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What Every Indian women Should know about Diabetes? Dr. Sharda Jain , Lifecare Team


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What Every Indian women Should know about Diabetes? Dr. Sharda Jain , Lifecare Team

  1. 1. What Every Indian Should know about Diabetes? Dr. Sharda Jain Dr. Jyoti Bhasker Dr. Jyoti Aggarwal Dr. Rashmi Dr. Indu Women
  2. 2. Why should know about diabetes ????? • She is a home maker • She is a meal planner • She is the one who inculcates the habit of taking sugar in milk, in tea, in curd, in rice & sweets in the family members. Indian Women
  3. 3. “The World Health Organization had announced in 2014 that sugar is the NEW TOBACCO; JUST AS TOBACCO IS ONE OF THE LEADING CAUSES OF CANCER, SUGAR LEADS TO DIABETES,”
  4. 4. Why we need to know about diabetes • India is a CAPITAL of diabetes • 2015 – India has 65.1 Million diabetes patients • 77 million pre-diabetes status patients. 2010 - India had 50.8 million people with diabetes Indian Women
  5. 5. ‘90% Of Patients Unaware Of High Sugar Levels i.e of Diabetic status Few Facts about India & Diabetes
  6. 6. 9 of 10 people with diabetes believe that their blood sugar is under control even though it’s not. Association of Physicians of Indian (API) survey 2015 Indian Homes do not view diabetes seriously !!! It is very unfortunate that
  7. 7. 54% Of respondents of API survey 2015 in metros experienced at least one complication because of poor blood sugar control Association of Physicians of Indian (API) survey 2015 Facts about Indian diabetics
  8. 8. MONITORING was considered important by only 13% of respondents only, in the API survey; rest had false sense of well – being (API survey 2015) SHOCKING
  9. 9. Things to Know about Diabetes • What is diabetes ? What are the Statistics? • What are the different types of Diabetes ? • What are the symptoms? • How does it transmit? • How do I get tested for diabetes ? • How can I prevent of control diabetes? • What parts I prevent or control diabetes? • Can diabetes be cures? • How can diabetes be cured? • How can I educate myself
  10. 10. Diabetes : What is it? • Diabetes is characterized by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood • HOW DOES THE HAPPEN? * Glucose enter the bloodstream, from food we eat this us later used for fuel in the body. Our pancreas located near the stomach makes insulin, which plays a role in moving glucose to muscles , liver cells, and fat * The pancreas then fails to make enough insulin or the muscles or.. * As a result, our body’s cells are starving for energy and over time, high blood glucose levels change our overall health damaging the kidney, eye, and nerves.
  11. 11. Types of Diabetes THERE ARE 4 MAJOR TYPES OF DIABETES: 1. Type 1 diabetes * Usually diagnosis in childhood * Affected by hereditary * Sometimes there are no symptoms * Imperative to inject insulin daily because the body makes little or no insulin * Frequently called the insulin – needed group * Patients with type 1 diabetes need insulin daily to
  12. 12. Types of Diabetes (Cont…) 2) Type 2 Diabetes * most common * usually occurs in adulthood but diagnosis increasing in the younger generation * affects many children * Body is incapable of responding to insulin * Rates rising due to increased obesity and failure to exercise and eat healthy.
  13. 13. Types of Diabetes (cont….) • 3) Gestational Diabetes (1 in 5 Indian pregnant women) * blood sugar levels are high during pregnancy in women * Women who give birth to child weighing 4 kg & + * high risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular and cardiovascular disease.
  14. 14. Types of Diabetes (cont…) • 4) PRE-DIABETES * At least 77 million Indian people are diagnose with pre- diabetes status. * Above average blood glucose levels, not high enough to be classified under 1 or type 2 diabetes * Long – term damage to body , including heart and circulatory system is documented * Starts with unhealthy eating habits & inadequate exercise
  15. 15. How does diabetes transmit??? • Genetically (type 1 diabetes, pre-diabetes, gestational) • Can develop due to poor diet & inadequate exercise (pre-diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes) • Develops due to following factors *overweight * High blood pressure * High cholesterol * Family History of diabetes * African-American, Asian-American, Latino, Hispanic- American, Native American electricity. * Family History of Gestational diabetes
  16. 16. Excessive thirst and increased urination, fatigue, weight loss, blurred vision, slow healing wounds and frequent infections, tingling feet and hands, red swollen gums Warning Signs of Diabetes
  17. 17. Warning Signs of Diabetes
  18. 18. How Does Diabetes Affects the Body DIABETES CAN AFFECT: • Heart • Kidneys Eyes • Nervous system • Skin • Practically your Whole body
  19. 19. DIABETES CAN AFFECT: Cardiovascular Disease • The most frequent health risk from diabetes is known as cardiovascular disease • diabetes can cause high blood pressure that then cause an even stronger resistance to insulin. DYSLIPIDEMIA • Diabetes lowers our goods cholesterol and raises our bad cholesterol leading to an increase of heart disease and stroke. This can cause the arteries to become clogged with fact. • At least 65% of people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke.
  20. 20. • there are reasons to view diabetes as one of the most serious public health problems facing India as India has is second largest number of diabetic in the world, (next to china) Public awareness is first key to Prevention
  21. 21. Prevention Follow a healthy meal plan, exercise regularly, take medicines as advised , monitor glucose levels
  22. 22. Prevention • Taking care of body • Check feet to make sure there is no NERVE damage of interruption of blood flow • Take care of teeth • Control blood pressure and high • No smoking • Check in with your doctor at least once a month • Have your blood sugar checked along with weight blood pressure . • Check blood sugar levels daily by using home monitoring device
  23. 23. Complications of Diabetes Long term complications include • Stroke, • Peripheral vascular disease, • Hypertension, • Urinary infection, • Coronary artery disease
  24. 24. 3 Test For Diabetes FBS , 2hr PP (75 gm), glycoselated Hb FBS (Fasting Blood sugar) * Patient must fast for eight hours * Doctors draws blood. * Doctors will mix blood with other liquid of determine the amount of sugar a glucose in the blood. * This is measured in mg/dL * Blood glucose range for pre- diabetes will be in the 100-125 mg/dL range. * Type 2 diabetes will have blood sugar result in the range of 126 mg/dL and above. * These levels can increase the risk heart disease and stroke • OGTT (75 gm glucose) * doctors measure how to well your body react to average dose of sugar. * 2 hr blood glucose level are measured to see how the body reacts. * Blood glucose range for pre- diabetics will be between 140- 199 mg/dL. • over 200 mg/dL is diabetes
  25. 25. Can diabetes be cured? • Unfortunately, there is not yet a cure for diabetes. • BUT DON’T GIVE UP HOPE! There are always new facts and discoveries being made every day • Doctors are providing treatment that can lower symptoms of diabetes of all types, which can reduce Complications.
  26. 26. • offers great hope in ADULT DM Can diabetes be cured? • Juvenile Diabetes • Brittle Diabetes STEM CELL Therapy shows silver lining in BARIATRIC SURGERY
  27. 27. Take home message • Become Obsessed about diabetes • People with family history should get regular investigations to pick – up diabetes early . • Once diagnose monitoring of blood sugar levels are important Uncontrolled diabetes curtails our life by 7 to 9 yrs…. However controlled diabetes prevents complications & does not curtail our life span
  28. 28. Remember … At KE Control of Your life ! Don’t let Diabetes Control you !
  29. 29. ADDRESS 11 Gagan Vihar, Near Karkari Morh Flyover, Delhi - 51 CONTACT US 9650588339, 011-22414049, WEBSITE : E-MAIL ID &