Hot Spot


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Hot Spot

  1. 1. MACMILLAN<br />Macmillan Teacher Training<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />Patrick Hafenstein Canton September 2011<br />
  2. 2. MACMILLAN<br />Publishing Company<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />Working for a Foreign Publisher<br />
  3. 3. Who’s this?<br />MACMILLAN<br />Author<br />of 5 books<br />Examiner<br />of 4 Exams<br />Helped<br />100,000+<br />students get<br />an o/s<br />Masters<br />Trained<br />11,000+<br />teachers in<br />11 countries<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  4. 4. Hot Spot<br />Capture the imagination of younger teenagers<br />
  5. 5. MACMILLAN<br />Reading Agenda<br />Essential Reading Philosophy<br />Before, While, After Reading Activities <br />Top Down vs. Bottom Up<br />Intensive vs. Extensive<br />Reading Comprehension vs. Skills & Strategies<br />Dictionary Skills<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  6. 6. MACMILLAN<br />Which is the most decisive factor in determining the success of a reading class?<br /><ul><li>The Topics
  7. 7. The Exercises
  8. 8. The Teacher
  9. 9. The Students
  10. 10. Test Practice
  11. 11. The Coursebook Design</li></ul>Making Things Better for You!<br />
  12. 12. MACMILLAN<br />Interesting topics…<br />Are relevant to students’ lives (age appropriate)<br />Provide new information (innate curiosity)<br />Provoke an emotional response (develop imagination)<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  13. 13. MACMILLAN<br />How do you teach reading?<br />Intensive vs. Extensive<br />Top Down vs. Bottom Up<br />Skills & Strategies vs. Comprehension<br />Before, During & After Reading Activities<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  14. 14. MACMILLAN<br />Pre-Reading<br />Open up to page 96 & start reading<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  15. 15. 1. Activating Schema<br />MACMILLAN<br />Brainstorming<br />Discussion Questions<br />Input<br />Drawings<br />Freewriting<br />Background info as quizzes.<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  16. 16. 3. Text Prediction<br />MACMILLAN<br /><ul><li>Key Word Guess
  17. 17. Key Word Story</li></ul>School<br />Shoes/slippers<br />Lesson/bow/ questions<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  18. 18. MACMILLAN<br />While Reading<br />Read and Answer the Questions<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  19. 19. During Reading Exercises<br />MACMILLAN<br />Step 1: Shared Reading<br />Key Words Identifying<br /><ul><li>Sports Equipment –clap
  20. 20. Permission - stomp
  21. 21. Obligation - click</li></ul>Key Word Stop<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  22. 22. During Reading Exercises<br />MACMILLAN<br />Step 2: Guided Reading<br />Speedy Turn-taking<br />Emotional Reading<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  23. 23. MACMILLAN<br />After Reading<br />Check your answers with your partner<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  24. 24. After Reading Exercises<br />MACMILLAN<br /> Vocabulary Development<br /> Integrated Speaking/ Writing<br /> Grammar in Context<br /> Task-based Activities/ Project Work<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  25. 25. MACMILLAN<br />Top Down vs. Bottom Up <br />What’s the difference?<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  26. 26. Top Down vs. Bottom Up<br />MACMILLAN<br />Bottom Up<br /> Paying close attention to the language, especially syntax and cohesion to understand difficult text.<br />Top Down<br /> Activating all prior knowledge about topic & text type, then skimming to get a rough idea of content & structure.<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  27. 27. Top Down vs. Bottom Up<br />MACMILLAN<br />Which process comes first?<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  28. 28. Top Down <br />MACMILLAN<br />Step 1: What comes next?<br />Step 2: Summarising<br />Step 3: Underline the unfamiliar words<br />Step 4: What questions is the text trying to answer?<br />Step 5: Check questions have been answered<br />Step 6: Bottom up processing<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  29. 29. Bottom Up Processing <br />MACMILLAN<br />The Nation Approach<br /><ul><li>Identify what the cohesive elements refer to.
  30. 30. Remove coordinating conjunctions & rewrite as 2 sentences.
  31. 31. Find nouns & remove any items following them which are part of the same noun group.
