolff►  eberhard.wolff@adesso.de29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  3. 3. Software Architect Software architect is a general term with many accepted definitions which refers to a broad range of roles. Not really well defined…29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  4. 4. Software Architecture: Definition 1 The software architecture are those decisions that are hard to change Martin Fowler29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  5. 5. Decisions: A Close Look►  Architect makes decision that are hard to change►  Architect is responsible►  Architect takes responsibility►  Is responsible for the commercial success >  Wrong decisions hard to revise >  i.e. effort and costs must be considered►  Do you know the Business Value of your project?►  Do you know the stakeholders and their agenda?►  How do your decisions match that?29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  6. 6. Decide based on business value Know the business value!29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  7. 7. Technology Decision►  Which technologies and approaches will you use?►  Important part of architecture►  Need to know technologies and when to use what►  I.e. broad knowledge – don’t get lost in details►  But you should know some basic technologies by heart►  It helps to have an interest in technologies►  Must not like technologies as an ends in itself►  …but as a tool►  Does it help to solve the problem?►  Does it actually make my life easier?29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  8. 8. Guideline: Mechanical Sympathy Most amazing achievement of software industry: Continuing cancellation of the steady and staggering gains in hardware Best F1 drivers: Enough understanding how a machine works so they can work in harmony29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  9. 9. Technology Decision: Multi Dimensional►  Quality of the technology itself >  Performance >  Productivity►  But the technology perspective might not be enough >  Skills >  Open Source License >  License costs and other costs >  Strategic decisions >  Operations►  Need to take all into account►  But: Decision can be challenged more often than you think►  Prepare your case!►  Often people are happy to get some advice29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  10. 10. Decisions = Trade Off►  Each option has advantages and drawbacks►  …in each dimension►  So any decision will be a trade off►  You won’t find the perfect match►  So if it’s not perfect – relax►  It’s just too many dimensions►  Half done software might be good enough►  …and even have a better time-to-market29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  11. 11. Technologies are just a tool and a trade-off. Know the technology options and the dimensions of technology decisions!29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  12. 12. Software Architecture: Definition 2The software architecture of a system is the set of structuresneeded to reason about it, which comprise software elements, relations among them, and properties of both.29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  13. 13. Software Architecture: Definition 2The software architecture of a system is the set of structuresneeded to reason about it, which comprise software elements, relations among them, and properties of both.What does thatactually mean?29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  14. 14. Architecture►  Elements >  Method, classes, packages, JARs / WARs / EARs >  Diagrams and PowerPoint are just helpers >  …and might be disconnected from reality►  Relations >  Dependencies i.e. usage >  Well ordered >  No excessive dependencies►  No excessively big elements►  No cyclic dependencies – they effectively make two elements one►  Do you manage your dependencies?►  What do you do about big elements?29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  15. 15. An Example►  This is actual code from a large and well known Open Source project►  Dependency matrix►  Everything in red is part of a cycle
  16. 16. Dependency Graph►  Overview►  One large cycle
  17. 17. Dependency  Graph   ►  Just a small part ►  Red line show circular references
  18. 18. Architectural Debt►  Hard to solve if it has reached this state►  Consider managing it from the start►  …or you are looking at a significant restructuring►  Much more than Refactoring!29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  19. 19. Consider a tool►  Overall view on dependencies not obvious in IDE►  Without a tool structure is quite likely a mess►  Some tools: >  JDepend >  Structure 101 >  Restructure 101 >  Sonargraph►  Sonar is not enough29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  20. 20. Manage dependencies and size of elements – ideally from the start – because that is the architecture! You will need a tool!29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  21. 21. Software Architecture: Why We Care Performance Availability Productivity Software Architecture Maintainability Structures Software elements Security Relations Properties Operations29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  22. 22. Software Architecture: Why We Care Influences Performance Availability non-functional Software Architecture Productivityrequirements & Maintainability Structures Software elements Security Relations quality Properties29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt? Operations
