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Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'
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Journalistiek, User Generated Content en \'The people formerly known as the audience\'

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Een gastcollege onderdeel van de reeks Journalistieke cultuur in Nederland, Universiteit van Amsterdam

Een gastcollege onderdeel van de reeks Journalistieke cultuur in Nederland, Universiteit van Amsterdam

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  • 1. Journalistiek, User Generated Content & ‘The people formerly known as the audience’ Journalistieke Cultuur in Nederland 14 mei 2008 Martijn de Waal www.martijndewaal.nl www.denieuwereporter.nl
  • 2. Stelling Het debat over ‘burgerjournalistiek’ is in feite een debat over autoriteit: Wie bepaalt er wat van (culturele) waarde is in de samenleving?
  • 3. Opzet 1. Drie voorbeelden van ‘verschuivende autoriteit’ 2. Culturele veranderingen 3. Technologische veranderingen 4. Optimistische analyses 5. Kritische analyses
  • 4. ‘the blogosphere’s first Voorbeeld 1 scalp’: Trent Lott
  • 5. Vpro verandert Voorbeeld 2 radioprogrammering
  • 6. Belgische pers vs Voorbeeld 3 Google News
  • 7. College ONM: Burgerjournalistiek 1. Drie voorbeelden van ‘verschuivende autoriteit’ 2. Culturele veranderingen 3. Technologische veranderingen 4. Optimistische analyses 5. Kritische analyses
  • 8. Culturele Emancipatie 1960s: “In plaats van de oude priesters en politici die ons vertelden wat we over de wereld om ons heen moesten denken, diende zich de journalistiek als een nieuwe, seculiere priesterkaste aan die voor een deel deze functie overnam.” Jo Bardoel - ‘Confrontaties in de kunst en cultuur’ (2000)
  • 9. Culturele Emancipatie 1960s: “In plaats van de oude priesters en politici die ons vertelden wat we over de wereld om ons heen moesten denken, diende zich de journalistiek als een nieuwe, seculiere priesterkaste aan die voor een deel deze functie overnam.” Jo Bardoel - ‘Confrontaties in de kunst en cultuur’ (2000) 2000s: “Op dit moment zien we, onder invloed van technologische en sociaal-culturele ontwikkelingen, op zijn beurt het publiek emanciperen ten opzichte van de professionele journalistiek.” Jo Bardoel - ‘Confrontaties in de kunst en cultuur’ (2000)
  • 10. Culturele Emancipatie Convergence Culture (computer games / fan culture) (Henry Jenkins) We Media (Dan Gillmor) Pro-Am / Prosumer (Leadbeater, Toffler) Reader-writer inversion
  • 11. Debat Burgerjournalistiek / Nieuws 2.0 De meerwaarde van een krant of een nieuwsprogramma op radio of televisie: Op die podia worden verbanden gelegd die de lezer, luisteraar of kijker niet uit zichzelf zou leggen. GJ Bogaerts De Volkskrant 2006
  • 12. Debat Burgerjournalistiek / Nieuws 2.0 Waarom staat [op Digg.com] in een paar koppen het belangrijkste nieuws? Omdat er een actieve voorhoede het meeste werk doet, een kritische massa van betrokken bezoekers die gezamenlijk bepalen wat het belangrijkste nieuws is. Jaap Stronks, De Nieuwe Reporter 2008
  • 13. Debat Culturele Elite Opkomst van internet versterkt de culturele revolte tegen het dictaat van de goede smaak. Abraham de Swaan 2008
  • 14. Debat Culturele Elite Opkomst van internet versterkt de culturele revolte tegen het dictaat van de goede smaak. Abraham de Swaan 2008 Er zijn [op internet] geen alom aanvaarde smaakmakers die [het publiek] kan bijstaan in de selectie uit het onbeperkt beschikbare aanbod. Abraham de Swaan 2008
  • 15. Debat Culturele Elite Hoezo, geen alom aanvaarde smaakmakers? De opinion leaders van internet hebben heel andere namen: Geenstijl, Kieskeurig, Autoblog, Mijn Kind Online, Sargasso… Iedere interesse heeft zijn eigen experts. Jeroen Mirck De Nieuwe Reporter 2008
  • 16. College ONM: Burgerjournalistiek 1. Drie voorbeelden van ‘verschuivende autoriteit’ 2. Culturele veranderingen 3. Technologische veranderingen 4. Optimistische analyses 5. Kritische analyses
  • 17. College ONM: Burgerjournalistiek 2. Culturele veranderingen 3. Technologische veranderingen: Verschuiving van een medialandschap naar een media-ecosysteem Flew (2007): 3 verschuivingen: 1 open publishing 2 collaborative editing 3 distributed content 4. Optimistische analyses
  • 18. The Machine is us/ing us Michael Wesch
  • 19. Media Landscape • Static • Closed System • Hierarchic • One-2-Many
  • 20. Media Ecosystem • Dynamic • Open System • Authority fluctuates • Many-2-Many, One-2-many One-2-One
  • 21. Flew (2007): 3 verschuivingen: 1 open publishing 2 collaborative editing 3 distributed content
  • 22. WEBLOGS
  • 23. PHOTOGRAPHY
  • 24. VIDEO
  • 25. FORA
  • 26. SOCIAL NETWORK
  • 27. Flew (2007): 3 verschuivingen: 1 open publishing 2 collaborative editing 3 distributed content
  • 28. WIKI
  • 29. Collaborative Filtering
  • 30. METADATA: TAGS / FOLKSONOMY
  • 31. SOCIAL NEWS SITES
  • 32. Flew: 3 verschuivingen: 1 open publishing 2 collaborative editing 3 distributed content
  • 33. mashup & remix
  • 34. VIDEO ON SOCIAL NETWORK
  • 35. DIGITAL LIFESTYLE AGGREGATOR
  • 36. Strategy of Economist.com
  • 37. Flew: 3 verschuivingen: 1 open publishing 2 collaborative editing 3 distributed content
  • 38. Flew: 3 verschuivingen: De Waal: 4 verschuivingen: 1 open publishing 2 collaborative editing 3 distributed content 4 metadata & personalizering
