Burton on Trent - An Introduction


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This is a brief introduction to the town of Burton on Trent in Staffordshire.

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Burton on Trent - An Introduction

  1. 1. Burton on TrentThis is a brief introduction to the town of Burton on Trent in Staffordshire...Burton upon Trent, also known as Burton-on-Trent or simply Burton, is a town straddling theRiver Trent in the east of Staffordshire, England.Burton, which had an estimated population of 43,784 (2001 Census), lies within the NationalForest.Burton is best known for its brewing industrial heritage, home to over a dozen breweries in itsheyday. Beer is still brewed in the town. The town originally grew up around Burton on TrentAbbey, which was the most important religious centre in medieval Staffordshire. BurtonBridge also became an important crossing point of the Trent and was the site of two battles,first in 1322 when Edward III defeated the rebel Earl of Lancaster and also in 1643 when theroyalists captured the town during the First English Civil War. Sir William Paget and hisdescendents were responsible for extending the manor house within the abbey grounds andfacilitating the extension of the River Trent Navigation to Burton. Burton had grown into abusy market town by the early modern period.For centuries brewing was Burtons major trade, and it is still an important part of itseconomy. The town is currently home to 8 breweries; Coors Brewers Ltd: formerly BassBrewers Ltd, and now the UK arm of Molson Coors Brewing Company – a brewery fromCanada (co-headquartered in the United States) – which produces Carling and WorthingtonBitter; Marston, Thompson and Evershed plc, bought by Wolverhampton & Dudley Breweriesnow renamed Marstons plc. The Marstons Brewery produces its own brands, draughtMarstons Pedigree, draught Hobgoblin and also draught Bass under licence from InBev.Tower Brewery, Burton, a microbrewery based in the old Salts Water Tower of WalsitchMaltings, which were formerly used by the second biggest brewer in Burton.Burton Bridge Brewery is a local company based in Bridge Street with a six local pubs in andaround Burton. It produces a number of traditional beers including Bridge Bitter, Stairway toHeaven, Damson Porter and Golden Delicious. Tower Brewery is a microbrewery located offWharf Road, Old Cottage Brewery, based in Hawkins Lane whose beers include Oak Ale andHalcyon Daze, Black Hole Brewery is based at the Imex Centre, Gates Brewery, and is also amicrobrewery and is located in Reservoir Road.
  2. 2. Burton is also the corporate headquarters of the pub operators Punch Taverns plc and SpiritGroup, which were spun out of Bass in 1997. In addition, the White Shield micro-breweryremains open alongside the National Brewery Centre formerly Coors Visitor Centre and(previously the Bass Museum of Brewing).A by-product of the brewing industry, figuratively and literally, is the presence of the Marmitefactory in the town. This in turn generated the production of Bovril. Both are now owned bymultinational company Unilever[23][24] In addition to the brewery industry, tyremanufacturer Pirelli is a major employer in the town, and they are a major sponsor of theBurton Albion Football Club. The Burton suburb of Branston is where Branston Pickle wasinvented.Burton Abbey in the town centre was mentioned in the Domesday book when it was said tocontrol lands in Mickleover, Appleby Magna in Leicestershire, Winshill and Stapenhill inStaffordshire, Coton in the Elms, Caldwell and Ticknall.[1] The abbey itself was neither largenor wealthy and in 1310 was claimed to be the smallest and poorest Benedictine monastery inEngland by the monks. It suffered frequent financial troubles throughout its existence, oftendue to mismanagement and outright criminal behaviour, though the situation seems to havebeen resolved by the 16th century.In the 13th to 14th centuries there were around thirty monks in residence though this hadfallen off to almost half the number by the 1520s.However, by contradiction, the monastery was nevertheless the most important inStaffordshire and by the 1530s had the highest revenue. The abbot was both a secular lordand, "exercised an independent spiritual jurisdiction. He was a figure of some standing,regularly serving on papal and royal commissions and acting as a collector of clerical taxeswithin the diocese." At various times between 1295 and 1322, the abbot was summoned toattend the Parliament of England, and again in 1532. It is also known that there were frequentRoyal visits to the abbey, including those by William I, Henry II and Edward I.Sport:The town is home to Burton Albion, who play in the Npower Football League 2. Burton is alsothe location of the English National Football Centre, which opened in 2012 and is called StGeorge’s Park
  3. 3. The Burton & District Cricket League[48] has many notable clubs, including Burton CricketClub, Dunstall Cricket Club, Abbotts Bromley, Yoxall and Lichfield Cricket Club.Burton RUFC, one of the oldest rugby union clubs in the country, was established in 1870,when it played both association and rugby football rules. It did not adopt rugby union onlyrules until 1876.[49]The town is also home to the Burton Canoe Club on the banks of the River Trent. It hasrecently expanded and built its own clubhouse. Also along the River Trent in Burton areBurton Leander Rowing Club, which was founded in 1847 (and is one of the oldest rowingclubs in the country), and Trent Rowing Club, founded in 1863.Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Burton_upon_Trent