PSYCHO SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF CHILDREN IN JUVENILE HOMES IN KERALA Presented by Jwalana John, Post Graduate Student of Social Work Rajagiri college
Objectives To find out the psycho social problems of children living in juvenile homes To assess the effectiveness of the training in juvenile homes
REVIEW OF LITERATURE “The Juvenile Justice care and protection Act is very progressive in nature but the question is its effectiveness. Inmates at the state-run juvenile homes in Delhi are “living life worse than that of animals”.( DCPCR report)
NCPCR report Over 50 percent of the juvenile homes do not provide any counseling services to juvenile delinquents. More than 80 percent of caretakers at these homes are not trained. In 70 percent of the juvenile care-centers, physical punishment is a dominant method to discipline children.
Juvenile justice system substantially increased the risk of the boys engaging in criminal activities during early adulthood. (Study published in Journal of child psychology and Psychiatry)
Purpose of the act was being defeated because of poor implementation and inadequate facilities. Some lose their childhood in this painfully long process. Ref: Former Reporter of CBI
Research Methodology Sampling: Random Sampling Design: Descriptive Universe: Children living in Juvenile Homes in Kerala Unit: Children living in Thrishur Juvenile Home Tools: Interview Schedule
Findings Thirty five percent of the children are not satisfied with the training given in juvenile homes At the same time eighty seven percent of the children like to be at their own home butPoverty compels them to stay in Juvenile Homes (55%) In Juvenile Homes they get at least food and basic education.
Most of the children(65%) are not hopeful of their future Most of the children(65%) are not hopeful of their future
Conclusion Though the Juvenile homes provide basic facilities to this poorest of the poor children, It is not adequate to ensure the psychological well being andself esteem. The data also shows that the quality training and education are not sufficient to enhance their confidence in facing the future challenges.