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The future
The future
The future
The future
The future
The future
The future
The future
The future
The future
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The future

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explanation of will and going to

explanation of will and going to

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  • 1. Be going to Affirmative Negative Subject + to be + going to + verb Subject + to be + not + going to + inf.I’m going to study English. I’m not going to study English QuestionsYou’re going to study English. (Question word) + to be + subject + going to +He’s going to study English. inf.She’s going to study English. Who is going to study English?It’s going to rain. Where are you going to sleep?We’re going to study English. To be + subject + going to + inf.They’re going to study English. Is it going to rain? No, it isn’t Are you going to study English? Yes, I am
  • 2. Be going toUses1. Predictions: When we are sure about the future becauseof something we see in the present.She’s pregnant. She’s going to have a baby.Look at these black clouds. It’s going to rain.2. Plans and intentions in the near futureI’m going to take a holiday next weekWhat are you going to wear this evening?
  • 3. Use the prompts to write sentences with going to. Use short forms of “to be” (‘m, ‘s, etc).Example. It’s 8.30. Claire is still in bed. (miss/bus)She’s going to miss the bus1. Dave is exhausted. There are still 10km to run. (not/finish/race)2. They haven’t studied. They’re bad at maths. The exam is tomorrow. (not/pass)3. It’s 10.00. The train leaves at 10.03. I’m 5 km from the station (not/catch).4. There’s a bright blue sky with no clouds. (be/nice day)5. It’s very hot and humid. You can see big black clouds and lightning. (there/be/thunderstorm)
  • 4. Use the prompts to write sentences with going to. Use short forms of “to be” (‘m, ‘s, etc).Example. It’s 8.30. Claire is still in bed. (miss/bus)She’s going to miss the bus1. He isn’t / He’s not going to finish the race. (not/finish/race)2. They’re not / aren’t going to pass.(not/pass)3. I’m not going to catch the train. (not/catch).4. It’s going to be a nice day. (be/nice day)5. There’s going to be a thunderstorm. (there/be/thunderstorm)
  • 5. Will Affirmative Negative Subject + will+ infinitive Subject + will+ not + infinitiveI will study English / I’ll study … I will not study EnglishYou will study English / You’ll study… I won’t study EnglishHe will study English / He’ll study… QuestionsShe will study English / She’ll study … (Question word) + will + infinitive+ verbIt’ll be difficult Who will study English?We will study English / We’ll study … Where will you sleep?They will study English / They’ll study Will+ subject + infinitive Will it be difficult?
  • 6. Will1. Predictions or beliefs about the future. The economic situation will be better in 2025. I think the exam will be difficult. I don’t think it will rain this morning2. Instant decisions.A. The phone is ringing!B. Ok. I’ll answer it.3. To promise or refuse things. I will stop smoking. The car won’t start (things can “refuse”).4. Threats Stop or I’ll shoot!
  • 7. Use the prompts to write a sentence with will. Use short formswhere possible. You/have/time/finish/homework – You’ll have time to finish your homework1. They/select/you/for the football team2. They/increase/taxes/next year3. Prices / not come down4. I / not be / very long5. It / not snow / this weekend6. The football team / win / next match
  • 8. Use the prompts to write a sentence with will. Use short formswhere possible. You/have/time/finish/homework – You’ll have time to finish your homework1. They’ll select you for the football team.2. They’ll increase taxes next year.3. Prices won’t come down.4. I won’t be very long.5. It won’t snow this weekend.6. The football team will win the next match.
  • 9. Will or going to?A. The shops are closed tomorrow.B. I will buy bread and milk today then.A. It’s too dark in here to read.B. Is it? I … turn on the light.A. Can we go out to play, Mum?B. No, we … to have dinner now.A. Sarah has had a baby.B. I know. I … visit her in hospital tomorrow.A. Sarah has had a baby.B. Oh, really? I … visit her in hospital tomorrow.

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