  23. 23. Software Architect: Traditional Role►  Manager►  Responsibility: non-functional requirements / quality►  Tool: Define and enforce architecture►  Functional requirements covered by requirements process►  Functional requirements influence the architecture29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  24. 24. Traditional View on Architect’s Responsebilities►  Define the architecture►  Enforce the architecture►  i.e. create frameworks►  Not necessarily any coding►  Code reviews (maybe)►  Assumptions >  Separation of labor >  Developers must be “controlled”►  Does that still work in today’s world?29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  25. 25. Issues in the Real World►  Ivory tower architecture►  Architecture does not fit the domain►  Architecture is not in the code►  The documented architecture is different from the real architecture►  Developers don’t feel their feedback is listened to►  Either architecture is ignored►  …or project results in a failure29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  26. 26. Agile Development i.e. ScrumWhere is Scrum Master Removes obstacles Enforces rules theArchitect Stories ? Product Team Owner Self-organizing Creates stories Implements stories29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  27. 27. Team►  Is self organizing►  An architect might / will emerge►  …but is not planned for►  Benefit: >  Responsibility is shared >  i.e. not just the architect cares►  If the architecture / architect is not helpful, it / he will be ignored►  Less damage in the end►  Architect will see his ideas directly in action►  Better feedback►  Needs trust and collaboration29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  28. 28. Architect as a Manager►  Limited tools to influence team►  Actually that is very common for managers►  A team cannot be lead against its will►  Need to listen to other team members►  … and stake holders29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  29. 29. New Challenges for Architects Role Creating an Architecture ►  Needs to collaborate with other team ►  Stories defined during the project members ►  Not all requirements known at the start ►  …and make himself useful ►  No Big Design Upfront possible ►  Supports and trusts other team members ►  Architecture needs to emerge ►  Architecture must be constantly redefined ►  Leads by experience ►  …not by title ►  More focus on code ►  Code is the reliable source for the current architecture and state of the project29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  30. 30. Architect is a team member – need to collaborate and listen!29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  31. 31. Quality►  Not all parts of a system will have the same quality►  Not all team members are equally skilled►  The compromise on the quality can happen “by chance”►  …or you can steer it►  Identify core domains >  The ones that add the most value >  i.e. have a good business reason►  Might want to isolate those►  …and focus on them29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  32. 32. Broken Windows Theory►  Once windows are not repaired…►  …vandals will break more►  …break into the building►  …►  Accepting compromises on quality is risky►  …but if you strive for ultimate quality everywhere, you will fail►  In particular with legacy software29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  33. 33. Domain Driven Design►  “Tackling Complexity in the Heart of Software”►  E.g. Ubiquitous Language for Code, Developers and Customers29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  34. 34. Strategic Domain Driven Design►  Bounded Context: Model used only in a specific part of the system►  Context Map: Translate models from different parts of the system►  Anti-Corruption Layer: Make sure the core domain is not corrupted29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  35. 35. More Responsibilities for Architects►  Define the Core Domain►  Ensure that the Core Domain will be implemented properly►  …and won’t be compromised►  I.e. manage the overall quality►  Needs detailed domain knowledge►  Need to understand business case29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  36. 36. Quality will differ in the individual parts – Your choice is only to manage it or let it happen!29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  37. 37. ►  http://lemmings.mytrash.tv/
  38. 38. You Must Not Be a Lemming!►  No matter what others say►  Take it as an advice►  Come to your own conclusion►  …and work on them.►  It is you project►  It is your decision►  It is your responsibility►  If you can’t come to your own conclusion you are probably not a good architect29.03.12 Was tut ein guter Software Architekt?
  39. 39. ►  Decide based on business value!►  Know the business value!►  Technologies: just a tool and trade-off►  Know technology options and the dimensions of technology decisions!►  Architect is a team member – need to collaborate and listen!►  Manage architecture = dependencies and size of elements►  Quality will differ in the individual parts – Your choice is only to manage it or let it happen!
  40. 40. Wir suchen Sie alsØ  Software-Architekt (m/w)Ø  Projektleiter (m/w)Ø  Senior Software Engineer (m/w) jobs@adesso.de www.AAAjobs.de
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×