There are different types of diabetes Type I (juvenile diabetes, insulin dependent) Type II (adult-onset, non-insulin dependent) Gestational
Not a transmitted disease For Type I Hereditary Trigger Type II Weight gain/obesity Excess sugar in bloodstream
Frequent urination Excessive thirst Extreme hunger or constant eating Unexplained weight loss Presence of glucose in the urine
Tiredness or fatigue Changes in vision Numbness or tingling in the extremities Slow-healing wounds or sores Abnormally high frequency of infection
Monitor blood glucose levels Diet, exercise, medication Type I: Daily insulin injections Type II: Weight loss Alternative Medicine
Type I Usually onset in childhood, early teenage years GeneticType II Adults over forty (mean: 50~60) Linked to obesity
Today’s World Food abundance Less exercise Genotype causes obesity which leads to diabetes
Type I: Daily injections Diabetics must plan meals, mealtimes Blood glucose monitoring
One can not tell if another has diabetes by their physical appearance People who are sick from this disease look like any other person , but still is sick Diabetes is a disease that someone may not know you have
To improve insulin function one must cut down all artificial foods like fizzy drinks, packed/canned foods, diet chocolates etc. All sugary products, juices and very sweet fruits like chikoo (sapota) should be avoided. Corn flour, white rice, fried potatoes, too much of dairy and eggs should be avoided. Cut down too much of butter, oils etc as a high concentration of fat in the food tends to decrease the insulin action on the cells.
You can help control your blood sugar when you eat healthy, get enough exercise and stay at a healthy weight. Eat your meals at about the same time each day. Do not skip meals. Exercise at about the same times each day. Take your medicines at the same times each day.
The other serious condition that can result is just hypoglycemia. This is where your blood sugar drops too low. Most instances of this condition are mild and are easily solved by consuming some glucose rich foods. However, if left untreated, coma and death can result.
A device called a glucometer can provide an exact blood sugar reading. There are different types of devices. Usually, you prick your finger with a small needle called a lancet. This gives you a tiny drop of blood. You place the blood on a test strip and put the strip into the device. Results are available in 30 - 45 seconds.
Whole-grain Oatmeal Bean varieties Green leafy vegetables Vegetables Fruits Common foods to lower the blood sugar level: Cinnamon, bitter gourd, garlic and onion is known to reduce blood sugar level. Raw bitter gourd juice is good for diabetes. Foods rich in fiber Nuts Chicken and turkey Milk: Choose fat-free or low-fat milk and dairy products. Completely avoid whole milk. Go organic. Alcohol: A NO-NO. It is important that you try to avoid alcoholic beverages. Alcohol can make it more difficult for you to control the blood sugar levels. If you choose to drink alcohol, only drink it occasionally and when your blood sugar level is well-controlled. Its a good idea to check with your doctor to be sure drinking alcohol is acceptable.
Also called juvenile diabetes or insulin dependent It is a disorder of the body’s immune system attacking and destroying certain cells in the pancreas For the type you need an insulin
increased production of urine (because the body tries to get rid of the excess glucose in the urine, diluting it with water), excessive thirst, fatigue (because the glucose is not being converted into energy), loss of weight, increased appetite, feeling sick, blurred vision, infections such as thrush or irritation of the genitals.
vomiting, stomach pain, rapid breathing, increased pulse rate, sleepiness. Without treatment it can cause to coma or death
regular injections of insulin. These are given daily or several times a day, depending on the type of insulin used. staying physically active and getting plenty of exercise maintaining a steady weight The goal of insulin treatment is to control the amount of insulin in the bloodstream so that glucose levels are normal, or near normal.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually occurs gradually. Most people with the disease are overweight at the time of diagnosis. People at the age of 45 and older most likely get this