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Japanese Culture

Culture Presentation for ED282: Multicultural Foundation

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Japanese Culture

  1. 1. Japanese Culture Name of Presenter: Wilma Atalig ED 282 -01 : Multicultural Foundations
  2. 2. Where Japan is located <ul><li>Japan is an island country in East Asia in the Pacific Ocean </li></ul><ul><li>East of China, Korea, and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>“ Land of the Rising Sun” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geographic Features of Japan <ul><li>Over 3,000 islands </li></ul><ul><li>Largest islands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 largest islands accounts for 97% of land area. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most islands are mountainous (many volcanic) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mount Fuji </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World’s 10 th largest population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>~128 million people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese – 98.5% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Koreans – 0.5% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese – 0.4% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other – 0.7% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Greater Tokyo Area </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Largest metropolitan area in the world </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Time: Past, Present, Future <ul><li>Past: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Isolated from foreign influence (250 yrs.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabled Japan to enjoy stability & strengthen its indigenous culture. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1854 – Japan opened its ports and began to intensively modernize & industrialize. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Power (WWII) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Present: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emperor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol of national unity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actual power rests in networks of powerful politicians, bureaucrats, & business executives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Still remains a major economic power, both in Asia and globally. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Future: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continue to prosper (?) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Customs and Traditions <ul><li>Traditional Japanese Wedding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wedding seasons – Spring & Fall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arranged Marriage (Past) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engagement Gifts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gift to the Groom </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hakama Pants/Skirt - Fidelity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gift to the Bride </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Obi” Kimono Sash – Female Virtue </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Other gifts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Naga-Noshi” Abalone Shell – Sincerity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Katsuo-bushi” Dried Bonito or “Surume” Dried Cuttlefish – Lasting Marriage </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Konbu” – Happy & Healthy Children </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Shiraga” or Hemp – Strong Family Ties </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Suehiro” A Fan – Happiness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Sake&quot; Casks – Pledge of Obedience & Gentleness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Customs and Traditions <ul><li>Traditional Japanese Wedding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wedding Ceremony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Shinto wedding is performed before a Shinto sanctuary. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;San-san-kudo,&quot; a ceremony of three-times-three exchange of nuptial cups, is performed by the bridegroom and bride. Drinks of &quot;Sake&quot; are then exchanged between members and close relatives of the both families to signify their union through the wedding. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Offering of twigs of &quot;Sakaki&quot; sacred tree in worship to gods to end the main part of the wedding ceremony. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Customs and Traditions <ul><li>Tea Ceremony </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Influenced by Zen Buddhism with the intention of purifying the soul & becoming one with nature. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ritual tea drinking originated in China. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceremony is performed in a tea house (garden). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water represents yin and fire in the hearth represents yang. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ yin-yang” – “heaven & earth” </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Religion <ul><li>Buddhism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>96% of Japan's population is Buddhist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shintoism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animistic belief system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Native religion of Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was once the state religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Way of the Gods” </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Arts & Craft
  10. 10. Celebrations <ul><li>Festivals celebrating the seasons and annual cultural events </li></ul><ul><li>New Year Festival – January 1 st </li></ul><ul><li>Seasonal Change – Setsubun – Feb. 3 rd or 4 th </li></ul><ul><li>Doll Festival - Hina Matsuri – March 3 rd </li></ul><ul><li>Children's Day (Boys' Day) – May 5 th </li></ul><ul><li>Tanabata Festival – July 7 th </li></ul><ul><li>Bon Festival – August 15 th </li></ul><ul><li>Local festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Lunar New Year </li></ul><ul><li>Autumn Harvest Festivals </li></ul><ul><li>Summer festivals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nebuta Festival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Okunchi Festival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sanja Festival </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Rites of Passage <ul><li>Coming of Age Rites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child is removed from the presence of the mother </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Separated from their former status or state of being </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transition – Vulnerable Stage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child is subjected to a series of experiences with the intention of engendering a new status or state of being. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-incorporation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reintegrated into a new secure status in the context of the society. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Child taking on an adult role. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Family Structure – Gender Role <ul><ul><li>Father </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wage Earners </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The family head - held absolute authority over the family's property and its members </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mother </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remained at home </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decision-making power </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control of money </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Son </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to excel in school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited chores </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for siblings when they are outside of the home </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to bring honor to the family </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Served before mother, younger brothers and sisters </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Daughter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to excel in school </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Expected to learn how to organize a home & care for things. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Source of Wisdom </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Education <ul><li>Spend 240 days a year at school </li></ul><ul><li>School day begins at 8:30am & ends at 6:30pm </li></ul><ul><li>Students behavior on the way to school is regulated by school policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No chewing gum, snacks, or reading while walking. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand on the buses and trains </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate consideration for others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Students clean the school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Teachers move from room to room </li></ul><ul><li>Cram School </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation for high school & university entrance examination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scores determine what school you attend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scores influences a students entire future </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good jobs depends on the school you attend. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most prestigious universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>University of Tokyo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kyoto University </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Education
  15. 15. Japanese Food Tonkotsu Noodle Soup Yakitori Chicken Vegetable Tempura Sashimi
  16. 16. Japanese in the CNMI <ul><li>Population: 952 or 1.4% of total population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(2000 Census) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Owners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Residents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Historical ties to the CNMI </li></ul>
  17. 17. References <ul><li> , 9/5/07, 9/11/07 </li></ul><ul><li> , 9/5/07 </li></ul><ul><li> , 9/5/07 </li></ul><ul><li> , 9/11/07 </li></ul><ul><li> , 9/11/07 </li></ul><ul><li> , 9/11/07 </li></ul>
  18. 18. Arigato!!