  • 39. Lists
  • 40. LAST.FM
  • 41. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 42. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 43. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 44. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 45. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 46. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 47. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 48. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers
  • 49. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers A l g o r i t h m s
  • 50. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers A l g o r i t h m s
  • 51. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers A l g o r i t h m s
  • 52. Events Journalists Audience Newsmakers A l g o r i t h m s
  • 53. Epic 2014
  • 54. College ONM: Burgerjournalistiek 1. Drie voorbeelden van ‘verschuivende autoriteit’ 2. Culturele veranderingen 3. Technologische veranderingen 4. Optimistische analyses 5. Kritische analyses
  • 55. College ONM: Burgerjournalistiek 3. Technologische veranderingen 4. Optimistische analyses: Naar een nieuwe publieke sfeer? 1 Burgerjournalistiek 2 Collective Intelligence 3 Networked Public Sphere 5. Kritische analyses
  • 56. Optimistische analyses: Naar een nieuwe publieke sfeer? 1 Burgerjournalistiek 2 Collective Intelligence 3 Networked Public Sphere
  • 57. Link-journalism
  • 58. Optimistische analyses: Naar een nieuwe publieke sfeer? 1 Burgerjournalistiek 2 Collective Intelligence 3 Networked Public Sphere
  • 59. Conversations not Lectures ‘My readers know more than I do’ Dan Gillmor We The Media
  • 60. 70
  • 61. Collective Intelligence / We Think / Crowdsourcing ‘In the We-Think economy people don’t just want services and goods delivered to them. They also want tools so that they can take part and places in which to play, share, debate with others.’ Charles Leadbeater We Think
  • 62. Californian Ideology / Mainstream Media Bashing ‘Regardless of their differences both sites and Digg make most traditional news outlets look like archaic relics of a bygone era.’ ... ‘The mainstream media people define themselves as the arbiters of taste. . . . As long as the media think they know what’s right they’ll never be in a position to harness people’s collective intelligence.’ Tapscott - Wikinomics
  • 63. It’s changing How we educate our children, How we entertain ourselves How we communicate How we think about ourselves How we do business
  • 64. Optimistische analyses: Naar een nieuwe publieke sfeer? 1 Burgerjournalistiek 2 Collective Intelligence 3 Networked Public Sphere
  • 65. Synbiosis of massmedia and nichemedia ‘Broadcasting provides the common culture. The Web offers more localized channels for responding to that culture’ Henry Jenkins - Convergence Culture
  • 66. Yochai Benkler The Wealth of Networks
  • 67. A-List Bloggers
  • 68. College ONM: Burgerjournalistiek 1. Drie voorbeelden van ‘verschuivende autoriteit’ 2. Culturele veranderingen 3. Technologische veranderingen 4. Optimistische analyses 5. Kritische analyses
  • 69. It’s not democratic, it’s just a different elite ‘The wisdom of the chaperones’ Chris Wilson (Slate): 2007: the top 100 Diggers submitted 44 percent of the site's top stories. 2006: they were responsible for 56 percent.
  • 70. Polarization
  • 71. CONSERVAPEDIA
  • 72. Echo Chamber Cass Sunstein: 91 procent of links on blogs are to like minded blogs. 75 procent of crosslinking is bashing, only 25 procent is truly engaging in the discussion (Republic 2.0)
  • 73. Digital Maoism Jason Lanier
  • 74. The Cult of the Search Engine
  • 75. Miljoenen zien Wüst en Kramer winnen
  • 76. Wüst en Kramer wereldkampioen schaatsen
  • 77. Rombouts maakt zich bezorgd
  • 78. Positie katholieken binnen CDA zorgelijk
  • 79. 'Ik ben nu niet meer het jochie, ik word een man'
  • 80. Atleet Michael Butter behaalt titel 10 kilometer
  • 81. ‘Snarkiness’ Blogging is no longer about outgoing links, but about incoming links
  • 82. ‘Churnalism’
  • 83. ‘Churnalism’ State of the media 2005:
  • 84. ‘Churnalism’ State of the media 2005:
  • 85. ‘Churnalism’ State of the media 2005: ★# of articles listed on Google News on a particular day:
  • 86. ‘Churnalism’ State of the media 2005: ★# of articles listed on Google News on a particular day: ★14.000
  • 87. ‘Churnalism’ State of the media 2005: ★# of articles listed on Google News on a particular day: ★14.000
  • 88. ‘Churnalism’ State of the media 2005: ★# of articles listed on Google News on a particular day: ★14.000 ★# of different topics covered:
  • 89. ‘Churnalism’ State of the media 2005: ★# of articles listed on Google News on a particular day: ★14.000 ★# of different topics covered: ★14
  • 90. We need Institutional Journalism ‘What blogger will take on the next Watergate scandal?’
  • 91. We need a cultural elite ‘As Adorno liked to remind us, we have a responsibility to protect people from their worst impulses. If people aren’t able to censor their worst instincts, then they need to be censored by others wiser and more disciplined than themselves.’ Andrew Keen
  • 92. The Cult of the Amateur ‘Infinite Monkeys’
  • 93. Dank voor jullie aandacht Vragen? martijn@martijndewaal.nl www.martijndewaal.nl

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