Macmillan Children Readers

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Practical Presentation on using readers in the classroom by Patrick Hafenstein

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  • Macmillan Children Readers

    1. 1. Making Things Better for You! Developing Good Reading Habits MACMILLAN
    2. 2. Who was the first publisher to establish a children’s literature department? 1919 160+ years Rudyard Kipling, Lewis Carrol, H.G. Wells British Prime Minister 007 70+ Countries MACMILLAN
    3. 3. Patrick Hafenstein Examiner of 4 Exams Author of 5 books Trained 10,000+ teachers in 8 countries Helped 35,000+ students get an o/s Masters Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    4. 4. Which is the most decisive factor in determining the success of a reading class? Making Things Better for You! <ul><li>The Topics </li></ul><ul><li>The Exercises </li></ul><ul><li>The Teacher </li></ul><ul><li>The Students </li></ul><ul><li>Test Practice </li></ul><ul><li>The Coursebook Design </li></ul>MACMILLAN
    5. 5. Making Things Better for You! Engaging Content ‘ The truth of the matter is that about 99% of teaching is making the students feel interested in the material. Then the other 1% has to do with methods’. Noam Chomsky MACMILLAN
    6. 6. Interesting topics… Making Things Better for You! Provide new information (innate curiosity) Provoke an emotional response (develop imagination) Are relevant to students’ lives (age appropriate) MACMILLAN
    7. 7. How do you teach reading? Making Things Better for You! Intensive vs. Extensive Skills & Strategies vs. Comprehension Top Down vs. Bottom Up Before, During & After Reading Activities MACMILLAN
    8. 8. Pre-Reading Making Things Better for You! Open up to page 96 & start reading MACMILLAN
    9. 9. Making Things Better for You! 1. Activating Schema <ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Input </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings </li></ul><ul><li>Freewriting </li></ul><ul><li>Background info as quizzes. </li></ul>MACMILLAN
    10. 10. Making Things Better for You! Shark or Dolphin? MACMILLAN
    11. 11. Making Things Better for You! 2. Pre-teach Vocabulary Step 1: Presenting Translations? Flashcards Illustrations Mime Sounds Realia Examples Definitions Antonyms/synonyms Step 2: Practicing Decision Making Tasks Production Tasks Games & Activities Step 3: Consolidation Reading Listening MACMILLAN
    12. 12. Making Things Better for You! 3. Text Prediction <ul><li>Key Word Guess </li></ul><ul><li>Key Word Story </li></ul><ul><li>Ride/bike/apple </li></ul><ul><li>Summer/swimsuit/tree </li></ul><ul><li>Wear/sunglasses/ football </li></ul>MACMILLAN
    13. 13. While Reading Making Things Better for You! Read and Answer the Questions MACMILLAN
    14. 14. Making Things Better for You! During Reading Exercises <ul><li>Step 1: Shared Reading </li></ul><ul><li>Key Words Identifying </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Food - clap </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adj. - stomp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal - whistle </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Word Stop </li></ul><ul><li>Error Correction </li></ul>Step 2: Guided Reading Erase it Speedy Turn-taking Emotional Reading MACMILLAN
    15. 15. After Reading Making Things Better for You! Check your answers with your partner MACMILLAN
    16. 16. Making Things Better for You! After Reading Exercises Vocabulary Development Grammar in Context Integrated Speaking/ Writing Task-based Activities/ Project Work MACMILLAN
    17. 17. Top Down vs. Bottom Up Making Things Better for You! What’s the difference? MACMILLAN
    18. 18. Top Down Activating all prior knowledge about topic & text type, then skimming to get a rough idea of content & structure. Bottom Up Paying close attention to the language, especially syntax and cohesion to understand difficult text. Top Down vs. Bottom Up Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    19. 19. Top Down vs. Bottom Up Making Things Better for You! Which process comes first? MACMILLAN
    20. 20. Top Down Making Things Better for You! Step 1: What comes next? Step 2: Summarising Step 3: Underline the unfamiliar words Step 4: What questions is the text trying to answer? Step 5: Check questions have been answered Step 6: Bottom up processing MACMILLAN
    21. 21. Bottom Up Processing Making Things Better for You! <ul><li>The Nation Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Identify what the cohesive elements refer to. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove coordinating conjunctions & rewrite as 2 sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Find nouns & remove any items following them which are part of the same noun group. </li></ul><ul><li>Find verbs & decide who/what does what </li></ul><ul><li>Find participle, infinitive or prepositional clauses & decide who/what does what </li></ul>MACMILLAN
    22. 22. Intensive vs. Extensive Making Things Better for You! What’s the difference? MACMILLAN
