Understanding Diabetes

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Understanding Diabetes is a Power-point presentation that explains what is diabetes, pre-diabetes and ways by which we can effectively manage it. The aim of the presentation is to create awareness about diabetes and its effective management.

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Understanding Diabetes

  1. 1. MADE BY: JONATHAN D’SOUZA MEDICAL WRITER
  2. 2. World’s population: 6,600,000,000 Population with diabetes 246,000,000 Population with HIV/AIDS 33,000,000 8 TIMES the number of people with HIV/AIDS Projected to increase to 380,000,000 by 2025!
  3. 3. DIABETES IN INDIA 2013 India is the new Diabetes Capital of the World ! ! ! 63,000,000 Number of Diabetes Patients in India 2013 77,000,000 Number of Pre-Diabetics in India 2013 1,000,000 Number of Indians Die Every Year Because of Diabetes
  4. 4. than 63 Million people have been diagnosed with Diabetes in India. (According to International Diabetes Federation)  More  Metabolic Syndrome: Risk factors related to obesity  Type I: Pancreas cells produce little or no insulin  Type II: Fat, Liver and muscle cells do not respond to insulin (insulin resistance)  Gestational Diabetes: High blood sugar during pregnancy
  5. 5.  Pre-diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as type 2 diabetes.  It is a metabolic condition and growing global problem that is closely tied to obesity.  A diagnosis of prediabetes is a warning sign about your health  While not everyone diagnosed with prediabetes will develop Type 2 diabetes, many will—and people with prediabetes are at higher risk for heart disease and stroke.
  6. 6. Insulin Resistanceis a condition in which the insulin produced in the body is not utilized efficiently.
  7. 7. Fasting plasma glucose test (FPG) results Diabetes 126 mg/dL or Greater Pre-Diabetes 125 mg/dL to 100 mg/dL Normal Less than 100 mg/dL
  8. 8. Type 2 is more common in people who:  Are overweight.  Are 45 or older.  Are physically inactive.  Have a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes.  Have abnormal cholesterol levels.  Have had gestational diabetes  Have high blood pressure.
  9. 9. Diabetic Retinopathy-trouble with vision Nephropathy- kidney problems  Heart Disease Nerve Damage
  10. 10.  Pre-meal or fasting: 80-120  2 hours post-meal: 80-140  Bedtime: 80-140 or 100-140
  11. 11.  On insulin: Every 6 hours  Not on insulin: Once in the morning and once in the evening
  12. 12. Key elements of diabetes self-management: Monitoring blood glucose Taking medication Following a meal plan Getting regular exercise
  13. 13. TRY  Swimming  Exercise balls or exercise bands  Walking  Stationary bikes  Exercise videos  Yoga  Local Recreation Centers
  14. 14.  Vary your routine.  Don’t be afraid to try something new.  Participate in things you like to do.  Use music or books on tape to make the time pass more quickly.
  15. 15.  Check your blood glucose before and after every activity.  Always warm up and cool down.  Wear comfortable footwear.  Drink plenty of water.
  16. 16. Most adults with diabetes have one or more cholesterol problems, such as:  high  low triglycerides HDL (“good”) cholesterol  high LDL (“bad”) cholesterol
  17. 17.  A – A1c, or hemoglobin A1c test.  B – Blood pressure < 130/80 mmHg for non-pregnant adults.  C – Cholesterol HDL (good) cholesterol – >40 mg/dl (men); >50 mg/dl (women) LDL (bad) cholesterol – <100 mg/dl Triglycerides – <150 mg/dl
  18. 18.  Weight control  Blood glucose control  Prevention and management of short-term and long-term complications of diabetes
  19. 19.  Eat more fruit and vegetables  Reduce animal or saturated fat  Cut down on sugar  Reduce salt
  20. 20.  Fresh  Frozen  Dried
  21. 21. To help maintain blood glucose levels and cholesterol levels     Fruit Vegetables Pulses Oats Helps to maintain a healthy gut     Wholegrain cereals Wholemeal bread Whole-wheat pasta Brown rice
  22. 22.  Use low fat milk  Use low fat spread instead of butter  Use oil high in unsaturated fat, eg olive oil, rapeseed oil
  23. 23. Grill  Dry-roast  Microwave  Steam 
  24. 24. SATURATED MONO- UNSATURATED POLY- UNSATURATED • Full fat dairy produce (eg cheese, butter, full cream milk) • Olive oil • Sunflower oil (products) • Pies • Biscuits • Savoury snacks • Lard • Hard vegetable fat • Rapeseed oil • Groundnut oil • Oily fish
  25. 25.    Cut out sweets Cut out sugary drinks Reduce Sugar intake
  26. 26. Cut down on added salt  Use alternative seasonings  Look out for reduced/low sodium foods, eg. bread  Avoid salt substitutes 
  27. 27.  Jonathan D’Souza is actively involved in providing scientific inputs to pharmaceutical clients for the development of clinically significant scientific content in order to enable a smooth brand launch. He has been an essential asset who is actively involved in the planning and management of various brand launch strategies across pharmaceutical organizations.  In his capacity as a Medical Writer, Jonathan has been instrumental in successfully launching several pharmaceutical brands with a specific focus on target segments. He is presently working as a Medical Writer and has a keen desire to share his experience, knowledge and expertise with others.  For any further assistance, kindly contact him on the following email id: jonad88@gmail.com  http://ezinearticles.com/?expert=Jonathan_Elias_D'Souza

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