ENTERPRESENTED BY1. DEWA GEDE KERAMAS PRADNYANA NPM. 09.8.03.51.126.96.36.199772. I GEDE ADNYANA NPM. 09.8.03.51.188.8.131.5248
STATISTICFACTS CULTUREEVENT AND FESTIVAL CUSTOM AND ETIQUETTE
OFFICIAL NAME: Negara Brunei Darussalam Area: 5,765 sq. km. (2,226 sq. mi.) Capital: Bandar Seri Begawan. Terrain: East--flat coastal plain rises to mountains; west--hilly lowland with a few mountain ridges. Climate: Equatorial; high temperatures, humidity, and rainfall.
PEOPLE Nationality: Noun and adjective-- Bruneian(s). Population (2007 est.): 390,000. Annual growth rate (2007 est., Government of Brunei): 1.8%. Ethnic groups: Malay, Chinese, other indigenous groups.
Religion: Islam. Languages: Malay, English, Chinese; Iban and other indigenous dialects. Education: Years compulsory--9. Literacy (2006)--94.7%. Health: Life expectancy--men 75.2 years, women 77.8 years. Infant mortality rate (2007 est., Government of Brunei)-- 7.6/1,000.
The country lies on thenorth western region ofthe island of Borneobetween 114 degrees04 east longitudes and4 degrees and 30?north latitudes. Brunei isbordered by the SouthChina Sea andMalaysia.The four rivers of BruneiBelait, Tutong,Temburong and Brunei-Muara, constitute asignificant aspect ofBruneis geography
Islam is theofficial religion ofBruneiDarussalam asstated in theBruneiConstitution,with His Majestythe Sultan andYang Di-Pertuanas the head ofthe Islamic faithin the country.
Climate formsanothersignificant part ofthe geography ofBrunei. Brunei hasan equatorialtype of climatecharacterized byhigh temperature,high humidity andheavy rainfall.
MUSIC LANGUAGEHANDICRAFT GOVERNMENT ECONOMY FASHION
The Tawak-Tawaka Brunei music has also belongs toflavor of its distinctive the same category folk music own. The of musical instruments. The Duck and some of the gongs are a bit different local musical in this respect as they instruments on which produce a slightly it is played speaks different sound. There is the traditionalrich volumes of its drum musical heritage. known as the Gendang and thethe traditional One of Gambus which is a lute with six strings. musical instruments is These instruments are the Kulintangan played on collection which is a the occasion of weddings and often of bells set in a are accompanied by wooden frame. Then Yadan and DondangClick the picture songs are the Agongs there which are a set of comparatively bigger bells.
Brunei or BruneiBrunei languagescomprise of as it isDarussalam English,Malay, calledsomelocally Iban, has avarietiesrate of 85 %literacy of Chineseas 95%which isto well as a numberof local dialects.quite impressive.Malay is the officialThe total number oflanguage of Bruneilanguages that arewhile English is forofficially listed usedas astate are 17.the secondlanguage and isspoken andunderstood bymajority of thepopulation. Click the picture
For the local people, handicrafts inBrunei form a source of income whilefor the tourists they constitute aninteresting attraction. An expressionof the traditional heritage of theland, Brunei handicrafts refer to awide range of items from basketry tosilverware. Brunei Arts and Handicraft Training Center is the principal place where various handicrafts of Brunei are exhibited and sold
Brunei sultan Bruneithe The sultan of holds is most important and the called His Majesty and most powerfulexecutive he heads the position in the political domain branch of the of the country. Over the government of Brunei. All 600 executive powers lie the years of its existence, Brunei has in the hands of the been ruled present sultan sultan. The by the dynasty of sultans. A of Brunei is His Majesty politically stable Bolkiah Sultan Hassanal and prosperousWaddaulah Muizzadin country, Brunei has a constitutional sultanateClick the picture type of government headed by the sultan.
The Bruneieconomy consistsof domestic as wellas foreignentrepreneurship.The financialassistance from theoverseas countrieshelps Brunei in thedevelopment andimprovement of itsdomesticproduction. Natural gas and crude oil are the two main productions of the country.
