Creative Teaching with Scratch


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From the summer workshops 2009.

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Creative Teaching with Scratch

  1. 1. Creative Teaching with Tom Daccord Douglas Kiang
  2. 2. Today’s Agenda • An introduction to Scratch • Sample animations • Design your own animation • Reach the Beach Turtle Challenge • Collaborative Sprite Design • Reflections and brainstorming
  3. 3. Goals • Get hands-on experience with Scratch • Develop common familiarity as a basis for discussion • Explore, Create, and Share • Have fun!
  4. 4. • Free “media-rich programming environment” • Fosters creativity and computational thinking • Hands-on, active learning
  5. 5. Scratch’s goal is to help students develop into creative thinkers.
  6. 6. Move from consumers to producers of content: “Prosumers”
  7. 7. “Patterners” vs “Designers”
  8. 8. What Does it Mean to Create?
  9. 9. Reinvent Reimagine Revision
  10. 10. Mashups An unexpected combination of media using editing tools
  11. 11. Mashups An unexpected combination of media using editing tools Scratch is inspired by the idea of the mashup
  12. 12. Shining Recut trailer (YouTube)
  13. 13. Where Can I Find Examples? • Scratch comes with many built-in demos • LOTS of examples at • • Classroom 2.0
  14. 14. Where Can I Ask Questions? • Forums • Classroom 2.0 • Twitter #scratch • Facebook Scratch Group
  15. 15. Why interactivity? vs
  16. 16. We live in a participation culture. Technology is not transformative. Teaching and pedagogies are transformative. Technology is just a means to that end. We've got to challenge our kids to think outside the box, to celebrate unique thinking and unexpected results. - Ewan McIntosh, Keynote Speaker Building Learning Communities July 2008
  17. 17. Scratch | Home | imagine, program, share home projects galleries support forums about my stuff Language Login or Signup for an account search imagine • program • share Download Scratch 1.3 Get the latest version to create of Scratch for stories, games and share your creations on Windows or Mac. Snap together blocks and animations the web Newest Projects See more Scratch Design Studio Our Planet Create an animated story about the environment. Make your voice and ideas heard about what is request for fox… Make_a_Sprite_L… purple elephant… by Thefoxfreind by coolguy00 by person997 happening to our planet and what we can do to care for it. Your project might just change the world! Featured Projects See more See more Featured Galleries gochMusic KMM dance dress up! Paint your own … Thanksgiving contest by sunnygirl1 by deerel by micropeep Intro to Scrat… See more Top Remixed Lately See more Popular Tags 3d, animation, anime, art, awesome, ball, car, cat, cool, dance, fun, funny, Add A Face In A Box Add A Face Add_A_Face[1] by MohamedSadek by Tanner-FBI by brie700 game, games, halo, mario, math, maze, music, naruto, pokemon, pong, random, scratch, shooting,
  18. 18. Scripts
  19. 19. Scripts • “Programs” or algorithms • Combine blocks to string instructions together • Blocks will only fit where they are syntactically correct • Can be attached to the Stage or to Sprites
  20. 20. Sprites
  21. 21. Sprites • Can have their own scripts • Can be exported into other programs • Function like objects in Java or C++
  22. 22. Activity 1 • Create an animation using the letters in your first name (or nickname) • Use the Sprites in the galleries or draw your own! • Extra: Figure out how to add sound • Drop your name in the
  23. 23. Web 2.0 Features • Comments, questions • Attribution • Favorites
  24. 24. 21st Century Skillls • Information and Communication Skills • Thinking and Problem-Solving Skills • Interpersonal and Self-Directional Skills
  25. 25. Reach the Beach • Introductory activity • Create code given specific parameters • Many ways to solve the problem
  26. 26. • Object: Reach the water while avoiding the obstacles • Four options standing for different input/output conditions
  27. 27. Dragons and Butterflies • Collaborative activity • Create a sprite given specific parameters • Many ways to express creativity • Each team creates a component of final product
  28. 28. • Create a sprite that satisfies the specifications given • Upload your sprite into the network folder
  29. 29. • Combine all of the sprites into a playable game
  30. 30. How do our kids create? Customize their desktop
  31. 31. How do our kids create? Customize their desktop
  32. 32. How do our kids create? Customize their workflow
  33. 33. How do our kids create? Multiple representations Unexpected combinations Unexpected results Customize their study
  34. 34. Challenge: Show a molecular reaction Must have motion Must have sound You must build it!
  35. 35. Tips • Provide specific parameters • Provide resources • Don’t give step-by-step instructions • Build in opportunities to share in class • Provide (or build together) assessment rubric
  36. 36. Hold on!
  37. 37. Caveats • Addictive! • Tempting games on Scratch site • Comments are a mixed bag • Desire vs. Reality
  38. 38. Storytelling Using Scratch Student will tell a story related to camp 2 - High 4 - Experiencing Attribute 1 - Exceptional 3 - Achieved achievement difficulty Story has a beginning, Story has a beginning, Story demonstrates a middle and end with Structure middle and end with beginning, middle and Lack of structure supporting detail and supporting detail. end. confident sequencing. At least three characters are At least three characters are At least three characters are included, each with a distinct Little character Character personality that is developed included with confident included with some character character development. development. development through what they say and do. Three or more examples of Two examples of different More than one example of One or no examples of different language features language features such as alliteration, simile or alliteration, simile or Language features such as alliteration, simile, alliteration, simile, onomatopoeia. At least one onomatopoeia. No examples onomatopoeia, metaphor or onomatopoeia, metaphor or example of metaphor or of metaphor or personification. personification. personification. personification. Wide and appropriate use of Some use of vocabulary Very simple use of vocabulary Use of vocabulary appropriate Vocabulary vocabulary beyond beyond expectations for age for age level. – under expectation for age- expectations for age level. level. level. Used graphics from Scratch Used graphics from Scratch Used graphics from Scratch Used graphics from Scratch library with editing to make library with creative, confident library with little or limited Graphics and original editing or creating library with confident editing more appropriate for recount attempt at editing or creating or creating original graphics. or created simple original of original graphics. original graphics. graphics.
  39. 39. Flickr Assignment rubric Darren Kuropatwa,
  40. 40. Whose vision? vision
  41. 41. Whose vision? Your vision
  42. 42. Whose vision? Their vision
  43. 43. Different Approaches • Solve a challenge given design parameters • Create a show or tell a story
  44. 44. Critical Thinking • What do you do if you get stuck? • How do you get unstuck?
  45. 45. Scratch Cards
  46. 46.
  47. 47. Scratch Wiki What skills have we learned? How can we effectively balance skills and content?