  32. 32. Find verbs & decide who/what does what
  33. 33. Find participle, infinitive or prepositional clauses & decide who/what does what</li></ul>Making Things Better for You!<br />
  34. 34. MACMILLAN<br />Intensive vs. Extensive <br />What’s the difference?<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  35. 35. Extensive vs. Intensive Reading<br />MACMILLAN<br />Extensive<br /> Reading large quantities of material or long texts for global or general understanding with the intention of gaining pleasure from the text.<br />Intensive<br /> Reading a text in detail with the intent to understand all structures, lexis and text organisation and at the same time developing reading skills.<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  36. 36. Benefits of Extensive Reading…<br />MACMILLAN<br />When (second language<br />learners)read for pleasure,<br />they can continue to<br />improve in their second<br /> language without classes,<br /> without teachers, without<br />study & even without <br />people to converse with.<br />(Krashen 1993 p.84)<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  37. 37. Benefits of Extensive Reading…<br />MACMILLAN<br />Pupils developed a wider<br />active & passive vocabulary.<br />They used more varied sentence<br />structure & were better at<br />spotting & correcting grammatical<br />mistakes in their writing &<br />speaking. They showed an<br />overall improvement in writing<br />skills & increased confidence &<br />fluency in speaking. (Davis1995 p.330)<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  38. 38. Reading for Pleasure<br />MACMILLAN<br />As a teacher, your role is to MOTIVATE students to read and this is the most challenging part of Extensive Reading<br />Although there are many benefits of reading, that does not mean students will read.<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  39. 39. 7 Stories of Mystery & Horror<br />A priceless Egyptian statuette is stolen<br />A Rich Man & A Poor Man<br />This story has been made into many plays, films & movies<br />A Romance on a Rainy Day<br />A<br />B<br />C<br />D<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  40. 40. MACMILLAN<br /> Reading Comprehension vs. Reading Skills & Strategies <br />What’s the difference?<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  41. 41. Comprehension vs. Skills & Strategies<br />MACMILLAN<br />Reading Skills & Strategies<br /> Training students to be more effective readers by teaching them to infer meaning, guess vocab from context, distinguishing key points, etc.<br />Reading Comprehension<br /> To check learners’ understanding of a text typically through multiple choice questions, true/false statements, wh-questions, gap fills, etc.<br />Making Things Better for You!<br />
  42. 42. Hot Spot<br />Capture the imagination of younger teenagers<br />
  43. 43. Overview<br />‘Inbetweenies’ (10 > 14)<br />42 core teaching hours per level<br />Communicative yet traditional approach<br />Provides a focus on UK<br />Culturally rich content<br />Theme based modules (7) (3x2 ~ double pp), plus Integrated skills, Review, Extra!<br />Transparent grammar syllabus<br />Personalisation<br />Practice<br />
  44. 44. USP’s<br />Learner autonomy ~ ‘check your English’<br />Pronunciation help ~ various activities<br />Integrated skills with cross-cultural focus<br />‘Groovy/funky’ characters ~ interest/remember<br />Learning diaries ~ AB<br />Grammar explanations/wordlists (SB)<br />Mixed ability/Dyslexia tips (TB)<br />
  45. 45. Motivation<br />Fun approach with lots of humour<br />Engaging characters to capture the interest of teenagers<br />
  46. 46. Grammar<br />Grammar is practised through fun tasks in the context of the lesson<br />Additional grammar practice in an illustrated reference section at the back of the SB<br />
  47. 47. Structure<br />Clear structure and signposting to help guide teachers<br />
  48. 48. Reading practice<br />Extra reading practice is offered at the higher levels in the form of an excerpt from a famous story<br />
  49. 49. Personalisation<br />Communicative practice with lots of controlled personalised practice to build confidence for students<br />
  50. 50. Skills integration<br />The integrated skills lesson has a cross-cultural focus<br />
  51. 51. Fun!<br />Songs and raps found in every unit <br />Lyrics at the back of the Student’s Book<br />Lower levels created specifically<br />Higher levels > known<br />
  52. 52. Teacher’s Book<br />Full colour and interleaved with the Student’s Book pages<br />Strong teacher training element with methodology tips throughout<br />Dyslexia tips to help students with dyslexia and learning difficulties<br />
  53. 53. Teacher’s Book<br />Extra ideas for teaching mixed-ability classes<br />Includes photocopiable worksheets for pair and group work<br />Editable Test CD-ROM included with every Teacher’s Book<br />
  54. 54. Other components<br />Activity Book includes:<br />A complete story<br />Extension and extra practice activities for mixed ability classes<br />Learning Diary<br />Student’s Book includes:<br />CD-ROM with additional practice and interactive games<br />Class audio<br />Teacher’s Website:<br /><br />