Brunei Costumes reflect theculture of the conservativesociety of Brunei. OfficiallyBrunei is a Muslim country;hence Islam is practicedlargely in Brunei. The Muslimsgenerally follow conservativeBrunei attire. Brunei womendress in brightly coloredapparels. The dresses usuallycover their body from head totoe. The Muslim women inBrunei wear a head scarf inpublic places and ingovernment offices butscarves not applicable to theNon-Muslim women. Muslimmen follow the formal dresscode in government officesand public places.
MEETING ETIQUETTE The common greeting depends upon the ethnic origin and the age of the person. In general, many men you meet will have adopted the western concept of shaking hands, although this is not always the case with older Bruneians or with women. Ethnic Malay men shake hands with one another, but men and women do not traditionally shake hands. Younger Bruneians may shake hands with foreign women or they may merely bow their head in greeting. It is considered respectful to bow your head when someone who is senior to yourself in age or position. It is considered disrespectful and rude to stare into another persons eyes, particularly those of a person who is senior to you in age or status.
GIFT-GIVING ETIQUETTE If invited to someones home for dinner bring good quality chocolates or fruit. Do not give toy dogs to children. Do not give anything made of pigskin. If giving foodstuffs ensure there is no gelatine or anything else which is not ‘halal’. Avoid white wrapping paper as it symbolizes death and mourning. Offer gifts with the right hand only or both hands if the item is large. Gifts are generally not opened when received.
DINING ETIQUETTE For the most part, Bruneians do not invite foreigners into their homes. If you are invited to a Bruneian home, consider it a great honour and testament to your personal relationship. Punctuality is not strictly adhered to. You may arrive a little late without causing offense. Shoes are generally removed before entering a house. Greet the eldest person first. Wait to be told where to sit. It is considered good manners to accept an offer of food or a beverage. Turning down hospitality may be viewed as personal rejection.
DINING ETIQUETTE (con…) Wait to be invited to eat before starting. Food is often served buffet style or on a revolving tray in the center of the table. The guest of honor may be served first or the eldest person may. Do not eat with the left hand, as it is considered unclean. Eat or pass food with your right hand only. Many Malays eat with their fingers. Alternatively, they may serve cutlery for foreign guests, usually a fork and a tablespoon. If passing a plate that is heavy, you may use your left hand to support your right wrist. When you are finished eating, place your fork facing downward on your plate with your spoon, also facing downward, crossed over the fork.
In Brunei festivals arealways celebratedwith color, enthusiasmand happiness. Youngand old from differentraces come togetherin a spirit of unity thatwe are justifiablyproud of.
Hari Raya is a time for celebration after the fasting monthof Ramadhan. Prayers are held in the early morning of thefirst day at every mosque in the country. This day is usuallyan occasion for. The second day normally means openhouse; an invitation for all to visit. Special festive dishes aremade, including ketupat (rice cakes), satay (beef andchicken kebabs), rendang (spicy marinated beef) andmany others.His Majesty the Sultan also throws his doors open to thepeople at the Istana Nurul Iman. This gives the people andvisitors a chance to meet His Majesty and other membersof the Royal Family, in order to wish them Selamat HariRaya Aidilfitri. This is defintely an offer which should not bemissed. When visiting, we should dress conservatively.
The formation of the Royal Brunei ArmedForces is commemorated every year on the31st of May, and the event usually takes placeat the Taman Haji Sir Omar Ali Saifuddien inthe heart of the city. It consists of a militaryparade and displays, such as a parachutingshow or battle demonstration. In other districts,units of the armed forces organize localparades and displays for the public.
The day is celebrated on 15th of JulyThis joyous occasion is one of the most importantevents in the national calendar, with events andfestivities taking place across the whole country. Itusually starts when the people gather at the TamanHaji Sir Muda OmarAli Saifuddien, in the centre ofBandar Seri Begawan. His Majesty meets his subjectsthere and delivers a titah, or speech, to mark theoccasion. Afterwards there is an investiture at theIstana Nurul Iman and, for the next two weeks or so,a series of processions, parades and celebrations.Fireworks displays take place and night markets -pasar malam - open up to sell food and drinks tothe crowds.