    23. 23. Extensive Reading large quantities of material or long texts for global or general understanding with the intention of gaining pleasure from the text. Intensive Reading a text in detail with the intent to understand all structures, lexis and text organisation and at the same time developing reading skills. Extensive vs. Intensive Reading Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    24. 24. When (second language learners)read for pleasure, they can continue to improve in their second language without classes, without teachers, without study & even without people to converse with. (Krashen 1993 p.84) Benefits of Extensive Reading… Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    25. 25. Pupils developed a wider active & passive vocabulary . They used more varied sentence structure & were better at spotting & correcting grammatical mistakes in their writing & speaking. They showed an overall improvement in writing skills & increased confidence & fluency in speaking . (Davis1995 p.330) Benefits of Extensive Reading… Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    26. 26. Reading for Pleasure Making Things Better for You! As a teacher, your role is to MOTIVATE students to read and this is the most challenging part of Extensive Reading Although there are many benefits of reading, that does not mean students will read. MACMILLAN
    27. 27. Making Things Better for You! A story about a festival A story about a sport A story about a very cold place MACMILLAN
    28. 28. Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    29. 29. Step 1 Choose the right books <ul><li>Length & Complexity </li></ul><ul><li>Layout </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Illustrations </li></ul><ul><li>Topic </li></ul>E. Graphics aid understanding of vocabulary & story B. Short, simple stories with repetitive language. D. Enjoyable stories that students will be enthusiastic about C. Ability to understand at least 75-80% of the words A. Easy to read font size & not too wordy Implementing an Extensive Reading Program Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    30. 30. Step 2 Setting up the program <ul><li>Have students set up, run & maintain the reading program so they gain a sense of ownership. Things to do include; </li></ul><ul><li>Setting up and running a book loan system. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping a list of books and updating it. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping reading records & book reports. </li></ul><ul><li>Keeping books neatly & correctly displayed. </li></ul>Making Things Better for You! Implementing an Extensive Reading Program MACMILLAN
    31. 31. Step 3 Run it Successfully <ul><li>Be a role model & provide guidance, e.g. read aloud, conduct interviews… </li></ul>2. Encourage peer feedback, e.g. student presentations, book clubs, mini book fairs 3. Keep it entertaining, e.g. discourage the use of dictionaries, use audio-visual equipment, bring in promotional materials. Making Things Better for You! Implementing an Extensive Reading Program MACMILLAN
    32. 32. Reading Comprehension vs. Reading Skills & Strategies Making Things Better for You! What’s the difference? MACMILLAN
    33. 33. Reading Comprehension To check learners’ understanding of a text typically through multiple choice questions, true/false statements, wh-questions, gap fills, etc. Reading Skills & Strategies Training students to be more effective readers by teaching them to infer meaning, guess vocab from context, distinguishing key points, etc. Comprehension vs. Skills & Strategies Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    34. 34. Increasing Reading Speed Repeat reading, for example reading a 100 word passage 4 times in 2 minutes. This can be more effective than reading once slowly. Reading Skills & Strategies Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    35. 35. <ul><li>What is one quality of an interesting topic? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one way to activate schema? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one way to present vocabulary? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one way to practice vocabulary? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one way to predict text? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one shared reading activity? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one guided reading activity? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one top down approach? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one bottom up approach? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one benefit of extensive reading? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you improve reading fluency? </li></ul>Teaching Reading Summary Making Things Better for You! MACMILLAN
    36. 36. Any Questions? Making Things Better for You! Email : patrickhafenstein@macmillan.com.tw Catalogue : www.macmillanenglish.com Training Videos: www.youtube.com/user/macmillanELT Resources : www.onestopenglish.com www.onestopclil.com E-learning : www.macmillanenglishcampus.com www.macmillanpracticeonline.com Social Networking: www.facebook.com – Macmillan Education Taiwan MACMILLAN

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